The Extent Of Availability Of Computer System And Their Accessories For Effective Teaching And Learning Of Computer Science In Senior Secondary (Case Study Of Enugu North LGA)

Project and Seminar Material for Computer Science Education

The Extent Of Availability Of Computer System And Their Accessories For Effective Teaching And Learning Of Computer Science In Senior Secondary (Case Study Of Enugu North LGA)


Abstract


The study was conducted to investigate the extent of availability of computer systems and accessories for effective teaching and learning in senior secondary schools in Enugu North Local Government Area. The population of the study consisted of two hundred and forty teachers and students in senior secondary school in Enugu North L.G.A simple Survey research was used for the research design and simple random sampling techniques were used to select the subject for the study which is one hundred and forty (140) were administered,( 120) were returned duly completed while twenty (20) were not returned. Four (4) research questions guided the study. The questionnaire was used in data analysis. A mean of 2.50 and above was adopted as a cut of mark for the acceptance of items. The result findings showed that the computer systems and accessories for teaching and learning computer science in schools, are largely unavailable. Based on this, some implications of the study and recommendations were made.


Table of Content


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title Page
  • Approval Page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • Abstract

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of Problem
  • 1.3 Purpose of the Study
  • 1.4 Significance of the Study
  • 1.5 Research Question
  • 1.6 Definition of Terms

Chapter Two

2.0 Review of the Related Literature

  • 2.1 Teaching Methods
  • 2.2 Case Method
  • 2.3 Discussion Method
  • 2.4 Exposure to Student Practical Knowledge of Computer System
  • 2.5 Maintenance of Available Computer System and Their Accessories in School
  • 2.6 Summary of the Review

Chapter Three

3.0 Design Of The Study

  • 3.1 Area of the Study
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample and Sampling Techniques
  • 3.4 Instrument for Data Collection
  • 3.5 Validity of the Instrument
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Decision Rule

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Data Analysis

  • 4.1 Research Question 1
  • 4.2 Research Question 2
  • 4.3 Research Question 3
  • 4.4 Research Question 4

Chapter Five

5.0 Discussion, Conclusions, Implications, Recommendation, and Limitations of the Study.

  • 5.1 Discussion of Findings
  • 5.2 Conclusions
  • 5.3 Implications of Findings
  • 5.4 Recommendations
  • 5.5 Limitation of the Study
  • 5.6 Suggestion for Further Study
  • References
  • Appendix A – Letter of the Respondent
  • B – Personal Data
  • Questionnaire

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The best approach to effect study of computer depends on the extent of the practical aspect of teaching computer. The aspect of this study has to do with the availability of computer system and their accessories. Aneke I.C. (2005). Computer system is a programmable machine which responds to a specific set of instruction in a well defined manner. It can execute a pre – recorded list of instruction ( a program). The place of computer in education, like in any fields of human endeavor, has assumed an unimaginable dimension. Today, computers are used in various ways for teaching and learning in schools at various levels. Computes can now guide a learner through a course of instructions at a video display unit in such a manner that will facilitate the understanding of subject matter. This process helps to speed up the students learning process. This practice, unlike the case of human teacher gives the opportunity to re – learn any aspect of the subject matter as many times as he/she cleans it necessary. This process of learning is called computer – assisted learning (CAL). Computer can also provide instructions to students, ask them questions (usually multiple choice question) mark the students responses, grade their performance and determine by itself whether to take the students to take the students to next level of study or repeat the previous portion of the lecture just concluded based on the students performance. This process of learning is called computer aided instruction (CAI). Apart from instructional programs, computers also make a lot of impacts I provision of educational materials. Computer transform school libraries into new information service unit. Through virtual library one oleos not need to go from one library to another in search of library materials. With just a press of button (keys on computer keyboard) or a click on the mouse the information will be at the disposal of the intended user. According to Aneke, accessories are those devices which are useful, helpful to the operation of computer. E.g. keyboard, scanner, printers, mouse, monitors etc.

