The Causes And Effects Of Human Trafficking Among Our Women In The Society: A Case Study Of Oredo Local Government Area Of Edo State

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The Causes And Effects Of Human Trafficking Among Our Women In The Society: A Case Study Of Oredo Local Government Area Of Edo State


Abstract


This project work is carried out to investigate the causes and effect of human trafficking among our youths in the society, using OREDO Local Government Area of Edo State as a caser study. The need for the study arises because of the alarming rate of increase of human trafficking among the youths in the area under investigation. From the analysis, it was found that human trafficking brings about total moral breakdown in peaceful marriages or home, human trafficking terminates academic careers and also brings poor national image or poor reputation of the state. The objectives of this study is to alleviate human trafficking or abolish human trafficking from the entire members of the state. The researcher therefore, recommend that there should be the awareness of sex education in all schools, the use of mass media for proper enlightenment to parents and youths. Teaching of moral or religious training in schools should be mandatory in the school curriculum, as these can help in solving the problems. Government and non government agents should educated the entire members of the state on the dangers of human trafficking include it into the school curriculum.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

Human trafficking as presently practiced is a recent addiction to the dictionary of global woes. Though rampant globally, corruption varies from region to region and country to country in its intensity. Human trafficking in contrasts tends to be systematic in its occurrence especially that its span increases as the globalization process intensifies. Though previously existence in forms such as prostitution, child contemporary human trafficking is an organized business. Women and children have been the victims of human trafficking for thousand of years.

This practice, going on throughout the centuries, finally became a political issue in the early 1900s. In 1902 the international agreement for the suppression of the while slave traffic was drafted out. Its purpose was to prevent the procreation of women and children for immoral purposes by (Asem, 2001). With the problem of human trafficking still growing in the middle of the country, the United Nations felt it is necessary to address the problem. This was done by the 1949 convention for the suppression of the traffic in person and of the exploitation of the prostitution of other which was retired by 49 countries around the world. The occurrence of human trafficking is not decreasing, million of women, men and children are still being kidnapped and transported from their homes, some are even sold by their families for meager amounts of money.

There are a number of common pattern for human trafficking around the world in many places, particularly developing nations, men and women are lured into good job in another country. Having no better option in his or her home country, they decided to move away unaware of the torture that lies ahead (Amnesty international 2004). Besides being lured with promises of a good job, there are other situation in which women receive false marriage proposals from men who plan to sell them into bondage. There are also instances when young girls are sold into the sex trade by their parents who are trying to earn some money.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The statement of this problem is to know what causes human trafficking in Nigeria one also to know their effect of human trafficking in Oredo Local Government Area to provide a suitable recommendation on the causes and effect of human trafficking in Nigeria in order to improve the standard of our economy and the people in the country. One of the major causes of human trafficking is poverty and economic constraints, in this area, the government must be able to provide jobs for the people and also to improve the standard of our economy, if the government can be able to do this, the rate of human trafficking will be reduced to its minimum level.


1.3 Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study include the causes and effect of human trafficking in Nigeria and to proffer a possible recommendations to this problem in OREDO Local Government Area of Edo State for the people in the society to live a better standard of living in the country, and when there is a solution to this problem, our economy will improve faster or rapidly and create employment for people. For this purpose to be achieved in Egor, the government must be able to enforce laws and provide a suitable solutions to the causes and effect of human trafficking in Nigeria.


1.4 Significance of the Study

The significance of this study is carried out for the people to benefit from the research work which are the government, individuals, students, market women’s, the local government area (Egor) where the research work is being carried out and also the teacher. The significance of this study is carried out in OREDO to proffer a recommendation on the causes and effect of human trafficking in Nigeria.


1.5 Research Questions

The researcher will attempt to test the following questions:

  1. Is poverty and economic constraint a major causes of human trafficking?
  2. Does h9igh illiteracy level bring about high human trafficking?
  3. Does high level of human trafficking hinder development?
  4. Does it bring about frustration among the youth in OREDO Local Government Area of Edo State?
  5. Does human trafficking lead to spread of diseases like HIV/AIDS?

1.6 Scope of the Study

The scope of this study is to know the kind of people that are involved in human trafficking which are the youths, men and women, they are involved in this activities due to poverty, economic constraints, unemployment, lack of education etc. the scope covers the causes and effect of human trafficking among our youths in OREDOLGA of Edo State. Attention would be focused on the actual causes and effects of human trafficking problem as well as eradication of human trafficking will be suggested.


1.7 Definition of Terms

Trafficking:

The term trafficking means the movement of people from one country to another, this could be either women, child or human trafficking for the purpose of earning meager amount of money for their daily living

Human:

This have to do with mankind as opposed to God or animals of persons having the qualities feelings.

Human Trafficking:

This is a process where individual are exploited for financial gains by other persons.


Chapter Five


Summary of Findings, Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1 Summary of Findings

The purpose of this scientific research is to find out the causes and effects of human trafficking in Nigeria and suggest recommendation to help in solving this particular problem.

Ironically, the strength of the Nigeria trafficking networks lies in the element of reporcity between traffickers and victims.

The major causes of human trafficking are poverty. Poverty will always remain the root causes for human to be lured into prostitution, child labour etc. other cause are unemployment, lack of acquisition of meaningful skills, lack of publicity, high level of corruptions, belief that education is a waste of time because of the high rate of unemployment amongst graduates, high demand for cheap labour overseas.

There are also effect that result from human trafficking which are domestic violence, sexual harassment, sexual assault, loss of lives, and poor national image, this are the effect that result from human trafficking.


5.2 Conclusion

This study was done to ascertain or give information to people to know about the problems and the effects of human trafficking such as poverty, unemployment, lack of publicity, high level of corruptions etc and also the effect that results from human trafficking such as poor national image, prostitution etc.

In this case of study, the society must be aware about the causes, effects that result from human trafficking and also know the recommendation or solution of these problems.


5.3 Recommendations

The government should give financial and personal aid to viable NGOs to rehabilitate not only victims of trafficking but also those that are school dropout.

The government should make sure students in tertiary institution of higher learning have an irreplaceable role to play in the campaign because student of today are the leaders and parent of tomorrow. The establishment of chapter of WOTCLET on campuses of tertiary institution is the right step in the right direction and should serve as the awareness ground of the evils of these clandestine activities.

The federal government must ensure free education at all levels in the country, since functional education impact skill that could be deployed in the quest for economical survival; its attainment remains improvement for individual and societal well being. This must be promoted in the task of preventing the menace of human trafficking. There should be aggressive campaign against human trafficking and strict sanctions should be made against the people that are involved and also those that aiding them.

The government should provide job opportunities for the teaming youths because idle minds are the devils workshop. There should be proper inclusive of human trafficking into the school curriculum.


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