Evaluation Of Post Covid-19 Pandemic And The Need For Effective Occupational Safety And Health System

Project and Seminar Material for Public Health

Evaluation Of Post Covid-19 Pandemic And The Need For Effective Occupational Safety And Health System


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

The outbreak of coronavirus pandemic came as a rude shock to many as many developed and developing countries were not ready for its impact. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can be said to be an illness caused by a novel coronavirus called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2; formerly called 2019-nCoV), which was first identified amid an outbreak of respiratory illness cases in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China.

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to sweep the globe, infecting millions of people and causing hundreds of thousands of deaths and massive economic disruption. Africa has so far been largely spared the kind of impact that has caused chaos in developed nations like the United States, Spain and Italy. As of April 28, there were about 34 915 confirmed cases on the African continent. However, this number is expected to keep climbing as Africa is deemed to be experiencing its early stages of the pandemic with her 1.33 billion people at tremendous risk. Being a low-income country in sub-Saharan Africa, Nigeria’s approach to mitigating the impact of the pandemic is of global interest. With a 2020 budget of 10.59 trillion naira and 24.9% of revenues for this budget coming from oil sources and to further expound on the munificent gestures vested on the Nigerian health care, the sector enjoys only 4.14% of the 2020 national budget .Since preventive measures should also be taken in workplaces which are the common areas of use in order to limit the spread of the Coronavirus and to combat the epidemic, working activities have been either completely stopped or restricted by many employers, or the method of working remotely or working from home has been applied by the employers in the private sector. Although it is possible to work remotely or working from home in workplaces with technological infrastructure, occupational health and safety measures must be taken by employers in workplaces where the remote working model cannot be applied due to the nature of their job.In addition, the basis of the regulations for protection of employees is based on the Constitution and the Labor Code No. 4857 and the employers have many responsibilities depending on the managerial authority in workplaces. The most important one of these responsibilities is taking necessary occupational health and safety measures in the workplace within the scope of the employer’s supervision obligation. The measures to be taken by the employer are included in the Code No. 6331 on Occupational Health and Safety (“Code“). According to Article 4 of the Code, the employer is obliged to ensure the health and safety of the employees. those obligations are listed as follows:

Taking necessary measures for the safety and health protection of workers, including prevention of occupational risks and providing information and training, as well as providing the necessary organization and means and ensuring that these measures are adjusted taking account of changing circumstances and aiming to improve existing situations, Monitoring and checking whether occupational health and safety measures that have been taken in the workplace are followed and ensuring that nonconforming situations are eliminated, Carrying out a risk assessment or getting one carried out, Taking into consideration the employee’s capabilities as regards health and safety where he entrusts tasks to an employee, Taking appropriate measures to ensure that employees other than those who have received adequate information and instructions are denied access to areas where there is life-threatening and special hazard.


1.2 Statement Of Research Problem

The post covid-19 pandemic has witnessed peoples growth and understanding in accepting that covid-19 has come to stay .hence, the reason for evaluating post covid-19 pandemic and effective occupational safety and health system. there have been a huge number of avoidable death because government or hospital management have not put in place necessary occupational safety system, in the sense that there are not enough safety tool for health care workers.


1.3 Objectives Of The Study

The primary objective of this study is to critically evaluate post covid-19 and need for effective occupational safety and health, hence the study seeks to:

  1. Evaluate post covid-19 pandemic.
  2. Evaluate the effect of covid-19 pandemic on occupational safety and health.
  3. Examine how occupational safety and health culture can be be improved on in post covid-19 pandemic.

1.4 Research Questions

The following questions guide this study:

  1. What are the effect of post covid-19 pandemic?
  2. What are the factors affecting occupational safety and health in post covid-19?
  3. How has occupational safety and health improved since post covid-19?

1.5 Significance Of The Study

The study is considered significance for the following reasons.

  1. It will give more exposure on the post covid-19 pandemic and the need for effective occupational safety and health.
  2. The study will be of help to government ,ministries of health, and academia
  3. It will also serve as a guide to future researchers who may want to further elaborate on this similar study.

