The Effects Of Poor Office Environment On The Motivation Of Workers In An Organization (A Case Study Of Enugu North Local Government Area Of Enugu State)

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Project and Seminar Material for Business Administration and Management BAM

Project and Seminar Material for Business Administration and Management BAM


This project of mine is dedicated to God Almighty our father in heaven for the life and good health given me throughout my ND programme. I am also dedicated it to my parents Mr. and Mrs. Emmanuel Igbokwe in which through their effort I did my OND successfully without any problem.
May God Almighty reward them in Jesus Name Amen.


I am sincerely grateful to the numerous people who have invaluable contributions towards the success of my OND. More especially to my parents for their support. I am specially express my profound gratitude to my Aunt Mary Kate Akaakar for her support and am also give that to my friend in school Uzoma who stand by me throughout my study. I am grateful to my sister Chineye Igbokwe, Victor Igbokwe. Eze Igbokwe and my friend Chineyer Ughelu for their wonderful support to me, in which I cannot be able to mention here, May God Almighty, reward them. I am also grateful to those who contributed in one way or the other during my OND progarmme. Finally, I am grateful to our God Almighty for the opportunity given to me to write this project and to my supervisor Mr. Udoh may God Almighty bless him.


The objective and aim of this dissertation is to examine the “Effect of poor office environment on the motivation of workers in an organization (A case study of Enugu North Local Government Area of Enugu State).

This study was designed to find out if or whether poor office environment has any effects on the motivations, some research questionnaires to the staff of the organization where the investigation was carried out. The responses were supplied by the respondents and they were analyzed using simple percentages and chi-square conclusions were made on the basis of the findings.

Table Of Content

  • Title Page
  • Approval page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of contents

Chapter One

  • Introduction
  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of the problem
  • 1.3 Purpose of the study
  • 1.4 Scope of the study
  • 1.5 Research questions
  • 1.6 Significance of the study
  • 1.7 Limitation of the study
  • 1.8 Definition of terms
  • References

Chapter Two

  • Literature Review
  • 2.1 Poor office environment and it’s effect on the workers motivations
  • 2.1.1 Lighting
  • 2.1.2 Ventilation
  • 2.1.3 Rest room
  • 2.1.4 Decorations
  • 2.1.5 Safety in the office
  • 2.2 The effects of negative attitude of management towards workers welfare and impact it has on their morale
  • 2.3 The office environment and the workers level of dispute
  • 2.4 Salary structure and incentives and their effects on workers motivation

Chapter Three

  • Research Design And Methodology
  • 3.1 Research design
  • 3.2 Area of the study
  • 3.3 Population of the study
  • 3.4 Sample and sampling procedure / techniques
  • 3.5 Instrument for data collection
  • 3.6 Validation of the instrument
  • 3.7 Reliability of the study
  • 3.8 Method of data collection
  • 3.9 Method of data analysis
  • References

Chapter Four

  • Data Presentation And Analysis
  • 4.1 Presentation and analysis of data
  • 4.2 Summary of result

Chapter Five

  • Discussion, Recommendation, Conclusion
  • 5.1 Discussion of result/ finding
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Implication of the research finding
  • 5.4 Recommendation for further research
  • Bibliography
  • Appendix
  • Questionnaires

Chapter One


1.1 Background Of The Study

The efficiency of office employees is directly or indirectly affected by the conditions under which they are required to do their work which affect the performances of workers and the achievement of organizational objectives for this purpose, this study will focus its attention on the effects of poor office environment on the motivation of workers in an organization. According to oxford Advance Learner Dictionary, “Are office is a room, set of rooms or building where people work usually sitting at desk”.

Egbe T.E and Rita Ejifor (1987:P.255) defined office as a place where clerical activities take place” to put it succinctly, the office is a service delivery unit of an organization, such services may include clerical secretarial, accounting and research duties. These are vital services that complement or facilitate the work of the executives in an organization. Office reflects the company’s wealth, it’s value and it’s attitudes, for visitors and workers it is the company’s handful image and it provides the stage on which the more static element of the company perform for their customers, staff and community. Above all, office is designed to stimulate environments that encourage creativity.

Therefore, one cannot define an office without the knowledge of its environment. Are office environment is a business community where achieve organizational goals. It should be known that every business system lies within are environment in enhancing work motivation and job satisfaction is necessary in every organization.

