The Extent Of Availability Of Use Of Instructional Material In Teaching And Learning Of Computer Science On Senior Secondary School In Orumba South

Project and Seminar Material for Computer Science Education

The Extent Of Availability Of Use Of Instructional Material In Teaching And Learning Of Computer Science On Senior Secondary School In Orumba South


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine the extent of availability of use of instructional material in teaching and learning of computer science on senior secondary school in Orumba South Local Government Area, Anambra State. The study was carried out to investigate the extent of the availability of traditional instructions materials for teaching and learning of computer science in senior secondary schools in Orumba south, investigate the extent of the availability of technological instructions materials for teaching and learning of computer science in senior secondary schools in Orumba south, ascertain whether adequate availability of instructions materials enhances the effective teaching and learning of computer science in senior secondary schools in Orumba south, and ascertain whether adequate availability of instructions materials enhances students learning outcome in computer science in senior secondary schools in Orumba south. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprised of computer science teachers in some selected senior secondary schools in Orumba South Local Government Area, Anambra State. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 63 respondents and 50 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables. The result of the findings reveals that the extent of the availability of technological instructions materials for teaching and learning of computer science in senior secondary schools in Orumba south is low. The study also revealed that adequate availability of instructions materials enhances students learning outcome in computer science in senior secondary schools in Orumba south. Therefore, it is recommended that teaching aids are part of teachers’ instructional design and strategy. So, teachers should always make effort to integrate instructional materials in their teaching. If not available, teachers should improvise the teaching materials. When this is properly done, it will boost students’ retention ability and increase their performance on both internal and external examinations. To mention but a few.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Instructional materials provide the physical media through which the intents of the Curriculum are experienced. They are collections of materials and equipment that processes instruction and training; such materials and equipment may be derived from the objectives of teaching and learning. They assist in putting across information and enable both teaching and learning to be effectively done. The importance of instructional materials in enhancing effective teaching and learning cannot be undermined due to the positive impact it has on the level of assimilation of students.
Varrella (2001) stated that several available instructional materials will serve their purposes if effectively accessed and effectively used. Instructional materials enhance effective and appropriate developmental experience quality of instruction, instructional methods and techniques.

Instructional materials are the necessary materials that will aid and facilitate the teaching and learning of computer science. These materials include monitor, keyboard, mouse, central processing unit. These can motivate students and serve as effective ways to explain and illustrate subject content. The instructional materials are needed in schools in order to improve teachers effectiveness ensure that teachers are performing their duties as expected. It is also targeted at the improvement of incompetent teachers and provision of guide for staff development. It aid in the determination of effectiveness of the teachers classroom management and determination of special abilities possessed by teachers. (Igwe 2018).

According to Njoku (2015), instructional materials are selected based on the principles of provision of accurate, well-written materials that will enrich and support the adopted curriculum, taking into consideration varied interests, abilities and maturity levels of the students served, provision of materials that will stimulate growth in factual and ethical standards. Provide a background of information that will enable students to make intelligent judgments in their daily lives.

In senior secondary schools, Obed (2019), observed uprightly abandonment of classroom by teachers for the market places or other business. This has given rise to the emergence of teacher-turned business people who hawk wares ranging from food items through shoes and bags of various designs during office hours. And as a result the time left for teaching will be reduced and there will be no enough time for the use of teaching aids in teaching.

Furthermore, apathy on the side of school authority and teachers had even gone to create a situation where even available instructional materials are not used in demonstration during teaching and learning in many schools today. For instance, in teaching of computer, learners are allowed to see the hard and soft wares without using them. In some cases, such instructional materials are not even displayed to the learners.(Rufus 2013).

Anaele (2017) opined that at school administrative level, the principal charged with the internal supervision of teachers leave much to be desired in terms of their responsibilities. Some of them lack the necessary human relation for effective leadership of subordinates. Such school leads often jettison the guidelines for materials issued by the relevant authorities in preference for methods guided by their personal interest than laid down specifications.

Government that is at the apex of co-ordination especially the relevant authorities does not help matters. Computer science materials are sporadically carried out and when it is done. Principals and teachers as well make up deficiencies in their school by way of borrowing computer science apparatus to be returned to their original owners after supervisors has come and gone.

Instructional materials are indispensable tools in teaching and learning of computer science. According to one Chinese proverb which says “what I hear I forget, what I see I remember, what I do, I know”.

Therefore, as a result of the on going, there is need to look at the extent of availability of use of instructional material in teaching and learning of computer science on senior secondary school in Orumba South.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The extent of use of instructional materials should not be excluded in teaching and learning of computer science. They supply a concrete basis for conceptual thinking and hence reduce meaningless word responses of students. It was observed that the result of student computer science at senior secondary school certificate examinations (SSSCE) are consistently poor. Some of the causes of this poor achievement is related to lack of understanding of the concepts. Also the populations of students in continuation of computer science subjects in senior secondary schools are drastically reduced. One would ask, are there no knowledgeable teachers who can impact the knowledge of the concepts effectively.

For a teacher to be effective in her work, she must know the principles of teaching which also include the use of instructional materials. Teachers have neglected the use of instructional materials in teaching and learning of computer science. They engage themselves with chalk and talk method which lives the student with little or no understanding.

