Causes And Effect Of Examination Malpractice In Secondary Schools: A Case Study Of Some Selected Secondary Schools In Oredo Local Government Area Of Edo State

Project and Seminar Material for Education

Causes And Effect Of Examination Malpractice In Secondary Schools: A Case Study Of Some Selected Secondary Schools In Oredo Local Government Area Of Edo State


The purpose of this research work is to find out the causes and effect of examination malpractice in secondary school, using some selected Secondary Schools in Oredo Local Government Area as a case study. A total of 70 students and 40 teachers were used on this study. The instrument used for collection of data from them as the questionnaire and records of students who have been punished either by expulsion or warning their class. The generated data were analyzed using simple percentages.

The findings of the study are as following, recommendations are made.

  1. More teachers should be employed so that during examination, the different rooms and hall will have more invigilators.
  2. The teachers should teach the students; about reading skills to enable them develop good reading habits.
  3. The management should endeavour to build more large halls.
  4. Course system should be introduced in secondary school.
  5. The educational system should be restructured to provide for a smooth transition.
  6. Less emphasis should as from now be accorded paper qualifications owners.

Chapter One


1.1 Background of the Study

The well known for being bad occurrence of examination malpractice in Nigeria is similar to sudden start of unpleasant of a social malaise that appears to resist all form of treatment perhaps comparable to disease. There is evidence in the literatures that examination are some of the controversial issues in education today because of their nature, they attract many critics some of these critics think that less emphasis should be placed or laid on examination while others advocated understanding of subject rather than recourse to examination.

Also examinations are known to play very important role in our education system. According to Ojerinde in Oyechere (1996), examination is a formal test of somebody knowledge, skills or ability in a particular subject especially by means of oral or written questions or practical exercise. According to Liman, (1996) examination is a means of testing student’s knowledge and competence. To Abmed (1996) examination is any act of wrongdoing or neglect that contravenes the rules and regulations of acceptable practice before, during and after an examination by any after an examination by any reason. In all countries of the world examination, which are in reality and frequently in name also competitions designed to eliminate the majority of candidate and allocate the remainder to certain known vacancies.

The most important quality of examination is used to determine pass or fail of students or group students in a school. This is necessary because I the opinion of Ahmed history seem to support the views that setting students against one another in trial and competition has always been repeatable means of inviting them zeal. Students who knows that he might fail an examination which will in turn determines his progress or promotion will strive to pass. Examination is also used academically for assigning grades to student’s secondary schools, we find students being places in division one, two and three or distinction credit and respectively determined through an examination. In the universities also, students are stratified into first, second, (Upper and Lower) or third class degree having gone through an examination. These grades are measure of success and prestige students with a division one pass in school certificate examination will be retained by those around him as academically precious, he is also likely to have a place in institutions of higher learning or in job situation with the society easier than a students with a division three pass. All these candidates have combined to influence a student’s attitude to an examination, which always culminates in an urge for success in any particular examination on whether or not he had prepared for it.

Examinations are also used for other functions. According to Senekan (1996) examination is irregularities, which are premeditated and perpetuated by the candidates or their agents with the intension of gaining undue advantage in the examination. They are designed as a basis for licensing. An example according to Senekan is the drilling test no one so far wishes to part a limit to the number of drives on the road or to set motorist completing against to knock out all bet a small pre-determined quantities of top-grade performance. The authorities have every desire to ensure that those who handled cars are capable of doing so with at least a minimum of efficiency. All licensing examination is a means of screening undesirable, so as to make life safer for many of our reads. Results are governed not by an absolute standard and if performance but by the level of competence of the competitions and in the last sort. (Civil Servant) by the number of posts to be filled in the Edo State school system, the students have to fall series of the ought in educational circles and hence the need of this work.

1.2 Statement of the Problem

Examination could be defined as a process of testing knowledge or ability of an individual in question 1 paper, an oral an inquiry into an inspection of some thing account and of one eye questioning by a lawyer in a law court and of a witness.

Onojume (1992) defined examination as all forms of measurement and evaluation tests taken as school arrangement to determine the quality of knowledge or ability possessed by candidates as the attainment or progress towards attainment of desired learning goal. While shorter oxford dictionary defined malpractice as illegal action by which a person seeks benefits while in position of trust, also malpractice is wrong or illegal behaviour while in a profession or job, thus examination malpractice could be defined as a process whereby students cheat in examination hall, in order to gain what they want, they could cheat by writing in piece of paper, writing in palm or any other part of their illegal way of writing examination.

