Entrepreneurship As A Panacea To Economic Development (A Case Study Of Etsako West)

Project and Seminar Material for Entrepreneurship

Entrepreneurship As A Panacea To Economic Development (A Case Study Of Etsako West)


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine entrepreneurship as a panacea to economic development in Etsako West of Edo State. To achieve this objective, four research questions and one research hypothesis were formulated to guide the study. The data was collected from both primary and secondary sources. The primary data were collected with the help of a well-structured questionnaire of two sections administered to the respondents in Etsako West Local Government Area of Edo State. The collected data were analyzed with tables and simple percentages to analyze the research questions while Chi-square statistical tool was used to test research hypotheses using SPSS statistical package. The study reveals that there are challenges of entrepreneurship in the sustainable development of Estako West. The study concluded with some recommendations that the government and the organized private sector should increase their support for entrepreneurial/vocational training programs as part of the tertiary education system and government should continue financial support to be available to expand the depth and reach of small scale businesses and be impactful to entrepreneurial development programs.


Table of Contents


Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Aims/ Objectives of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance/Justification of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope/ Limitations of the Study
  • 1.8 Definition of Terms

Chapter Two:

Review of Related Literature

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 Conceptualizing Entrepreneurship
  • 2.3 The Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 The Role of Entrepreneur in Economic Development of Nigeria
  • 2.5 Government Efforts towards Entrepreneurship Development
  • 2.6 The challenges of Entrepreneurship Development in Nigeria
  • 2.7 Problems of Entrepreneurship Development in Nigeria

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research Design
  • 3.3 Area of the Study
  • 3.4 Population of the Study
  • 3.5 Sample Size and Sampling Techniques
  • 3.6 Sources of Data
  • 3.7 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.8 Method of Data Analysis

Chapter Four:

Presentation, Analysis and Interpretation of Data

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Presentation and Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Testing of Hypothesis
  • 4.4 Discussion of Findings

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendations
  • REFERENCES
  • QUESTIONNAIRE 

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Nigeria as a country fully endowed with human and material resources have the right playing ground for business and investment purposes.

Prior to the 80s, unemployment and poverty were not as disturbing as what it is now. However, inconsistencies in the socio-economic policies of successive governments contributed to the increase in unemployment and poverty. During this period, many workers were laid off, and early retirement of employees due to some shaky government policies.

Nigeria as a developing country is improving in economic sectors such as science, technology, sports, entertainment, and agriculture. Innovative end- products are derived from each of this sectors-foodstuff from agriculture, in the area of technology we have phones/laptops repair, sales of recharge cards, in engineering we have cases of road construction, in tourism we have the preservation of our culture and the list continues.

Notwithstanding all these human and material resources Nigeria is blessed with, it is still referred to as one of the poorest countries in sub-Sahara Africa (Salami,2011 p:10). It is obvious on the way some countries have encouraged the entrepreneur sector, thus reducing the level of unemployment to the barest minimum, but that cannot be said of Nigeria. As the government has done little or nothing to bring a lasting solution to this problem; thus leading to increase in crime and other vices just to meet ends needs.

The role of entrepreneurship in the curbing of unemployment, unstable economic growth and development cannot be emphasized. The current state of the global world brings entrepreneurship to a fore. Countries practicing capitalism makes the current state of the economy glaring that private ownership of business is a way forward. The youths are unemployed not because they don’t have the qualifications; but because politically, economically and even religiously the systems are paralyzed (Kuratko, 2009).

Entrepreneurship constitutes immensely to the social, economic, financial and otherwise development of any country. Due to this, successive governments have tried to revive this sector while current governments seem more serious; and that is why they saddled some agencies with the responsibility of achieving this-agencies like: National Poverty Eradication Programme (NAPEP), National Directorate of Employment (NDE), etc. the truth still remains that for a country to grow in all ramifications, it must have strong private partners who involve in wealth creation, backed with great skills. (Akpomi ,2009 p:156).

It is crystal clear that entrepreneurship development enhances the sustainable development of a country, the sector has been neglected and of cause, this has an effect on the economy. Bearing the aforementioned in mind, entrepreneurship if given the needed attention it requires will place Nigeria on the right pedestal nationally and internationally.

This study is aimed at presenting entrepreneurship as a panacea to current economic challenges facing Nigeria, most especially the high level of unemployment.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

It is quite disheartening on how the teeming population of unemployed graduates of Nigeria keeps increasing on a daily basis. There are no white collar jobs and this is what every Nigerian graduate looks up to after his national youth service (NYSC).

Due to this, some of resorted to very dubious means of making money, with cases of arm robbery attacks, kidnapping, prostitution, drug/human trafficking, oil theft, etc always on the news.

Another problem to the subject matter is that the government is not doing the needful to revive the entrepreneurship sector and this is tied to a major problem of the country; which is corruption. The agencies saddled with this responsibility are dormant doing nothing, other than embezzling funds allocated for such task. On some occasions, you have the government allocate certain funds to purchase equipment meant to empower youths who have learnt some skills, but at the end of the day such funds are diverted.

In addition to this, schools, secondary and tertiary institutions are lack entrepreneurship education of students. Students are not well enlightened on the need to have a skill and create their own wealth instead of waiting for the government to create employment.

However, Nigeria being a mono economy also poses a challenge. Nigerians including the government concentrates so much on the oil sector, thus relegating other sectors of the economy that can create jobs for the unemployed.

