Factors Affecting Attitude To Work Of Secondary School Teachers And Students’ Performance

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Factors Affecting Attitude To Work Of Secondary School Teachers And Students’ Performance


Abstract


This research work was carried out in urban and rural areas of Ogbrau Local Government Area of Imo State to find out factors affecting attitude to work of secondary school teachers. The questionnaire was the instrument used in obtaining data for answering the research questions. Some of the factors associated with the problem have been fully identified and analyzed in this work among which is inadequate teaching materials in our secondary school. Some recommendations have also been put forward to save our secondary education from total collapse. It is therefore hoped that readers will find this work very useful and interesting.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Teachers occupy every important position in the educational system of any country because it is upon their number, quality, devotion to study that system depends. Teachers have many roles to play for effective teaching and learning in our school. They are supposed to be representatives of the community and as well as academic specialist. Therefore, how a teacher goes about his/her duties and obligation in achieving the aims of the school is regarded as the teachers’ roles. A teacher is seen as an embodiment of knowledge.

He / she has complete authority in the classroom and his/ her role demands that he/she exercise maturity and sense of responsibility in using his/ her freedom he is expected to pay attention to individual problems of the children under his/ her care and maintain measurable discipline in the class. Teachers prepare reports, distribute and care for teaching materials and other equipments. The importance and benefit of giving parents a complete and detailed progress repent on their children can hardly be over stressed

In social functions, the teachers are regarded as having wisdom. They are regarded as leaders, advisers or consultants. The community therefore expects teachers to help in fulfilling its aspiration.

However, the search for material wealth and get rich quick attitude, appears to have set aside the age long traditional attitude of hard work and devotion to duty which teachers are formerly known. Selfishness and inordinate ambition have now become the order of the day. Many teachers do not accept best attitude to work to enable them.

Teachers have little or no interest in their jobs and are not dedicated to their work anymore. This deteriorating trend in all work of human life is observed more in urban areas where the degree of sophistication seems to dedicate the evil pace.

Shagari (1982) observed that the attitude of Nigeria to work is the worst in the world and that if only every Nigerian is prepared to do an honest days work for an honest day’s pay, Nigeria would achieve wonders in every sphere of human endeavour. Teaching which everybody recognizes as a noble profession since ages, has been the talk of the town, the average man in the street presently laments over apparent fall in standard of education in the our society which they usually attribute to the teachers attitude to work. because to poor attitude to work by teachers the standard of education is falling daily. Some honest Nigerians are restive about this development. For this reason, one is tempted to believe that teachers attitude to work needs re-appraisal.

The researcher therefore will investigate factors affecting attitude to work by secondary school teachers in Imo State and to find out solution if any to the identified problems.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Students are being prepared to be leaders of tomorrow and if this great nation intends to have good leaders in future, teachers in our secondary school should be consistent in discharging their duties. They should be zealous and dedicated in their teaching endeavor.

Secondary school is the second pivot upon which other levels of education rest. This is why the teachers’ good attitude to work is necessary students discipline, punctuality and orderliness are poor where teachers do not do their work as expected.

The study therefore, is an attempt to find out factors affecting attitude to work of secondary school teachers and students’ performance in Imo State.


1.3 Purpose of the Study

  1. To identify factors affecting attitude to work of secondary school teachers and students’ performance in urban area.
  2. Specifically to find out factors affecting attitude to work of secondary school teachers and students’ performance in rural area.
  3. To find out common factors affecting attitude to work of secondary school teachers and students’ performance in Imo State.

1.4 Significance of the Study

This study will bring to light the reasons for total lack of interest, commitment and dedication to work by teachers. By so doing, the erosion of confidence and disturbing all of standard of education will be checked.

On the government side, irregular payment of salaries and total lack of commitment to solve the problems of teachers and the student will be checked. Motivation of teachers and introduction of in service training programme by government for incompetent teachers will help them to grow and enhance the standard quality of their performance in the school and classroom if this is achieved by government, it would not be too long for the falling standard of education and serious erosion of confidence by the society about present day education be reversed.


1.5 Scope of the Study

This study will cover factors affecting attitude to work of secondary school teachers and students’ performance in Imo State. It will be based mostly on identifying actually the various attitudes of teachers of secondary schools in Imo State towards carrying out their duties.


1.6 Research Questions

The following research questions where formulated for this study

  1. What are the factors affecting attitude to work of secondary school teachers and students’ performance in urban areas?
  2. What are the factors affecting attitude to work of secondary school teacher in Imo State?
  3. What are the common factors that affect attitude to work of secondary school teachers in Imo state such as economic social, religions and political factors?

Chapter Five


Findings, Recommendation and Conclusion

This chapter deals with the discussion of results of the study, presents the implication of the finding highlights the constraints and areas possible further research and finally draws some conclusions based on the study. Each research question is treated with reference to the factors affecting attitude to work by secondary school teachers in Ahiazu Mbaise Local Government Area of Imo State.


5.1 Discussion of Results

This result of the statistical analysis of this item is shoe in table l. Both urban and rural teachers do not have sufficient teaching materials to work with.

Bishop (1985) in support of the above assertion wrote that when a teacher has tools in his/ her hand his confidence, his/ her effectiveness, his productivity all increases with better results, his/her professional capabilities are more fully utilized and accomplished larger and better result.