Extent through which these accessories are seen in the tab is the major aim of these studies. Unavailability of computer accessories are of the problem facing Nigerian students at Enugu North in particular. In this sense that the hardly make use of the system due to non installation of these accessories in the computer. In other to maintain the of 32nd ministerial council meeting of the national council of education in 1987, which is to set-up computer study at the secondary school level. These accessories must be available to an extent that is to say that installation of accessories will enhance the smooth running of programs for the betterment of the students learning. This research work will provide necessary steps to the secondary schools and steps for maintance of the available computer system and accessories.


1.2 Statement of Problem

The researcher wishes to find the extent of availability of computer system in secondary school, in Enugu north by finding out of the number of computer system in the school will be enough for the student at the course of practical and the availability of the computer accessories In other to enhance effective program running in the system for the purpose of this work. The researcher has put some question to enable them set information at the course of the investigation. Computer system is the best approach to the studding of practical’s in computer education, why are there less computer system in the computer system in the computer lab of the school?

Accessories are those devices which are useful, helpful to the operation of computer, why is it that the accessories are not available in the computer lab?


1.3 Purpose of the Study

The study was designed to find out the extent of availability of computer system and their accessories for effective teaching and learning in senior secondary schools under Enugu north local Government Area. The major aim of this research work was to find out:

  1. The extent of availability of computer systems and their accessories for effective teaching and learning of computer science.
  2. The methods used by the teachers in their teaching.
  3. How often are the learners exposed to practical knowledge of computer?
  4. The extent of maintenance of available computer system and their accessories in schools.

1.4 Significance of the Study

The study is expected to bring out results and good information on the extent of availability of computer system and their accessories for effective teaching and learning of computer science in senior secondary schools under Enugu north education zone. The findings of this study will be of benefits to students, teachers, and educational administrators. The students may stand to benefit when the computer system and their accessories are available in the lab for practical in order to enhance effective teaching and learning. The teachers work will be made easier when instructional material are adequate and upgrade following stored information in the computer. This materials is of benefits to educational administrators to achieve their objectives which is to set-up computer study at the secondary school level as to well as devising clear strategies and technologies to be used by the federal and state government in introducing computer education in Nigeria. This strategy includes:

  1. Training teachers and associate personnel.
  2. Hardware facilities
  3. Curriculum development
  4. Software development and evaluation
  5. Maintenance of hardware and peripherals

1.5 Scope of the Study

This study s meant to discover the extent of availability of computer systems and their accessories in senior secondary schools within Enugu North Local Government Area. The accessories expected to be seen in the schools include:

  • Input devices such as keyboard, mouse etc.
  • Output devices such as monitors, scanner,
  • Installation of software including system and application software.
  • Equipped computer lab.

1.6 Research Questions

For the purpose of this study, the researcher has proposed the following research questions.

  1. To what extent are computer systems and accessories available in schools?
  2. What teaching method are used for teaching computer science?
  3. To what extent are the learners exposed to practical computer packages?
  4. To what extent are the computer systems maintained for effective teaching and learning?

1.7 Definition of Terms

Computer:

It is the electronic device that accepts data as an input and processes them electronically to produce the desired output or information with the aid of a set of instructions.

Accessories:

Are those computer devices that are useful, helpful to the operations of the computer.

Program:

A program is a set of instructions that informs the computer on what to do and how to do that.

Software:

Is a collective term that refers to a group of related programs that directs the computer on what to do and how to do such a thing.

Hardware:

Is a collective term that refers to all the physical components of the computer that can be seen or touched.

Peripherals:

Are the computer devices that are connected to the central processing unit via cables or cords.


Chapter Five


Discussion, Conclusions, Implications, Recommendation, and Limitations of the Study.

This chapter presents the discussion of findings from the analyzed results, conclusions and implications of the study as well as the recommendations.


