Evaluation Of The Impact Of Road Network On The Selling Of Agricultural Products

Project and Seminar Material for Agricultural Engineering AE

Evaluation Of The Impact Of Road Network On The Selling Of Agricultural Products


Abstract


This study was aimed at determining the impact of road network system on the selling of agricultural products in Njikoka Anambra State Nigeria. A case study was conducted in three towns each in three major food productivity areas of the Nigeria. The study was carried out using a pie chart as the tool of analysis. The results revealed that out of 20 (twenty) people, 12 (twelve) are engaged in either agricultural production or selling while the remaining 8 (eight) are involve in other activities. The findings also revealed that most of the respondents hold strongly the view that the poor nature of the road network in Nigeria affects agricultural products. Inaccessibility is disincentive to higher productivity and as well kills enterprises in the part of various. b. Improve the existing feeder road networks in order to make them accessible for agricultural transportation and improve the incentive of farmers to produce.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Food production is geographically disposed and it is not an easy work, like food production centers with the production center.

The Nigerian food industry for example depends on the distribution of food it produces. Most of the food produced cannot get to the market due to the acute road network difficulties that will serve the food industry. Food production therefore depend upon road network for the creation and preservation of their values. The effect and the importance of road was critically investigated in this study with a particular product in Njikoka Anambra State Nigeria.

Food production is one of the priority facing most of the world’s people today. It is also a problem that may worsen rapidly in the years ahead.

According to the Food Agricultural Organization (FAO), food production of the developing countries will increase by a staggering 125% by 2010. On the other hand, problems relating to rural penetration have contributed to wooing the world and particular Nigeria Agriculture.

It is because of the above problems that the government must intensify efforts to improve the road networks especially in the rural areas.

Collection and individual efforts should be directed towards fighting a war against hunger and the provision of road network to allocate the agricultural products. Investment decision in agricultural policy can help to ensure supply of additional food and its distribution to consumers.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Since the early years of man, agriculture and road network have always co-existed together due to the source of food and other economics products must be accessible for the collection distribution to market port and factories.

It is important that adequate and effective road network should be introduced or encouraged to achieve the modern food selling system objectives. Transportation is therefore to serve as a means of marketing goods. In Njikoka Anambra State, most of the network do not pass within the agricultural areas and thereby hinder agricultural progress. In some rural areas, most of the road network which passes through agricultural areas from farm to the market places is often too bad all the years for easy transportation. Most of these feeders road networks are interfaced narrow, poorly drained that they prevent easy access to the interlard where the majority of the farmers are located.

There are also the problems of maintenance, adequate executive capacity suitable materials and management where the road networks are in fair conditions.

Beside the poor condition of the feeder road network delay in transport, bad loading and offloading and rough handling goods result to great damages spoilage and deterioration of products.

Poor road network also has the additional effect of preaching from the specializing in the corps that offer attempt to keep his family supplied with all their needs and therefore retains food than he adequately needs. This is because if he runs shortage, it will be difficult to tap other resources and this entails. Higher cost as a result of road network. It often poses a problem because urban dwellers will be faced with shortage of food staff and other essential goods manufactured from agricultural materials these problems will hinder the ability to import system of land use for agricultural production.

If agriculture is to respond to the growing demand then it will be necessary to involve a good progressive rural structure with rural roads to quicken and reduce the cost of the flow of agricultural commodities, information and ball sort of rural services to enable contribute meaningfully to generate growth.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The general objective of this study is to determine the impact of road network on the selling of agricultural products in Anambra State. A case study of Njikoka Local Government in Anambra State.

The objectives of this study are to:

  1. Identify those factors that all directly and indirectly related to the selling of agricultural products and to what extent they have contributed to the rise and fall of agricultural products.
  2. Determine the extent which road transport system has affected the selling of Agricultural products in Anambra State.
  3. Offer useful recommendation with a view of making the selling of agricultural product in Anambra State more successful and effective.
  4. Determine the effect of road network in the selling of agricultural product.
  5. Evaluate the primitive use of farm tools to produce staple crops in large quantities that can be transported to other parts of local government area.

1.4 Significance of the Study.

It is hoped that findings of this study will be of immense contribution to;

Academicians:

This research work will help in providing adequate information and also stimulate them in carrying out further study in the area of common (i.e road network on the selling of Agricultural product).

Agricultural Sector:

This research work will help to prepare this section for credit requirement.

Business Men:

This research work will open the mind and eye of the businessmen to know the ways of dealing with agricultural products and need for business expansion.


1.5 Research Question

  1. Can the road network be identified to those factors that are all directed and in directed related to the selling of agricultural product and to what extent can they be contributed to the rise and fall of the agricultural products?
  2. To what extent has road transport system affect selling of agricultural products in Anambra state?
  3. Can the road network often useful recommendation with a view to making the selling of agricultural products in Anambra State more successful?
  4. What are the effects of road network in the selling of agricultural product?
  5. Can they determine the primitive use of farm tools to produce staple crops in large awareness?

1.6 Area of Study

The impact of road network in selling of agricultural products in Njikoka Anambra State is the center point of this research work, various literatures in the impact of road network in selling of agricultural products were reviewed using the questionnaire which were designed for the three towns each in three major food productivity areas of the Njikoka Anambra State were selected for the study.


1.7 Definition of Terms

Rail transportation;

it always refers to the track (routes) which train passes.

