Entrepreneurial Spirit Among Nurses – A Tool For Professional Development Using General Hospital Sabon Tasha, Kaduna State As A Case Study

Project and Seminar Material for Nursing (Science)

Entrepreneurial Spirit Among Nurses – A Tool For Professional Development Using General Hospital Sabon Tasha, Kaduna State As A Case Study


Abstract


This study was carried out on entrepreneurial spirit among nurses – a tool for professional development using general hospital Sabon Tasha, Kaduna State as a case study. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprise of nurses in general hospital Sabon Tasha, Kaduna State. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 70 respondents and all were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables. The result of the findings reveals that nurses entrepreneurial spirit enables them to acquire strong leadership skills required for their professional development. The study also showed that nurses entrepreneurial spirit enables them to acquire analytical competence required for their professional development. Furthermore, it was discovered that nurses entrepreneurial spirit enables them to acquire communication competence required for their professional development. Therefore, it is of the researcher’s opinion that in other to develop nursing entrepreneurship, there is need to increase the interest and knowledge, skills and experience of nurse entrepreneurs aspirants, for example nursing students or nurses attending entrepreneurial training and practice of home care clinic services or adult massage training, and taking courses given by nurses who are licensed experts in the field.


Table of Content


Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Significance of the Study
  • 1.6 Scope of the Study
  • 1.7 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.8 Definition of Terms

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • Appendix
  • Questionnaire

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

During the Covid-19 pandemic, entrepreneurship in higher education has recently been studied on various occasions, both through discussions, seminars, workshops, and even used as lessons learned by presenting “alumni” success figures in entrepreneurship as well as bench marking . In the implementation of entrepreneurship education in tertiary institutions, facing various problems, including the issue of unemployment and the problem of providing employment opportunities, which is one of the fundamental problems in national development (Wiratno, 2012).
The obstacle faced in the national development process is the high unemployment rate in the world as a result of increasingly difficult jobs, especially in big cities (Setiawan & Sukanti, 2016) . Based on the results of surveys Population Inter- Census (SUPAS) the number of people in Indonesia in 2020 was as much as 269.6 million inhabitants , the number of unemployed reached 7 million people per August 2019. It is assumed there are factors that influence it, namely: competency skills of college graduates yet meet the needs of the labor market, and are more dominant in looking for work than creating jobs (Wiratno, 2012). The influence of the role of youth in Sucipto & Nasution’s (2017) research on poverty reduction and unemployment is considered important and has a positive effect, namely in the form of entrepreneurship.

According to Benyamin Franklin in Santosa (2014) states that the role of youth in the world of entrepreneurship is very strategic and urgent . Where students are part of the youth is the basis for the development of a variety of problem-solving nation for example provide jobs for others. In addition to preparing the curriculum compulsory national education entrepreneurship in all majors at universities high , the government held several program development of entrepreneurship to students. Entrepreneurship programs that have been carried out by the government must be put to good use by students in tertiary institutions, especially graduate students and students majoring in nursing because entrepreneurship courses are the core curriculum of the Nursing profession.

The problem of high unemployment in the nursing profession has become the main topic of discussion today, not just a registration certificate (STR), but an inadequate salary and a greater threat, namely the use of appropriate technology by health service owners as a form of efficiency. Then, it is undeniable ‘flood’ graduate nursing personnel every year, both private and from the campus of the country , as well as a contributor to the unemployment rate. Based on data from the Head of the National Agency for the Placement and Protection of Indonesian Workers , there are at least 28 thousand unemployed nurse graduates each year ,and based on the PPNI report that registered as members up to April 2017 there were 359,339 nurses (Data and Information Center of the Ministry of Health, 2017) .

The government policy is that health workers who already have a Registration Certificate ( STR ) can only carry out health service activities and work, while STR can be obtained if each health worker has a certificate and competency test certificate given to students after passing the education program exam and competency test. Graduates p nurses who do not have STR impact on the high unemployment rate in the nursing profession.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Based on the phenomenon that it is a nurse must seek solutions alternatives and opportunities of work to become an entrepreneur or an entrepreneur in the field of health, chances of employment of nurses such as palliative care / home care , counseling nursing, training of caregivers , training care of children , care f i sioterapi , training nursing, complementary therapy home , healthy food culinary etc. It is an opportunity of gold for workers health , especially nurses . With the potential expertise of academic and entrepreneurial like this , institutions of education of health actually is able to evoke the spirit of entrepreneurship in the students ( Maryati , 2015). Therefore, it is important for a graduate nurse to be equipped with entrepreneurship in tertiary education, and it is hoped that she will be ready to seize opportunities, acquire new skills and adopt new work styles to respond to changes ( Panjic et al , 2018).