Meanwhile, these are some of the problems this study will be seeking ways of proffering solutions to.


1.3 Aims / Objectives of the Study

The major aim of this study is to examine Entrepreneurship as a panacea to economic development; a case study of Etsako west.

Other specific objectives include:

  1. To examine the challenges of entrepreneurship in the sustainable development of Estako west.
  2. To examine the relationship between entrepreneurship and economic development.
  3. To examine entrepreneurship education as a means of encouraging entrepreneurship in Estako west.
  4. To examine entrepreneurship as having a link with the economy of Nigeria.

1.4 Research questions

  1. What are the challenges of entrepreneurship in the sustainable development of Estako west?
  2. Is there a relationship between entrepreneurship and economic development?
  3. Is entrepreneurship education a means of encouraging entrepreneurship in Estako west?
  4. Is there a link between entrepreneurship and the economy of Nigeria?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

  • H0; There are no challenges of entrepreneurship in the sustainable development of Estako West.
  • H1; There are challenges of entrepreneurship in the sustainable development of Estako West.

1.6 Significance of the Study / Justification of the Study

This study is meant to educate the general public, the government and policy makers on the need to encourage entrepreneurship.

The public need to be well informed that gone are the days when Nigerians sit and wait for the government to create jobs; now is the time for private individuals to create jobs in other to enhance economic growth.

Also, the government has a part to play in promoting entrepreneurship. The government can embark on meaning projects; enact policies that will support entrepreneurship in Nigeria. The government equally needs to see to it that funds allocated to empower such programmes are well utilized.

In addition, the government needs to enforce entrepreneurship education in schools, in other for our students to be educated on the need to acquire skills to enhance job creation in the country.

However, policy makers need to add this study to their work in other to educate upcoming generations about entrepreneurship.

This study will be of immense benefit to other researchers who intend to know more on this topic and can also be used by non-researchers to build more on their work. This study contributes to knowledge and could serve as a guide for other work or study.


1.7 Scope / Limitations of the Study

This study is restricted to examining Entrepreneurship as a panacea to economic development; a case study of Etsako west.

Limitations of Study
1. Financial constraint

Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

2. Time constraint

The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.


1.8 Definition of Terms

Entrepreneurship:

This is the willingness to take risks and develop, organize and manage a business venture in a competitive global marketplace that is constantly evolving. Entrepreneurs are pioneers, innovators, leaders and inventors.

Panacea:

This is an answer or solution for all problems or difficulties.

Economic Development:

This is the process and policies by which a nation improves the economic, political, and social well-being of its people.

It is also referred to as the quantitative and qualitative changes in an existing economy.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1 Introduction

This chapter presents the summary, conclusion and recommendations for further studies.


5.2 Summary

This study was carried to examine entrepreneurship as a panacea to economic development; a case study of Etsako west of Edo State. To achieve this purpose, the study further revealed that:

In table 2 it was discovered that 27 (77%) of the respondents indicated on lack of fund while 3 respondents representing 9% pointed lack of strong patent law and another 5(14%) asserted high cost of doing business in Nigeria on the question. From this analysis, it is deduced that the challenges of entrepreneurship in the sustainable development of Estako West lack of finance, lack of strong patent law and high cost of doing business in Etsako west.

Table 3 shows that 23 (65%) of the respondents indicate yes that there is a relationship between entrepreneurship and economic development while 8 respondents representing 23% opted no. Also, 4 respondents (12%) pointed no idea on the question. Based this analysis, it is induced that there is a relationship between entrepreneurship and economic development.

In table 4, it was recovered that that 6 respondents (17%) pointed yes, and 4 respondents representing 11% indicated no. Also, another 3 (6%) opted no idea while 23 (66%) of the respondents indicated all of the above on the question. Based on this analysis, it is deduced that entrepreneurship education a means of encouraging entrepreneurship in Estako west.

In table 5, 27 respondents representing 77% indicated yes that there is a link between entrepreneurship and the economy of Nigeria while 3 (9%) of the respondents indicated no and another 5 respondents (14%) opted no idea on the question.


5.3 Conclusion

Based on the findings of this study and subsequent recommendations, it is concluded that entrepreneurship development and socio-economic growth of rural communities in Nigeria is at the peak of awareness, creation and participation by the people, the organized private sector and government at all levels. Policies of government should shift to address the problems of infrastructural decay and finance. The problem of power supply is still very much an issue while credit framework via micro-financing banks should be put in place to assist entrepreneurs with soft loans when still in their infancy. Innovation by Nigerian entrepreneurs brings about technical progress through capital-saving, efficient production techniques and higher levels of output or economic growth. These entrepreneurs stimulate growth in various enterprises and industrial organizations. However, Nigerian entrepreneurs still face problems and challenges in their struggle for innovation and technical progress.


5.4 Recommendations

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher put forward the following recommendations:

  1. The Government and the organized private sector should increase their support for entrepreneurial/vocational training programs as part of the tertiary education system.
  2. Government should continue financial support to be available to expand the depth and reach of small scale businesses and be impactful to entrepreneurial development programs.
  3. Assistance to entrepreneurs in product quality businesses by institutions like the Standard Organization of Nigeria (SON) and the Raw Material Development Council of Nigeria is needed. Promotion of SMES should be intensified and entrepreneurship development activities incorporated in Nigeria’s industrial blue print.
  4. Finally, easy business registration, tax holidays, basic infrastructure should be provided by the government to encourage the growth/expansion of entrepreneurial ventures in Nigeria.

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