Employability Of House Economics Graduate In Hospitality Industry In Lagos State

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Employability Of House Economics Graduate In Hospitality Industry In Lagos State


Abstract


This study was carried out on the employability of house economics graduate in hospitality industry using selected hospitality management companies in Surulere Lagos State as a case study. To achieve this, four significant research objectives were formulated. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprise of all the staff of selected hospitality management companies in Surulere Lagos State. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 60 respondents while 55 were received and 50 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency, and mean score tables. While the hypotheses were tested using T-test statistical tool, SPSS v23. The result of the findings reveals that there is no significance difference between the mean response of determine related area of hospitality in home economics study programme and hospitality industry area.Also, the study discovered that there is no significance difference between the mean response of preparedness of home economics graduate for employment in hospitality industry and preparedness of student of hospitality industry. In regard to the findings, the study recommends that there should be periodic reviews of the home economics curricula and programmes of tertiary institutions to make them relevant to existing gaps and responsive to changes in hospitality industry, societal needs, labour market requirements, economic trends, rapid changes in information technology and globalizatio. And employability skills should be taught as one of the topics in human economics programsor as a general course because when the curricula incorporates courses that would enhance graduate productivity at work, graduates of our tertiary institutions will be well-equipped to meet the challenges of the workplace environment trend To mention but a few.


Chapter One


Introduction

Home economics as an academic discipline is continually evolving and adopting to a world where speed of change is constantly increasing. Presently, the practitioners are working at re-orientating home economics to better embrace the present day challenges and ensure its relevance in the new millennium. Home economics is a unique subject because it drew upon all other courses in the school curriculum and apply them to the family.

According to Osifeso, Chigbu and Aladewolu (2010), home economics is an art because it involves skills that are based on certain tradition and qualities which are intangible and indefinable e.g. beauty, taste and values. It is also a science because it involves the application of knowledge and truth which have been arrived at through scientific process. Home economics does not try to teach philosophy, mathematics, physics, art, music, religion, among other subject but it attempt to integrate them all and apply them in the daily process of home making. Therefore, it aims to contribute to the student’s harmonious and balanced physical, cognitive and effective development, so that regardless of their sex and origin to be able to become well-rounded creative responsible individual and contributive members of the society. It major subjects include meal management, food and beverages, dietetics food research and development, food hygiene, food and nutrition, home management, clothing and textile, laundry and interior and exterior decoration among others.

Home economics as a course boards in management of home and family members, in a way that thy will be well feed with adequate balance and hygienically prepared food, as well as making sure that the individual in the home are well dressed home hygienically kept. While almost the activities goes on in the hospitality industry, such as hotels. In hospitality industry there major purpose is to keep people in a home outside their home and make sure that they are well feed with adequate prepared food, sleep in a well made bed with clean linen and make sure that their interior and exterior are well beautified. Therefore, hospitality industry be defined as broad category of field with the service industry that include lodging, food and drink service, event planning, travel and tourism, hotel, restaurants and bars.

Hospitality industry focus on the satisfaction of customers, and level of service provide as well economics of the industry. Considering the information above, it seems that a home economic graduate can be sufficiently employed in the hospitality industry with little training because the competences acquired by home economics graduate.
Lagos State is a mega city full tourists and different types of hospitality industry such as victory hotel, Eko hotel, Airways, Sheraton hotel among others where home economics graduate can be employed. Therefore, this study is undertaking to investigate employability of home economics graduate in hospitality industry in Lagos State..


Purpose of Study

  1. To determine related area of hospitality in home economics programme.
  2. To preparedness of home economics graduate working in the hospitality industry.
  3. To find out problem face by home economics graduate in the hospitality industry.
  4. To find way of solving the problems encountered by home economics graduate in the hospitality industry.

Research Questions

  1. What are the related area of hospitality in home economics study programme?
    food and nutrition,
  2. To what extent are preparedness of home economics graduate for employment in hospitality industry?
  3. What are the problem face by home economics graduate working hospitality industry?
  4. How can the problems face by home economics graduate be solved?

Research Hypotheses

The study will test the following null hypotheses at 0.05 level significance.

