Effects Of Social Networking On The Academic Achievement Of Senior Secondary School Student

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Effects Of Social Networking On The Academic Achievement Of Senior Secondary School Student


Abstract


The study investigated the effect of social networking on academic achievement of senior secondary school students in Abeokuta, Ogun State. The study had three research objectives, three research questions and three null hypotheses. Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. The population was 989 and the sample was 492, which was obtained using random sampling technique. Questionnaire was used to collect data for the study. The researcher, with the help of nine trained research assistants, administered the instrument in Secondary schools in Ogun. The research questions were answered using, mean and standard deviation, while 2.5 was considered as the baseline for answering the research questions. Simple regression was employed to test the three null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed, among others, that social networking had significant effect on students ‘class attendance, their personal studies and participation in group work. It was concluded that overindulgence of students with social networking on purposeless endeavours had negative effect on their academic achievement. Based on the findings of the study, three recommendations were made, some of which were that senior secondary school students in Abeokuta, Ogun State should devote less time to social networking as the study revealed it negatively affected their class attendance, senior secondary school students in Abeokuta, Ogun State should devote less time to social networking, as the study revealed that it negatively affected their personal studies, students in secondary schools in Nigeria should devote less time to social networking as the study revealed that it negatively affected their participation in group project work.


Table of Content


  • Abstract

Chapter One

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background to the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of Problem
  • 1.3 Research Objectives
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Null Hypotheses
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the study
  • 1.8 Organization of the Study

Chapter Two

Review of Related Literature

  • 2.1 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.2 Concept of Academic achievement
  • 2.3 Social Network Sites and the Student Users
  • 2.4 Effect of Social Network on Academic achievement
  • 2.5 Review of Empirical Studies

Chapter Three

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample size and Sampling Procedure
  • 3.4 Instrument for Data Collection
  • 3.5 Validity of the Instrument
  • 3.6 Pilot Study
  • 3.7 Reliability of the Instrument
  • 3.8 Procedure for Data Analysis

Chapter Four

Presentation and Analysis of Data

  • 4.1 Results of Academic achievement of Respondents
  • 4.2 Answers to Research Questions
  • 4.3 Test of Null Hypotheses
  • 4.4 Summary of Major Findings
  • 4.5 Discussion of Major Findings

Chapter Five

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Contribution to Knowledge
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendation
  • References

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

For many around the globe communications have turned the entire world into a global village through the internet, electronic media and portals. The social networking sites have become one of the most popular ways for people to be better informed, enlightened, exchange messages and keep abreast with almost all of the electronic educated student or youth.

In the ancient days, teens spent hairs alone in their rooms or with close friends playing outside their houses, trying different outfits and modeling around the corner. Now, social networking could be seen as a way of describing the display of everyday practices of social interaction that have played a crucial role in enabling people to communicate on a platform.

Furthermore, social networking sites has becomes a global phenomenon in the past few years. What started out as a hobby for some computer literate people has become a social norms and way of life for people around the globe (Boyd 2007).

Social networking is the social relation among people who share interest, activities and background connections for users to interact over the internet. Living stone and Brake (2010). In their opinion said ‘social networking site like much else on the internet representing a moving target for researchers and policy makers’.

Presently around the world, the use of social networking has enabled networking around the world very simple, students in particular have made browsing social networking sites a daily practices and has reduced the way most student stay connected to their academic activities as many prefer to chat online while many think that social networking has no effects on their academic achievement. These made the researchers to study the habits of students and carefully look into the effect of social networking and how they affect the academic achievement of senior secondary school student in Abeokuta, Ogun State.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

In Nigeria, people tend to do what are trending activities especially the student, they are the first who adopt was things particularly in social networking sites.

Since the advent of social media sites in the 1990s. it is assumed in some quarters that the academic achievement of student is facing a lot of neglect and challenges. There is a deviations distraction and divided attention between social networking activities and their academic work.

The sites have led to the biggest problems in our academic environment in which average student spend 9 (nine) house a week on social networking sites (Willard 2009). Also, it is observed that student devote more attention to social media than they do their studies. Therefore, the question this study is out to answer is; what are the effect of social networking and how do they affect the academic achievement of senior secondary students in Abeokuta, Ogun State.


