The Evaluation Of The Effects Of Transportation Problems In The Distribution Of Goods And Services
This research “Evaluation of Transportation Problems and their effects on Distribution of Goods and Services (A Study of Aguata Local Government Area, Anambra State)” aimed to identify the numerous obstacles that have militated against the growth of distribution of goods and services in Aguata local government area. The research is equally targeted at discovering the solutions of distribution of goods and services throughout transportation mean. This research is also aim at proffering recommendations as to the possible mean by which the problem of transportation and distribution of goods and service can be eliminated as a tool for distribution growth. This research also helps to improve the predictive power in business by offering relevant solution to the problems of transportation and distribution of goods and services in Aguata local government area. Three research questions were formulated to guide the researcher. The design of the study is a survey design; this necessitated the information of research question and questionnaires. Questionnaire was used as the instrument for data collection. The findings includes: it is observed that the research work of this project that despite the construction of different forms of transportation system to cover this project primitive system of transport and enhance distribution system the aims were defeated. This is because some areas in Aguata local government area are still lacking forms of transportation and consequently the goods process by them are not able to distributed to the areas where they are needed.
The local government has not been able to bring out sufficient or more transit to aid in the distribution of goods, both in rural and urban area. In this case, efficient and effective distribution is lacking the local government area, because the aim have not been achieved for instance there have been road problem which contributed to the distribution of goods at the time it is needed it also caused the spoilage of perishable goods it has been found out also that management neglects their functions they do not discharge their duty effectively and providently this constitutes one of the impending factor in the distribution of goods in both the urban periphery. It was concluded that to maintain continuity and profit by the company drivers especially in Aguata local government area, risk bearing and corporate planning strategies should be a factors which ought not to be disregarded.
Also private and public transport should in providing their vehicle to firms that need their help for delivering of goods at a reduced price, therefore we conclude that goods and effective transport system should be enforced in the light of the findings and conclusion it was recommended that for this obvious reason, effort have to be made by the individual in the production sector of the local government and those who are in the other sectors should realize that by having adequate transportations facilities to rural areas the availability of local food stuff will be increased in area with the population this should be done by providing more buses for the local government offer prompt delivery of goods besides that repair and grading the roads that leads to those hinter lands will be of great to the distribution of goods in effects, it will reduce the price of goods as have seen in the work, that due to inaccessibility of some areas, price of goods available in those are inflated because there is no means of getting in more goods.
1.1 Background of the Study
In the transport context appraisal is always likely to be complex with interactions at many levels with other policy areas. The government white papers a new deals for transport better for everyone (Peter, 1998), sets in place the policy context for dealing with transport and highlight the complexity of transport problem and the interactions with other policy, areas our quality of life depend on transport, most of us travel every day, even if only locally. And we need an efficient transport system to support a strong and prosperous economy. But in turn, the way we travel is damaging our town and cities and harming our country side as demand for transport grows, we are even changing the every climate of our planet: transport appraisal is carried out to provide input to efficient policy development and resources allocation across government.
To be effective, must deal consistently with competing proposals be even handed across modes and take account of wide range of effects his guidance represents the department attempt ensure that transport appraisal are carried out effectively it has been written to be broadly consistent with the green book for anyone wishing to appraise a transport scheme in England should you identify any apparent contradiction between target an early stage in the study process the current future transport related problems will have been identified analyzed and displayed using text, tables and plots as appropriate as assessment of the text to which the problems identified would be solved by the option or option propose need to be made considering both absolute and relative performance against key indicators. It is possible that the second and third of these appraisal stands may amount to much the same thing, although this will clearly depend on the nature of the local and regional objectives adopted and the form of the local problems analysis.
This analysis is also likely to be particular interest to regional and local authorities and the local people and additional locally transport providers. These issues are distribution/specially, across mode etc the impacts of the solution, thus enabling an assessment to be made about the fairness of impact on those affected. Affordability and financials sustainability which aim to outline the financial performance of the solution identifying public acceptability which follow as checklist that includes such measure as feasibility are of interest, complexity political nature of solution.
