The Effectiveness And Efficiency Of Parental Involvement In Child’s Education On Academic Achievement Of Junior Secondary School Students

Project And Seminar Material For Child And Basic Education

The Effectiveness And Efficiency Of Parental Involvement In Child’s Education On Academic Achievement Of Junior Secondary School Students (Charles)


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine the effectiveness and efficiency of parental involvement in child’s education on academic achievement of junior secondary school students using some selected junior secondary schools in Mubi-North L.G.A., Adamawa State as a case study. The study was specifically carried out to determine whether there is a significant relationship between the effectiveness of parental involvement in child’s education and Students academic performance, ascertain whether parental efficiency towards full commitment and active participation in child’s education promote students’ academic success in junior secondary school, ascertain the extent to parental effectiveness towards child’s educations stimulates students learning interest and study habit in junior secondary school, and identify the factors influencing parental effectiveness and efficiency towards involvement in child’s education. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprise of students some selected junior secondary schools in Mubi-North L.G.A., Adamawa State. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 229 respondents and 210 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables and mean scores. While the hypotheses were tested using Pearson Correlation statistical tool, SPSS v23. The result of the findings reveals that there is a significant relationship between the effectiveness of parental involvement in child’s education and Students academic performance. Furthermore, the study reveals that the factors influencing parental effectiveness and efficiency towards involvement in child’s education includes: family size, educational background, income level, nature of occupation. Therefore, it is recommended that government, curriculum planners and examination bodies in policy making and in planning educational strategies to reconsider the influence of parental factors on academic performance for the study area. Thus, government should increase the bursary allocation to the students from poor families so as to retain them in school to enhance their performance. To mention but a few.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

The level of parental involvement has important implications for children’s academic performance. Social cognitive theory suggests that children absorb messages about appropriate behavior and socially accepted goals by observing and talking with important people in their lives (Bandura, 1977). Based on this assumption, parents have the potential to model positive attitudes and behaviors toward school, and research in developed countries such as the United States has shown that parental involvement contributes to child’s academic success (Fan & Chen, 2001; Houtenville & Conway, 2008; Jeynes, 2003, 2007). In fact, children are more likely to apply themselves and perform better in school when their parents show an interest in their school work, are willing to assist them with homework, and are willing to hold their children accountable for completion of school assignments. Youth who are not working hard at school may begin to perceive school as valuable when parents actively demonstrate that they value school through involvement. Literature on the overall impact of parental involvement on youth academic performance in developing countries is minimal. Whether the relationship exists and which type of parental involvement has effects are important to determine in Nigeria, where parents often do not have the education to engage their children in schoolwork or the resources to hire tutors. Does involvement in parent-teacher association meetings, volunteering at school, talking to their children about the importance of school matter? This study will begin to answer these questions and contribute to the literature on the relationship between parental involvement and academic performance in Nigeria.

Parental involvement in students’ academic performance has attracted many educators and researchers in the field of education in the world. For example, Epstein, Bakker, Davis, Henderson, Lewis and Keith compose a short list of many scholars who have spent their time on parental involvement. For instance, Epstein (2002) had argued that, no school improvement has been created without parental involvement which strengthened parents, teachers, administrators and students’ partnerships which end into benefiting students, improving schools, assisting teachers and strengthening families. Historically, parental involvement emerged as compensation Programme since 1960’s and 1970’s in United State of America (USA) and Europe as among of other programs aiming at encouraging minority low income parents to prepare their 2 children for more successful schools and prevent education delays for children who at risk (Bakker, Denessen & Brus-Laeven 2007). It was just an appeal to support lower school children achievers through parents’ intervention. Consequently, it is an ideal for educationalist to ensure all challenges that are thought to hinder parental involvement are worked through particularly in secondary schools where currently students’ academic performance is declining from time to time. Moreover, the Salamanca Conference on Special Education held in Spain 1994 discussed that, parents should be encouraged to participate in educational activities at home and schools for the purpose of supervising and supporting their children learning. Similarly, the government should promote parental involvement through policy statements that allow formulation of parent–school association with the 3 intention of enhancing their children’s education. The argument draws strong support on how parents are vital in their children schooling in the way of demanding policy (blue print) which will act upon constraints that limit parents in monitoring children education in secondary schools. This would strengthen efforts towards achieving quality education for all (EFA) (UNESCO, 2003).

