Effects Of Information And Communication Technology (ICT) On Academic Performance Of Students In Lagos State University

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Effects Of Information And Communication Technology (ICT) On Academic Performance Of Students In Lagos State University


Abstract


The research project was conducted to assess the effects of Information and communication Technology (ICT) on academic performance of students in Lagos State University.

The study among others, examine students competency skill in handling (ICT) facilities in schools for academic excellence.

The instrument used in carrying out this study is an itemized questionnaire which is used to elicit information from Students and their view on Impact of (ICT) on academic performance of students. Three hypothesis was constructed and ten itemized questions was drawn against each hypothesis which make it 30 itemized questions in all.

The effect of (ICT) on academic performance of students in LASU. The target population is made up of all the students in Lagos State University but due to inconveniences of large population of study. The population of the study comprised of two hundred and forty (240) students. The data collected from this study was analyzed and interpret by using chi-square computation analysis.

Research instruments include:

  1. Test of students gender Attitude Towards ICTs (TSGAICT)
  2. Questionnaire on students ICTs Acquired Skills (QSICTAS)
  3. Questionnaire on ICTs Resources Available of students (QICTRAS)

Base on the researcher findings, when the questionnaires were administered. The study revealed that there is strong relationship between (ICT) facilities and academic performance of students in LASU.

And the recommendation by the researcher, if implemented would help to improve the standard of education in Lagos State.


Table Of Content


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of content

Chapter One

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background to the study
  • 1.2 Purpose of the Study
  • 1.3 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.4 Significance of the Study
  • 1.5 Research Hypotheses
  • 1.6 Scope of the Study
  • 1.7 Operational definition of terms

Chapter Two

Review Of Related Literature

  • 2.1 Theoretical framework
  • 2.2 Review of related literature
  • 2.3 Meaning of Information and Communication Technology. (ICT)
  • 2.4 Role of Information and Communication Technology
  • 2.5 Teleconference
  • 2.6 Nigerian Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Policies
  • 2.7 Current ICT Initiatives and Projects
  • 2.8 Telecommunication in Nigeria
  • 2.9 Impact of ICT and Academic Performance of students in schools
  • 2.10 ICT Training Programmes among students and how it enhance academic performance in schools.
  • 2.11 ICT resources support available in schools information and Communication Technology ICT in primary education
  • 2.12 Information and Communication Technology ICT in Secondary School level Education
  • 2.13 Information and Communication Technology ICT In Tertiary level Education
  • 2.14 Information and Communication Technology ICT in Lagos State University
  • 2.15 The Challenges and Benefits of ICT in Tertiary Education in Nigeria
  • 2.16 Information and Communication Technology (ICT) benefits for Nigeria Tertiary Institutions

Chapter Three

Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample and Sampling procedure
  • 3.4 Variables in the Study
  • 3.5 Research instruments
  • 3.6 Validity of the Instrument
  • 3.7 Reliability of the Instrument
  • 3.8 Procedure for the Study
  • 3.9 Data Analysis

Chapter Four

Result of Findings

  • 4.1 Discussion of Result
  • 4.2 Questionnaire Analysis

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Discussion, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary of findings and discussions
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • Appendix (Questionnaire)

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background To The Study

The effects of information and communication ICT on academic performance of students in higher education programmes has been topic of a good deal of debate. This is because information and communication Technology ICT has become key tools and had a revolutionary impact of how we see the world and how we live in it.

This phenomenon has given origin to the contemporary and advances in our ways of life. There is drastic improvement on how students and lecturers explore benefits from information and Communication Technologies ICTs opportunities academic research, teaching and learning.

Information and communication technology ICT is the technology that ahs made positive impact in information generation, storage, retrieval and transmission or communication. Adeyinka, (1999). According to Adeya (2005), information and Communication Technologies ICTs cover internet services provision, telecommunications equipments and services, information technology equipment and services, media and broadcasting, libraries and documentation centres, commercial information providers, network based information services and other related information and communication activities.

Higher education is approaching the point at which information and communication Technology (ICT), plays a part in nearly all phases of the educational process. Every institutions higher learning uses computers in their educational programmed and Lagos State University is not exempted. Today such issues like Global Mobile System of Communication (GSM), digitalization of information such as texts, numbers and sound are commonly used. They have inevitably become part of the information society and have encouraged easy access to data, records and information and above all made transmission of information among individuals million of miles always possible and less cumbersome.