1.2 Statement of the Problems
- The neglect of transport sector by the management in the distribution of goods in the local government and it has caused economic backwardness to the local government.
- Poor roads which surround the Aguata local government area constitute a problem, especially in the rural area where there is no good road. This has raised alarm from various media houses in the state for proper maintenance of roads and construction of new ones to aid rural areas.
- The high cost of transportation facilities increase the price of freight chargeable one goods for distribution and this cause the increase in production cost.
- Poor transportation system has made it difficult for some towns and village in the local government to dispose their product from agricultural sector.
- Most of the vehicles transporting the goods are not motor-able most of the vans get spoiled on the way and the goods damaged before reaching desired customers.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
The purpose of the study means the objective of the study i.e. the purpose for carrying out the research.
This research aimed to identify the numerous obstacles that have militated against the growth of distribution of goods and services in Aguata Local Government Area. The research is equally targeted at discovering the solutions of distribution of goods and service throughout transportation means. This research is also aimed at proffering recommendations as to the possible mean by which the problem of transportation and distribution of goods and services can be eliminated as a tool for distribution growth.
This research also helps to improve the predictive power in business by offering relevant solution to the problem of transportation and distribution of goods and services in Aguata local government area.
1.4 Significance of the Study
The significance of the study is geared towards the distribution of goods in Aguata local government area and those obstacles that hinders them for clarity, we will use the below yardstick for measuring effectiveness.
- The amount of goods that are distributed into the villages.
- The prices of the distributed goods if the proseis high why and if the price is low, what make it to be low.
Aguata local government should understand that the economic growth of any, lies on the annual turnover. If goods are not needed, it will hinder production and the economy will degenerate. The rural area should have an asset to all this products that are produced in the towns and also the town as well will benefit from the remote part of the local government area. Business men wholesalers will benefit more if goods are adequately distributed to the potential consumers and the circle continuous and economy flows.
1.5 Research Questions
Some of the research questions useful for this work includes:
- Try to know if management inefficiency influence transportation in Aguata local government area?
- The roles which advertisement and awareness play transport strategies in the area?
- Knowing if bad roads and distance affect price of product distribution in Aguata local government area?
- To find out if high tax rate affect the distribution price?
- To find out if high cost of transportation facilities influence the price of goods and services?
- To know if poor transportation system has affected most areas in the local government in getting the finished goods and services?
1.6 Scope of the Study
In Nigeria and all over the world, transportation and distribution of goods and services is every vital to an area, from the research conducted. It was observed that transportation facilities the carrying of goods from one place to another and it is common in all limited to transporting of goods and services in Aguata local government area due to the following factors.
Due to lack of appropriate time that is involved in this project work. I cannot go beyond Aguata local government area for more research work on the transportation problem in the distribution of goods.
b. High cost of transportation:
This is another factor that hinders the program of this project the fact that one could have travelled to so many area for the research purpose but due to high cost of transport fare one cannot afford further research. Besides that lack of vehicles contributed against the research work.
1.7 Definition of Terms
This is defined as part followed by products as it changes hand and acquires more usefulness in the movement from production to consumptions.
This is the provision of goods and service capable of satisfying human wants.
This is described as making the best use lot all the resources available in a country with production in order to enhance the standard of living.
This could defined as the goods which are still in their primary style that will be turned into finished product.
This involves allocation of resources by the government in such a way that growth is smooth and as repaired as possible leading to an overall improvement in the standard of living of the people.
Summary of Findings, Conclusion and Recommendation
5.1 Summary of Findings
It is observed that the research work of this project that despite the construction of different forms of transportation system to cover the primitive system of transport and enhance distribution system. The aims were defeated. This is because some areas in Aguata local government area are still lacking the forms of transportation and consequently the goods proceed by them are not able to the distributed to the areas where they are needed.
