Examination Result As A Contributing Factor Of Students Reading Attitude In The Tertiary Institutions

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Examination Result As A Contributing Factor Of Students Reading Attitude In The Tertiary Institutions


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Reading is a process that needs complicated thinking processes to interpret written symbols as meaningful units and grasp them as a thought unit in order to comprehend a printed message, (Aina, Ogungbemi, Adigun, & Ogundipe, 2011; Onuoha, Unegbu, & Umahi, 2013). Reading is, in other words, the act of deciphering symbols to deduce or build meaning. Reading is therefore important for daily tasks such as bettering of one’s knowledge, sharpening and moulding one’s thinking, and reasonable and objective reasoning, all of which lead to greater success in life. Reading is mostly, described as an enveloping, integrative process that influences a reader’s perceptual, cognitive, and emotive dimensions (Oriogu 2013, p. 61). Simply told, reading is for life, not just for school! Humans are said to be capable of passing on knowledge to future generations via reading. This backs up the notion that success in school or in life is contingent on a strong foundation in reading skills (Oriogu, 2013, p. 61). Reading is thought to be the only kind of enjoyment that simultaneously serves as a valuable life skill. “Reading permits a person to grow and gain insights into life and the world at large,” writes Gentile (1976). As a result, he is capable of making sound judgments that contribute to personal well-being and enjoyment. Reading is one of life’s most pleasant activities and an essential part of human growth. As a result, cultivating a reading culture is critical to life success. The practice of cultivating a good reading mindset is known as reading culture. This is when reading becomes a part of a person’s life rather than only a part of particular elements of their life, such as school or job. When Phillip (2005) says that teaching someone literacy skills is like training a person to drive and just giving them a few drops of gas: the machine is great and the driving abilities have been taught, but it’s still not an automatic talent since there isn’t enough practice. When the fuel runs out, the vehicle’s ability to drive becomes ineffective and starts to disintegrate. However, with a better reading culture, the individual has a constant supply of readily digested fuel, allowing the new driver to visit specific spots, enjoy driving, and, in the end, accomplish the endless possibilities that he provides. Reading culture is best fostered throughout a child’s formative years. This is why reading should be an important element of the school curriculum as well as a tool for fully comprehending any school subject’s subject matter. Reading is one of the key abilities that students are required to master throughout their education, and without it, there may be no other way for them to achieve academic achievement (Oyewole, 2017). This research, on the other hand, focuses on the pursuit of examination grades as a driver of students’ reading attitudes at higher institutions.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

It has been shown that a solid reading habit is necessary for academic achievement. To a considerable part, how well a student thrives or performs in his or her studies is determined by the study habits he or she establishes and employs. A student who develops and implements effective study habits is more likely to get better academic results than one who does not. Every student’s academic achievement at every level is dependent on their study habits. However, it is debatable to what degree students have developed and used study habits in recent years; most high school students have no idea how to study. Mark and Howard (2009) go on to say that the absence of effective or good study habits is the most prevalent issue for student performance in all areas. The majority of students do not have a study strategy to help them succeed. Some students just go to class, complete their assignments, and study for tests. This may or may not be connected to students’ recent poor performance on final examinations. It has been shown that one of the elements that causes students to adopt a reading attitude is the outcome of an examination. Everyone is concerned about the high failure rate. The desire to provide answers to these difficulties led to the decision to pursue this research. “examination result as a contributing factor of students reading attitude in the tertiary institutions” in Ogun State


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The main objective of this study is to examine exam result as a contributing factor of students reading attitude in the tertiary institutions.

The study specifically set out to:

  1. To examine the factors that contributes to students reading attitude.
  2. To ascertain the factor that poses as a challenge to students reading attitude.
  3. To assess if examination result is a reason why student develop reading attitude.
  4. To recommend ways to improve reading attitude among students in other to get a favourable exam result.

1.4 Research Questions

The following questions have been prepared for the study:

  1. What are the factors that contributes to students reading attitude?
  2. What are the factor that poses as a challenge to students reading attitude?
  3. Is examination result a reason why student develop reading attitude?
  4. What are the recommended ways to improve reading attitude among students in other to get a favourable exam result?

1.5 Significance of Study

This study will be of significance to many as to who may want to understand the influence of examination result as a contributing factor of students reading attitude in the tertiary institutions. Therefore, the study is significant in this regard.

The beneficiaries of this study are the teachers in secondary schools, the students in secondary schools, parents and future researchers. The findings of this study will provide information to the teachers and students on the types of study habits that enhance students’ academic achievement in secondary schools. The teachers would use the information to guide the students on the best study habits to adopt. The students would use the information to adjust on their study habits to improve their academic achievement. The parents would use the findings of this study to understand one of the causes of their children’s poor academic achievement.

This study attempts to combine study skills with study habit and how they both affect academic performance of students as It will provide valuable information about the effects of poor study habit on the academic performance of students.

The study will also help other researchers and academicians in carrying out research related to the study. The study will therefore serve as a resource material guide.

The researchers believes that students, particularly secondary school student will be benefited from the findings of this study since the study provides basis for awareness and better understanding of how their current study habits affected their academic performance. Likewise gives them a more focused and clear perspective on how the specific behaviors related toothier studies influenced study habits.


1.6 Scope of the Study

This study will examine the factors that contributes to students reading attitude. The study will also ascertain the factor that poses as a challenge to students reading attitude. The study will further assess if examination result is a reason why student develop reading attitude. Lastly, the study will recommend ways to improve reading attitude among students in other to get a favourable exam result. Hence the study will be delimited to secondary schools in Oyo State.


1.7 Organization of Study

The study is divided into five chapters. Chapter one deals with the study’s introduction and gives a background to the study. Chapter two reviews related and relevant literature. The chapter three gives the research methodology while the chapter four gives the study’s analysis and interpretation of data. The study concludes with chapter five which deals on the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Examination Result As A Contributing Factor Of Students Reading Attitude In The Tertiary Institutions


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Examination Result As A Contributing Factor Of Students Reading Attitude In The Tertiary Institutions


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