Effects Of Child Abuse On Children Aged 10-18 Years In Kakuri Kaduna State Local Government Area

Project and Seminar Material for Sociology

Effects Of Child Abuse On Children Aged 10-18 Years In Kakuri Kaduna State Local Government Area


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine the effects of child abuse on children aged 10-18 years in Kakuri Kaduna State. The study was specifically carried out to investigate the dimension of child abuse perpetrated on children aged 10-18 years in Kakuri Kaduna State; examine causes of child abuse perpetrated on children aged 10-18 years in Kakuri Kaduna State; and determine the effect of child abuse on children aged 10-18 years in Kakuri Kaduna State. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprise of students age 10-18 in selected secondary school in Kakuri Kaduna State. In determining the sample size, the researcher purposefully selected 248 respondents and 200 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables, and mean scores. While the hypotheses were tested using chi-square statistical tool. The result of the findings reveals that the dimension of child abuse perpetrated on children aged 10-18 years in Kakuri Kaduna State includes; physical assault; sexual maltreatment; emotional maltreatment; deprivation of necessities, child trafficking, child Labour and parental neglect. The study also revealed that the effect of child abuse on children aged 10-18 years in Kakuri Kaduna State includes; emotional problems like-depression and rejection, Social development problem-like inability to relate with peers, cognitive development issues like-learning problems and poor academic performance, post traumatic stress disorder and mental related issues, and psychological issues like poor self image, anger, trust issues, and anxiety. Therefore, it is recommended that government should enact laws against child abuse.The government should come up with institutions and foster homes for the abandoned children in the society. More so, For the rescue of child maltreatment in the 21st century sociologist have put in place accelerated movement towards the provision of non-criminal and non-judicial but social and rehabilitative services for the victims of child abuse. There is also an increasing acceptance of the proposition that criminal intent is usually and a meliorate retribution are best means of protecting endangered children. To mention but a few.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Despite the fact that children’s rights are recognized, and protected by legislation and constitutions in many nations around the world, child abuse and neglect are rapidly becoming universal phenomena in today’s world civilizations. The African network for the prevention and protection of child abuse and neglect (ANPPCAN) defines child abuse as “deliberate and inadvertent acts that harm the child’s physical, mental, emotional, moral, and educational welfare.” Child abuse, according to Hopper (2004), is any act of maltreatment or submission that jeopardizes a child’s physical, emotional, or health development. It is disappointing to note that juvenile cases and other social vices that characterized our society today are traceable to bad child patterns of many homes(Ogundele, 2013). Children who have passed through such homes were battered, abandoned, or abused in any other form. They were consequently toughened and eventually become liabilities to the community rather than assets.

Gelles (2007), stated that child abuse includes malnourishment, abandonment, neglect, emotional abuse, and sexual abuse, in addition to physical assault. Child violence, child labor, child abandonment, neglect, teenage prostitution, early marriage, and forced marriage are all common forms of child abuse in Nigeria. Emotional and sexual abuse are rampant in Nigeria. According to Oji (2006), there were 625,024 babies born to teenage mothers in Nigeria at the time of reporting. Unwanted pregnancy has been highlighted as a major source of child abuse in Nigeria. Many mistreated children were unwanted to begin with and proved to be a significant burden on their emotionally inept or destitute parents.

Child abuse happens when an adult mistreats or neglects a child. The person who abuses is misusing his position of trust and authority (Mba 2002). This could be a parent, guardian, paid caregiver or sibling. Children depend upon adults to protect them, support them and help them survive. Being abused damages their sense of safety. It also makes them more likely to be abused and exploited in the future. Child abuse is a silent crime. It can happen in all cultures, social classes and religion, although it is now known that it does not occur equally over all groups (Fryer, 2010). It is a sad irony that many abusers genuinely love the children, but they find themselves caught in life situations beyond their control and they do not know how to cope. In the light of the above, this study seeks to investigate the effects of child abuse on children aged 10-18 years in Kakuri Kaduna State.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The phenomenon of child abuse constitutes one of the most serious problems in Nigeria and the world at large. It is a major area of concern to the government of various countries all over the world because of the belief that it has great consequences on the children and the society at large. As a result of this problem, a great number of media houses, scholars and individuals alike from all works of life have engaged in the task of trying to explain and examine the issue of child abuse with particular reference to the causes and measures to take in eliminating the problem. Children in urban areas are quickly caught up in the daily struggle for survival and material gain. A situation analysis revealed that child abandonment, sexual abuse, child neglect, kidnapping and hawking were the most reported forms of child abuse and neglect (Ebigbo, 2009). Depending on the particular population of abusers that is being studied, it is known that abusive behaviour are precipitated by such factors as poverty, bad housing, unemployment, marital strife, alcoholism, difficult pregnancy and delivery, lack of knowledge of child development and a host of other reason. Howbeit this subject has received little attention in recent time thus compelling the need for the researcher to delve into this study, to investigate the effects of child abuse on children aged 10-18 years in Kakuri Kaduna State.


