Effects Of School-Related Factors On Students’ Educational Achievement In Primary Schools

Primary Education Project and Semina Material

Effects Of School-Related Factors On Students’ Educational Achievement In Primary Schools

Chapter One


1.1 Background of the Study

Education is the most valuable gift a country can bestow on its population, particularly children and adolescents. This is because a nation’s or community’s growth is heavily reliant on the quality of its education (Titilayo, 1997). The cornerstone for real growth, it is widely accepted, must coincide with the development of human resources. The school, according to Adeboyeje (1995), is a formal organization that has been founded and designed to achieve specific purposes. The school’s main purpose is to educate the children and youngsters who will be the country’s future leaders. Children have the future in their hands, and they are the pillars that are being constructed and nurtured in schools for tomorrow’s duties. If the future is to be affluent, special attention must be paid to the education of youngsters (Pelumi, 1996). When it comes to the education system and finding ways to enhance it, it is impossible to overstate the importance of parents in their children’s education. The government is in charge of and funds public schools. Instructors at public schools report to school on a regular and timely manner, and individual students’ needs are addressed on a more individualized level, with teachers making themselves available for discussion and advising sessions with parents (Oloruntoba 1999). The purpose of the study is to look at the effect of school factors such teacher availability and quality, instructional equipment and facilities, school location, and class size on public school students’ academic achievement. Most parents, according to Dwyer (1995), take their children to public schools due to the exorbitant school fees charged by so-called private schools. Because public schools are the foundation of the educational sector, they give good and qualitative education to the public. As a result, the expectations raised at that level will always effect students’ achievement in secondary schools (Gwen, 1998).

1.2 Statement of the Problem

The goal of this study is to look at the effect of school factors on the students ’ academic achievement in public primary schools in Aba South, Abia State.

1.3 Objectives of the Study

The study’s particular goals are as follows:

  1. Determine the availability of teaching resources in public primary schools.
  2. To investigate the extent to which instructional materials are used in public primary schools.
  3. Determine the availability of instructors in public primary schools
  4. To determine how school-related issues affect students’ academic achievement.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. How can the availability of teaching materials in public primary schools determined?
  2. How can the extent to which teaching materials are used in public primary schools be investigated?
  3. What is the availability of instructors in public primary schools?
  4. How can school-related issues affect students’ academic achievement?

1.5 Significance of the Study

The study is significant for the reasons listed below.

It would enable the government to be aware of the effect of school-related issues on students’ academic achievement. The research is also vital for all education stakeholders in order to develop long-term remedies to poor academic achievement in primary schools.

1.6 Scope of the Study

This research examined the effects of school-related factors on children’ academic achievement in primary schools is limited to public primary schools in Aba South, Abia State.

1.7 Definition of Terms

The following words are operationally defined here, as they were used in the study:

Academic Performance:

This is defined as the standard or grades obtained by students as a result of their schoolwork.

Public School:

Refers to schools that are owned, regulated, and funded by the local, state, or federal government.

Primary School:

The first phase of Nigerian education, which runs from nursery to basic 6 or primary 6.

Parent Involvement:

Any contact between parents, children, and schools that may contribute to the growth of the kid.

Effect Factors:

These are circumstances that promote a person’s interest or performance.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What are the factors that affect student achievement?

Student Achievement Factors Student achievement is impacted on numerous levels including students’ personal factors, their interactions with others such as parents, teachers, and administrators, and lastly the larger systems that surround the student e.g. school districts, neighborhoods, local economy, political policy, and

What are the two factors that influence the education system?

Two is the factors that are within the influence of the school, such as classroom routines, teacher expectations, school organization and size and instructional methods. Shannon stated that social/economic factors were seen as causes of low achievement among students of color and poverty.

What factors affect school choice?

In the interpretation of this finding it is, however, important to recognise that there are many factors that affect school choice. Insufficient family wealth can, for example, be an important impediment to students wanting to attend independent private schools with a high level of tuition fees.

How does socio-economic status affect education?

School average socio-economic status and type of school There is an uneven distribution of students from different socio-economic backgrounds across school types: independent private schools draw their students from higher social strata than both government- dependent private schools and public schools (Figure 5.6). 


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