However, the real challenge of information and communication is not the development of technology, but how to apply and use it for academic. Chukuwunonso (2004) is of the opinion that technology is developing faster than our ability to adopt it. The greatest difficulty is getting people to change.

John (1999) posits that Information Technology IT policies have been inconsistently developed or are lacking in many instances in higher institutions. According to him, where they exist, institutions have implemented policies regarding the sue of computers in educational programs unevenly.

Oyediran (2004) carried out surveys on awareness and adoption of information and communication Technology (ICT) by educators in Nigeria”. It reveals that capacity development of the educators and ICT facilities that can integrate IT culture into educational system of undergraduates have been taken for granted.

Nwaboku, (2002) notes that the present state (Teacher chalk—Board Method) is highly pathetic bearing in mind the obvious capacity of the computer and ICT such as that it ensues creative and independent learning, immediate feedback and the provision of unparallel interaction. The various technologies such as the slide projector, computers laptops, internets, world wide web and so on have been promoted over last 100 years to revolutionize education. But the problems is that, are these ICT facilities reality available in Nigerian schools. It can also be examine that to what extent is the students knowledge of technical know how (skill) support use of information and communication technology for academic solutions in schools.

The evidence is clear that there are many problems with the current academic system. The fact of matter is that Nigeria tertiary intuitions instructional methods have not changed over the last 50 years. Chukwunonso (2004) in the long run, the effectiveness of these ICT and new digital tools will be dependent on the way in which ICT policies are evaluated and implemented.


1.2 Purpose Of The Study

In a complex society like Nigeria, we recognize that several factors affects the academic performance of students in their various academic purist of higher institutions. For that reason, the purpose of this study is not is not to look in to such factors but to discuss information communication technology in relation to students education performance and relate it to sustainable development of education in Lagos State university.

Nellie (2001) suggests a follow –up of new innovations of informational and communication technology ICT trends, points to the fact that the educational system cannot shy away from the application of computers for instruction purposes in its entire ramification but these facilities are not readily available.

This research study intends to:

  1. Examine the availability of information and communication technologies ICTs facilities for students usage in schools.
  2. Examines the pedagogical usage of ICTs
  3. Examine the concept of information and communication technologies ICT and its relevance to education.
  4. Examine student’s competency skills in handling ICT facilities in schools fro academic excellence.
  5. To examine the impact of government on policy and provision of ICTs resources and facilities in schools

1.3 Statement Of The Problem

The research will examined students’ usage of computer and internet facilities for pedagogy of study at the tertiary levels, specifically, the work will take cognizance of the effects of information and communication technology ICT resources support availability, competence skills level of students and lecturers for information and communications technology exploration, students of Lagos State University attitudes about ICTs and the importance of use of computer for research purposes in schools.

It is also a great concern of this research project to address the above problems from the following viewpoints.

The problem to this research project is that, effects of information and communication technology (ICT) on academic performance of students in Lagos State University have not been examine. Also, it is also of great concern of this research to ascertain benefits students of Lagos State University get from ICTs facilities for academic excellence.


1.4 Significance Of The Study

The result of this research study will enable individual students, lecturers and government to discover the impact of information and Communication Technology in sourcing for information improving academic performance and shaping workforce opportunities.

It is also believed that the findings f this study will be of interest to the policy maker, curriculum developers, corporate bodies, students lecturers and the general masses who are continuous searching for how to explore ICTs services facilities for society development. This finding can also be of benefits to anyone as source of innovative ideas.


1.5 Research Hypotheses

For the purpose of this research, the following null hypothesis will be postulated and tested.

Ho1: There is no significant difference between students gender attitude towards ICTs and academic performance of students in higher institution.

Ho2: There is no significant difference between students (ICTs) skills and academic performance of student in higher institution

Ho3: There is no significant difference between effects of ICTs resources available and academic performance of students in higher institutions.


1.6 Scope Of The Study

This research study focuses mainly on the effects of information and communication Technology and the academic performance of students. The study will be limited to Lagos State University.

Also, the issue of time, finance and logistic will affects effective investigation, as the project has to be submitted within a particular time frame.


