The Effects Of Social Media Abbreviations On The Reading And Writing Abilities Of Nigerian Students (A Case Study Of University Of Calabar)

Project and Seminar Material for Mass Communication

The Effects Of Social Media Abbreviations On The Reading And Writing Abilities Of Nigerian Students (A Case Study Of University Of Calabar)


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine the effects of social media abbreviations on the reading and writing abilities of Nigerian students using university of calabar as a case study. The study was specifically set to find out the extent of social media usage among undergraduate students of university of Calabar, determine the extent social media has contributed to the use of informal abbreviations in spoken and written English among undergraduate students of university of Calabar, find out whether social media abbreviations has negatively influenced the use of proper spelling among undergraduate students of university of Calabar, find out whether social media abbreviations has negatively influenced the reading ability of undergraduate students of university of Calabar, and find out the extent social media abbreviations has steadily encroached written English of undergraduate students of university of Calabar. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprise of undergraduate students of university of Calabar. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 160 respondents and 141 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables. While the hypotheses were tested using Chi- square statistical tool. The result of the findings reveals that the extent social media has contributed to the use of informal abbreviations in spoken and written English among undergraduate students of university of Calabar is high. Furthermore, the study revealed that the extent social media abbreviations has steadily encroached written English of undergraduate students of university of Calabar is high. Therefore, it is recommended that students should be encouraged to stick to using the standard variety of English in formal writing. Teachers should identify use of abbreviation, and acronyms in students’ writing and correct them immediately, and teacher should also give students a lot of practice and drills in spelling,use of grammar and punctuation. To mention but few.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Significant advancements in communication occurred with the emergence of the internet during the 1990s; consequently, social networking sites were created (Arquero & Esteban, 2013). The advent of these websites brought about a paradigm shift in the realm of communication, and in the present day, we commemorate the advancements it has brought about in areas such as entertainment and education. As a result of the internet’s evolution, it has become the most popular means of communication; two-thirds (2/3) of the internet’s global population utilises social networking sites (SNSs), which function as instruments for communication and connection. The term “social media” is used to denote these networking sites (Boyd & Ellison, 2007).

As stated by Maya (2015), social media are digitally-mediated platforms that enable users to create, share, and exchange various forms of expression, including information, ideas, and career-related matters, through interactive communities and networks. With more than one hundred million registered users, Facebook (including Facebook Messenger), TikTok, WeChat, Instagram, QZone, Weibo, Twitter, Tumblr, Baidu Tieba, and LinkedIn are among the most popular social media websites. Additional widely used platforms that are occasionally labelled as social media services include WhatsApp, QQ, Quora, Microsoft Teams, YouTube, LINE, Snapchat, Pinterest, Viber, Reddit, Discord, VK, and Microsoft Teams (Osharie, 2015).

Social media has experienced a meteoric rise as a subset of digital communication that facilitates the exponential creation, sharing, bookmarking, and networking of content (Jha & Bhardwaj, 2012). This development has filled the void in communication previously occupied by individuals who were obligated to depend exclusively on conventional means, including letters and phone calls, to communicate with acquaintances and family members. Present-day communication can be achieved with the same ease as visiting a neighbor’s house to convey information or vice versa via social media. Utilising social media to obtain information is quick.

On the contrary, classroom observations indicate that students’ formal English writing exercises are being compromised and adversely affected by the use of social media abbreviations (Akinjobi, 2013). This provides support for Selwyn’s (2009) claim that the majority of students utilise abbreviations when communicating in the classroom. A considerable number of individuals frequently employ abbreviations, whereas others have developed the practise of employing textspeak. This impacts the grammar and structure of the sentences employed. Consequently, this negatively impacts the development of students’ written English and vocabulary (Mazer, Murphy, & Simonds, 2007).

