Causes Of Examination Malpractice Among Secondary School Students

Project and Seminar Material for English Language

Causes Of Examination Malpractice Among Secondary School Students


Abstract


The study investigate the causes of examination malpractice among secondary school students, Konshisha local government using selected secondary schools as case study. The study employed the survey design and the Simple random sampling technique to select 150 teachers and students from the selected secondary schools in Konshisha local government area of Benue state. A well-constructed questionnaire, which was adjudged valid and reliable, was used for collection of data from the respondents. The data obtained through the administration of the questionnaires was analyzed using the frequency table and the hypothesis were tested using Chi-square and T-test statistical tool.

The results showed that Poor Reading habit, Lack of adequate study materials, Peer Influence, Lack of conducive learning environment and Lack of teacher’s motivation are the possible causes of exam malpractice. The study also disclosed several implications of exam malpractice among which include; Termination of admission, loss of the ability to know and comprehend, Laziness towards academic practices, expel, Suspension.

The study suggested that; There should be re-orientation towards moral values. Moral instructions that can adequately provide the understanding of the ills in examination malpractice should constitute part of their curricular. Logistic value should be applied. There should be proper control of the supply, distribution and custodian of examination materials should be made in order to avoid leakage.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of Study

One of the major problems facing Nigerian education especially in Konshisha Local Government Area today is search for accurate ways to learning. Education is taken to crises which very few of us seem to realize in Nigeria today. When one talks about education in Nigeria today, it is easily nearly the same with what Dore (1976) simply put “the diploma disease”. There is a very serious problem in a system secondary education where over 90% of the people are merely passing through education to obtain a certificate to append after their names. People these days go to school to pass and obtain certificate and not to learn. Cheating is now rampant at public examinations. These menace assumed a large and frightening dimension that has created hopes for early solution. Investigation recently by pass collective 1996 suggested that examination malpractices are no longer the hand work of the candidate alone but illegal operation involving communities, school authorities investigators, printers, storekeepers etc. the cankerworm of examination malpractice has been rampant in Benue state in general and Konshisha in particular. This has eaten deep into the fabric of the Nigeria society. Because of these students are not ready to learn or concentrate on their studies and legitimately take their final year examination, “the West African Examinations Council (WAEC) or ‘National Examinations Council (NECO)’, these students who want to cheat in these types of examination hall illegal materials or wait to be copied on the chalkboard by their hired hands or teachers. However, various campaigns against the menace are being carried out including workshop by the government agents and with this it is expected that the evil of examination malpractice will be and completely be eradicated in Konshisha Local Government Area of Benue state.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

A lot has been said about examination malpractices. Akinkoh J. A (1996) in his paper delivered at the Pals Collective organized campaign against examination malpractice in Kogi central senatorial district of Kogi state titled “Examination malpractice in schools”, fetched out dangers and possible solutions. Another paper by professor Julius Onah (1996) “Evils of Examination malpractices” enumerates the effect and solutions of examination malpractice, in the Daily champion of April 4, 2001. The menace of examination malpractice has done in a calculable average not only to our educational system but also to our national economic life and social life of the country. Examination malpractice brings general indiscipline in schools, mass displacement of talents and Wastage of our national resources. Examination malpractice makes the objectives of examination as a measure of classification by competences, skills job placement and diagnosis of academic failure useless.


1.3 Purpose of the Study

The purpose for choosing the topic; an investigation into the causes of examinations malpractice among secondary school students in Konshisha Local Government Area is to:

  1. Assess the effect of examination malpractice in secondary schools in Konshisha Local Government Area.
  2. Investigate the causes of examination malpractice in secondary institutions in Benue state and Konshisha Local Government Area in particular.
  3. The study will as well suggest some solutions to arresting this situation or recommends measures of minimizing the causes.