1.3 Research Questions

  1. What are the effect of examination malpractice
  2. Why do student engage in examination malpractice.
  3. What methods do the students use in carrying out the examination malpractice?

1.4 Purpose of Study

The purpose of this study is to find out the causes of examination malpractice in secondary schools especially, secondary schools in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State, Benin City, various methods employed by students as well as the roles by teachers, parents, secondary school authorities and the society at large.

1.5 Significance of the Study

It is of great importance to note that at the completion of this research work, various secondary schools, communities, towns, state and Nigeria in general will find the result of this research work to be beneficial to a great extent, this research work would play an essential role in the standard of education and in the task of economic growth and development. The result from this research work will also provide an ample opportunity for parents to be aware of what role they must play in order to prevent their children from being engaged in examination malpractice.

The significant of this study is to reveal the depth at which examination malpractice or misconduct have eaten deep into the fabric of our secondary schools (most especially in Edo State), to discover the forms, causes, effect and permanent cure or permanent solution to the problem of causes and effect of examination misconduct or malpractice. Also students been enlighten will then preserve the norms and value of the society and the ethics of examination.

1.6 Scope of Study

This study is limited to some teachers and students of secondary schools in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State, Benin City. And the research is to examine the causes of examination malpractice between male and female students, the role played by teachers and other non-academic staff as typist, messengers. The serious effect of examination malpractice in the secondary schools will be highlighted while ways of reducing it or totally eliminating it will also be suggested.

1.7 Definition of Terms


A formal written, spoken or practical test, especially at school or college, to see how much you know about a subject or what you can do.


Careless, wrong or illegal behaviour while in a professional job.


A result of something that happened


The importance of something, especially when this has an effect on what happens in the future.


To trick or deceive somebody, especially when they trust you.


It is the gradual growth to be more advanced.


To do something that is completely necessary, extremely important in a particular situation or for a particular activity.


Lasting for a long time or for all time in the future existing all the time.


The person or thing that makes something happen.


Moral principles that control or influence a person’s behaviour.

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary Conclusion and Recommendation

The following are the objectives of this study:

  1. To examine the causes of examination malpractice in secondary schools in Oredo Local Government of Edo State.
  2. To examine the effects of examination malpractice in secondary schools in Oredo Local Government of Edo State.
  3. To identify the solutions to the issues of examination malpractice in secondary schools in Oredo Local Government of Edo State.

5.1 Summary of Findings

  1. Examination malpractices has significant effect on the academic performance of secondary school students in Oredo local government
  2. Family background, fear of failure and peer group is one among the factors affecting examination malpractices in most secondary schools
  3. The level of infrastructure such as good library, laboratories and other instructional materials helps control examination malpractices
  4. The motivation from teachers, parents or guidance has significant effect on the preparation of students during examination
  5. Examination malpractices has increased overtime in Oredo local government area

5.2 Conclusion

In conclusion from the responses of the respondents and the result of the data analysis of examination malpractices have significant effect on the academic performance of secondary school students in Oredo local government

5.2 Recommendation

Based on the findings, the study made the following recommendations:

  1. There should be a form of encouragement from parents, guidance and teachers so as to motivate students learning and development in academic environment
  2. There should be strict measures taken by the schools, examination board and the examination officer on students involved in examination malpractices
  3. The school management can help prevent examination malpractices by hiring good and experience teachers to mentor the students and prepare them for both internal and external examination
  4. The schools management should urge the state and the federal government of Nigeria toward development and provision of infrastructure in the school environment

Project Material Download

5,000 5000

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…

Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦5,000 to Any of the Account Below

Access Bank PlcAcc No: 0811003731
Samphina Academy
Current Account
Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card

CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($15)
Make Payment of 120 GHS to 0553978005 | Douglas Cloud Osabutey | MTN MoMo

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: Causes And Effect Of Examination Malpractice In Secondary Schools: A Case Study Of Some Selected Secondary Schools In Oredo Local Government Area Of Edo State

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply

  Contact Our Help Desk

Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search

List of Related Works

Click on Any Topic to Preview the Content

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.