H01: There is no significance difference between the mean response of determine related area of hospitality in home economics study programme and hospitality industry area.

H02: There is no significance difference between the mean response of preparedness of home economics graduate for employment in hospitality industry and preparedness of student of hospitality industry.


Significant of the Study

The study will be of great benefit to home economics graduate on the area to focus on home economics programme for hospitality industry work.

It will also highlight the problems face by home economics graduate in hospitality industry.
The study will proffer solution for the problem face by home economics graduate in the hospitality industry.


Finding of the Study

It serves as an eye opener to home economics lecturers in Colleges and Universities to focus on the related area of home economics programme to hospitality industry area. The lecturers will take it serious with the practical aspect of home economics that related to hospitality services. It will go a long way of curbing out the problem face by home economics graduate in hospitality industry.


Scope of the Study

The scope of the study will focus on the employability of home economics graduate in the hospital industry in Lagos State.


Limitation of the Study

The research is limited to employability of home economics graduate in hospitality industry in Lagos State.


Definition of Terms

Employability

This is a set of achievement such as skill, which enable a graduate to be successful throughout working life. Employability is also a personal attributes that make graduate to gain employment and successful in their chosen occupation, which benefit themselves, the workforce, the community and economy.

Home Economics

According to Osifeso, Chigbu and Aladewolu (2010) home economics is an art because it involves skill that are based on certain tradition and qualities which are intangible and indefinable, e.g. beauty, taste and values. It is also a science because it involves the application of knowledge and truth which have been arrived at through scientific process.

Hospitality

Hospitality is the business of providing food accommodation, drink and entertainment for visitors and guest. It can also be said that hospitality is the act of being kind in welcoming strangers and guests.

Industry

Industry is economics activities concerned the processing of raw materials.

Lagos State is a state in South Western Nigeria of 36 states. It is a mega city full of different types of hospitality industry.

Graduate:

Is a person who has successfully completed a course of study or training or complete of an academic degree.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

In this study, our focus was on the employability of house economics graduate in hospitality industry using selected hospitality management companies in Surulere Lagos State as a case study. The study is was specifically carried out to determine related area of hospitality in home economics programme; preparedness of home economics graduate working in the hospitality industry; find out problem face by home economics graduate in the hospitality industry; and find way of solving the problems encountered by home economics graduate in the hospitality industry.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 50 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent were staff of selected hospitality management companies in Surulere Lagos State.


5.2 Conclusion

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that;

  1. The related areas of hospitality in home economics study programme include; food and nutrition, meal management, food and nutrition, food hygiene, home management, laundry, and interior decoration.
  2. The preparedness of home economics graduate for employment in hospitality industry is poor.
  3. The problem faced by home economics graduate working in hospitality industry include; lack of practical preparedness, criticism, lack of experience, time management, and lack of technical know-how.
  4. The teaching of preparedness skills to home economics undergraduates will help to remedy the problems encountered when employed.
  5. Adequate training of fresh graduates in the hospitality industry in the course of employment will help to mitigate the problems they encounter.
  6. There is no significance difference between the mean response of determine related area of hospitality in home economics study programme and hospitality industry area.
  7. There is no significance difference between the mean response of preparedness of home economics graduate for employment in hospitality industry and preparedness of student of hospitality industry.

5.3 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. Employability skills should be taught as one of the topics in human economics programsor as a general course because when the curricula incorporates courses that would enhance graduate productivity at work, graduates of our tertiary institutions will be well-equipped to meet the challenges of the workplace environment trend.
  2. There should be periodic reviews of the home economics curricula and programmes of tertiary institutions to make them relevant to existing gaps and responsive to changes in hospitality industry, societal needs, labour market requirements, economic trends, rapid changes in information technology and globalization.
  3. The quality and scope of industrial training and other programmes geared at equipping the students with practical skills should be improved upon, it should not be limited to some certain courses as it is done currently in a lot of public universities.
  4. There needs to be a collaboration among the employers, government and existing institutions of higher learning to research deeper into the issue of graduate employability to develop an effective mechanism set up to harmonise the activities of all the stakeholders.

Employability Of House Economics Graduate In Hospitality Industry In Lagos State


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