1.7 Operational Definition Of Terms

Academic:

It implies things connected with education, especially studying in schools and universities. It involves a lot of reading and studying, rather than practical or technical skills.

Performance:

How ell or badly you do something. For example: High performance. The new management of the school aim to improve students academic performance.

Effect:

A change that something or somebody causes

ICT:

Information and communication technology means the study or use of electronic equipment such as computers internet, Facebook, cell-phone e.t.c for storing, acquiring and analyzing information

Computer:

An electronic machine that can store, organize and find information, do calculation and control other machine.

The internet:

An international computer network connecting ether network and computers from companies, universities, countries, government, broadcasting stations etc.

Server:

A computer programme that controls or supplies information to several computers connected in a network.

The world wide web:

A system for finding information on the (www) internet, in which document are connected to other documents using hypertext links

Cell Phone:

It is a digital computerized wireless phone used to communicate between two individuals. It can store, retrieve and send information;

G.S.M:

Global Mobile System of Communication.


Chapter Five


5.0 Summary, Discussion, Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1 Summary of Findings and Discussion

In chapter one, the basic concern of this research was discussed which is to ascertain effects and benefits that students get from ICTs facilities for academic excellence. In addition, to examine that, to what extent is the students knowledge of technical know how on ICTs skill support use of information and communication technology for academic solutions in Tertiary institutions.

Nellie (2001) suggested a follow –up of new innovations of information and communication Technology ICTs trends, point to the fact that educational system can not shy away from the application of computers for educational purpose.

The background to the study was discussed. Purpose of the study, statement of the problem to the research were also mentioned. The evidence is clear that there are many problems with current academic system; the fact of the matter is that Nigerian tertiary institutions instructional methods have not changed over the last 5o years (Chukwuonso 2004).

The problems of ICTs in education is not about new information and communication technology equipment invention but it is all about how to make effective usage for academic purposes. Chukwnonso (2004) is of the opinion that technology is developing faster than our ability to adopt it.

In chapter two, review of related literature on effects of ICTs on academic performance of students in Lagos State University was reviewed. Today, the whole world has become a global village through Information Technology and this has great impact either positively or negatively on standard of education Fafunwa, (1974) in Lasisi (2005) observed that we are living in a world where science and Technology have become an integral part of the world culture and any country that overlooks this significant development does so at its own peril.

Role of information and communication Technology ICTs in Education has made a shift to occure in teacher oriented arrangement of learning process towards more students oriented learning arrangement. According to Tahiru (2008) it is assumed that a shift from teacher oriented arrangement of the learning process toward more student – oriented arrangement can be facilitated by ICT. These ICTs programmes in Education includes Teleconference (Video conference, Audio conference, computer conferencing multi-media, distance learning, on line or E-learning.

This aspect of the search work talk about practical usage of ICTs students, concept of ICTs and its relevance to education, availability of ICTs facilities for students usage in schools and impact of government on policy and provision of ICTs resources and facilities in schools.

Chapter three presents the methodology for the study, various aspects of research methods which was employed in the study. For the research work, research designed adopted is descriptive research design specifically, the study is an ex/post facto research. Population of the study comprises of all full time undergraduate students of Lagos state University. Sample and Sampling procedure adopted random sampling technique which comprised of 240 undergraduate students randomly selected by having 30 students as sample each across 8 faculties. Research instrument were developed validated and use for the study which is itemized questionnaire. Data collected was analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Descriptive statistics of frequency count, percentage, and chi square.

Chapter four present analyses of data and presentation of results. It describes how the raw scores from responses of students to the questionnaire were collected, collated and subjected to statistical analysis. Respondent distribution according to faculty was collated and calculated. Secondly respondents distribution on sex was calculated which shows that female has 56:25% while male has 43:75% that shows that female has higher participation in the research more than male. Followed by Age distribution of respondents that were also collated and calculated statistically.

This chapter shows the analysis and calculation of the three stated null hypothesis. These null hypothesis were tested.

The first hypothesis stated that there is no significant difference between student gender attitude toward ICTs and academic performance of students in higher institution.

To test the null hypothesis, a chi-square statistical analysis was conducted on the data collected. The X2 calculated (28.40) was grater than the X2 t (16.92) at 0.05 level of significance and 9 degree of freedom. The result did not substantiate the null hypothesis. The null hypothesis was rejected due to the outcome of the analysis. It implies that there is a significant difference between students gender attitude towards ICTs and academic performance of students in higher institution.