In a similar vein, 73% of educators surveyed by YouGov on behalf of Dictionary.com believe that social media abbreviations have a negative impact on students’ reading and writing abilities, according to a report by Will (2017). In addition, the majority of teachers do not prioritise grammar and punctuation when grading students’ work, and 75% of teachers are irritated when students use popular lingo or “text speak” in their work. Furthermore, students frequently struggle with reading, writing, and comprehension, according to the survey. Text messaging offers a convenient and affordable means of communication among young individuals, particularly students, the majority of whom likely encountered challenges due to the inconsistent norms of English orthography and grammar (Egbe & Ekpe, 2007). Consequently, their habitual utilisation of abbreviations from social media platforms may compromise their proficiency in writing and reading English. This is due to the fact that they are regularly exposed to informal, non-standard English writing techniques that undermine the ability to read and write in English.

The prevalence of abbreviations on social media platforms presents a significant challenge to the proper usage of Standard English, as students now regard Standard English writing with indifference. The incremental manifestation of social media’s impact on students’ English writing and reading has become apparent since its inception. Numerous Nigerian students’ English reading and writing reflect this.
In the context of writing and reading errors, social media abbreviations are frequently associated with such errors. While formal education emphasises the value of reading and writing, social media platforms permit the use of abbreviations, misspellings, and the disregard for grammatical norms. The presence of improper grammar and punctuation in students’ written work at school contributes to conflicts between reading and writing.

From the viewpoint of using text language, abbreviations that are common in social media are frowned upon in formal writing. Students ought to spell words completely and not use ‘text speak’ or ‘slang’. Students’ academic writing are now marked by social media abbreviated words (text speak) and slang.


1.2  Statement of the Problem

Presently, the internet stands as the preeminent information source, and the expanding ramifications of students’ social media usage should not be underestimated. There is evidence to suggest that students allocate a greater amount of time and attention to social media rather than their academic pursuits; failing to learn is equivalent to failing to perform well on examinations. Additionally, the prevalence of social media abbreviations contributes significantly to the deficient reading and writing abilities of Nigerian students. Nigerian students often struggle to attain proficiency in writing as a result of their frequent reliance on abbreviations from social media platforms.
The primary objective of this research is to investigate the perceived impact of social media on the writing abilities of secondary school seniors.

Additionally, social media has been found to influence students’ English reading and writing. They develop the habit of employing abbreviations (brief forms of words) when conversing with peers, which causes them to replicate the same mistakes on exams.
This research, therefore, seeks to investigate the effects of social media abbreviations on the reading and writing abilities of Nigerian students (a case study of university of Calabar).


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The main objective of the study is to examine the effects of social media abbreviations on the reading and writing abilities of Nigerian students (a case study of university of Calabar). Specific objectives of the study include:

  1. Find out the extent of social media usage among undergraduate students of university of Calabar.
  2. Determine the extent social media has contributed to the use of informal abbreviations in spoken and written English among undergraduate students of university of Calabar.
  3. Find out whether social media abbreviations has negatively influenced the use of proper spelling among undergraduate students of university of Calabar.
  4. Find out whether social media abbreviations has negatively influenced the reading ability of undergraduate students of university of Calabar.
  5. Find out the extent social media abbreviations has steadily encroached written English of undergraduate students of university of Calabar.

1.4 Research Questions

The following are some of the questions which this study intends to answer:

  1. What is the extent of social media usage among undergraduate students of university of Calabar?
  2. What is the extent social media has contributed to the use of informal abbreviations in spoken and written English among undergraduate students of university of Calabar?
  3. Has social media abbreviations negatively influenced the use of proper spelling among undergraduate students of university of Calabar?
  4. Has social media abbreviations negatively influenced the reading ability of undergraduate students of university of Calabar?
  5. What is the extent social media abbreviations has steadily encroached written English of undergraduate students of university of Calabar?

1.5. Research Hypotheses

  • Ho: Social media abbreviations has no negative effect on the reading and writing abilities of undergraduate students of university of Calabar.
  • Ha: Social media abbreviations has negative effect on the reading and writing abilities of undergraduate students of university of Calabar.

1.6. Significance of the Study

This study will be of benefit to the teachers, parents, government and the students as well. The study will be of benefit to the teachers in such a way that they will come to know that excessive use of social media has negative consequences on the students performance in writing and reading, therefore, they will take up measures to curtail or control students’ use of it at the detriment of their academics.

