The Effects Of Corrupt Practices On The Academic Performance Of Federal Polytechnic Nekede Students (A Case Study Of School Of Business & Management Technology)

Project and Seminar Material for Office Technology and Management OTM

Project and Seminar Material for Office Technology and Management OTM


Abstract


Corruption plaguing the Nigerian society has slowly crept into the polytechnic system. This research work therefore, sought to ascertain the effects of corrupt practices on the academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students. The questionnaire was used as a means of collecting data from the respondents. The population of this study was made up of thirty (30) lecturers in the School of Business and Management Technology, Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Owerri.

A mean score of 2.5 and above was accepted as significant. The result of the findings shows that corrupt practices in the Polytechnic has reached a worrisome level and is greatly affecting students’ academic performance. The study identified Examination malpractice, financial corruption, academic fraud and certificate forgery as some of the corrupt practices prevalent in the institution and which has lead to declining role of the Polytechnic which is impacting the necessary skill and competency into students for them to be relevant to the society. It was recommended that the stakeholders of education; the students, parents, school management and Ministry of education should team-up and curb this menace so as to improve academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students.


Table Of Contents


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Approval page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of content

Chapter One

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of the problem
  • 1.3 Purpose of the study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Significance of the study
  • 1.6 Scope of the study

Chapter Two

Literature Review

  • 2.1 The effects of Examination malpractice on the academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students
  • 2.2 The effects of financial corruption on the academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students
  • 2.3 The effects of academic fraud on the academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students
  • 2.4 The effects of certificate forgery on the academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students
  • 2.5 Summary of literature reviewed

Chapter Three

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Area of the study
  • 3.2 Research design
  • 3.3 Population of the study
  • 3.4 Sample and sampling technique
  • 3.5 Instrument for data collection
  • 3.6 Method of data analysis

Chapter Four

Presentation and Analysis of Data

  • 4.1 Presentation of data
  • 4.2 Analysis of data
  • 4.3 Discussion of findings

Chapter Five

Summary, Conclusion And Recommendations

  • 5.1 Restatement of the problem
  • 5.2 Summary of findings
  • 5.3 Conclusions
  • 5.4 Recommendations
  • 5.5 Suggestions for further research
  • References
  • Appendix
  • Questionnaire

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Every civilized society has its own values and norms and the aim of education is to inculcate these into their young ones. Such values include good character, integrity, honesty, hardwork, and respect for constituted authority, order etc. However, as society changes, these values are not only watered down but corrupt practices of sorts have permeated it and the educational sector is not spared.

According to Tanzi (1996), corrupt practices refer to acts of abuse of diverse forms whereby persons take advantage of their positions, to engage in illegal, dishonest, unwholesome acts while rendering services. It refers to those behaviour or actions that work towards breaking certain moral or social codes of conduct or administrative rules (Lawal, 2006).

It is no longer news that Nigeria is one of the most corrupt countries of the world but the most unfortunate consequence of this is that polytechnic system has not been spared from this corrupting influence since it is a part of the larger society (Eze, 2006). The Polytechnic is looked upon as the ivory Tower, the citadel of learning, producing men and women of integrity, worthy in character and learning.

Unfortunately, the greed, the quest for material possession and rising to the top through cutting corners plaguing the larger society have crept in slowly to this center of dignity. Odunaya & Olujunwon (2010) emphasized that the most the most disheartening of all these is that education is being perpetrated by all cadre of people involved in education sector, viz: the government, lecturers, parents and students.

Corruption in education manifests in different forms, like; examination malpractice, academic fraud, exploitation of students, certificate forgery, outright embezzlement of education funds etc. Due to corruption and unethical practices, the student’s academic performance is going down the drain and the Polytechnic is now seen as producing half-baked graduates.

Ojo and Ofojebe (2008) pointed out that Corruption in education increases transaction costs, reduces the quality and efficiency of service, distort the decision making process, undermines social values and has enormity of effect on the output from the system in the area of productivity and the degree of acceptance in the labour market and educational institution, especially outside the country.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Educational Institutions are industries where future leaders, workers, doctors, lawyers, politicians, teachers, thinkers, e.tc are produced. Corrupt practices are thwarting the noble roles of educational institutions. The effects of corruption on the educational system is too alarming, that instead of education being an agent of purifying the minds of the young ones to become useful members of the society, it is rather diverting their minds away from what education is intended.

