Effects Of Socio-Economic Conditions On The Academic Performance Of Students In Senior Secondary Schools

Project and Seminar Material for Education

Project and Seminar Material for Education


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background Study

Socioeconomic status is an economic and sociological combined total measure of a person’s work experience and of an individual’s or family’s economic and social position relative to others, based on income and education, and occupation (Marmot, Michael, 2004) indicates

When analyzing a family’s social economic status, the household income, earners’ education and occupation are examined, as well as combined income, versus with an individual, when their own attributes are assessed. Lareau, Annette ( 2003) observes that

Socioeconomic status is typically broken into three categories, high, middle,and low to describe the three areas a family or an individual may fall into when placing a family or individual into one of these categories any or all of the three variables income,education, and occupation can be assessed. Additionally, low income and little education have shown to be strong predictors of a range of physical and mental health problems due to environmental conditions may be the entire cause of that person’s social predicament to begin with. Simiyu, J.W (2001) argues that The family income refers to wages salaries,profit, rents and any flow of earnings received. Income can also come in the form of unemployment or workers compensation, social security, pensions, interests or dividends, royalties, trusts, alimony, or other governmental, public, or family financial assistance.Income can be looked at in two terms, relative and absolute. Absolute income, as theorized by economist Keyenes,is the relationship in which as income increases, so will consumption, but not at the same rate

Low income focuses on meeting immediate needs and do not accumulate wealth that could be passed on to future generations, thus increasing inequality. Families with higher and expendable income can accumulate wealth and focus on meeting immediate needs while being able to consume and enjoy luxuries and weather crises (GOK, 1983) Ominde, S.H (1964) observes that Education plays a major role in skill sets for acquiring jobs, as well as specific qualities that stratify people with higher from lower Social economic status.

Annette Lareau speaks on the idea of concerted cultivation, where middle class parents take an active role in their children’s education and development by using controlled organized activities and fostering a sense of entitlement through encouraged discussion. Laureau argues that families with lower income do not participate in this movement, causing their children to have a sense of constraint. A division in education attainment is thus born out of these two differences in child rear Gachathi, P (1976) indicates that Occupational prestige as one component of socio-economic status encompasses both income and educational attainment

Occupational status reflects the educational attainment required to obtain the job and income levels that vary with different jobs and within ranks of occupations. Additionally, it shows achievement in skills required for the job. Occupational status measures social position by describing job characteristics, decision making ability and control, and psychological demands on the job(Erick, Nyakundietal, 2012). So this study focuses on the effects of socio-economic conditions on the academic performance of students in senior secondary school.


1.2 Statement Of The Problem

It has been observed that children of parents with a high socioeconomic status tended to express more “disengagement” behaviours than their less fortunate peers. In this context, disengagement behaviours represent actions such as fidgeting with other objects and drawing pictures while being addressed. Other participants born into less favoured circumstances tended to make more eye contact,nods as signs of happiness when put into an interactive social environment. The more fortuitous peers felt less inclined to gain rapport with their group because they saw no need for their assistance in the future.

A family’s socioeconomic status is based on family income, parental education level, parental occupation, and social status in the community such as contacts within the community, group associations, and the community’s academic performance of the family, Families with high socioeconomic status often have more success in preparing their young children for school because they typically have access to a wide range of resources to promote and support young children’s development. They are able to provide their young children with high-quality child care, books, and toys to encourage children in various learning activities at home. Also, they have easy access to information regarding their children’s health, as well as social, emotional, and cognitive development. In addition, families with high socioeconomic status often seek out information to help them better preparetheir young children for school.

So this study is aimed at investigating the effects of socio-economic conditions on the academic performance of students in senior secondary schools in Ota Local government of Ogun State.


1.3 Objectives Of The Study

The general purpose of this study is to examine effects of socio-economic conditions on the academic performance of students in senior secondary schools in Ota Local government of Ogun State. The specific objectives of the study are:

  1. To examine the impact of family background on the academic performance of students in senior secondary schools in Ota Local government of Ogun State.
  2. To find out the influence of home environment on the academic performance of students in senior secondary schools in Ota Local government of Ogun State.
  3. To know the implication of peer influence on the academic performance of students in senior secondary schools in Ota Local government of Ogun State.
  4. To ascertain the effects of school environment on the academic performance of students in senior secondary schools in Ota Local government of Ogun State.
  5. To determine the relationship between parents’ income and the academic performances of students in senior secondary schools.

