Fabrication Of Aluminium Window 

Project and Seminar Material for Mechanical Engineering ME

Fabrication Of Aluminium Window


Abstract


Privacy and security are major essential human needs in various homes, offices e.t.c. Accessibility to adequate, durable, fashionable and affordable windows in our different buildings has been a problem to the society. Ability to have access to window of good quality and high durability of a price affordable to an average Nigerian has been a problem.

This project here aims at production of a durable aluminium window. The aluminium window was subjected to different test, it was found to be efficient and has strength to provide adequate security at affordable price.


Table of Content


  • Title page
  • Approval page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of content
  • List of figures
  • Nomenclature

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 The Need for Aluminium Window

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Aims and Objectives
  • 2.2 Types of Window Manufactures
  • 2.2.1 Single Hung and Double Hung Window
  • 2.2.2 Casement Window
  • 2.2.3 Bow Window
  • 2.2.4 Bay Window
  • 2.2.5 Awning Window
  • 2.2.6 Fixed Frame Window
  • 2.2.7 Skylight Window
  • 2.2.8 Sliding Window
  • 2.2.9 Hopper Window
  • 2.2.10 Glass Block Window
  • 2.2.11 Seamless Bent-Glass Corner Window
  • 2.2.12 Jalousie or Louvered Window

Chapter Three

3.0 Selection of Materials

  • 3.1 The parameters Affecting the Window Performance
  • 3.2 Types of Materials Used in Replacement Windows
  • 3.2.1 Aluminium Replacement Window
  • 3.2.2 Vinyl Replacement Window
  • 3.2.3 Wood Replacement Window
  • 3.2.4 Fiberglass Replacement Window
  • 3.2.5 Fibrex Replacement Window
  • 3.3 Types of Materials Used in Making Window
  • 3.3.1 Wooden Window
  • 3.3.2 Wrough iron Window
  • 3.3.3 Aluminum Window

Chapter Four

4.0 Design Calculation

  • 4.1 Mass Calculation
  • 4.2 Total Mass Calculation of Aluminium Window
  • 4.3 Width of Window

Chapter Five

5.0 Fabrications Details

  • 5.1 Cutting List or Material List
  • 5.2 Operations Sequence
  • 5.3 Drilling Accessories
  • 5.4 Precaution Taken When Drilling
  • 5.5 Maintenance

Chapter Six

6.0 Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 6.1 Conclusion
  • 6.2 Recommendation
  • References

List of Figure


  • Fig1: Isometric view of the Aluminum window
  • Fig2: Isometric drawing of the complex window

Nomenclature


Symbols and Meaning with Units

  1. V volume m3
  2. M mass kg
  3. P density Kg/m3
  4. G acceleration due to gravity m/s2
  5. L length m
  6. B breadth m
  7. T thickness m
  8. W.P Window Performance m

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction of Aluminium Window

Windows are possibly most complex and interesting element in residential design. Today’s energy efficient window can dramatically decrease the heating and cooling costs while increasing the occupant comfort and minimizing window surface condensation problem. In recent years there have been the advances in windows of both new construction and retrofits. High performance windows system may be considered as one of the key factors for reaching sustainable building design challenge, by decreasing heating, cooling energy use and they also contribute to national and global effort to reduce the environmental impacts on non-renewable energy use.

They are many complex issue that are difficult to balance in selection the best window for sustainable practices and therefore it is not very easy to reach the best window option that provide the maximum energy and cost efficiency while achieving visual and thermal comfort. The energy saving potential of a window is strongly dependent on a large number of variable for instance climate, thermal and geometrical characteristics of the building in which window is installed. Formally window are made with glass and wood this did not give us standard and security nor meet the want of people wood or glass window give a short life span. They are destroyed very quickly and they cannot withstand an high degree of strain. Also wooden window are very risky to put at open place as a result of it component which is not friendly with water not only that it cannot be used in a place where there is termite.
It was this that made the technologist rise up and decided to have an alternative means of making window which give birth to aluminum windows that proved to give a long time life span.

These aluminum windows are in various designs which are as follows, casement aluminum window, awning aluminum window, e.t.c. Through aluminium window other designs have met the want of people, it gives a maximum security and also very decent in looking.


1.1 The Need for Aluminum Window

  1. To give views to the outside so that you can keep an eye on your kids playing in the backyard or avoid-vacuum-carrying salesman coming to your front door
  2. To fill your home with natural light
  3. To keep out wintery drafts or summer’s heat
  4. To look good from the outside
  5. To allow the free entrance of fresh air
  6. To provide an emergency escape

Chapter Six


6.0 Conclusion and Recommendation

6.1 Conclusion

We sincerely appreciate the immense effort of the polytechnic authority for including this programme at the end of the course to help increase the knowledge and also the student scope of reasoning in terms of technological development

This project allocated to students along with the course of completing the National Diploma Certificate (ND) is of vital and great importance because it improves the student’s knowledge to practical and technological development.

The project allocated to us helps in the proper usage and handling of some machine which is manually and electrically operated. Also our drilling skill have been improved.

With the help and maximum co-operation of our supervisor, we were just faced with minor problems during the construction of this project.

With the experience gained, then we can improve on it and decide to produce it in mass quantity which can serve as a source of living and reduce unemployment rate in our country.


6.2 Recommendation

Early approval of the project is the most important factor to be considered by the polytechnic authority because the project might need huge sum of money which the students might not be able to get at once and also to avoid delayed of the project.

Machines and tools that will be needed by the students for their project should be available in abundant to reduce the time being used on the construction of the project.

Unstable power supply is another problem encountered during the construction of the project.

If all these problems are looked into, we are sure that the best product will always emerge from this great institution, Kwara State Polytechnic.


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