Effects Of Non-Use Of Instructional Materials In The Teaching Of English Language In Secondary Schools In Owerri West Local Government Area Of Imo State

Project and Seminar Material for English Education

Effects Of Non-Use Of Instructional Materials In The Teaching Of English Language In Secondary Schools In Owerri West Local Government Area Of Imo State


Abstract


This study investigated the Effects of Non-use of Instructional Materials in the Teaching of English Language (A Case Study of Owerri West Local Government Area of Imo State). Three research questions were formulated for the study. 78 participants took part in the study. A questionnaire was used to ex-ray the effects of non-use of instructional materials in teaching English Language in secondary schools. The questionnaires was used for data analysis. Findings showed that non-use of instructional materials has adverse effects on the study of English Language. Findings showed that students taught with instructional materials performed better than students taught without instructional materials. Based on the findings, some recommendations were made that school authorities should make efforts to make instructional materials available in schools for the teaching of English Language and compel teachers to use these materials for teaching English Language.


Table of Contents


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title Page
  • Approval Page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of Contents

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Purpose of the Study
  • 1.4 Significance of the Study
  • 1.5 Scope of the Study and Delimitation
  • 1.6 Research Questions

Chapter Two

Review of Related Literature

  • 2.1 Concepts of Instructional Materials
  • 2.2 Availability and Utilization of Instructional Materials
  • 2.3 Classes of Instructional Materials
  • 2.4 Non-Usage of Instructional Materials
  • 2.5 Ways of Improving the use of Instructional Materials
  • 2.6 Summary of the Chapter

Chapter Three

3.0 Methodology

  • 3.1 Design of the Study
  • 3.2 Area of the Study
  • 3.3 Population of the Study
  • 3.4 Sample and Sampling Techniques
  • 3.5 Instrument for Data Collection
  • 3.6 Validation of the Instruments
  • 3.7 Reliability of the Instrument
  • 3.8 Method of Data Analysis

Chapter Four

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Research Question One
  • 4.2 Research Question Two
  • 4.3 Research Question Three
  • 4.4 Summary of Data Result

Chapter Five

Summary of Findings, Conclusion and Recommendations

  • 5.1 Summary of the Studies
  • 5.2 Educational Implication of the Study
  • 5.3 Recommendations
  • 5.4 Limitation of the Study
  • 5.5 Summary of the Studies
  • References
  • Appendix

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The vital role education plays in the life of an individual child cannot be overemphasized. Early secondary school education should be simplified, properly organized and channeled towards the achievement of life long education. This means that knowledgeable teachers using the necessary instructional materials are used by classroom teacher to make concepts or idea clearer to the students. These instructional materials can be classified into facilities such as building, workshops, machines, radio, television sets and projectors. Some examples of classroom teaching aids includes: the chalkboard, the clock and some improvised materials.

In the use of instructional materials in making learning effective among secondary school students is what one cannot overemphasize. The use of instructional materials in teaching at the secondary school level makes learning real. They help the students to learn with real situations that are acceptable. This is because, these materials are observable and within the reach of the learners who could use them to rehearse or practice what they are taught.
When teaching subjects that have some practical aspects, the use of instructional materials is important for example during demonstration in the course of teaching practical projects in the workshops, students will understand what is being done if materials used for demonstration are well known by the students. This means that instructional materials in teaching voice production in English Language and also when teaching electricity or electronics are very essential. In all cases however, it is important to note that students should a have good access to these instructional materials so that they can fully understand their relevance to the subject matter they are learning.

The reason for attempting these experiences in this research project come from personal experience and for the fact that teachers are not used to instructional materials for teaching English Language. The use of instructional materials for teaching other subjects like Mathematics, Physics, Geography etc have been researched on and explained but not in the teaching of English Language. It becomes necessary, therefore to investigate the effects of use of instructional materials in teaching English Language as a second language.


1.2 Statement of the Problems

The absence of non-use of the instructional materials in the teaching of English Language has so much affected the teaching and learning of the language. The students do not have good mastery of the language. The outcome is poor performance in both spoken and written work. One of the researcher’s personal experiences during her practical teaching exercise comes into play. During the exercise, it was observed that English Language teachers did not reach with instructional materials and most of the students studying English Language never felt happy whenever the teacher entered the class, with the result that some of them moved out of the class for one reason or the other. The researcher wondered whether it was because of non-use of instructional materials in the teaching of English Language in these classes that have made the students to loose interest in the subject. The researcher decided to carryout the research on the effects of non-use of instructional materials in teaching English Language in the secondary schools in the Owerri West local government area with hope of filling the gap created by this faulty approach.


1.3 Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study is to investigate into the effects of non-use of instructional materials in the teaching of English Language in secondary schools in Owerri West local government of Imo State. The purpose of this study is:

  1. To specifically identify if the non-use of instructional materials affect the students oral English.
  2. To identify the level of performance in English Language in the absence of the use of instructional materials.
  3. To determine the attitude of students towards the use of instructional materials in the teaching of English Language.
  4. To find out if teachers make adequate use of instructional materials in their teaching.

1.4 Significance of the Study

Since progression is the yardstick for measuring academic excellence, the students when well taught will excel in English Language examinations and other examinations which of course are written in English Language.

This will create better chance to further their education in institutions of higher learning. This will equally help to make teaching easier for the teachers. This is because the students will now pay attention and learn easily. In any school where students are known to have good command of English Language, that school is normally respected.
Venturing into such school is always very competitive and rewarding. This will equally help the educational authorities who recommend texts and give rules and regulations to know what to do.


1.5 Scope of the Study and Delimitation

The delimitation of this work is to examine the effects of non-use of instructional materials in teaching English Language (as a second language) in Owerri West local government area of Imo State. The secondary schools involved are:

  1. Ihiagwa Comprehensive School.
  2. Nekede Comprehensive School
  3. Emeabiam Comprehensive Secondary School
  4. Bishop Lasbrey Secondary School Irete

All in Owerri West local government .


1.6 Research Questions

  1. Does non-use of instructional materials affect students in their spoken oral or conversational English?
  2. Does non-use of instructional materials affect students in their level of performance in English Language?
  3. Does non-use of instructional materials affects students performance in certificate examination in English Language?

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Effects Of Non-Use Of Instructional Materials In The Teaching Of English Language In Secondary Schools In Owerri West Local Government Area Of Imo State

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