All measures of parental involvement used in studies in developing countries are based on scales that have been established in the context of developed countries, but parental involvement may be different in developed countries than in developing countries. These differences—including types and level of involvement—must be taken into account when measuring parental involvement in developing countries. Therefore, this paper focuses on the construct validity of parental involvement in a sample of Nigeria students and their parents. Research on parental involvement and academic outcomes in the US suggests that parental involvement is best understood as taking multiple forms. At a minimum, parental involvement appears to differ based on the context (i.e., at home vs. in school) (Giallo, Treyvaud, Matthews, & Kienhuis, 2010; Jeynes, 2003). Research also demonstrates that parental involvement at home and in school is linked positively to a variety of academic outcomes (Jeynes, 2003, 2007). However, research on parental involvement in school is more mixed than research on involvement at home, particularly among different racial and ethnic groups (Fan, 2001; Sui-Chu & Willms, 1996). In addition to influencing educational outcomes directly, parental involvement also might mediate the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and academic performance (Altschul, 2012; Lareau, 2011). While these relationships have been demonstrated in the US and other developed countries, the pathways may be different in developing countries. Therefore, we will use the validated measurement of a parental involvement scale to examine the relationships in Ghana. This study contributes to the literature by testing an adaptation of a parental involvement scale that considers the differences in parental involvement in developed countries versus developing countries. It also investigates the relationship between at-home and in-school parental involvement and academic performance.

Parental involvement is defined in various ways in the literature. Epstein’s (1990, 1995) typology of parental involvement includes six categories: basic parenting, facilitating learning at home, communicating with the school, volunteering at the school, participating in school decision making, and collaborating with the community. Other studies use a typology of parental involvement that is based on either intuitive appeal or factor analysis of existing data (Izzo, Weissberg, Kasprow, & Fendrich, 1999; Sui-Chu & Willms, 1996).


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Parental involvement, as Hornby & Lafaele (2011) define it, is a mix of parental dedication and active participation in students’ academic concerns, particularly those connected to their engagement in schools. On the contrary, any insufficiency or lack of parental involvement might result in educational difficulties. of pupils As Mokete (1997) and Maphorisa (1987) stress, parents’ lack of interest in the operation and administration of schools is alarming, as the influence on nurturing learners toward educational success is enormous. Thus, parental involvement is one aspect that has consistently been associated with an improvement in a child’s academic performance attainment (Hara & Burke, 1998; Hill & Craft, 2003; Marcon, 1999; Stevenson & Baker, 1987). While the correlation between parental involvement and academic success is widely documented, no study has examined how parental involvement improves academic performance. Moreover, few research have studied parental involvement as the major socializing agent and as a direct predictor (or predictors) of learners’ self-efficacy perceptions. Upon this background, this study tends to examine the effectiveness and efficiency of parental involvement in child’s education on academic achievement of junior secondary school students.


1.3 Objectives of this Study

The purpose of this study is to find out the effectiveness and efficiency of parental involvement in child’s education on academic achievement of junior secondary school students, the specified objectives are:

  1. Determine whether there is a significant relationship between the effectiveness of parental involvement in child’s education and Students academic performance
  2. Ascertain whether parental efficiency towards full commitment and active participation in child’s education promote students’ academic success in junior secondary school.
  3. Ascertain the extent to parental effectiveness towards child’s educations stimulates students learning interest and study habit in junior secondary school.
  4. Identify the factors influencing parental effectiveness and efficiency towards involvement in child’s education.

1.4 Research Questions

Base on the specified objectives of this research the following questions will guide the researcher during the course of this research.

  1. Is there a significant relationship between the effectiveness of parental involvement in child’s education and Students academic performance?
  2. Does parental efficiency towards full commitment and active participation in child’s education promote students’ academic success in junior secondary school?
  3. To what extent does parental effectiveness towards child’s educations stimulates students learning interest and study habit in junior secondary schools?
  4. What are the factors influencing parental effectiveness and efficiency towards involvement in child’s education?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

  • Ho: There is no significant relationship between the effectiveness of parental involvement in child’s education and Students academic performance.
  • Ha: There is a significant relationship between the effectiveness of parental involvement in child’s education and Students academic performance.

1.6 Significance of the Study

The outcome of this study will help to reemphasize the need for parents to make time and get involved in the school activities of their children. Hence, this study will enlighten parents on this course.

Additionally, subsequent researchers will use it as literature review. This means that, other students who may decide to conduct studies in this area will have the opportunity to use this study as available literature that can be subjected to critical review. Invariably, the result of the study contributes immensely to the body of academic knowledge with regards to the effectiveness and efficiency of parental involvement in child’s education on academic achievement of junior secondary school students.