This study therefore, tries to determine the extent of availability of use of instructional material in teaching and learning of computer science on senior secondary school in Orumba South.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The major of this study is to critically examine the extent of availability of use of instructional material in teaching and learning of computer science on senior secondary school in Orumba South. By extension, this study will specifically;

  1. Investigate the extent of the availability of traditional instructions materials for teaching and learning of computer science in senior secondary schools in Orumba south.
  2. Investigate the extent of the availability of technological instructions materials for teaching and learning of computer science in senior secondary schools in Orumba south.
  3. Ascertain whether adequate availability of instructions materials enhances the effective teaching and learning of computer science in senior secondary schools in Orumba south.
  4. Ascertain whether adequate availability of instructions materials enhances students learning outcome in computer science in senior secondary schools in Orumba south.

1.4 Research Questions

The study will be guided by the following questions

  1. What is the extent of the availability of traditional instructions materials for teaching and learning of computer science in senior secondary schools in Orumba south?
  2. What is the extent of the availability of technological instructions materials for teaching and learning of computer science in senior secondary schools in Orumba south?
  3. Does adequate availability of instructions materials enhances the effective teaching and learning of computer science in senior secondary schools in Orumba south?
  4. Does adequate availability of instructions materials enhances students learning outcome in computer science in senior secondary schools in Orumba south?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

  • Ho: The extent of availability of use of instructional material in teaching and learning of computer science is high.
  • Ha: The extent of availability of use of instructional material in teaching and learning of computer science is low.

1.6 Significance of the Study

It is intended that findings from this research on the interest of use of instructional material will be of help to both the student, teachers, school and the government.

It exposes the importance of instructional materials which would make students have more understanding on the lessons.

The information from this research will help teacher to carry out their task with ease unlike the chalk and talk method where the teacher spend the whole time trying to make the student to understand what is being taught.

The information from this research will enable the school administrators to ascertain the availability of instructional materials for teaching computer and the extent to which they are being utilized in promoting the new emphases on teaching computer in senior secondary schools.

The information from the research will also help the bodies, whose duty is to lay educational policies and monitor the progress of the planned educational evolution to ensure that instructional materials are supplied and bottle necks removed in time to facilitate the effective implementation of this National policy on education with reference to teaching of computer science.


1.7 Scope of the Study

This study is to critically examine the extent of availability of use of instructional material in teaching and learning of computer science on senior secondary school in Orumba South. Hence, the study will be delimited to some selected senior secondary schools in Orumba South Local Government Area, Anambra State.


1.8 Limitations of the Study

Like in every human endeavour, the researchers encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. The significant constraint was the scanty literature on the subject owing to the nature of the discourse thus the researcher incurred more financial expenses and much time was required in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size.

Additionally, the researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. More so, the choice of the sample size was limited as few respondent were selected to answer the research instrument hence cannot be generalize to other secondary schools. However, despite the constraint encountered during the research, all factors were downplayed in other to give the best and make the research successful.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Instructional Materials:

Refer to the human and non-human materials and facilities that can be used to ease, encourage, improved and promote teaching and learning activities.

Computer Science:

Computer science is the study of computers and computing as well as their theoretical and practical applications.


1.10 Organization of the Study

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the extent of availability of use of instructional material in teaching and learning of computer science on senior secondary school in Orumba South Local Government Area, Anambra State. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to examine the extent of availability of use of instructional material in teaching and learning of computer science on senior secondary school in Orumba South Local Government Area, Anambra State. The study was specifically carried out to investigate the extent of the availability of traditional instructions materials for teaching and learning of computer science in senior secondary schools in Orumba south, investigate the extent of the availability of technological instructions materials for teaching and learning of computer science in senior secondary schools in Orumba south, ascertain whether adequate availability of instructions materials enhances the effective teaching and learning of computer science in senior secondary schools in Orumba south, and ascertain whether adequate availability of instructions materials enhances students learning outcome in computer science in senior secondary schools in Orumba south.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 50 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent were computer science teachers in some selected senior secondary schools in Orumba South Local Government Area, Anambra State.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that;

  1. The extent of the availability of traditional instructions materials for teaching and learning of computer science in senior secondary schools in Orumba south is low.
  2. The extent of the availability of technological instructions materials for teaching and learning of computer science in senior secondary schools in Orumba south is low.
  3. Adequate availability of instructions materials enhances the effective teaching and learning of computer science in senior secondary schools in Orumba south.
  4. Adequate availability of instructions materials enhances students learning outcome in computer science in senior secondary schools in Orumba south.

5.4 Recommendations

Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations are proffered.

  1. Teaching aids are part of teachers’ instructional design and strategy. So, teachers should always make effort to integrate instructional materials in their teaching. If not available, teachers should improvise the teaching materials. When this is properly done, it will boost students’ retention ability and increase their performance on both internal and external examinations.
  2. The government should strive and set aside a reasonable amount of education budget which will be directed to improve and construct libraries and provide instructional materials in schools.
  3. More seminars/workshops on the use of diverse instructional materials available should be organized at least bi-annually to acquaint teachers on how to use them in teaching a secondary school subject.
  4. The heads of schools should rise their voice to be heard by parents as well as the government on the importance of improving and promoting good instructional materials in schools since the success or failure of a student will not only depend on the qualification of the teacher.

Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses
  • 4.5 Discussion of Findings

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • REFERENCES
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

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