The Effectiveness In Using Multi-Media In Preschool Education

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The Effectiveness In Using Multi-Media In Preschool Education


Abstract


The study aimed at investigating the influence of Multi-media materials on preschool children’s learning achievement in number work in Little Angel Montessori. The use of Multi-media materials in teaching number work is minimal hence low achievement. The purpose of the study was to investigate whether the use of Multi-media materials influences their achievement of children in learning number work with special reference to the influence of Audio –Visual materials on children learning achievement in number work, the effect of printed materials in children’s learning achievement in number work and the effect of community resources on children is learning achievement in number work.

The literature reviewed on audio-Visual materials, Visual resources, printed resources and community resources in relation to academic achievement in number work. The study adopted descriptive survey. The population was 90 pre-school teachers and 850 pre-school children .The sample of the study included ,28 pre-school teachers and 255 pre-school children .Data was collected by using various instruments such as number work test was administered to children to determine the performance ,questionnaires were used to collect data from pre-school teachers, observation schedules was used to establish types of Multi-media/ materials available and observation check list was used to a certain types of printed materials and how they were used.

The data was analyzed using quantitative and qualitative method and was presented in table and graphs. The findings of this study revealed that in adequate Multi-media materials had an effect on children’s performance in number work in preschool. The schools that had Multi-media materials children were able to carry out different activities and had good mastery of the content. While the pre schools that lacked the Multi-media materials the performance was poor and children could not master the content easily.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

UNESCO (1999) posits that the development of knowledge and skills in number work (mathematics) and science holds the key to Africa’s industrialization elevation and poverty eradication in the 21st century. Mathematics and science enhance learning of all other disciplines. Therefore there is need to put more Multi-media resources, in teaching and learning of mathematics. In Nigeria lack of information on what is happening in the ECD education sector has made it difficult to use lessons learnt from projects in planning and strategy formation.

According to the Ministry of Education, Science and technology MOEST (2006) the World is experiencing digital revolution where the economy is increasingly based on digital technology such as electronic computation. The education sector has no option other than to go digital so as to tap into the benefits of modernization. Shiundu and Omulando (1992) emphasized that such changes put tremendous pressure on the curriculum and Multi-media resources.

Waithaka (2005) posits that most Nigeria pre-school teachers are not well trained hence types of Multi-media resources seem not to be seen in number work (mathematics) lessons. Due to this factor there seems to be a poor foundation for pre-scholars in number work which leads to poor performance in this discipline at all levels right from pre-school to higher levels, of learning. Kli’banoff (2006) indicates the use of Multi-media materials has positive impact on children’s achievement in number work. Children handled with relevant and adequate Multi-media resources and qualified personnel have an advantage of acquiring number work (mathematics)

concepts and skills because teachers use relevant Multi-media materials which makes it easy to deliver the content and mastery of the concept without any difficult .

In the words of OLuwate (2010), Multi-media materials improve teachers’ creativity. As the teacher studies according to instruction he assimilates easily what knowledge to instil to learners, the best method to use to instil the skills and the best method to achieve this scope thus improving the teacher’s creativity hence leading the teacher to another level greater than where the teacher expects.

According to Fensham, P.J (1970) mathematical; teaching theory and practice, offers a range of experiences which introduce them to use mathematical concepts such as; singing number rhymes creating patterns with objects, sorting and grouping using a variety of objects. Children need to develop good mathematical understanding in order to function effectively as members of the society. To achieve the aim of functional numeric, children need to think flexibly and apply the knowledge to new situation; to solve practical problems and to experiment within mathematics itself so as to develop the ability to reason mathematically and communicate their reasoning to others. Maria Montessori (1870 – 1952) emphasized on the use of imaginative teaching materials. They lessen major weakness of verbalism, humanize and vitalize subject matter hence provide interesting approach to new topics and give initial correct impression.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

There are many factors that have contributed to low performance in mathematics and the use of Multi-media materials is one of the key factors among others. The use of Multi-media materials in number work is minimal that is why achievement in number work is very poor. Multi-media materials are very important in teaching number work since they help learners to master the concept so easily and help teachers to deliver the content with a lot of ease. Children learn by doing hence need materials that they can manipulate.


1.3 Purpose of the Study

The purpose of the study was to establish whether the use of Multi-media materials influenced the achievement of pre-school children in learning of number work.


1.4 Research Objectives

The study was guided by the following objectives:

  1. To explain the influence of Audio –Visual materials on pre-school children’s learning achievement in number work in Little Angel Montessori School
  2. To determine the influence of Visual materials on children’s learning achievement in number work in Little Angel Montessori School
  3. To examine the effects of printed materials on children’s learning achievement in number work in Little Angel Montessori School.
  4. To determine the effects of community resources on children’s learning achievement in number work in Little Angel Montessori School.