There is time for everything; therefore the parents will get to know that gadgets like ipads, smartphones, etc are not a must for the students. They will come to realize that such gadgets are time-consuming; as such they will ensure their children are using such items for academics.
Government is one of the major stakeholders in education. As such, the government will get to know the negative aspect of social media on the writing and reading performance of students. Therefore, they will inculcate in the curriculum important aspects that will need the students to go on research using the internet which will have a positive contribution on their academic. This will stop them from spending more time on social media doing what will not benefit them academically.

To the students, they will learn to concentrate in the classrooms when lessons are going on, instead of spending all their time on the social media making friends and chatting idly, they will use it for academics purposes.


1.7 Scope of the Study

The scope of this study borders on the effects of social media abbreviations on the reading and writing abilities of Nigerian students (a case study of university of Calabar). Hence, the respondents for this study will be obtained from undergraduate student of university of Calabar.


1.8 Limitation of Study

Like in every human endeavour, the researchers encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. The significant constraint was the scanty literature on the subject owing that it is a new discourse thus the researcher incurred more financial expenses and much time was required in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size covering only senior secondary school in Gwagwalada, Abuja. Thus findings of this study cannot be used for generalization for other secondary schools in other states within Nigeria. Additionally, the researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work will impede maximum devotion to the research. Howbeit, despite the constraint encountered during the research, all factors were downplayed in other to give the best and make the research successful.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Social Media:

Users construct online communities to share information, ideas, personal messages, and other content through modes of electronic communication such as websites for social networking and microblogging.

Writing Skills:

Writing abilities are special qualities that enable writers to transform their thoughts into meaningful words and psychologically interact with the message.

Reading:

Reading refers to the meaningful interpretation of visual and graphic symbols into ideals and concept.


1.10 Organization Of The Studies

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the effects of social media abbreviations on the reading and writing abilities of Nigerian students using university of calabar as a case study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to examine the effects of social media abbreviations on the reading and writing abilities of Nigerian students using university of calabar as a case study. Specifically the study was set to find out the extent of social media usage among undergraduate students of university of Calabar, determine the extent social media has contributed to the use of informal abbreviations in spoken and written English among undergraduate students of university of Calabar, find out whether social media abbreviations has negatively influenced the use of proper spelling among undergraduate students of university of Calabar, find out whether social media abbreviations has negatively influenced the reading ability of undergraduate students of university of Calabar, and find out the extent social media abbreviations has steadily encroached written English of undergraduate students of university of Calabar.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 141 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondents are undergraduate students of university of Calabar.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher made the following conclusion

  1. The extent of social media usage among undergraduate students of university of Calabar is high.
  2. The extent social media has contributed to the use of informal abbreviations in spoken and written English among undergraduate students of university of Calabar is high.
  3. Social media abbreviations has negatively influenced the use of proper spelling among undergraduate students of university of Calabar.
  4. Social media abbreviations has negatively influenced the reading ability of undergraduate students of university of Calabar.
  5. The extent social media abbreviations has steadily encroached written English of undergraduate students of university of Calabar is high.

5.4 Recommendations

Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations were made:

  1. Students should be encouraged to stick to using the standard variety of English in formal writing.
  2. Teachers should identify use of abbreviation, and acronyms in students’ writing and correct them immediately.
  3. Teacher should also give students a lot of practice and drills in spelling,use of grammar and punctuation.
  4. Students should strive for good writing devoid of use of abbreviations,acronyms, unstandardized neologism in their written assignment.
  5. School authorities and parents should closely monitor the Internet sites their students and wards visit to ensure that the utilization of the educational sites is encouraged.
  6. It is also recommended that an awareness campaign be carried out in order to inform them about the e-learning platforms available and how they can use them to maximize their potentials, this is because most of them do not know or fully understand the educational capabilities of the social media since they have the wrong notion that social medias are only used for chatting, sharing pics etc.

Get Complete Project Material

6,000 Naira

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦6,500 to the Account Below

Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card


FOR STUDENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($25)

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: The Effects Of Social Media Abbreviations On The Reading And Writing Abilities Of Nigerian Students (A Case Study Of University Of Calabar)

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search



List of Related Works

Click on Any Topic to Preview the Content

samphina.academy

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.