The overall academic performance of students in the School of Business and Technology, Federal Polytechnic Nekede, has been adversely affected by corrupt practices in the education sector. It is therefore necessary to find out these effects and proffer solutions to this ugly phenomenon.


1.3 Purpose of the Study

The aim of this study was to find out the effects of corrupt practices on the academic performance of students in the School of Business and Management Technology, Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Owerri.
Specifically, the study sought to:

  1. Identify the effects of examination malpractice on the academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students.
  2. Ascertain the effects of financial corruption on the academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students.
  3. Identify the effects of academic fraud on the academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students.
  4. Ascertain the effects of certificate forgery on the academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students.

1.4 Research Questions

In carrying out this research, the following questions were raised so as to form a guide for the study.

  1. What are the effects of Examination malpractice on the academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students?
  2. What are the effects of financial corruption on the academic performance of Federal polytechnic Nekede students?
  3. What are the effects of academic fraud on the academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students?
  4. What are the effects of certificate forgery on the academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students?

1.5 Significance of the Study

The study is significant in that it is hoped to expose to the ministry of education, the corrupt practices in the education sector and its effects on the academic performance of students.

The Polytechnic community will benefit from the study as it will bring to the notice of the management the corrupt practices prevalent in the institution and prompt the management to put a stop to it.

The students will also benefit from the study as it will aid in tackling the corrupt practices in the institution that has been adversely affecting their academic performance.


1.6 Scope of the Study

The study is limited to the effects of corrupt practices on the academic performance of students in the School of Business and management Technology, Federal polytechnic Nekede, Owerri, Imo state.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion And Recommendation

This chapter presented the summary, conclusion and recommendation for this research work on ‘the effects of corrupt practices on the academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students.

This chapter comprised of restatement of the problem, summary of findings, conclusions, recommendations and suggestions for further research.


5.1 Restatement of the Problem

Many studies carried out on the academic performance of Polytechnic students showed that corruption has crept into the system. Corrupt practices such as examination malpractice, certificate forgery, financial corruption in the Federal Polytechnic Nekede has reached a worrisome level and is really affecting the academic performance of students. It is therefore, necessary to find out these corrupt practices and proffer solutions to ending them.


5.2 Summary of Findings

Information gotten from the literature reviewed and the responses of the respondents to the research questions on the questionnaire revealed that low turnout of students for lectures, mass failure of students in examination, poor reading habit and poor response to training being given are some of the effects of examination malpractice on the academic performance of students. Misappropriation or outright embezzlement of funds meant for educational institutions, poor condition of hostels and lecture halls, bad roads, poor supervision of the academic processes and poor remuneration of lecturers affects teaching and learning in the institution.

The findings further revealed that the academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students are adversely affected by exploitation, failure to cover scheme of work, incompetent teachers, over population in the institution and lack of necessary teaching aids. Corrupt practices reduces the student’s urge to acquire knowledge, drives students to engage in social vices and generally leads to the institution producing half-baked graduates.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, corrupt practices in the education sector is the reason behind the declining role of our polytechnic in equipping students with necessary skills and competencies that will make them relevant to the society. To save the Federal Polytechnic Nekede from this menace and improve academic performance of students, the issue of Examination malpractice, financial corruption, Academic fraud and Certificate forgery should be looked into as these are some of the major corrupt practices challenging the academic performance of students.


5.4 Recommendations

Based on the finding and conclusion of this study, the following recommendations were made:

  1. The school management should look into the corrupt practices prevalent in the institution. There should be a disciplinary committee that will punish defaulters of the school code of conduct. And also grades or positions should be awarded on merit regardless of who is involved.
  2. The ministry of education should provide funds for the rehabilitation and equipping the polytechnic with basic infrastructures and teaching aids, so as to aid in improving teaching and learning in our institutions.
  3. The students on their own part should be encouraged to take their studies seriously and not rely on examination malpractice or certificate forgery to excel. An incentive for best performing student like a scholarship award can be used to achieve this.

5.5 Suggestion for further Research

This research work is not an end itself but a stepping stone for further research. More research should be carried out on the methods to be adopted in combating corruption in Federal Polytechnic Nekede.


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