1.5 Research Questions

The study responded to the following questions:

  1. What is the influence of Audio -Visual materials on children’s achievement in learning number work in Liitle Angel Montessori school?
  2. How do the Visual materials influence children’s achievement in learning number work in Little Angel Montessori School?
  3. How do the printed materials influence children’s achievement in learning number work in Little Angel Montessori School?
  4. How do community resources influence children’s achievement in learning number work in Little Angel Montessori School?

1.6 Significance of the Study

It was hoped that the study of the effects of Multi-media materials on pre-school children’s achievement in learning number work generated information to education stakeholders and curriculum developers with basic information to stimulate further debate on the best approaches to stimulate the learning of mathematics in pre-schools and source of reference when researching on Multi-media materials.


1.7 Limitation of the Study

The results of the study were only generalized to the population involved in this study. The area of study was limited to Little Angel Montessori School.

The research instruments used did not bring out all aspects related to the topic under investigation.


1.8 Delimitations of the Study

The study was carried out among pre-school teachers and pre-school children of Little Angel Montessori School


1.9 Basic Assumptions

The study assumed that all Early Childhood centres had adequate and relevant resources for teaching number work and that the government and parents provided Multi-media materials for learning number work.


1.10 Definition of Terms

Multimedia

is content that uses a combination of different content forms such as text, audio, images, animations, video and interactive content. Multi-media materials are the tools and equipments used to carry body of the information to learners and they improve the teachers’ creativeness. They carry information of knowledge, understand skills, values attitude and curriculum content which is important for desired change in learner’s behaviour

Achievement

refers to an accomplishment which is shown by scores

Audio Visual Materials

are educational materials directed at both the sense of hearing and the sense of sight

Classification

is the ordering of number into sets called number system such as natural numbers and the real numbers

County

It is an administrative region headed by a governor

Counting

is the action of finding the number of elements of a finite set of objects. The traditional way of counting consists of continually increasing numbers.

District

This is one of the areas in which a county is divided for the purpose of organization, with official boundaries.

ECDE

Early Childhood Development Education. This is a program and curriculum for children in pre-school

Effect

The influence that something or somebody has or the way one behaves or how something develops

Influence

This refers to anything or something that has power to affect positively or negatively.

Learning

It is a lifelong relative permanent change in behaviour resulting from practicing and experience accumulated knowledge skills altitudes and values.

Number Recognition

can be defined as the ability to identify and name basic numerals Number Sequence -is an enumerated collection of objects in which repetitions are allowed or list of numbers in a special order

Number work

It is a science of numbers quality and their interrelationships

Ordering

is a generalization of the concept of a natural number that is used to describe a way to arrange a collection of object in – order one after the other Performance –It is a sub-sequent production of learning process

Printing Materials

these are learning materials used to describe printed materials produced by printers or publishers such as books

Sub-county

It is a sub-administrative region within a county

Visual Materials

these are Multi-media devices such as charts that appeal to vision


Chapter Five


Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Conclusion

In this study, our focus was to examine the effectiveness in using multi-media in preschool education using Little Angel Montessori as a case study. The study specifically was aimed at ascertaining if the use of multi-media such as audio-visual and visual aids have any influence on the pupils achievement.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 283 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are teachers and pupils in Little Angel Montessori School.

The findings of this study revealed that in adequate Multi-media materials had an effect on children’s performance in number work in preschool. The schools that had Multi-media materials children were able to carry out different activities and had good mastery of the content. While the pre schools that lacked the Multi-media materials the performance was poor and children could not master the content easily.


5.2 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. Curriculum planners should encourage the use of audio-visual materials by inculcating them in the educational syllabus of all levels of education.
  2. States school management boards should ensure adequate funding of libraries and audio-visual aids in school.
  3. Pupils and teachers should be actively involved in the improvisation and utilization of audio-visual resources when necessary.
  4. Workshop/seminar should be organized for chemistry teachers on the effective use of audio-visual aids in dissemination of knowledge.
  5. Government should make audio-visual aids and instructional packages readily available for teachers.

The Effectiveness In Using Multi-Media In Preschool Education


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Frequently Asked Questions


Does multimedia improve teaching and learning?

The paper did a systematic review of extant literature that reported studies that have been carried out to determine the extent to which multimedia has been successful in improving both teaching and learning, and challenges of using multimedia for leaning and teaching.

What is multimedia in early childhood education?

Multimedia in early childhood education, first students can learn “from” multimedia. Second they can learn to represent knowledge representations with others. T he foundation for the use o f multimedia in early childhood education is “educational communication‟.

What is the progress in multimedia in education?

The progress in multimedia capture, analysis, and delivery, combined with the rapid adoption of broadband, communication, have resulted in educational multimedia systems that have advanced traditional forms of teaching and learning.

What are the effects of multimedia on student participation and responsibility?

Multimedia has no effect on participation and responsibility, team work, self- esteem and democracy skills of the students. No Chen and Xia (2012) Physical education studies Survey Professor interview Undisclosed 

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