The Effects Of Corrupt Practices On The Academic Performance Of Federal Polytechnic Nekede Students (A Case Study Of School Of Business & Management Technology)

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Dedication


This project work is dedicated to my beloved parents Mr. and Mrs. Chijioke Ukoma for their love, care, moral and financial support.


Acknowledgment


I am grateful to God Almighty whose special grace and blessings sustained me throughout my Higher National Diploma (HND) programme.

To my parents and siblings, I express my thanks for their encouragement. I acknowledge my Supervisor, Dr Mrs. F.U. Chukwumezie, who took time to read through the manuscripts and made immense contribution to the successful completion of this work.

My gratitude also goes to my lecturers for their advice and recommendations, and also to my colleagues in the Department.

May your lives be filled with testimony.


Abstract


Corruption plaguing the Nigerian society has slowly crept into the polytechnic system. This research work therefore, sought to ascertain the effects of corrupt practices on the academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students. The questionnaire was used as a means of collecting data from the respondents. The population of this study was made up of thirty (30) lecturers in the School of Business and Management Technology, Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Owerri.

A mean score of 2.5 and above was accepted as significant. The result of the findings shows that corrupt practices in the Polytechnic has reached a worrisome level and is greatly affecting students’ academic performance. The study identified Examination malpractice, financial corruption, academic fraud and certificate forgery as some of the corrupt practices prevalent in the institution and which has lead to declining role of the Polytechnic which is impacting the necessary skill and competency into students for them to be relevant to the society. It was recommended that the stakeholders of education; the students, parents, school management and Ministry of education should team-up and curb this menace so as to improve academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students.


Table Of Contents


  • Title page i
  • Approval page ii
  • Dedication iii
  • Acknowledgement iv
  • Abstract v
  • Table of content vi

Chapter One

  • Introduction
  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of the problem
  • 1.3 Purpose of the study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Significance of the study
  • 1.6 Scope of the study

Chapter Two

Literature Review

  • 2.1 The effects of Examination malpractice on the academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students
  • 2.2 The effects of financial corruption on the academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students
  • 2.3 The effects of academic fraud on the academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students
  • 2.4 The effects of certificate forgery on the academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students
  • 2.5 Summary of literature reviewed

Chapter Three

  • Research Methodology
  • 3.1 Area of the study
  • 3.2 Research design
  • 3.3 Population of the study
  • 3.4 Sample and sampling technique
  • 3.5 Instrument for data collection
  • 3.6 Method of data analysis

Chapter Four

  • Presentation And Analysis Of Data
  • 4.1 Presentation of data
  • 4.2 Analysis of data
  • 4.3 Discussion of findings

Chapter Five

  • Summary, Conclusion And Recommendations
  • 5.1 Restatement of the problem
  • 5.2 Summary of findings
  • 5.3 Conclusions
  • 5.4 Recommendations
  • 5.5 Suggestions for further research
  • References
  • Appendix
  • Questionnaire

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Every civilized society has its own values and norms and the aim of education is to inculcate these into their young ones. Such values include good character, integrity, honesty, hardwork, and respect for constituted authority, order etc. However, as society changes, these values are not only watered down but corrupt practices of sorts have permeated it and the educational sector is not spared.

According to Tanzi (1996), corrupt practices refer to acts of abuse of diverse forms whereby persons take advantage of their positions, to engage in illegal, dishonest, unwholesome acts while rendering services. It refers to those behaviour or actions that work towards breaking certain moral or social codes of conduct or administrative rules (Lawal, 2006).

It is no longer news that Nigeria is one of the most corrupt countries of the world but the most unfortunate consequence of this is that polytechnic system has not been spared from this corrupting influence since it is a part of the larger society (Eze, 2006). The Polytechnic is looked upon as the ivory Tower, the citadel of learning, producing men and women of integrity, worthy in character and learning.

Unfortunately, the greed, the quest for material possession and rising to the top through cutting corners plaguing the larger society have crept in slowly to this center of dignity. Odunaya & Olujunwon (2010) emphasized that the most the most disheartening of all these is that education is being perpetrated by all cadre of people involved in education sector, viz:the government, lecturers, parents and students.

Corruption in education manifests in different forms, like; examination malpractice, academic fraud, exploitation of students, certificate forgery, outright embezzlement of education funds etc. Due to corruption and unethical practices, the student’s academic performance is going down the drain and the Polytechnic is now seen as producing half-baked graduates.

Ojo and Ofojebe (2008) pointed out that Corruption in education increases transaction costs, reduces the quality and efficiency of service, distort the decision making process, undermines social values and has enormity of effect on the output from the system in the area of productivity and the degree of acceptance in the labour market and educational institution, especially outside the country.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Educational Institutions are industries where future leaders, workers, doctors, lawyers, politicians, teachers, thinkers, e.tc are produced. Corrupt practices are thwarting the noble roles of educational institutions. The effects of corruption on the educational system is too alarming, that instead of education being an agent of purifying the minds of the young ones to become useful members of the society, it is rather diverting their minds away from what education is intended.

The overall academic performance of students in the School of Business and Technology, Federal Polytechnic Nekede, has been adversely affected by corrupt practices in the education sector. It is therefore necessary to find out these effects and proffer solutions to this ugly phenomenon.


