Enhanced Oil Recovery In High Viscous Reservoir Using The Thermal Process

Project and Seminar Material for Petroleum Engineering

Project and Seminar Material for Petroleum Engineering


New sources of energy should be found to relieve the high demand of energy. Even though heavy oil and bitumen are difficult to produce due to their high viscosity which can be reduced by heating, with increased oil price, the production of these heavy oils are seen viable thus the need for a model that would help make predictions for the future and also take into consideration areal and vertical sweep of hydrocarbons (3D simulator). The ability to be able to optimize the interaction data and decision making during the life cycle of the field is critical. As a result of a heterogeneity of reservoirs, numerical simulators are used to obtain consistent and significant solutions.

For this work, a three-dimensional numerical reservoir simulator is developed for an expansion drive with a high viscous oil. A transient state heat system by conduction with an internal heat source is considered. A temperature simulator is first developed then coupled with a viscosity correlation after which it is then coupled with a diffusivity equation for a single phase flow of an expansion drive reservoir. All the governing equations are discretized using finite difference technique; iterative linear solver with the aid of MATLAB code is used to solve the system of linear equations.

This work aims to look at the effect of temperature on pressure drop through viscosity. It is realized that an increase in the heat source introduced a rise in temperature which in turn decrease the viscosity across the system. The pressure across the system is seen to be sustained even though it is declining thus the pressure being maintained.

Chapter One


1.1 General Introduction

Reservoirs act differently due to varying range of both rock and fluid properties and thus must be treated uniquely. During production, reservoirs are allowed to naturally produce their hydrocarbons until when production rates are mostly not economical viable then other support systems are used. Primary recovery is the natural stage of the reservoir to be able to produce without support thus depending on reservoir’s internal energy. There are different drive mechanisms known as a results of different energy sources. The drive mechanism of a reservoir is not known in the earlier life of the production but can be seen from production data with time. The knowledge about the reservoir’s drive mechanism can help improve reserves recovery and supervision during its middle and later life. The important drive mechanisms include: Rock and liquid expansion drive, solution gas/ depletion drive, Gas cap drive, Water drive, Combination drive and Gravity drainage drive.

Rock and liquid expansion drive has its oil existing at a higher pressure than the bubble point pressure and with only oil, connate water and the rocks. The rock and fluids expand as a result of their different compressibility as the reservoir pressure deplete. Formation compaction and expansion of different rock grains are some factors that affect reservoir rock compressibility. These factors are due to decrease of fluid pressure within the pore spaces which in turn reduce pore volume through porosity reduction. While the pore volume is reducing, the crude oil and water will be forced out of the pore space to the wellbore. Due to the compressibility (slightly) of both liquids and rocks, the reservoir will experience a rapid pressure decline. A constant gas-oil ratio equal to gas solubility at bubble point pressure is typical of this drive mechanism. A small percentage of total oil in place is recovered due to the less efficiency of this drive.

Other recovery methods like Secondary and tertiary (Enhanced) recovery methods are employed to help improve the recovery of the remaining hydrocarbons by providing additional or sustaining the energy. The efficiency of an enhanced recovery method is a measure of its ability to provide greater hydrocarbon recovery than by natural depletion at economically attractive production rate (Marcel et al. 1980). It depends on reservoir characteristics and nature of displacing and displaced fluids. Enhanced recovery methods seeks to improve the sweep and displacement efficiency. It has been basically grouped into three types; namely chemical processes, miscible displacement processes and thermal processes.

Enhanced Oil Recovery In High Viscous Reservoir Using The Thermal Process

Project Material Download

3,000 Naira

The complete material will be sent to you in just 2 steps.

Quick & Simple…

Step One Purchase

Make payment of ₦3,000: through USSD Transfer, Bank Mobile App, ATM Transfer, or POS Transfer to:

Access Bank PlcAccount No.: 0811003731
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current

Or Click Here to pay with Debit Card

Click Here to pay with Debit Card ($15)
GHANA – Make Payment of 60 GHS to MTN MoMo, 0553978005, Douglas Osabutey 


Step Two Purchase

Send the following details through Text Message or WhatsApp Messenger | +234-8143831497

  • Payment Details 
  • Email Address 
  • Enhanced Oil Recovery In High Viscous Reservoir Using The Thermal Process

The complete material will be sent to your email address after receiving your payment information | T & C Apply

  Contact Our Help Desk

You may also like:

⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search

Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria


This research material “Enhanced Oil Recovery In High Viscous Reservoir Using The Thermal Process” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as samphina.com.ng will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”.

samphina.com.ng is only providing this material “Enhanced Oil Recovery In High Viscous Reservoir Using The Thermal Process” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.