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The primary objective of this study is to examine the entrepreneurial spirit among nurses: a tool for professional development. Specifically, this study seeks to:

  1. Determine whether nurses education, experience, and passion ignites their Entrepreneurial spirit.
  2. Determine whether nurses entrepreneurial spirit enables them to acquire strong leadership skills required for their professional development
  3. Determine whether nurses entrepreneurial spirit enables them to acquire analytical competence required for their professional development.
  4. Determine whether nurses entrepreneurial spirit enables them to acquire communication competence required for their professional development.
  5. Determine whether nurses entrepreneurial spirit enables them to apply their skills independently.

1.4 Research Questions

The following research questions will be answered:

  1. Does nurses education, experience, and passion ignites their Entrepreneurial spirit?
  2. Does nurses entrepreneurial spirit enable them to acquire strong leadership skills required for their professional development?
  3. Does nurses entrepreneurial spirit enable them to acquire analytical competence required for their professional development?
  4. Does nurses entrepreneurial spirit enable them to acquire communication competence required for their professional development?
  5. Does nurses entrepreneurial spirit enable them to apply their skills independently?

1.5 Significance of the Study

This study contributes to nursing knowledge by examining the entrepreneurial spirit in the nursing profession. It will also serve as a reminder to nurses about the need to embrace entrepreneurship in the nursing profession.
Nurse leaders may utilize the data to enhance their practices, and organizations can use the data to develop and and educate nurses under them about entrepreneurship in the nursing profession and likely challenges to be encountered.

Finally, this study will serve as an additional material for further research and future reference.


1.6 Scope of the Study

This study focuses on the entrepreneurial spirit among nurses: a tool for professional development. Specifically, this study focuses on determining whether nurses education, experience, and passion ignites their Entrepreneurial spirit, determining whether nurses entrepreneurial spirit enables them to acquire strong leadership skills required for their professional development, determining whether nurses entrepreneurial spirit enables them to acquire analytical competence required for their professional development, determining whether nurses entrepreneurial spirit enables them to acquire communication competence required for their professional development and determining whether nurses entrepreneurial spirit enables them to apply their skills independently.


1.7 Limitations of the Study

In the course of carrying out this study, the researcher experienced some constraints, which included time constraints, financial constraints, language barriers, and the attitude of the respondents. However, the researcher were able to manage these just to ensure the success of this study.

Moreover, the case study method utilized in the study posed some challenges to the investigator including the possibility of biases and poor judgment of issues. However, the investigator relied on respect for the general principles of procedures, justice, fairness, objectivity in observation and recording, and weighing of evidence to overcome the challenges.


1.8 Definition of Terms

Entrepreneurship:

Entrepreneurship is the creation or extraction of economic value. With this definition, entrepreneurship is viewed as change, generally entailing risk beyond what is normally encountered in starting a business, which may include other values than simply economic ones.

Nursing:

Nursing is a profession within the health care sector focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and quality of life. They also take on vital roles of education, assessing situations, as support.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

In this study, our focus was on entrepreneurial spirit among nurses – a tool for professional development using general hospital Sabon Tasha, Kaduna State as a case study. The study is was specifically carried out to determine whether nurses education, experience, and passion ignites their Entrepreneurial spirit; determine whether nurses entrepreneurial spirit enables them to acquire strong leadership skills required for their professional development; determine whether nurses entrepreneurial spirit enables them to acquire analytical competence required for their professional development; determine whether nurses entrepreneurial spirit enables them to acquire communication competence required for their professional development; and determine whether nurses entrepreneurial spirit enables them to apply their skills independently

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 70 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent were nurses in general hospital Sabon Tasha, Kaduna State.


5.2 Conclusion

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that;

  1. Nurses education, experience, and passion ignites their Entrepreneurial spirit.
  2. Nurses entrepreneurial spirit enables them to acquire strong leadership skills required for their professional development.
  3. Nurses entrepreneurial spirit enables them to acquire analytical competence required for their professional development.
  4. Nurses entrepreneurial spirit enables them to acquire communication competence required for their professional development.
  5. Nurses entrepreneurial spirit enables them to apply their skills independently.

5.3 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. The need to participate in entrepreneurship training during college years by nursing students and follow entrepreneurial practices is highly recommended to make it easier for an entrepreneur to see the state of how the entrepreneurial world works.
  2. In other to develop nursing entrepreneurship, there is need to increase the interest and knowledge, skills and experience of nurse entrepreneurs aspirants, for example nursing students or nurses attending entrepreneurial training and practice of home care clinic services or adult massage training, and taking courses given by nurses who are licensed experts in the field.
  3. Nursing students and nurses should also look for opportunities and participate in entrepreneurial competitions that are held by the government or the private sector to train their entrepreneurial skills or skills.
  4. A nurse entrepreneur who wants to enter the field of entrepreneurship also needs to accept change, because many nursing students and nurses are too afraid to accept new ideas and make changes to their business.

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