1.3 Purpose of the Study

The aim of this study was to find out the effects of corrupt practices on the academic performance of students in the School of Business and Management Technology, Federal Polytechnic Nekede, Owerri.
Specifically, the study sought to:

  1. Identify the effects of examination malpractice on the academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students.
  2. Ascertain the effects of financial corruption on the academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students.
  3. Identify the effects of academic fraud on the academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students.
  4. Ascertain the effects of certificate forgery on the academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students.

1.4 Research Questions

In carrying out this research, the following questions were raised so as to form a guide for the study.

  1. What are the effects of Examination malpractice on the academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students?
  2. What are the effects of financial corruption on the academic performance of Federal polytechnic Nekede students?
  3. What are the effects of academic fraud on the academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students?
  4. What are the effects of certificate forgery on the academic performance of Federal Polytechnic Nekede students?

1.5 Significance of the Study

The study is significant in that it is hoped to expose to the ministry of education, the corrupt practices in the education sector and its effects on the academic performance of students.

The Polytechnic community will benefit from the study as it will bring to the notice of the management the corrupt practices prevalent in the institution and prompt the management to put a stop to it.

The students will also benefit from the study as it will aid in tackling the corrupt practices in the institution that has been adversely affecting their academic performance.


1.6 Scope of the Study

The study is limited to the effects of corrupt practices on the academic performance of students in the School of Business and management Technology, Federal polytechnic Nekede, Owerri, Imo state.


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How to nail it on the head during your project defence


You are through with writing that project. Now what?

You have found yourself at that point where you have to defend what you have written. Of course you have to stand in front of your supervisor and other literary personalities to prove that you know what you wrote in your project paper. Unfortunately, the more you think about it, the more it looks like you are about to face a legion. It is not a war. But the emotion of dread welling up inside of you makes it look like one. So now you are asking yourself questions.

  • How am I going to start?
  • I hope I will do well enough to get an A.

You really want to nail it, but you need to come to terms with exactly how to get everything in perfect control. Especially your emotions of fear that seem to make a wreck of you every time you think about public speaking.
So here is the deal. I want to help you avoid that feeling that would ruin your precious moment if you dare to let it. And we are going to do it together.

I am going to highlight some very important tips to help you get in control for you to be comfortable enough to move from that feeling of DREAD to CONFIDENT; and making an awesome Impression for that great rating your supervisors should be giving to you so freely.

Consider these tips as you prepare for your defence. We will be taking them one after the other so here we go.


Watch Your Body Language And Keep It Confident:

Can you tell that a person is falling apart if they look confident? … If I can second guess you rightly, am sure you answered no to that question. Remind yourself that you need to come out that way. Now this might seem like a huge big deal when you are dealing with the foreboding. Maintaining a poise of confidence is very important. So find your most comfortable position, sitting or standing and draw up your body. You must exude confidence. It is something you need to do for yourself. People can only see what you allow your body language to show. So you must endeavour to put that out. Remember the story of David and Goliath? … At the end of your defence day, you want to be David.


Dress In Your Most Comfortable And Impressive:

Am sure this one is a no brainer. However I must highlight that you choose comfortable pieces. You don’t want to look so good and yet look like you were forced to wear something that does not belong to you. It’s great to ensure that as impressive as your clothes are on you, that they are also very comfortable.


Speak With Authority:

Going hand to hand with that aura of confidence is your most powerful asset:your words. If you look that confident, your words must not come out like whimpers. To be able to pull this off, you definitely need to speak as deliberately as possible in expressing yourself. Let them also hear what they see.


Use, Your Gestures:

I have often found this to come to my rescue in dealing with shyness and conveying my confidence. Usually it gives you an edge to also drive home your point. You must, however, ensure that you do not over use it. It doesn’t mean that your hands should be flying all over the place. That would be absolutely unnecessary. If you do this well, after a while you will realize that you are not as self-conscious as you used to be at the very start. For most situations, it would have completely disappeared altogether; leaving a really confident you talking.


Have A Good Opening And Closing Line:

Make sure you have perfected a good opening line. You should also be armed with a good closing line too. Try and rehearse it to a friend. If for the first time you presented it, your friend does not say “wow, that’s beautiful” or something like that; just know you need to keep refining it until you get the perfect line. Both opening and closing lines will go a long way in how impressed your panel gets to rate you high.


Make Sure You Know Your Work:

Certainly you should understand how important it is to know your own work from start to finish. Not having in-depth knowledge of your own work is tantamount to a suicide mission. Why should you kill yourself?
When all is said and done, this is what you came to defend in the first place. You should know your work from A to Z.


Prepare For The Questions:

Now this part is truly essential. You must be sure you do not floor all the good work you did on your presentation by not answering correctly. You must pay attention to the questions you are asked to be sure you will give the right answer. Many people get it wrong at this stage and spoil their good presentation. When you do not understand any question do endeavour to ask the person to expatiate what they mean before you answer.


These tips are by no means exhaustive, but applying these tips will give you some necessary advantage you need for a great outcome. Of course that outcome would mean that you eventually earn all your points on this project.

SAMPHINA

SAMPHINA

Samuel Obiora Blessed is the CEO and founder of samphina.com.ng a.k.a Nigeria Students Media, the youngest engineering graduate of Federal Polytechnic Nekede in 2017 and the engine brain behind this great platform. He is the man behind the scene, filled with many potentials. A musician as well as a developer with the interest of Nigeria students at heart. If you need a professional website, contact him via WhatsApp or phone call @ 08143831497 to get the best.

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