Effects Of Qualification Of English Teachers On The Performance Of Secondary School Students In External Examinations

Project and Seminar Material for English Education

Effects Of Qualification Of English Teachers On The Performance Of Secondary School Students In External Examinations


Abstract


The aim of this study is to find out if the qualification of English teachers has any effect on the performance of secondary school students in external examinations. The study was conducted in Champion Breweries plc Uyo Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. The questionnaire was used to collect the data. The Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPC) and the statistics were used to analyze the data collected for the purpose of carrying out this research. The results show that there is a significant relationship between the quality of the English teachers and the performance in the external examination. The quality of teachers has a direct effect on students and how they perform in the examination. Trainings and retraining of teachers should be a priority.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of Study

The quality of education is directly related to the quality of instruction in the classrooms. It is a fact that the academic qualifications, knowledge of the subject matter, competence, and skills of teaching and the commitment of the teacher have effective impact on the teaching learning process (National Education Policy 1998-2010). Quality improvement in education depends upon proper training of teachers. The teachers cannot play any of the roles unless properly trained (Yadved and Singh, 1988). The performance of students especially in external examinations goes a long way to show the level of preparedness of the student definitely by qualified teachers.

Teaching is an art. It can be refined by training and practice. The availability of competent teachers is central in the reconstruction of the educational system. English has acquired the status of a global language (Crystal, 1997). Keeping in view the growing need and importance of English language in every walk of life, English is made a compulsory subject in Nigeria from the very beginning of the academic career. This increasingly necessitates good quality initial preparation for non-native speaker teachers in the school system (Cullen, 1994).

English is taught as a compulsory subject and also the whole teaching learning process is carried out in English language. In other words, English is also the medium of instruction in Nigerian schools. This enables the students of these schools to learn English in an environment where most of the interaction between the teacher and the students is in English (Fuller & Clark, 1994). As a result, the students of these schools are more proficient in English and perform well in the external examinations.

In some schools, however, the teaching of English is done somewhat differently and the proficiency in the language is somewhat inadequate. The traditional grammar translation method is favorite with the teachers and there is hardly any exposure to English language inside or outside the class. Most of the activities in the class are done in the vernacular or the mother tongue. Even English language is explained through Urdu or the vernaculars (Al-mutawa & Kailani, 1989). The students resort to memorization and cramming.

The teacher is the facilitator of examinations rather than of learning. The students memorize, translate and retranslate and, finally reproduce the crammed information or knowledge in the external examinations. No creativity is witnessed on the part of the students from this kind of teaching experience (Baumgardner, 1993). The reason is that the teachers themselves are not qualified or competent enough to teach English efficiently. This causes poor results in English eventually leading to highest failure percentage in English at external examinations. Thus English becomes the biggest hurdle (particularly for the students from rural areas) in the way to getting higher education and the key administrative posts. In its annual report, Federal Public Service Commission (1998) reported that English language as the medium of expression in the external examination is depriving the students of some poor institutions to compete with their counterparts from highly placed institutions.

English as a language plays a number of roles in the socio-economic, political and cultural development of Nigeria society. The continued slide in the performance of students in the English language in external examinations is a course for great concern not only for the teachers but also for all stake holders in the business of education. This is more worrisome when one considers the fact that English doubles as a medium of instruction in Nigerian schools as well as our linquafranca. The central role of English cannot, therefore, be wished away. The pattern of failure has, however, shown that the incidence appears to be higher in some schools than it is with other schools. A number of factors have been linked to the courses but more relevant is the issue of qualification of the teachers. This is more important because in the business of teaching and learning, teachers offer only what they have; you cannot offer what you don’t have. The qualification of teachers involved in teaching and learning has great roles in the performance of students and it is to find out these effects that this study is set out to accomplish. Chomsky (1972) “states that one can not really teach a language but can only present the conditions in which it will develop spontaneously in the mind in its own ways”