The second hypothesis says that there is no significant difference between students ICTs skills and academic performance of students in Lagos State University.

To test the null hypothesis, a chi-square statistical analysis was conducted on the data collected. 240 respondents were sample from amongst the undergraduate students. The data sustained at the end of analysis failed to substantiate the position of the null hypothesis. A difference was observed in the X2 cal and X2tab, as the X2cal (26.01) was greater than the X2tab (16.92). This outcome disproves the position of the null hypothesis. This implies that. There is a significant difference between students ICTs skills and academic performance of students in Lagos State University.

The third hypothesis says that there is no significant difference between the effects of ICT and academic performance of students in higher institution. In order to test this null hypothesis, chi-square analysis was carried out. The collected data were sued for statistics calculation. Result obtained could not substantiate the null hypothesis. It was observed that X2cal (63.71) was greater than X2t (16.92) at 0.05 level of significance and 9 degree of freedom it implies that.

There is a significant difference between the effects of ICT and students academic performance.


5.2 Conclusion

It is the opinion of the researcher that effects of Information and Communication Technology ICTs on academic performance of students in higher education is an important topic that is relevant today. This is because ICTs has become key tools and has a revolutionary impact of how the whole world would have now become a global village which education sector is not an exception.

There is a strong difference between student gender attitude towards ICTs and academic performance of students in higher institutions precisely in Lagos State University. In this research, it has been found of that male undergraduate students make use of ICTs effectively for academic pursuit than their female counterparts. Though female participated much in the research work. My opinion is that both male and female undergraduates should be encouraged in effective usage of ICTs facilities. Nellie (2001) suggested a follow-up of new innovations of Information and Communication Technology ICT trends, he point to the fact that the educational system can not shy away from the application of computers for instructional purposes but these facilities are not readily available.

More so, it has also been gathered that there is a significant difference between students ICTs skills and academic performance of students in Lagos State university. The researcher is of the opinion that someone can not give what you don’t have. In this sense ICTs skills is very paramount for students so they can get the best from effective use of ICT. Researcher have shown that this growth in ICTs does not correspond with usage because of lack of students ICTs skills, Galbreath (2000) is of the opinion that rapid development of ICTs has transformed human society from information technology age to the knowledge age so students must develop their skills and knowledge age so students must develop their skills and knowledge in terms of ICTs usage.

The researcher also found that there is a significant difference between the effects of ICTs and students academic performance. According to Bates (1999) suggested that introduction of ICTs and network education will mean thorough examination of the core practices of the system, delivery of material and assessment of students. Teaching and learning has taken advantage of Information and Communication technology ICT in proving functional rather than superficial information with advent of ICTs, distance education has assumed a new dimension, this has improved the quality of educational output.


5.3 Recommendations

  1. The effects of information and communication Technology can not be negated as far as high standard of Education is concerned. This issue has two sides because there is positive aspects and negative aspects. As far as this research work is concerned we see it from this positive aspects of effects of information and Communication Technology on academic performance of students. For instance the downloading of textbooks from the inter-nets, students / Lecturer working on their personal Laptops and typing of students research project with computer every year. In the other way, cell phone and computer can be used for listening to music, watching movies, and pornographic materials that can distract students from concentrating on their academic studies. Both parents and Lecturers have greater role to play in correcting this menace that comes along with computers and ICT inventions
  2. Government should do more to subsidies the prices of ICTs equipment and facilities for the masses so it can be affordable for the poor masses. More information centres and cyber café should be built in our higher institutions and those that have been built should be accessible by students and properly maintained by school authority and students.
  3. In Addition, Government and policy maker in Education sector must be ready to change our system, of teaching and learning to digitalize one like those found in other developed countries of the world. The Nigerian Education system is too based on certificate idea you have(until this is gradually changed we would not record drastic change in the Education sector.
  4. Both male and female should be groom in computer courses form primary, secondary and university respectively. By this the required skills would have been acquired at higher level. The effects of ICTs on academic performance of students are environment but it can only be tap by self development.

Effects Of Information And Communication Technology (ICT) On Academic Performance Of Students In Lagos State University


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