1.6 Scope Of The Study

This study focuses on evaluating post covid-19 pandemic and the need for effective occupational safety and health system. Further more, it will show how occupational safety and health has improved since post covid-19 pandemic and as such, this study will be delimited to state general hospital akure south in ondo state


1.7 Limitations Of The Study

During the course of this study challenges encountered were that of:

Financial constraint, as the researcher could not shuttle between his place of settlement and the state general hospital, as much as it wanted to, also, in getting relevant materials and in printing them.


1.8 Operational Definition Of Terms

Covid-19:

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can be said to be an illness caused by a novel coronavirus called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2; formerly called 2019-nCoV), which was first identified amid an outbreak of respiratory illness cases in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China.

Occupational safety and health:

OSH) is an interdisciplinary activity concerned with the prevention of occupational risks inherent to each work activity. The main aimis the promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of safety and health at work, therefore creating conditions to avoid the occurrence of work accidents and ill health.


Project Material Download

3,000 Naira


The complete material will be sent to you in just 2 steps.

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make payment of ₦3,000: through USSD Transfer, Bank Mobile App, ATM Transfer, or POS Transfer to:

Access Bank Plc Account No.: 0811003731
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current

Or Click Here to pay with Debit Card

FOR CLIENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA:

Click Here to pay with Debit Card ($15)


Step Two Purchase

Send the following details through Text Message or WhatsApp Messenger | 08143831497

  • Payment Details 
  • Email Address 
  • Evaluation Of Post Covid-19 Pandemic And The Need For Effective Occupational Safety And Health System

The complete material will be sent to your email address after receiving your payment information | Terms and Conditions Apply


You may also like:


⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search


Follow us on Facebook                       Contact Our Help Desk

Follow us on Facebook

 Contact Our Help Desk



Want a discount?
Become a partner and you can always buy at a lower price

samphina.com.ng


You can leverage this opportunity and maximize your profit:

  1. If you are a student that needs a side income.
  2. If you own a business center near school (top notch)
  3. If you are a final year student
  4. If you are a course representative in your school
  5. If you assist students in getting research materials (top notch)

Click Here for More Details


Evaluation Of Post Covid-19 Pandemic And The Need For Effective Occupational Safety And Health System

Disclaimer

This research material “Evaluation Of Post Covid-19 Pandemic And The Need For Effective Occupational Safety And Health System” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as samphina.com.ng will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”.

samphina.com.ng is only providing this material “Evaluation Of Post Covid-19 Pandemic And The Need For Effective Occupational Safety And Health System” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.


How to defend your research work

This is a general guide on how to defend your research work:

1. Prepare For Questions:

If you are preparing for questions that may be asked during your defense, then your answers will flow smoothly and effectively. This will prove your knowledge on the subject e.g “Evaluation Of Post Covid-19 Pandemic And The Need For Effective Occupational Safety And Health System“, and strengthening your argument. Ask friends and family, read your work for them to listen to your presentation, and write down questions. You may be lucky the panel will ask you those you have already prepared on.

2. Strong Summary:

Summarizing your chapters will help keep your audience focused because it is easy for a mind to drift, so providing summaries will ensure your panel will follow along, even if they lose focus for a brief moment. Visual aides, such as graphs and power-point presentations can be very helpful. If you are going to use these, make sure you will practice your presentation with them.

3. Be Confident in Your Research Work:

Not knowing your topic “Evaluation Of Post Covid-19 Pandemic And The Need For Effective Occupational Safety And Health System” inside out will cause you to struggle and ultimately fail with your defense. You need to know the subject from every angle to ensure you are fully prepared for any question that may come your way.

4. Conclusion:

Reinforce your findings to conclude your defense. The finale of your presentation should focus on proving the work that has been done. You may need to recap on what has changed and remained unchanged, if is necessary.

5 . Listen:

Before you get defensive or recite a particular answer, make sure you truly understand the question being asked. Being a good listener is an important quality, because providing an inaccurate or off-topic answer will also weaken the validity of your paper.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resources Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.