1.4 Research Questions

The relevant research questions related to this study are:

  1. What is the impact of family background on the academic performance of students in senior secondary schools in Ota Local government of Ogun State?
  2. What is the influence of home environment on the academic performance of students in senior secondary schools in Ota Local government of Ogun State?
  3. What is the implication of peer influence on the academic performance of students in senior secondary schools in Ota Local government of Ogun State?
  4. What are the effects of school environment on the academic performance of students in senior secondary schools in Ota Local government of Ogun State?
  5. What is the relationship between parents’ income and the academic performances of students in senior secondary schools?

1.5 Significance Of The Study

The findings from this study are relevant to students, teachers, parents, guardians and school management. To students, the study helps to elucidate the influence of some socioeconomic conditions on their academic performance, it has been observed that peer influence is a major factor responsible for poor academic performances among secondary students.

The financial income of parents is one of the major factors that determines the academic performances of students, this study helps parents to know their responsibilities in ensuring that their wards are financial catered for.

Poor school environment is also a factor responsible for poor academic performances among students. This study also help the school managements to know their roles in providing a conducive leaning environment for students.

This study will enhance the existing body of literature by contemplating the areas of the literature that have not yet been examined or considered and incorporating these factors into the current study. The study will thus form the basis for further studies in the field.


1.6 Scope Of The Study

The scope of this study is restricted to the study of the effects of socio-economic conditions on the academic performance of students in senior secondary schools in Ota Local government of Ogun State. Secondary schools in Ota Local government are used as sample material.


1.7 Limitation Of The Study

Some of the major constraints the researchers encountered in putting up this research include lack of time, lack of willingness to give information


Effects Of Socio-Economic Conditions On The Academic Performance Of Students In Senior Secondary Schools


Project Material Download

3,000 Naira


The complete material will be sent to you in just 2 steps.

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make payment of ₦3,000: through USSD Transfer, Bank Mobile App, ATM Transfer, or POS Transfer to:

Access Bank PlcAccount No.: 0811003731
Name: Samphina Academy
Account Type: Current

Or Click Here to pay with Debit Card

FOR CLIENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA:
Click Here to pay with Debit Card ($15)
GHANA – Make Payment of 60 GHS to MTN MoMo, 0553978005, Douglas Osabutey 

  PAY WITH CRYPTOCURRENCY


Step Two Purchase

Send the following details through Text Message or WhatsApp Messenger | +234-8143831497

  • Payment Details 
  • Email Address 
  • Effects Of Socio-Economic Conditions On The Academic Performance Of Students In Senior Secondary Schools

The complete material will be sent to your email address after receiving your payment information | T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


You may also like:

⚠️ Need a different topic? Perform a quick search



Get A Complete Business Plan For Any Business In Nigeria

Business Plan for Businesses in Nigeria

  Business Plans in Nigeria


Disclaimer


This research material “Effects Of Socio-Economic Conditions On The Academic Performance Of Students In Senior Secondary Schools” is for research purposes and should be used as a guide in developing your research project / seminar work. For no reason should you copy word for word (verbatim) as samphina.com.ng will not be liable for any who copied the material.

The aim of providing this material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for research materials. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon “All creative work builds on what came before”.

samphina.com.ng is only providing this material “Effects Of Socio-Economic Conditions On The Academic Performance Of Students In Senior Secondary Schools” as a reference for your research. The paper should be used as a guide or framework for your own paper. The contents of this paper should be able to help you in generating new ideas and thoughts for your own research. Use it as a guidance purpose only.


Frequently Asked Questions


How does socioeconomic status affect student performance?

Saifi (2011) investigated the effect of socioeconomic status on student’s performance. Results revealed that parental education and occupation and facilities at home affect the student’s achievement. Eamon (2005) revealed that students whose parental socioeconomic status is low do not show effective performance in school.

Do students with high or low socioeconomic status have high academic achievement?

Thus our findings suggests that students with high socioeconomic status have high academic achievement than students with low socioeconomic status on the basis of our findings we can say our first hypothesis (There would be significant difference on achievement of students between high and low socioeconomic status) is accepted.

What is the relationship between education and socioeconomic status?

Economic background under the same academic environment (Rothestei n, 2004). Education is a tool of development. It widens minds, recognizes good and bad, makes us to seg regate well from in addition the group (Sabzwari, 2004). socioeconomic status, they showed poor and unsatisfactory academic performance.

Does parental socio economic foundation influence child’s academic achievement?

It is not strange to envision that parental socio economic foundation can effect sly affect the academic achievement of children in school. At all influence the advancement environment of youngsters would perhaps influence their training or attitude to it. 

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.