1.3 Research Objectives

The main objective of the study is to investigate the effect of social networking sites usage on academic achievement of senior secondary school students in Abeokuta, Ogun State. The specific objectives were to:

  1. Determine the effect of social networking on class attendance of senior secondary school students in Abeokuta, Ogun State.
  2. Investigate the effect of social networking on personal studies of senior secondary school students in Abeokuta, Ogun State.
  3. Determine the effect of time spent on social networking on academic achievement of senior secondary school students in Abeokuta, Ogun State.

1.4 Research Questions

The study sought answers to the following research questions:

  1. What effect does social networking have on class attendance of senior secondary school students in Abeokuta, Ogun State?
  2. What is the effect of social networking on personal studies of senior secondary school students in Abeokuta, Ogun State?
  3. What is the effect of time spent on social networking on academic achievement of senior secondary school students in Abeokuta, Ogun State?

1.5 Null Hypotheses

  1. Social networking has no significant effect on class attendance of senior secondary school students in Abeokuta, Ogun State.
  2. Social networking has no significant effect on personal studies of senior secondary school students in Abeokuta, Ogun State.
  3. Time spent on social networking senior secondary school students in Abeokuta, Ogun State has no significant effect on their academic achievement.

1.5 Delimitation of the Study

The essence of this research work is to primarily study the effects of social networking on the academic achievement of senior secondary school student in Abeokuta, Ogun State. The research highlighted the concept, history and forms of social networking sites and their effects in academic achievement which intends to focus on senior secondary school students.


1.6 Significance of the Study

For senior secondary school student, the study will reveal to them with more information on the positive and negative effects of social networking on their academic achievement.

In addition, senior secondary school teachers will find the study useful as the research will help them with more information on the effect of social media on the academic achievement of student.

Moreover, parent and guardians will find the study useful as the findings will reveal to them some factors effect on the academic achievement and their activities on the social networking sites and why they need to properly monitor their children.

Lastly, the study will provide relevance materials for the benefit of other researchers undertaking similar research.


1.7 Definition of Terms

Academic Achievement:

This is the outcome of education on how student deal with studies and how they have achieved different tasks given to them by their teachers.

Social Networking:

The use of internet to make information about yourself available to other people especially among people who share interests.

Education:

This is a social process in which individual achieves social competence and individual growth, carried on in selected controlled setting which can be instructionalize as a school or college.

Students:

Someone engaged in studying something or someone who is very interested in a particular subject.

Effects:

The aim, purpose produced by an action or state of being operative


1.8 Organization of the Study

The study comprises of five chapters.

  • Chapter one consists of the background to the study, statement of the problem, purpose of the study, objectives, research questions, significance, limitation of the study, delimitation of the study, basic assumptions, definitions of key terms and organization of the study.
  • Chapter two comprises of literature review theoretical and conceptual frameworks.
  • Chapter three deals with research methodology, covering research sampling, procedures, research instruments and their validity and reliability, procedures for data collection and data analysis.
  • Chapter four comprises of findings and discussions which were generated by the study.
  • Chapter five presents summary, conclusions and recommendations.

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

The study investigated the Effect of Social Networking on Academic achievement of Students in Secondary schools in Ogun Nigeria. The work had three research objectives, three research questions and three research hypotheses. Descriptive survey was adopted as the research design for the study, where mean and standard deviation were used. The population was 989, made up of senior secondary school students in Abeokuta, Ogun State.

The instrument used for data collection was a 30 item structured questionnaire tagged Students Opinion Inventory Questionnaire (SOIQ). This instrument was constructed by the researcher, and was validated by three experts in the Faculty of Education. To test the reliability of the instrument, a pilot study was carried out. To determine the relative consistency of the instrument, a test of reliability was done and it showed a reliability coefficient of 0.78 meaning the instrument was reliable.

Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the research questions. The null hypotheses were tested using regression analysis at 0.05 level of significance. Findings revealed that social networking had significant effect on class attendance, students‘ personal studies, group project participation, participation in tutorials, and students‘ research activities.