Consequently management should look into work motivation and conducive environment as antidote for enhancing productively and influences the amount of work interest and happiness of workers.

The office environment are consists of office building, furniture and layout, lighting, air condition, ventilation, color conditioning or decoration , sound condition physical conditioning in which workers operate under a safety measures and so on.

1.2 Statement Of The Problem

It is the fact that human beings are one important resource available to the organization and prove to pressure and influences such as noise, poor lighting and unsuitable work tools as this always creates discomfort in the work place and tend to urge the employees to seek more suitable conditions outside the workstation. These conditions, which are harmful to their health and moral results in physical and mental fatigue in other words, it results to inefficiency. The general working environments of most Nigeria office with particular references to Enugu North Local Government are subjected to utter neglects.

  1. The office environment looks very use stimulating to the eyes.
  2. The workers or employees have a negative attitude towards their jobs that is inadequate responsibility, high rate of absenteeism and discipline.
  3. Also, the flow of communication between workers and management is inadequate.
  4. Workers welfare is not taken care of or payment is nothing to write home about comparing it with economic condition of the country.

Looking at these problems, one will quickly notice that workers rate of production and organizational hazards that might cause injury or death of workers deriders on environment factors. It is the environment that will greatly motivate the workers to increase their productivity.

1.3 Purpose Of The Study

  1. To find the effect environment in the productivity of workers.
  2. To determine the effect of salary structure on the performance of workers
  3. To find the effect inadequate office furniture and fitting, modern machines in the performance of workers of Enugu North Local Government Area of Enugu State.)

1.4 Scope Of The Study

  1. To identify the impact of depressing of office environment on the motivation of workers.
  2. To find out the indifference attitude and it’s impact on the motivation of workers
  3. To know if the structure has an impact on workers performance and motivation.

I bet you, the complete material is fully loaded. This is just an excerpt. The Material is in MS-Word Format which you can easily edit and is comprehensive for a complete research work for this topic

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How to nail it on the head during your project defence

You are through with writing that project. Now what?

You have found yourself at that point where you have to defend what you have written. Of course you have to stand in front of your supervisor and other literary personalities to prove that you know what you wrote in your project paper. Unfortunately, the more you think about it, the more it looks like you are about to face a legion. It is not a war. But the emotion of dread welling up inside of you makes it look like one. So now you are asking yourself questions.

  • How am I going to start?
  • I hope I will do well enough to get an A.

You really want to nail it, but you need to come to terms with exactly how to get everything in perfect control. Especially your emotions of fear that seem to make a wreck of you every time you think about public speaking.
So here is the deal. I want to help you avoid that feeling that would ruin your precious moment if you dare to let it. And we are going to do it together.

I am going to highlight some very important tips to help you get in control for you to be comfortable enough to move from that feeling of DREAD to CONFIDENT; and making an awesome Impression for that great rating your supervisors should be giving to you so freely.

Consider these tips as you prepare for your defence. We will be taking them one after the other so here we go.

Watch Your Body Language And Keep It Confident:

Can you tell that a person is falling apart if they look confident? … If I can second guess you rightly, am sure you answered no to that question. Remind yourself that you need to come out that way. Now this might seem like a huge big deal when you are dealing with the foreboding. Maintaining a poise of confidence is very important. So find your most comfortable position, sitting or standing and draw up your body. You must exude confidence. It is something you need to do for yourself. People can only see what you allow your body language to show. So you must endeavour to put that out. Remember the story of David and Goliath? … At the end of your defence day, you want to be David.

Dress In Your Most Comfortable And Impressive:

Am sure this one is a no brainer. However I must highlight that you choose comfortable pieces. You don’t want to look so good and yet look like you were forced to wear something that does not belong to you. It’s great to ensure that as impressive as your clothes are on you, that they are also very comfortable.

Speak With Authority:

Going hand to hand with that aura of confidence is your most powerful asset:your words. If you look that confident, your words must not come out like whimpers. To be able to pull this off, you definitely need to speak as deliberately as possible in expressing yourself. Let them also hear what they see.

Use, Your Gestures:

I have often found this to come to my rescue in dealing with shyness and conveying my confidence. Usually it gives you an edge to also drive home your point. You must, however, ensure that you do not over use it. It doesn’t mean that your hands should be flying all over the place. That would be absolutely unnecessary. If you do this well, after a while you will realize that you are not as self-conscious as you used to be at the very start. For most situations, it would have completely disappeared altogether; leaving a really confident you talking.

