Factor Responsible For Primary School Pupils Poor Academic Performance In Cultural And Creative Arts

Project and Seminar Material for Education

Factor Responsible For Primary School Pupils Poor Academic Performance In Cultural And Creative Arts


Abstract


The aim of this research was to x-ray some factor responsible for primary school pupils poor academic performance in cultural and creative arts. Specifically, the study examined the use of instructional materials and pupils’ academic performance in cultural and creative arts; parents’ socio-economic background and pupils’ academic performance in cultural and creative arts; compared the performance of private and public primary school pupils in cultural and creative arts; examined ways in which teachers contribute to pupils’ poor performance in cultural and creative arts. The study employed a correlational and quasi- experimental research designs. A simple random sampling technique was used to select a sample of 270 pupils and 45 teachers drawn from nine primary schools in Ibadan North-east Local Government Area of Oyo state. A questionnaire and a cultural and creative arts achievement test were instruments used for data collection. The collected data was analysed using a simple percentage (%) and arithmetic mean (X). The findings of the study revealed that the use of instructional materials adequately led to pupils’ poor performance in cultural and creative arts; parents’ socio-economic status contributed to the pupils’ performance in cultural and creative arts; pupils in private primary school perform better than their colleagues in public schools in cultural and creative arts; and teachers contribute to the poor performance of pupils in cultural and creative arts. Based on this results, conclusions and recommendations were made.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Poor academic performance according to Aremu (2003) is a performance that is adjudged by the examine/testee and some other significant as falling below an expected standard. Poor academic performance has been observed in school subjects especially primary science and computer science among primary school pupils (Adesemowo, 2005). Aremu (2000) stresses that academic failure is not only frustrating to the pupils and the parents, its effects are equally grave on the society in terms of dearth of manpower in all spheres of the economy and politics. Education at primary school level is supposed to be the bedrock and the foundation towards higher knowledge in tertiary institutions. It is an investment as well as an instrument that can be used to achieve a more rapid economic, social, political, technological, scientific and cultural development in the country. The National Policy on Education (2004) stipulated that primary education is an instrument for national development that fosters the worth and development of the individual for further education and development, general development of the society and equality of educational opportunities to all Nigerian children irrespective of any real or marginal disabilities. The role of primary education is to lay the foundation for further education and if a good foundation is laid at this level, there are likely to be no problem at subsequent levels. However, different people at different times have passed the blame of poor performance in primary school to pupils because of their low retention, parental factors, association with wrong peers, low achievement, low retention, and the likes (Aremu & Sokan, 2003; Aremu & Oluwole 2001; Aremu, 2000). Morakinyo (2003) believe that the falling level of academic achievement is attributable to teacher’s non-use of verbal reinforcement strategy. Others found out that the attitude of some teachers to their job is reflected in their poor attendance to lessons, lateness to school, unsavory comments about pupil’s performance that could damage their ego, poor method of teaching and the likes affect pupils’ academic performance. The question therefore is what is the cause of this fallen standard and poor academic performance of pupils? Is the fault entirely that of teachers or pupils or both of them? Is it that pupils of today are non achievers because they have low intelligent quotient and a good neutral mechanism to be able to act purposefully, think rationally and deal effectively with academic tasks? Or of is it because teachers are no longer putting in much commitment asbefore? Or is it in teachers’ method of teaching and interaction with pupils? Or is the poor performance of pupils caused by parents’ perception of the causes of poor academic performance among primary school students in Nigeria. it is to this regard that the study wishes to examine the factors responsible for primary schools poor academic performance in cultural and creative arts using Ibadan North-east Local Government Area of Oyo state.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The differential scholastic achievement of students in Nigeria has been and still a source of concern and research interest to educators, government and parents. This is so because of the great importance that education has on the national development of the country. All over the country, there is a consensus of opinion about the fallen standard of education in Nigeria (Adebule, 2004). Parents and government are in total agreement that their huge investment on education is not yielding the desired dividend. Teachers also complain of student’s low performance at both internal and external examination. This problem are attributed to poor foundation from primary school due to poor teaching standards as well as other factors such poor funding of education by government as well as negligence by parents. It is against this constraints that the researcher sees the subject matter as an empirical problem worthy of investigation.


1.3 Purpose of the study

The main purpose of this study was to x-ray some of the factor responsible for primary school pupils poor academic performance in cultural and creative arts.

This study was aimed and designed specifically to:

  1. Examine the use of instructional materials and pupils’ academic performance in cultural and creative arts.
  2. Examine parents’ socio-economic background and pupils’ academic performance in cultural and creative arts.
  3. Compare the performance of private and public primary school pupils in cultural and creative arts.
  4. Examine ways in which teachers contribute to pupils’ poor performance in cultural and creative arts.

1.4 Research Questions

The following research questions were posed to guide the study.

  1. To what extent do the use of instructional materials affect pupils’ cultural and creative arts performance?
  2. To what extent does parent socio-economic status affects academic performance of pupils in cultural and creative arts?
  3. What is the difference in the performance of private and public primary schools pupils in cultural and creative arts?
  4. In what ways do teachers contribute to pupils’ poor performance in cultural and creative arts?