1.4 Significance of the Study

This topic has been chosen by the researcher to find out at which extent examination malpractice affect the educational career of the students in Konshisha local government area and the national standard. This research will provide some useful principles for the government, organizations, private bodies, institutions, teachers and candidates to eliminate or minimize the depressing standard of education in Konshisha local government area and Nigeria at large.


1.5 The Scope of the Study

The study is limited to Konshisha local government area only. It also focuses on secondary school level in the local government only.


1.6 Hypotheses

  1. Do students in secondary school involve in examination malpractice?
  2. Is there any cause of examination malpractice in secondary school in Konshisha local government area?
  3. Is there any difference in examination malpractice and those that are not involved?]]

1.7 Definition to Terms

Examination:

the Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary defines of Current English defines it’s related to education as an assessment tool to determine the level of learning of student or pupils.

Malpractice:

The Oxford Advance Learners Dictionary defines malpractice as careless, wrong or illegal behavior while in a professional job.

Secondary School Students:

These are the formal school learners receiving education after primary school and before tertiary or university stage.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings into an investigation into the causes of examination malpractice among secondary school students, Konshisha local government using selected secondary schools as case study”. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to the investigation into the causes of examination malpractice among secondary school students, Konshisha local government using selected secondary schools as case study. The study specifically was aimed Assessing the effect of examination malpractice in secondary schools in Konshisha Local Government Area; Investigate the causes of examination malpractice in secondary institutions in Benue state and Konshisha Local Government Area in particular.

The study adopted the survey research design and purposively enrolled participants in the study. A total of 150 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are active students and teachers of the two selected secondary schools.

It was revealed that Poor Reading habit, Lack of adequate study materials, Peer Influence, Lack of conducive learning environment and Lack of teacher’s motivation are the possible causes of exam malpractice.

The study also disclosed several implications of exam malpractice among which include; Termination of admission, loss of the ability to know and comprehend, Laziness towards academic practices, expel, Suspension etc.
It was discovered that students in secondary school involve in examination malpractice.


5.3 Conclusions

Since education is the bedrock of every society, any factor or vice that tarnishes the outcome of the learning process must be fought standstill by all stakeholders and well meaning Nigerians. From the discussion so far, examination malpractice which has remained a cancer in the education sector requires a multidimensional approach for total annihilation. Development of any nation relies solely on its human resources, and human resources are refined to be productive through education, hence eradicating examination malpractice which destroys human resources development should be taken as a full scale war. Restoring that section of Decree 20 of 1984 which stipulated twenty-one years imprisonment on conviction without option of fine into the 1999 constitution (as amended) will be a right step in the right direction in winning this war.


5.4 Recommendations

  1. The building of a good foundation of self discipline among students right from their respective homes as the task of curbing fraudulent practices in our educational system should not be left to the institutions management, government and examination bodies alone.
  2. There should be re-orientation towards moral values. Moral instructions that can adequately provide the understanding of the ills in examination malpractice should constitute part of their curricular.
  3. Logistic value should be applied. There should be proper control of the supply, distribution and custodian of examination materials should be made in order to avoid leakage.
  4. There should be a serious re-orientation of the Nigerian society on discipline monetary or material achievement such as certificates.

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Frequently Asked Questions


What is the teacher’s view on examination malpractice?

Afuruobi (2012) in the teacher‟s view on Examination malpractice asserts that no meaningful teaching is carried out in local schools / rural schools and therefore justifies rendering „help‟ to students during examination.

What are the causes of examination malpractice?

Causes of Examination Malpractice Adebiyi (2011) in his research identified some of the causes of examination malpractices as follows: a. Crops in the knowledge of students or pupils b. Evil or negative inclination c. Digital laziness and d. Irresponsible and lose attitude. a.

What does it take to eradicate examination malpractice in secondary schools?

What it takes to eradicate examination malpractice in secondary schools is to encourage and motivate students to read and the teachers to discipline themselves and maintain discipline in all ramifications. Both people should imbibe good moral values.

What are the different types of examination malpractice?