5.2 Contribution to Knowledge

The study established that:

  1. There was no significant relationship between social networking and students ‘class attendance (p=0.000).
  2. There was no significant relationship between social networking and student’s personal studies (p=0.000).
  3. There was no significant relationship between social networking and students ‘participation in group project (p=0.000).
  4. There was no significant relationship between social networking and students ‘participation in tutorial (p=0.000).
  5. There was significant relationship between social networking and students research activities (p=0.08).
  6. There was no significant relationship between time spent on social networking and students ‘academic achievement (p=0.000).

The investigation, Effect of Social Networking on Academic achievement on Senior secondary school students in Abeokuta, Ogun State, made a disclosure on the fact that social networking sites supposedly are meant to boost students ‘academic achievement because they provide virtual information in all areas of learning. Findings revealed that majority of students use them for ignoble purposes and spent a lot of time exploring these social networking sites for social activities. If senior secondary school students in Abeokuta, Ogun State will harness social networking sites for educational endeavours, this will enhance their academic achievement and help optimize their learning outcomes.


5.3 Conclusion

Findings in research question one revealed that social networking significantly affected class attendance of senior secondary school students in Abeokuta, Ogun State. This implies that students are bad in time management to the ext that they allocate more time to social networking at the expense of their class attendance. This may affect their learning and results

In Table 4.7, findings revealed that social networking had significant effect on personal studies of senior secondary school students in Abeokuta, Ogun State. Overindulgence of students with social networking for purposeless endeavours such as social activities can affect their personal studies, resulting in poor comprehension and low performance grades.

Finding in research question three revealed that social networking had significant effect on students‘ participation in group projects. However, this effect was a negative one. This implies that when student devout greater part of their learning time to social networking they may have no time to participate in group project which enables them to discover learning in groups.

From Table 4.9 answer to research question four revealed that social networking had significant effect on participation in tutorials of senior secondary school students in Abeokuta, Ogun State. This implies that students‘ engagement with social networking at the expense of participation in tutorials may affect their academic achievement.

Data analysis to answer research question five revealed that, social networking had significant effect on research activities of senior secondary school students in Abeokuta, Ogun State. The finding showed that the effect was a positive one this implies that students who use social networking for their research activities will have these activities enhanced.

Findings on research question three, revealed that time spent on social networking had significant effect on academic achievement of senior secondary school students in Abeokuta, Ogun State. However, this effect was a negative one. This implies that students who are not able to strike a balance between times spent on social networking and academic achievement would have their academic achievement suffer, resulting in low performance grades.


5.4 Recommendation

Based on the findings of this research, the following recommendations were drawn:

  1. Management of universities should come up with measures that will help curtail excessive social networking among senior secondary school students in Abeokuta, Ogun State, especially when they use it for social activities. They should be encouraged to devote less time to social networking as the study revealed it negatively affected their class attendance. Lecture attendance should be made compulsory and punitive measures be meted on erring students by course lectures and universities management. Measures such as awarding marks to class attendance and sanctions on students who come to class late and those who absent themselves from class.
  2. Lecturers should conduct at regular intervals, unannounced assessment, to keep in check students who devote more of their time to social networking at the expense of their personal studies. This will serve as deterrent to those who don‘t manage their time properly to apportion more time and attention to personal studies and less time for social networking.
  3. Participation in group project by students in federal university in Nigeria should be made compulsory and students who do not participate should be sanctioned. These measures will make students devote less time to social networking and more to their academic achievement.
  4. Tutorial is one ways to help students comprehend a cont of instruction delivered earlier by the lecture. Students who attain tutorials are more likely to demonstrate better learning outcomes than those who don‘t attain. Course advisers should advise students to spend less time on social networking to be able to attain their tutorials. Senior secondary school students in Abeokuta, Ogun State should devote less time to social networking as the study revealed that it negatively affected their participation in tutorial.
  5. The federal government should make it compelling on all universities to connect to the internet, as this will help both lecturers and Senior secondary school students in Abeokuta, Ogun State, optimize their research activities. Universities should be encouraged for form partnerships and collaborations with other universities both internally and internationally, this will help boost research activities of students and lectures in Nigeria.
  6. The federal government through a parliamentary process; should enact laws banning the use of social networking sites by students especially, those that are not educational, since it is found out in this study, that overindulgence of senior secondary school students in Abeokuta, Ogun State with social networking affected their academic achievement negatively.

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