1.5 Significance of the Study

It was expected that the finding of this study may be significant in the following ways:

  1. The findings of this study may be useful to teachers in order to adopt teaching techniques which are likely to yield better results in cultural and creative arts ii.It may be useful for pupils to identify the causes of their poor performance in cultural and creative arts and to create an avenue for subsequent improvement.
  2. The findings may enable parents to understand and play their roles properly towards their children’s performance in cultural and creative arts.
  3. The findings may constitute the basis for further researches in this area or related areas. It may also serve as a good source of literature to researchers and scholars.

1.6 Scope of the Study

The study was conducted in 2012, and was bounded or delimited geographically, to Ibadan North-east Local Government Area of Oyo state. The investigation was delimited to nine public and private primary schools in Ibadan North-east Local Government Area.

However, it is assumed or hoped that most (if not all) the causes of poor academic performance of pupils in primary school cultural and creative arts are also applicable to other levels of the school systems which includes both the secondary and tertiary levels. The variables to be used in the study are performance and causes in which the dependent variable is performance and the independent variable is causes. The sub-variables of the independent variable include use of instructional materials, parents’ socio-economic status, and teachers’ contribution.


1.7 Limitation of the Study

Like in every human endeavour, the researchers encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. The significant constraint was the scanty literature on the subject owing to the nature of the discourse thus the researcher incurred more financial expenses and much time was required in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size. Additionally, the researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work.


1.8 Definition of Terms

The terms defined here were based on their usage in the study, and include:

  1. Teaching,
  2. Performance,
  3. Academic Performance and
  4. Socio-Economic Background.
1. Teaching:

This may be defined as the act of imparting knowledge to other people.

2. Performance:

This refers to the results, outcome or output one gets from doing a particular thing whether good or bad.

3. Academic Performance:

In this study, academic performance is the outcome of education or the extent to which a student, teacher or institution has achieved their educational goals.

4. Socio-Economic Background:

This may be defined as an economical and sociological combined total measure of a person’s work experience of an individual or family economic and social position in relation to others based on income, education and occupation.


1.9 Organizations of the Study

The chapter one consist of the introductory part of the study which includes the study background, the statement of the research problem, the study objective and scope of the study.

The second chapter is a critical review of other literatures relevant to the study and its objectives including the theoretical framework for the study. While the third chapter is methods of data collection, sampling and data analysis used in conducting the study. The fourth chapter centres around the research findings including an analysis of how it relates to previous findings. The fifth chapter consists of the summary of findings, conclusion and recommendations base on the study objectives.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

This chapter presents the summary of what was involved in this study, conclusions reached and recommendations made.


5.1. Summary

The purpose of this study was to ascertain the causes of pupils’ poor performance in primary school cultural and creative arts. Specifically, the study was designed to answer the following research questions.

  1. To what extent do the use of instructional materials affect pupils’ cultural and creative arts performance?
  2. To what extent does parent socio-economic status affects academic performance of pupils in cultural and creative arts?
  3. What is the difference in the performance of private and public primary schools pupils in cultural and creative arts?
  4. In what ways do teachers contribute to pupils’ poor performance in cultural and creative arts?

The total population involved in this study was 315 subjects which consisted of 45 teachers and 270 pupils in the selected primary schools in the area under study. A 25 questionnaire item based on four research questions was developed used to collect the data for the study.


5.2. Conclusion

Within the limitation of this study and the findings presented, the following conclusions are drawn.

  1. The use of instructional materials adequately led to pupils’ poor performance in cultural and creative arts.
  2. Parents’ socio-economic status contributed to the pupils’ performance in cultural and creative arts.
  3. Pupils in private primary school perform better than their colleagues in public schools in cultural and creative arts.
  4. Teachers contribute to the poor performance of pupils in cultural and creative arts.

5.3 Recommendation

On the basis of the findings of this study, and the conclusions made, the following recommendations are presented.

  1. Teachers should be encouraged to use instructional materials in every lesson. They should also be trained on how to use these instructional materials. This can be done through seminars, workshops etc.
  2. Parents should be advise to take part in their children’s education by paying their fees, helping them do assignments, attend PTA meetings etc. parents can be advised through counselling, teachers etc.
  3. Government should improve the public primary schools by adequate funding, providing teaching aids and learning facilities, provision of trained teachers, proper planning and implementation of the primary education programme, proper supervision, monitoring and the evaluation of the curriculum etc.
  4. Teachers who teach cultural and creative arts in our primary schools, should be given necessary incentives to motivate them. They should be trained and qualified before embarking on the teaching activity. Teachers can be motivated through appropriate payment of their salaries and other wages, by giving them consistent promotion etc.

Factor Responsible For Primary School Pupils Poor Academic Performance In Cultural And Creative Arts


Project Material Download


₦5,000


The Complete Material will be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make a Mobile Transfer or POS Payment of ₦5,000 to any of the Account Below

Access Bank PlcAccount No.: 0811003731
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current
Zenith BankAccount No.: 1225513212
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card

FOR CLIENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card ($30)
GHANA – Make Payment of 100 GHS to MTN MoMo, 0553978005, Douglas Osabutey 

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  • Payment Details
  • Email Address 
  • Factor Responsible For Primary School Pupils Poor Academic Performance In Cultural And Creative Arts

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To Your Email Address After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply

 


  Contact Our Help Desk


⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search



Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria


Disclaimer


This research material “Factor Responsible For Primary School Pupils Poor Academic Performance In Cultural And Creative Arts” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as samphina.com.ng will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”.

samphina.com.ng is only providing this material “Factor Responsible For Primary School Pupils Poor Academic Performance In Cultural And Creative Arts” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.