They include the following as examination malpractice, paper leakage, cheating, impersonation, swooping of scripts in the examination hall, collusion, result / certificate forgery, physical / verbal assault on examination administration.

What is malpractice in exams?

Malpractice is defined as any deliberate act of wrong doing, contrary to the rules of examinations designed to give a candidate an unfair advantage or able frequently, to place a candidate at a disadvantage. Malpractice therefore introduces equities into the examination system.

Is examinations malpractice destroying our youth?

Examination malpractice is an evil wind blowing nationwide, that does no one no good. It is also an act of stealing that is destroying our young generation, turning them into cheats at all levels of their lives. A nation built on academic corruption, cheating and moral misfits cannot survive.

Why is examination malpractice a concern in Nigeria?

Despite the importance attached to examination in schools and society at large and the stringent rules and regulations governing the conduct of examination, complaints about malpractice are very prevalent. This is an issue of great concern not only to the survival of our educational institutions but also to the leaders of our country, Nigeria.

What are some examples of post examination malpractice?

Post examination malpractice also occurs in abundance. Where the student goes to rewrite in the examiner’s office or house. An army General with the South African National Defense Force (SANDF) was dismissed from the service and two colonels were demoted for cheating during a military examination (Tribune 2002).

What are the dangers of exam malpractice?

Dangers and Consequences of Examination Malpractice. Examination malpractice is a social evil that can damage society to the extent of possibly leading to a failed state. It has very serious economic, political and social consequences. In the last ten years alone, the West African Examination Council (WAEC) had to cancel the results of 814,699 …

How to stop exam malpractice?

How to Stop Examination Malpractice. While there might not be a “silver bullet” to completely wipe out examination malpractice, the following steps can reduce it to the barest minimum. Renewed Awareness Drive: Students, teachers, parents and even the society at large should be continuously reminded and kept aware of the negative effects of …

What causes examination malpractice among secondary school students?

Students’ involvement in malpractice is caused by poor conditions under which examinations are conducted such as inappropriate sitting arrangement and poor supervision. 1. To understand the concept about examination malpractice and it types. 2. To identify the cause of examination malpractice among secondary school students.

What is the teacher’s view on examination malpractice?

Afuruobi (2012) in the teacher‟s view on Examination malpractice asserts that no meaningful teaching is carried out in local schools / rural schools and therefore justifies rendering „help‟ to students during examination.

What are the solutions to examination malpractices?

The findings are in consonants with Shonekan (2011) who partly proffers „provision of adequate facilities in terms of textbooks, well-equipped laboratories, classroom, conducive teaching and learning atmosphere and covering of syllabuses by the teachers‟ as probable solution to examination malpractices.

Is there a malpractice problem in Nigerian education?

THE CAUSES, EFFECTS AND SOLUTION TO EXAMINATION MALPRACTICE IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS Education serves as a prime instrument in the development of Nigeria but the issue of malpractice has led to the problem of this system.

What is malpractice in exams?

Malpractice is defined as any deliberate act of wrong doing, contrary to the rules of examinations designed to give a candidate an unfair advantage or able frequently, to place a candidate at a disadvantage. Malpractice therefore introduces equities into the examination system.

What are the most common forms of malpractice?

– Smuggling of foreign materials: This is perhaps the most common form of malpractice. It relates to the introduction of unauthorized materials (e.g. note books, crib notes, charts and answers) into the examination hall. Material is frequently smuggled in pants, shoes, hems and bras or information is written on parts of the body.

What are the products of examination malpractice?

– The products of examination malpractice always end up with unfulfilled dreams in their chosen career – Examinations malpractice is a negative orientation for future leaders who may end up being fraudulent and corrupt in their various offices.

What is makers malpractice?

This is established by corrupt examination officials where candidates can complete the examination with the support of helpers and without supervision. – Makers Malpractice: Deliberate alteration of marks designed to inflate or deflate a candidate’s original mark. 

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