Have A Good Opening And Closing Line:

Make sure you have perfected a good opening line. You should also be armed with a good closing line too. Try and rehearse it to a friend. If for the first time you presented it, your friend does not say “wow, that’s beautiful” or something like that; just know you need to keep refining it until you get the perfect line. Both opening and closing lines will go a long way in how impressed your panel gets to rate you high.

Make Sure You Know Your Work:

Certainly you should understand how important it is to know your own work from start to finish. Not having in-depth knowledge of your own work is tantamount to a suicide mission. Why should you kill yourself?
When all is said and done, this is what you came to defend in the first place. You should know your work from A to Z.

Prepare For The Questions:

Now this part is truly essential. You must be sure you do not floor all the good work you did on your presentation by not answering correctly. You must pay attention to the questions you are asked to be sure you will give the right answer. Many people get it wrong at this stage and spoil their good presentation. When you do not understand any question do endeavour to ask the person to expatiate what they mean before you answer.

These tips are by no means exhaustive, but applying these tips will give you some necessary advantage you need for a great outcome. Of course that outcome would mean that you eventually earn all your points on this project.

The structure of a good project work

Undergraduate projects in Nigeria is a prerequisite for graduation amongst Nigerian tertiary students who will which to obtain bachelors degree in their respective courses of study such as accounting, banking and finance, business administration and a host of others. Writing an undergraduate project in Nigeria for final year students entails a lot both financially and otherwise. Being able to develop any final year project depends on getting a researchable topic whether it is Accounting Undergraduate project topics, Banking and Finance research topics or banking and finance project topics and materials and it all requires diligent hard work of students who are willing to develop best undergraduate projects in Nigeria and graduate in flying colors.

A typical Undergraduate project in Nigerian tertiary institutions can be said to be divided into five or six chapters depending on the format of the school and course of study which are

1. Introduction

The introduction of an undergraduate project states the main research problem and research argument. What precisely the study is all about and why it is important. It looks at the originality of the research work and how it will fill the gap in other studies. Justification for a research undergraduate topic should not be lengthy before it has been explicitly stated.

Below are the contents in chapter one of an undergraduate research project which includes;

  • Background of the study,
  • Statement of the problem,
  • Objectives or aims of the study,
  • The research questions,
  • Research hypothesis,
  • Significance of the study,
  • Scope of the study,
  • Limitations of the study and
  • Operational definition of terms.

2. Literature review

Literature review of any undergraduate research work, be it business administration project topics or Economics project topics just to mention a few is very critical to securing a high grade in one’s project work. The literature review of a research process uncovers what other writers have written about the student’s topic. A student’s undergraduate research work should include a discussion or review of what is known about the subject and how that knowledge was acquired. The review could conclude with a brief summary of the literature and its implications. The contents of the literature review are the theoretical review, conceptual framework, empirical review and summary of literature review.

3. Research Methodology

This section includes a description of the research methods used in the undergraduate research work such as the sample size, data collection methods, measurement instruments, research data analysis procedures and the population from which the sample was selected.  This section also describes the method used in selecting the sample or samples, validation and reliability of the instruments used in the research work. There are different research statistical techniques used in undergraduate research work such as SPSS, e-views etc.

4. Results & Discussion

This section presents and discusses the data analysis results used in an undergraduate research work, the results of each analysis is being summarized, tabulated, and then discussed for each research question.  Then for each research hypothesis, the statistical test of significance selected and applied to the data is briefly described, followed by a statement indicating whether the hypothesis was supported or not supported.  In presenting the result analyses/summary in an undergraduate project tables and figures and or graph are used to add clarity to the presentation.

5. Summary, Conclusions And Recommendations

This section summarizes the findings of the study in an easy to understand manner.  It also explains the practical implications of those findings, and points to recommended directions for future research in that area.


This is where every source cited in the undergraduate research work is being included. Every undergraduate research work must be properly referenced for its authenticity.



Samuel Obiora Blessed is the CEO and founder of Samphina Academy ( a.k.a Nigeria Students Media, the youngest engineering graduate of Federal Polytechnic Nekede in 2017 and the engine brain behind this great platform. He is the man behind the scene, filled with many potentials, a musician as well as a pro developer with the interest of Nigerian students at heart.

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