1.7 Scope of the Study

This study will focus on the effectiveness and efficiency of parental involvement in child’s education on academic achievement of junior secondary school students. Hence the study will be delimited to some selected junior secondary schools in Mubi-North L.G.A., Adamawa State.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

Finance for the general research work will be a challenge during the course of study. Correspondents also might not be able to complete or willing to submit the questionnaires given to them.

However, it is believed that these constraints will be worked on by making the best use of the available materials and spending more than the necessary time in the research work. Therefore, it is strongly believed that despite these constraint, its effect on this research report will be minimal, thus, making the objective and significance of the study achievable.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Investigation:

The act of conducting research on something or someone; it is a formal style of research.

Parental Involvement:

Parental involvement refers to the amount of participation parent has when it comes to schooling and her child’s life.


1.10 Organizations of the Study

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, abnd selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the effectiveness and efficiency of parental involvement in child’s education on academic achievement of junior secondary school students using some selected junior secondary schools in Mubi-North L.G.A., Adamawa State as a case study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to examine the effectiveness and efficiency of parental involvement in child’s education on academic achievement of junior secondary school students using some selected junior secondary schools in Mubi-North L.G.A., Adamawa State as a case study. The study was specifically carried out to determine whether there is a significant relationship between the effectiveness of parental involvement in child’s education and Students academic performance, ascertain whether parental efficiency towards full commitment and active participation in child’s education promote students’ academic success in junior secondary school, ascertain the extent to parental effectiveness towards child’s educations stimulates students learning interest and study habit in junior secondary school, and identify the factors influencing parental effectiveness and efficiency towards involvement in child’s education.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 210 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are students some selected junior secondary schools in Mubi-North L.G.A., Adamawa State.


5.3 Conclusion

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that;

  1. There is a significant relationship between the effectiveness of parental involvement in child’s education and Students academic performance.
  2. Parental efficiency towards full commitment and active participation in child’s education promotes students’ academic success in junior secondary school.
  3. The extent parental effectiveness towards child’s educations stimulates students learning interest and study habit in junior secondary schools is high.
  4. The factors influencing parental effectiveness and efficiency towards involvement in child’s education includes: family size, educational background, income level, nature of occupation.

5.4 Recommendations

Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations are proffered.

  1. The study recommends that government, curriculum planners and examination bodies in policy making and in planning educational strategies to reconsider the influence of parental factors on academic performance for the study area. Thus, government should increase the bursary allocation to the students from poor families so as to retain them in school to enhance their performance.
  2. Illiterate parents should be encouraged to go to school, in that their literacy will enhance their children academic achievement in schools.
  3. Parents ought to improve their parenting styles as this can affect their children performance. Parents should endeavor to encourage their children to read and do their home work at home rather than spending their time on things that will not benefit them academically
  4. Social and economic policies should be put in place to enable children from parents of low economic status to have equal opportunity of advancing the cause of education of their children.
  5. Parents who are not educated or has low educational qualification should Endeavour to allow their children to attend remedial coaching lessons provided by non-governmental organization during holidays to supplement the regular school programmed.

Get Complete Project Material

6,000 Naira

The Complete Material Will Be Sent to You in Just 2 Steps

Quick & Simple…


Step One Purchase

Make Payment (Through Transfer) of ₦6,500 to Any of the Account Below

Access Bank PlcAcc No: 0811003731
Samphina Academy
Current Account
Zenith BankAcc No: 1225513212
Samphina Academy
Current Account

Or CLICK HERE To Pay With Debit Card


FOR STUDENTS OUTSIDE NIGERIA
CLICK HERE To Purchase Material ($25)
FOR GHANIAN STUDENTS
Make Payment of 200 GHS to 0553978005 | Douglas Cloud Osabutey | MTN MoMo

Step Two Purchase

Send the Following Details on WhatsApp ( 08143831497) After Payment

  1. Payment Details

  2. TOPIC: The Effectiveness And Efficiency Of Parental Involvement In Child’s Education On Academic Achievement Of Junior Secondary School Students

The Complete Material Will Be Sent To You On WhatsApp After Receiving Your Details
T & C Apply


  Contact Our Help Desk


Need a Different Topic? Perform a Quick Search



List of Related Works

Click on Any Topic to Preview the Content

samphina.academy

Samphina Academy

Samphina Academy is an Online Educational Resource Center that is aimed at providing students with quality information and materials to aid them in succeeding in their academic pursuit.