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Language teaching has been the primary focus of applied linguistics. Formal instruction does not work in vacuum. School environment, teacher qualifications, curriculum and instructional approaches, and many other factors interact to produce growth in student academic skills and knowledge. There is sufficient empirical evidence that suggests that the academic performance of students relies substantially on the teachers they are assigned. Classroom based research is valid enough to determine whether the learners are receiving appropriate content instruction or not. Pennington (1989) says that the quality of teaching must be considered in determining what results can be expected. He further states that teachers make decisions about classroom management based upon the achievement gains. Thus we can say that findings about the relationship between teacher characteristics and student academic performance scores are important in determining the policy about the teachers. It is assumed that only those who have professional training in English teaching should teach English language. The English teacher should be the one whose competence and proficiency in all the language skills are in a good measure. But especially in written and conversational English, is not deficient. The English teacher should have a good knowledge of current usage and the theoretical aspects of English. In Nigeria today, most students in secondary schools and in fact even in universities lack the ability to communicate efficiently in English, both oral and written. This is still the major problem faced by English students today. It is therefore important to find out if the qualification of the English teachers has any effect on the performance of the students in written and spoken English in external examinations.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The following are the objectives of this study:

  1. To examine the effects of qualification of English teachers on the performance of secondary school students in external examination.
  2. To examine the criteria for producing a qualified English teacher.
  3. To determine the factors that can improve the academic performance of secondary school students in external examinations.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. What are the effects of qualification of English teachers on the performance of secondary school students in external examination?
  2. What are the criteria for producing a qualified English teacher?
  3. What are the factors that can improve the academic performance of secondary school students in external examinations?

1.5 Hypothesis

  • HO: There is no significant relationship between the qualification of English teacher and secondary school student performance in external examination.
  • HA: There is significant relationship between the qualification of English teacher and secondary school student performance in external examination.

1.6 Significance of the Study

The following are the significance of this study:

  1. This study will serve as a painter to the ministry of education to verify whether the qualification of teachers has any effect on the student performance in senior secondary school certificate examination (SSCE). The finding will also help people who want to conduct such research to serve as reference.
  2. This research will also serve as a resource base to other scholars and researchers interested in carrying out further research in this field subsequently, if applied will go to an extent to provide new explanation to the topic

1.7 Limitation of Study

Financial Constraint

Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time Constraint

The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.


Chapter Five


Findings, Conclusion and Recommendation

The objectives of this study were:

  1. To examine the effects of qualification of English teachers on the performance of secondary school students in external examination.
  2. To examine the criteria for producing a qualified English teacher.
  3. To determine the factors that can improve the academic performance of secondary school students in external examinations.

Findings from the study revealed the following:

  1. That there is a significant relationship between the qualification of English teachers and secondary school students’ performance in external exams.
  2. The performance of students in external examinations is a direct consequence of the level of qualification of English teachers.
  3. Academic performance of students in English language has a lot to do with teachers’ academic qualification.
  4. There is a high impact of the qualification of English teachers on the performance of secondary school students in external examinations.

Recommendation

Based on the findings from the study, the following recommendations are made:

  1. Trainings and retraining of teachers should be a priority as the quality of teachers directly influences the quality of students and how they perform in external examinations.
  2. Teachers should be constantly tested to determine their level of qualification; this would help to improve the academic performance of secondary school teachers in external examinations.

Project Material Download

5,000 5000

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦5,000 to Any of the Account Below

Access Bank PlcAcc No: 0811003731
Samphina Academy
Current Account
Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account
PalmPay Main LogoAcc No: 8143831497
Samphina Academy
Digital Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card


FOR STUDENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($15)
FOR GHANIAN STUDENTS
Make Payment of 120 GHS to 0553978005 | Douglas Cloud Osabutey | MTN MoMo

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: Effects Of Qualification Of English Teachers On The Performance Of Secondary School Students In External Examinations

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search



List of Related Works

Click on Any Topic to Preview the Content

samphina.academy

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.