Effective Measures For Exacting Discipline Among Students

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Effective Measures For Exacting Discipline Among Students

Chapter One


1.1 Background of the Study

Discipline is a precise control mechanism for our bodies. Our physics is developed to be ideal and skillful through discipline. Furthermore, discipline is a process of repeated evaluation and correction in order to develop a dexterous character that functions automatically in our physics (Black, 2012). Furthermore, discipline improves our talents, power, and bodily functions while also motivating our bodies to be beneficial to other beings and follow every rule stated. In other words, discipline can cause people to be conquered in addition to increasing physical health and power. According to Steinert (1983), Foucault stated that discipline cannot be imposed by another person, but must emerge from within one’s own nature. Being a discipline personality does not imply that we must be “slaves” and do whatever others ask of us; rather, it aims to explore how individuals can have control over themselves.

If we go back in time to see how discipline first developed in this planet, it is thought to be a “art” of training human physics and mental to create subservient skill and relationship creating. In terms of developing the relationship mechanism, our body is pushed to be more subservient. And become a more useful individual (Capel, 1989). This definition is also known as political anatomy and power mechanism. People can be born as modern humans as a result of the preceding process. Students’ discipline management is a procedure that is done on purpose and with care in order to establish a conducive learning environment and achieve learning objectives. This type of management should be structured in terms of planning, organizing, implementing, and regulating human resources in order to achieve organizational goals (Daroni, Solihat, & Salim, 2018). Furthermore, the purpose of student discipline management is to develop noble and positive character traits in students, which can be accomplished through the implementation of a student discipline program and the building of modern human resources (Daroni et al., 2018).

In the context of a school system, a disciplined student is one whose behaviors, actions, and inactions comply to the school’s predefined norms and regulations (Ali, Dada, Isiaka, & Salmon, 2014). However, discipline ideally incorporates the learner’s ability to judge what is right or wrong in addition to following to rules and regulations (Gitome, Katola, & Nyabwari, 2013). Discipline is widely recognized as vital for fostering a pleasant school climate conducive to high academic success (Masitsa, 2008). It is an essential prerequisite for effective teaching and learning in schools, as well as a source of concern for teachers (Eshetu, 2014). According to Gitome et al., good discipline leads to improved academic success. To put it another way, discipline is critical for pupils’ academic performance (Njoroge & Nyabuto, 2014). Furthermore, it is required for effective school management and achievement of its objectives (Nakpodi, 2010). Indiscipline is a lack of discipline. As a result, indiscipline can be defined as any activity that is considered wrong and is not commonly acknowledged as right in a setting or community (Omote, Thinguri, & Moenga, 2015).

School discipline is the activity of applying school guidelines to student guidelines and the maintenance of school instructions in terms of rule adherence, provision of penalties, and behavior methods. The goal of school discipline is to guide students’ behavioral choices. A number of researchers, including Verdugo and Glenn (2002), Chen (2008), and Schoonover (2009), argued that discipline guidelines, such as student suspension, are ineffective at changing children’s negative habits (Nichols, 2004).

1.2 Statement of the Problem

According to Ehiane, (2014), a detailed examination of our secondary school students’ behavior reveals, among other things, that students remove themselves from class, school, arrive late to class or school, dress indecently, fight indiscriminately, and make off with other students and school property at will. Above all, certain students organize a covert gang that terrorizes their classmates and other people in the school, causing tension and discomfort among the school administration (Emmanuel, Adom, Josephine, & Solomon, 2014). Secondary school students have faced numerous disciplinary actions as a result of this. The topic of this study is stated in the form of a question, thus what are the effective measures for exacting discipline among students?

1.3 Objectives of the Problem

The primary aim of this study is to examine effective measures for exacting discipline among students. Other objectives of this study are:

  1. To identify the different measures used in exacting discipline on secondary school students
  2. To examine the role of guidance and counselling in the discipline of secondary school students
  3. To examine the effect of discipline on the academic performance of secondary school students

1.4 Research Questions

The following research questions which are in line with the objectives will be answered in this study:

  1. What are he different measures used in exacting discipline on secondary school students?
  2. Does guidance and counselling play a role in the discipline of secondary school students?
  3. Does discipline have any effect on the academic performance of secondary school students?

1.5 Significance of the Study

This study’s findings will assist many people in a variety of ways. Students, teachers, the government, school authorities, parents, and society at large are among them.

The study will assist students in understanding the importance of disciplinary measures in schools. They would also understand the importance of self-discipline.

The society will profit from this research as well, because it will offer the government with the concept of organizing action groups to address disciplinary issues and instill acceptable codes of conduct in the youth in general.

Teachers and principals will be well-equipped to address disciplinary issues among students in order to help them attain a higher level of academic achievement. Again, the school authority will be allowed to impose new rules and regulations that will strengthen school governance. Parents will be more knowledgeable of their primary responsibility, which is to raise and train their children to be able to follow norms and regulations wherever they find themselves.

In addition, this study would contribute empirically to the body of existing literature and it would serve as a reference source to students or other researchers who might want to carry out their research on the similar topic.

1.6 Scope of the Study

This study will focus on assessing the effective measures for exacting discipline among students. It will also focus on identifying the different measures used in exacting discipline on secondary school students, examining the role of guidance and counselling in the discipline of secondary school students and examining the effect of discipline on the academic performance of secondary school students.

Students of Uyo High School, Uyo will serve as enrolled participants for the survey in this study.

1.7 Limitations of the Study

The researchers encountered minor obstacles when conducting the study, as with any human endeavor. The significant constraint was the scarcity of literature on the subject due to the nature of the discourse, so the researcher incurred more financial expenses and spent more time sourcing for relevant materials, literature, or information and in the data collection process, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size. Furthermore, the researcher did this investigation alongside other academic activities. Furthermore, the sample size was limited because only a few respondents were chosen to answer the research instrument, therefore the results cannot be generalized to other secondary schools outside the state. Despite the constraints encountered during the research, all elements were minimized in order to provide the best results and make the research effective.

1.8 Definition of Terms


Assess the importance, effect, or value of (something).


The practice of training people to obey rules or a code of behaviour, using punishment to correct disobedience.


A student is primarily a person enrolled in a school or other educational institution and who is under learning with goals of acquiring knowledge, developing professions and achieving employment in a desired

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