Air transportation;

This route includes domestic/national, intercontinental and international.

Road transportation;

A road is way between two major places with a prepared surface which vehicles can use in transporting people, materials and goods.

Pipelines:

These are used for the transportation of liquids such as crude oil, petrol, kerosene, diesel, water, liquefied coal and natural gas from point of supply to point of consumption.

Inland water transportation:

This is the transportation that is carried out in land water ways such as rivers, lakes, Greeks, canals and lagoons,

Ocean transportation:

The transportation is carried out in the trans-ocean route that naturally links continents to another.

Transship:

This is the combination of water and rail mode of transportation. Trains move to the ship yard from where ship will transport them to the designation city. The goods will be off loaded and transport to the buyer station by train.

Fishy back:

This is the combination of water transportation and tracks to convey goods from point of production to customers.

Air truck:

This is the combination of air transportation and truck to the goods is trucked to the airports where airplanes would move them to the destination city. The goods will be trucked to the buyer’s station.

Piggy back:

This is the process of using rail and truck in moving goods from point of production to final consumers.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

This chapter is aimed at presenting a summary of findings based on the stated and tested hypothesis and also to highlight other findings of the study in other to enable meaningful contribution to be drawn.

Finally useful recommendations are thus made based on the findings.


5.1 Summary of the Findings

Brief summary of the result of this study were in the hypothesis.

Hypothesis 1

This hypothesis states that the nature of road network in Njikoka Anambra State affect the selecting of agricultural products it was tested by using pie chart as the tool of analysis. This result obtained showed that the poor nature of the respondents holds strongly that the poor nature of road network in Njikoka Local Government Anambra State affects agricultural products.

This however is the view express 70 out of 154 respondents representing about 49% of total respondents. The implication of this finding is that the poor nature of the network makes distribution and effective marketing of agricultural product different from the rural farmers.

Hypothesis II

This hypothesis states that inaccessibility reduces the incentive to perform. The hypotheses are tested by the use of pie chart as tool of analysis.

From the obtained it was found that most of the respondents hold strongly the view that inaccessibility causes by poor state of the road network reduce the incentive to produce.

The findings also revealed that inaccessibility is disincentive to higher productivity and as well kills enterprises in the part of various. The result shows the view represented by 52 out of 154 respondents apart from the findings made through the test of hypothesis other useful and reliable and observations were made during the cause of the study.

Such other findings are summarized as follows.

  1. That majority of those engaged in agricultural production is ages between 20-44 yeas and earn less than N2000 per annum.
  2. That most of the people involved in agricultural products to selling has little or no knowledge of education affects their production levels.
  3. That apart from poor road network facilities, inadequate vehicles and road distance to consumers is other problems militating against selling of agricultural products in the state.
  4. That the poor state of the road network not only reduce the incentives to produce but also cause urbanization and create conservation.

That the price of agricultural products is not only influenced by poor road network but by Government and low demand for the products. This often result in waste increase since storage facilities are either poor, inadequate or absent, some also believed that the low demand reduces farmers profit and this therefore does not encourage high productivity.


5.2 Conclusion

Generally, research are conducted with the view of finding how better and new method of improvement in all field of human endeavor.

This study however has been concerned with determining the impact of road network system, on the selling of agricultural products in Njikoka Anambra State.

It is generally believed that the production is not complete until what is produced gets to the consumer and for this purpose to be achieved, goods must be made available to the consumer at the right place and time. This of course is essence of good road networks in selling. In the course of the study efforts were made to identify those factors that directly and indirectly affect agricultural products in Njikoka Anambra State.

Prominent among the factors was poor network which is respondents view was the greatest problem hindering effective selling of agricultural products in the state.

Some poor road network and lack of maintenance has been identified as major short coming in the selling process of agricultural products, the incentives and enterprise to grow more food is therefore greatly wastage.

As a result, farmer’s profits are reduced and a lot of wastage and spoilage due to poor or no storage is experienced.


5.3 Recommendations

It is said that first step in solving a problem is the identification of the problem. Based on the identifying problem and finding of these studies some useful information are made towards doing more food and enhancing effective selling of agricultural products in Njikoka Anambra State and Nigeria.

This is with a view to achieving self sufficiency the researcher recommends as follows to;

  1. Contract rural factors for evaluation of food products to the various needs of people.
  2. Improve the existing feeder road network in order to make them accessible for agricultural transportation and improve the incentive of farmers to produce.
  3. Establish food collection center where government vehicles can collect and transport them to urban market.
  4. Provide agriculture equipment and adequate storage facility for production and preservation of agricultural products.
  5. Establish consumer co-operative to lower the price of agricultural product.
  6. Encourage intensified research workers in this area of study to help identify where other are healthy development in the economy.

5.5 Limitations of the Study

The time given for the project to be written and submitted was short. The researcher also faced the problem of finance. In order for the project to be well carried out, a huge amount of money is needed for the transportation in order to make ensuring and gather some materials for the approved topic structural interview was the technique used. This resulted in the research work being bulky, hence [problem notwithstanding the researcher has been able to conduct a detailed study of the approved topic.


5.6 Suggestions for Further Research

In view of the limited of this research which relatively affected the coverage of the study, the researcher has the following suggestions for further studies.

  1. That the sample size should be increase and carefully investigated to ensure desire response.
  2. Effective impact of road network on the selling of agricultural products and its influence on economic.

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