The local government has not been able to bring out sufficient or more transit to aid in the distribution of goods both in rural and urban area. In this case efficient and effective distribution is lacking in the local government area because the aims has not been achieved for instance there have been road problem which contributes to the distribution of the few vehicles on line for distribution. This also brings delay in the distribution of goods at the it is needed. It also caused the spoilage of perishable goods. It has been found out also that management neglects their functions they do not discharge their duty effectively and providently. This constitutes one of the impending factor in the distribution of goods in both the urban and rural periphery.
Moreover, it has been noted that for effective and efficient distribution of goods and service three channels distribution is involved these includes;
This distribution channel is used differentiating depending on the required time, for instance there are some goods which are perishable, this time the manufacturer decides to send or distributes the goods directly of the consumer to avoid damages, at times there will be an emergency need for the product by the consumer, and the producer will still prefer to send the good directly to the consumer.
On the other hand now are some products which are so bulky or expensive that consumer cannot afford it from this is case whole is termed to be the middleman buy the product and breaks the bulks to either the retailer or the consumer they distributes to them in small quantity.
Above all the question now is are these channels of distribution effectively functioning from the research made from this project work. It is found that it is not functioning. This is because most roads are very bad, from the producer the either in rural area to urban areas where the consumers who need them stays also the mean of transportation for the effective distribution is lacking.
However, the purpose of this write –up is to show the implication of good transportation system can help to improve distribution of good and service. Other factors necessary for attaining effective distribution of good where considered such as the problems of transportation. Ineffective management bad roads, pricing policy and other if these factors are strictly agreed to the distribution good and services will not be a dreading factor.
To maintain continuity and profit by the company in Aguata local government area, risk bearing and corporate planning strate should help in providing their vehicle to firms that need their help for delivering of goods at a reduced price therefore we conclude that good an effective transport system should be enforced.
It has been observed that all physical distribution activities, transport receive that highest public attention. This is due to its importance in the social economic activities involving physical distribution goods produced in this state must be moved from the place of production to the place of consumption because an item produced at one point tends to have little value unless it can be moved to the place where its demand or market exist. This goes to support our statement in this work that production and transportation are integral component of the production process. It is seen that adequate transport does not allow only mass distribution but makes it possible to reach distant markets.
For this obvious reasons effort have to be made by the individual in the production sector of the local government and those who are in the other sectors should realize that by having adequate transportation facilities to rural areas the availability of local food stuff will be increased in area with population. This should be done by providing more buses for the local government offer prompt delivery of goods decides that repair and grading the roads that leads to those hinder will be of great help to the distribution of goods in effects, it will reduce the price of good as have seen in the work, that due to inaccessibility of some areas, price of goods available in those area inflated because there is no means of getting in more goods.
Management should ensure thereby making a good product decision plan products should arrive at its distribution at the right time in the right quantity at the right price and an undamaged condition this involves proper maintenance of the available buses at their disposal. Some by firm can take the project of constructing roads. This should be one of the benefits of rural dwellers and this will encourage them to buy the product of the company.
Any organization wishing to employ should take necessary step used in the employment policy. The most important among the criteria are interview and testing this should be careful and properly done in other not to employ non-competent worker to the management of transportation sector.
Moreover, the distribution department should understand that transportation sector is every vital to their existence and careful principles should be adopted in selecting transport agents that will distribute their product.
The local government area should make a move on their technological advancement government should urbanize the importation of more spare part and more people should be sent to the foreign countries to learn to develop and construct vehicles.
Both the private and public transport should help in providing their vehicle to the industries of firms that need their help for delivering of good at a reduced price so the price will not affect the production cost of the product. If this is done, price of goods are low more product will be demanded by the potential customers. The producer will have courage to produce more because of the increase in demand of his product.
5.4 Limitations of the Study
The research is entitled evaluation of the effect of the transportation problems in the distribution of goods services in Aguata local government area.
The researcher therefore recommended that further research should be done on the same topic in various states in the country to enable us test its acceptability.
Furthermore the researcher also recommended that a research be carried out extensively on the evaluation of techniques adopted be managers to achieve organizational goals.
Finally, the researcher recommends that a research be carried on the advantages and limitations of managers in office.
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