The result of statistical analysis from table ll shows that both urban and rural teachers are not motivated in terms of incentives and self-development opportunities.

Teachers are not to be blamed if they develop non-challant attitude towards their duty. Frustrations neglect of teachers and lack of incentive to teachers could certainly cause them develop negative attitude and lack dedication to work.

Students attend school without recommended textbooks. The analysis shows that students do not attend school with textbooks, which results, in poor performance in their examination. Such disobedience could make teachers have a negative attitude towards their job.

The analysis stated above confirms the fact that teachers in Ahiazu Mbaise Local Government choose teaching as part of last resort. Teachers with such mind will not perform their duties effectively.

From table lll; it discusses the relationship between the teacher and the principal, it greatly influences the teachers’ attitude to work. The principal should be open-minded and should show trust in his teachers.

Some principals are not flexible in their decision, and such relationship leads to negative attitude to work by teachers.

Discussions on the common factors affecting attitudes to work of secondary school teachers in urban and rural area of Ahiazu Mbaise Local Government Area. It was found out that these factor affect them seriously irregular payment, political economic and it the same rate both teachers said that living quarters are not provided for them which make them to travel long distances to their schools, at times the teachers will be late at school, so there is need for living accommodation. However, teachers’ agreed that taking would promote their method. So there is need for in-service training for teachers, and regular payment.


5.2 Educational Implication of the Findings

Adequate teaching is not going on because of lack of teaching materials. It is like saying that a farmer goes to the farm without necessary farm implements or tools. Teachers cannot reach great heights in teaching without the necessary teaching materials. They cannot give their best and consequently the students are affected. Non provision of teaching materials affect teachers moral, frustrates them and at times leads to unexpected resignations by some of them.

Lack of adequate incentives is affecting adversely the moral of many teachers. In other to make both ends meet, some teachers carry articles of trade to schools. Their attention is focused more on amount of money they will realize before the end of the day. They have little or no time to prepare lesson notes. Their primary function, teaching is secondary as far as some teachers are concerned. Some teachers believe that they will be in teaching until a better job is secured. The students are affected because of this, government needs to re-apprise its position as far as provision of incentives to teachers is concerned, government needs to address the problem of inadequate incentives to teachers as quickly as possible if we are to arrest truancy among students, laziness among teachers etc. teachers direct their attention on other things because of lack of incentives.


5.3 Conclusion

From the analysis of the data collected based on teachers responses, it has been possible to deduce the following facts. The following attitude to work of secondary school teachers in Ahiazu Mbaise Local Government Area Imo State.

  • Teachers’ are not well rewarded in terms of incentive.
  • Teaches do not have opportunity for self-development.

If good relationship exists between teachers and their principals it will create a good teaching environment.
Student’s inability to attend school with recommendation textbook dampens the teacher’s enthusiasm to work.
Teaches do not take teaching profession as their best careers.


5.4 Recommendations

Having done justice to the study the researcher according to her ability has come up with some recommendations, which are as follows: –

  1. Teachers should be dedicated to their duty by seeing teaching as the best profession.
  2. Government should try as much as possible to : –
    • Provide necessary materials to the teachers.
    • Map out a well-articulated plan for courses and seminars for teachers.
    • Recommend necessary incentives like prompt promotion, enhanced salary and accommodation to their teachers
  3. Parents should strive to provide their children with recommended textbooks.
  4. Teachers’ salary scale structure approved should be implemented.

5.4 Limitation of the Study

In every human undertaking, there is bound to be some limitation the researcher is carrying out this study, had some limitations.

  1. Time constraints, it is certainly clear that not all the respondents will submits the questionnaire at the appropriate time and so the researcher’s time and so the researcher’s time was seriously affected.
  2. Financial problem had its own imitating effect during the course of this study. The population of the study was not completely, covered because of fund.
  3. Lack of relevant research materials is limiting consequences could not be over emphasized. The available library has not some of the instruments needed for the effective research.

As results of the limitations encountered in this study, the researcher demand it necessary to suggest some areas on the subject for further research.

  1. The researcher suggests that similar study should be replicated in other states of the federation.
  2. A comparative similar study should be made between two states in Nigeria.

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Frequently Asked Questions


What are the factors that affect students performance in school?

The emotional climate for learning provided by the teacher whether in the attitude or considered by the student will be more highly valued than any other factor in the school which may have effect on the academic achievement. Hence the researcher will in this chapter review literatures on factors that affect students performance. 

How do teachers influence Pupils’ attitudes towards mathematics?

The findings show that the most important factor is the teacher: the teachers’ attitude to mathematics and the amount of confidence and support he/she gives to the pupil influence their attitude towards mathematics. Another important factor is how pupils think about the utility of mathematics in their everyday life.

How does the emotional climate of teachers affect student performance?

The emotional climate for learning provided by the teacher whether in the attitude or considered by the student will be more highly valued than any other factor in the school which may have effect on the academic achievement. Hence the researcher will in this chapter review literatures on factors that affect students performance.

What is the relationship between environmental factors and academic performance?

Almost all of existing environmental and personal factors are a variable of academic performance. Measuring of academic performance of students is challenging since student performance is a product of socio-economic, psychological and environmental factors. 

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