1.3 Objective of the Study

The broad objective of the study is to investigate the effects of child abuse on children aged 10-18 years in Kakuri Kaduna State. Specifically, the study will:

  1. Investigate the dimension of child abuse perpetrated on children aged 10-18 years in Kakuri Kaduna State.
  2. Examine causes of child abuse perpetrated on children aged 10-18 years in Kakuri Kaduna State.
  3. Determine the effect of child abuse on children aged 10-18 years in Kakuri Kaduna State.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. What are the dimension of child abuse perpetrated on children aged 10-18 years in Kakuri Kaduna State?
  2. What are the causes of child abuse perpetrated on children aged 10-18 years in Kakuri Kaduna State?
  3. What is the effect of child abuse on children aged 10-18 years in Kakuri Kaduna State?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

  • Ho: Child abuse has no negative effect on children aged 10-18 years in Kakuri Kaduna State.
  • Ha: Child abuse has a negative effect on children aged 10-18 years in Kakuri Kaduna State.

1.5 Significance of the Study

The study is an attempt to provide evidence and identify pattern of child abuse with a view to offering suggestion and recommendations that will date the level. This study would be of immense value to parents, counseling teachers of low level of educational and children. The finding and suggestion resulting from this study will go along way in helping parent and guidance to know irritating iterance or actions, it have on youth and children or young once which can be economically, psychological or society which will enable parents, adult to adjust in order to ensure smooth development of children. It will also addressed the practical problem which when left will cut at the very root of civilized ethics particularly  significant at present a bold attempt to go into an area of scarcity literature.


1.7 Scope of the Study

The scope of this study borders on an investigation into the effects of child abuse on children aged 10-18 years in Kakuri Kaduna State. The study will investigate dimension of child abuse and consequence of Child Abuse. The study is however is delimited Kakuri Kaduna State.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

Like in every human endeavour, the researchers encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. The significant constraint was the scanty literature on the subject owing to the nature of the discourse thus the researcher incurred more financial expenses and much time was required in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size.

Additionally, the researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. More so, the choice of the sample size was limited as few respondent were selected to answer the research instrument hence cannot be generalize to other sector of the economy. However, despite the constraint encountered during the research, all factors were downplayed in other to give the best and make the research successful.


1.8 Definition of Terms

Child:

Child is defined as a dependent person in the custody of a parent or guardian for protection of his/her life.

Child Care:

This is care which is supposed to be given to children by those who are responsible for looking after them provide them with child care facilities.

Abuse:

Is any deliberate act by a person: group of person of society designed to inflict on a child or parent normal, mental physical, emotional and normal development.

Child Abuse:

Those are cruel treatment of children by adult involving violence or sexual activities which is capable of affecting physically, mentally and psychologically.


1.10 Organization of the Studies

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, and selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the effects of child abuse on children aged 10-18 years in Kakuri Kaduna State. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was on the effects of child abuse on children aged 10-18 years in Kakuri Kaduna State. The study is was specifically carried out to investigate the dimension of child abuse perpetrated on children aged 10-18 years in Kakuri Kaduna State; examine causes of child abuse perpetrated on children aged 10-18 years in Kakuri Kaduna State; and determine the effect of child abuse on children aged 10-18 years in Kakuri Kaduna State.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 200 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent were students age 10-18 in selected secondary school in Kakuri Kaduna State.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that;

  1. The dimension of child abuse perpetrated on children aged 10-18 years in Kakuri Kaduna State includes; physical assault; sexual maltreatment; emotional maltreatment; deprivation of necessities, child trafficking, child Labour and parental neglect.
  2. The causes of child abuse perpetrated on children aged 10-18 years in Kakuri Kaduna State includes; marital strife, unemployment, negative experiences of parents in childhood, poverty and bad housing, difficult pregnancy and delivery, lack of knowledge of child development, and alcoholism.
  3. The effect of child abuse on children aged 10-18 years in Kakuri Kaduna State includes; emotional problems like-depression and rejection, Social development problem-like inability to relate with peers, cognitive development issues like-learning problems and poor academic performance, post traumatic stress disorder and mental related issues, and psychological issues like poor self image, anger, trust issues, and anxiety.

5.3 Recommendations

From the findings of the study, the following recommendations were made:

  1. Government should enact laws against child abuse.The government should come up with institutions and foster homes for the abandoned children in the society. More so, For the rescue of child maltreatment in the 21st century sociologist have put in place accelerated movement towards the provision of non-criminal and non-judicial but social and rehabilitative services for the victims of child abuse. There is also an increasing acceptance of the proposition that criminal intent is usually and a meliorate retribution are best means of protecting endangered children. There are laws affecting child abandonment, child marriages and other forms of child abuse. The problem with these laws is that they are out of fashion and need to be reviewed to handle contemporary situations and be properly enforced by the agencies involved. This can be achieved through the close cooperation between the various institution and agencies in the areas rendering these services.
  2. Also child welfare policy department should stipulate legal provision relevant to the problem to the protection of the Nigerian child against abuse and should be vigorously enforced. In this light, the attitude of parent generally towards having children is excitingly very good. It is a happy hardship parents relentlessly pray to undergo, in other to justify existence as well as manhood or woman hood.
  3. Finally, parent and government should provide children with an ample opportunity to develop physically, psychologically, socially and morally. Also workshop/seminars on child abuse should be organized involving chairman and councilors of local government area, religious and community leaders, parent of the abused child, the child and the media.

Get Complete Project Material

6,000 Naira

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦6,500 to the Account Below

Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card


FOR STUDENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($25)

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: Effects Of Child Abuse On Children Aged 10-18 Years In Kakuri Kaduna State Local Government Area

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search



List of Related Works

Click on Any Topic to Preview the Content

samphina.academy

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.