Effects Of Mobile Phone Usage On Academic Performance Of Students

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Effects Of Mobile Phone Usage On Academic Performance Of Students


Abstract


This research work was aimed at finding out the Effects of Mobile Phone Usage on Academic Performance of Students in Lagos State. Kosofe Local Government of the state was the focus and the practical investigation used two secondary schools in the LGA as a case study. 200 questionnaires were drawn up/drafted for the students and teachers. The investigation was empirical. Teachers and students were sampled in the study. It was discovered that the use of mobile phones constituted a distraction to students and have negatively effectively affected their academic performance. It is essential to develop a curriculum that is inclusive of strategies of coping with mobile phone usage without impairing academic performance.


Chapter One


1.0 Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

The performance of secondary school students in their studies has been poor. Performance of a student often depends on how serious he is with his studies. And this may not be unconnected with the student’s possession of mobile phones, among other distracting factors.

Academic achievement is the outcome of education the extent to which a student, teacher or institution has achieved their educational goals, academic performance is the ability to study and remember facts and being able to communicate your knowledge verbally or on paper or its how students deal with their studies and how they copy with or accomplish different tasks given to them by their teachers.

A mobile phone (also called mobile cellular telephone, or cell) is an electronic device used for two-way radio telecommunication over a cellular network of base stations known as cell sites. The origin of mobile phones can be traced back to the late forties (1940s). The concept of the mobile phone was developed from the innovation of a radio used in a taxicab, police-cabs, ambulances and other vehicles that used two-way radio to communicate with one another or a main headquarters. In 1960’s mobile phone technology was available, but the ‘catch’ was that the mobile user had to stay within a certain broadcast area.

We are now in the third generation mobile phone which we can use our phones to do many things, for example: text messaging, internet and making calls any wherein the world. Mobile phones have changed the way we live our lives and to many the prospect of a world without voice calling, text messaging and mobile internet access is an unsetting one.

According to Shreiner (2012) cell phones present new opportunities and challenges for students. Along with their books and school supplies, many students make their trip to school with their mobile phone. The presence of cell phone provides a host of options and challenges for today’s students.

Mobile phones can be a helpful academic tool, or a hurtful academic disruption depending upon the attitude and use pattern of the student owner.


1.2 Statement Of The Problem

In the recent past, it has been observed that there has been a serious decline in academic performance of students in the senior secondary school external examinations. The trend affects the teachers as well as parents who bear the financial responsibilities of the students. Part of the blame (for poor performance) has been laid on the door of mobile phone usage. There are a number of negative and unhealthy impacts and effects of mobile phone on students’ performance. According to Ansari (2004), these include the wastage of time and money, its vibration and use may be harmful to health.

With cell phones, cheating has turned high. Students can text answers to tests, take pictures of tests or search the internet for answers. Despite rules about cell phones, students still use them during school hour . Some teachers give zero to any student caught with a phone during an examination. According to (Watson 2006), many assume that the students are cheating if they have cell phone during a test.

In view of this, stakeholders in education are worried by the danger that the poor performance of students poses. Indeed, they are concerned that the future of this great nation is at stake. This study will, therefore; investigate the effects of mobile phone usage on academic performance of secondary school students in Kosofe L.G.A of Lagos State.


1.3 Purpose Of The Study

The purpose of studying the effects of mobile phone usage on stakeholders in education specifically, they study will try.

  1. To determine the extent to which mobile phone usage in the classroom affects students’ academic performance.
  2. To identify the effect of mobile phone on students learning
  3. To examine the gender differences in the use of mobile phone.

1.4 Research Questions

The study is meant to answer the following research questions:

  1. How far can mobile phone usage affect students’ academic performance?
  2. To what extent does the use of mobile phone affect students’ learning?
  3. In what way does gender affect the use of mobile phone?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

  1. Students’ academic performance is not significantly related to mobile phone usage.
  2. There is no significant relationship between students’ use of mobile phones and their learning.
  3. There will be no significant gender difference in students’ use of mobile phone.

1.6 Significance Of The Study

Improved academic performance has a tremendous value on educational system of any nation. This research would therefore be of great assistance to educational administrators, students and parents as well. The findings of this study would be of value in the sense that it would:

  1. Foster restricting of mobile phones due to its effects on their academic performance.
  2. Enable parents to be informed on the consequences of mobile phones during school hour.
  3. Enable students to understand how mobile technology can be used for learning.
  4. Clear the doubts of the government about the ban of mobile phones use among secondary school students.

1.7 Limitation Of Study

The study was constrained by time, finance and mobility. The study covered only four secondary schools in Kosofe local Government Area of Lagos State.


1.8 Definition Of Terms

Academic performance:

Is the outcome of education — the extent to which a student, teacher or institution has achieved their educational goals.

Mobile phone:

This is a telephone that does not have wires and works by radio that people carry about and use everywhere.

Learning:

This is the acquisition of knowledge.

Information and communication Technology (ICT):

It refers to the set of tools that students use to process and communicate data.


1.9 Delimitation/Scope Of The Study

The scope of the study covered some randomly selected students and teachers of two schools within Kosofe Local Government Area.

These include:

  1. Muslim High School Oworonshoki
  2. Ogudu grammar school, Ojota

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion And Recommendation

5.1 Summary of the Principal Findings

This study focused on the impact of mobile phones on the performance of secondary schools students’ in Kosofe Local Government Area, State of Lagos, Nigeria. However, the following findings were made from the study:

  1. Ninety Seven 97 (%) of the secondary school students have access to mobile phones either through their parents, friends or personal.
  2. The performance of the secondary schools students is not significantly affected by their access to mobile phones.
  3. There was no significant difference in the performance of both private and public secondary schools students.

5.2 Conclusion

In conclusion, mobile phones which are in different types/models each for specific tasks/functions are essential gadgets possessed by an average school student. This concluded research has strongly showed there was no vast influence on students’ academic performance in the secondary schools.


5.4 Recommendations

Based on the findings of this work, the following recommendations were formulated:

  1. Secondary school students need to be re-orientated on the need to set their priorities right. This drive towards reorientation must be championed by the school management in conjunction with the parents/guardians of the students. While the usage of mobile phones by students cannot be outlawed drastically, they need to be continuously informed on the positive and negative effects of their usage and of the problems deriving from the over-dependency and unregulated use of their mobile phones.
  2. Similarly, the school management must be more alive to their responsibilities by ensuring conformity to the school laid down rules and regulations on student’s use of mobile phone device during class session.

Effects Of Mobile Phone Usage On Academic Performance Of Students


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Frequently Asked Questions


Do mobile phones affect students’ performance?

Part of the blame (for poor performance) has been laid on the door of mobile phone usage. There are a number of negative and unhealthy impacts and effects of mobile phone on students’ performance. According to Ansari (2004), these include the wastage of time and money, its vibration and use may be harmful to health.

Do students use cell phones in the classroom?

With the widespread ownership of cell phones among students, cell phone usage in the classroom is probable. Of the students who own cell phones, Froese and colleagues (2012) found that 75% have their cell phones with them in every class period.

Do mobile phones have a positive or negative impact on society?

The use of mobile phones has increased so significantly that it has become o ne of the most dominant influences on society in current times. The study seeks to determine how often students use their phones in the classroom.

How many secondary school students have access to mobile phones?

Ninety Seven 97 (%) of the secondary school students have access to mobile phones either through their parents, friends or personal. 2. The performance of the secondary schools students is not significantly affected by their access to mobile phones. 

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