5.1 Discussion of Findings

The researcher aimed at investigating into the extent of availability of computer systems and accessories for teaching computer science in senior secondary schools. Its findings were in line with the observation of factors inhibiting the effective teaching and learning of computer science in Nigeria schools is the problem of inadequate instructional materials comprising essentially of computer hardware, software, laboratory and regular power supply. From the analysis of table 1, it was found that there was an appalling dearth of computer systems and accessories in the schools studied. Okeke (2009) like wise asserted that the requisites computer systems and accessories for computer education are only commonly obtainable in expensive private secondary schools. According to it, where the materials are available in public schools, there were either no power supply or complete accessories with which to put them to use. The results of the study was in agreement with the submission of Jegede and Owolabi (2003) that the dearth of appropriate instructional material for teaching and learning computer science, has largely influenced the choice of teaching methods adopted by the average computer science teacher, it was revealed in table 2 of this study that the lecture method was predominantly used for teaching computer science. Other teaching methods were found in the study to be scarcely used especially as they required the use of functional computer systems and accessories which were lacking in the schools.

Data collected on the extent to which learners were exposed to practical packages were subjected to analysis and results confirmed that students were hardly exposed to practical packages such as Ms Excel, Ms Power Point, Corel Draw, Access etc. this findings corroborates the observation of Jegede and Owolabi (2003) that most product of secondary schools, having been taught computer science are in capable of skills on common application packages. It is the opinion of the research that this may be as a result of the unavailability of the computer system and accessories with which the packages were not go be taught. The teachers were constrained to teaching the theoretical contents of the subject, learning aside the practical, as there was usually no equipment for that purpose.

The analysis on table of 4 sought to provide information on the extent to which the available computer systems and their accessories were maintained in the schools. The results of the analysis presented that the few available computer hardware and software were poorly maintained. In the schools were these are available, it was found that only monitors, keyboards and mouse were maintained. Thos findings was contrary to the opinion of Ogunsola (2006) that the hardware facilities were packed up, as soon as they break down, owing to the negligence of the school management towards releasing funds for regular and prompt maintenance and repair. This situation, according to Jegede and Owolabi (2003) will no doubt speed up the rate of depreciation of devices, there by possible leading to disuse.


5.2 Conclusion

Based in the Finding of this Study, the researcher therefore concludes that.

  1. The computer systems and accessories for teaching and learning computer science in schools are largely unavailable.
  2. The teachers of computer science are constrained to use of teacher centre methods following the unavailability of appropriate instructional materials which would have been used to promote learner centre methods.
  3. The extent to which students are exposed to practical computer packages in the schools is largely unsatisfactory and calls for improvement.
  4. The available computer systems and accessories for teaching computer science in the schools in the schools are poorly maintained.

5.3 Implication of the Study

The findings from the study reveal the prevailing problems which in small measure will affect the attainment of the objectives of the objectives of computer education.

The implication of the study therefore includes in fact that:

  1. Teachers of computer science will be constrained to use the lecture and other teacher centre methods for teaching the subject in schools.
  2. Students will end up gaining only theoretical knowledge of the subject and having little or no knowledge of practical package.
  3. The lack of maintenance of available computer systems and accessories may results to depreciation and disuse of the devices.

5.4 Recommendations

Having considered the findings of the study, the researcher hereby recommends that both state and local government should provide and equip all the senior secondary schools in Enugu North Local Government Area with the following:

  1. Government should endeavor to increase the funding of education, especially science and technical education, considering the cost of procuring relevant equipment like computer systems and their accessories for effective teaching and learning of computer science to make the nation be at per with others.
  2. The teachers should be trained in the adoption and use of improvisation for teaching.
  3. The school management should devise measure to ensure the proper maintenance of available computer system and accessories in their school, since they cost much to procure and repair them.
  4. Teachers should liaise with the school management to adopt out source for needed devices especially for learning practical applications.

5.5 Limitations of the Study.

The only challenge faced by the researcher was difficulty encountered in reaching the respondents especially during school hours.


5.6 Suggestions for Further Study.

In this study, the researcher investigated in the extent of availability of computer systems and their accessories for effective teaching and learning of computer science in senior secondary schools under Enugu North Local Government Area. She is suggesting that similar research should be carried out on ss1 students in other Local Government Area on the following:

  1. The cause of unavailability of computer systems and their accessories in secondary school.
  2. Ways of eliminating the unavailability of computer systems and their accessories in secondary schools.

The Extent Of Availability Of Computer System And Their Accessories For Effective Teaching And Learning Of Computer Science In Senior Secondary (Case Study Of Enugu North LGA)


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