Effective Human Resources Management As A Tool For Organizational Success

Project and Seminar Material for Business Administration and Management BAM

Effective Human Resources Management As A Tool For Organizational Success


Abstract


This study was carried out to examineeffective human resources management as a tool for organizational success using Nigeria breweries. Specifically, the study identify the problems involved in the delivery of effective human resources management in an organization. The study also ascertain the general effectiveness of human resource management success in the organization. Furthermore the study discover the organizational approach to human resources management. More so,the study find out the human resource management practices that lead to organizational success. Lastly, the study ascertain the importance of human resource management in organization. The study used a descriptive analysis. The findings revealed that leadership development is one of the problems in the delivery of human resource of an organization. Also, organizational effectiveness is another problem in human resource effectiveness, furthermore, Change management is a major factor in human resource effectiveness. Lastly, H.R effectiveness measurement is a problem in the human resource of an organization. The study hereby recommend that organizations should employ qualified human resource personnel so as to drive organizational success. Also, Personnel in charge of human resource management should be professional in discharging his or her duties in other for the success of the organization. Lastly, Human resource personnel should undergo periodic training so as to be able to manage the affairs of the organization


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

One area of an organizational success is the management of workers in the organization. Business in a market economy depends on certain resources such as the financial resources material resources and human resources. It is through the combination of these resources that the attainment of the goal is achieved. However the most significant and complex component for the attainment of the organizational success is the human resource.

The concept of human resource according to Udo-Udoaka (1992) refers to the managerial, scientific, engineering, technical, craft and other skills which are developed and employed in creating, designing and developing organization and in managing and operating productive and service enterprise and the economic institution. Human resource is composed of individual working for an organization, employed these days as temporary staff or contracted staff but collectively making up the most important of organizational resources. Therefore, an organization must have the right number and types of employees to who must be managed in such a way that they will be able to achieve their personal and organizational objectives.

Since the early 1980s, the field of human resources management has been in a state of rapid transition. As the world continues to experience profound changes different sets of changes are revolving. Today, most managers are comfortable with the term “Human Resources” but a few still prefer to refer to “people” Employee” or “staff” and to use the term “personal management” Allan Cowling, (1998) argues at one level that terminology ‘may be deemed to be less important, because it is practice that really counts. However, at another level he argues that it does matter because ways of managing people at work have come a long way in the last fifteen years, and a refusal to use the modern term “human resources” can be an indication of a failure to recognize and utilize recent development.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The primary purpose of any organization is to accomplish goals objectives and since the degree of accomplishment depends totally on the quality of its members. Therefore, it has to be concerned with the availability and improvement of human resource. To this extent, for an organization to be successful, it should ensure that there is an adequate supply of human skills. Following the growing technological changes and complexity in our industries as well as social factors, it then becomes necessary that organizations should train and develop their personnel to cope with ever increasing job requirement posed by fast technological social changes.

Most organizations lack effective management and utilization of human resources and as a result have been experiencing a decline in productivity and failure in the achievement of their goals and achievement.

This study therefore sought to investigate how effective human resource management has been a tool in organizations success with a view to recommending its adoption in other organizations.


1.3 Objective of the Study

Human resources is one of the major resources needed for organisations’ effectiveness and efficiency. The success or failure of the organization depends mainly on the quality of human resources. The objective of this study will therefore include the following.

  1. To identify the problems involved in the delivery of effective human resources management in an organisation.
  2. To ascertain the general effectiveness of human resource management success in the organisation.
  3. To discover the organisational approach to human resources management.
  4. To find out the human resource management practices that lead to organisational success.
  5. To ascertain the importance of human resource management in organisation.

1.4 Research Questions

The following questions have been prepared for the study

  1. What are the problems involved in the delivery of effective human resources management in an organization?
  2. Is there a general effectiveness of human resource management success in the organization?
  3. What are the organizational approach to human resources management?
  4. What are the human resource management practices that lead to organizational success?
  5. What are the importance of human resource management in organization?

1.5 Relevance of the Study

The human resource management in an organization should not be over emphasized. In this regard, the study will be of immense importance not only to Nigeria Breweries Plc, but also serve as a reference material to other organizations in works sectors of the Nigeria economy.

In addition the study will help direct their focus to the need for the development of their human resources.
In the first place, it will be of great importance to the student of management and related courses, secondly it will be a source of academic information in the area of research, thirdly, it will assist Nigerian Breweries Plc and other organizations in measuring and assessing staffing performance, it will also help organization in identifying how human qualities make for success or failure in a given job and to recognize and access the qualities in candidate for employment.

The solution to the problem of training and development of human resources and other conclusions that would be made will go on to show what can be done to make the Nigerian firm effective in order to achieve organizations goals and objectives.


1.6 Scope of the Study

Though there are many organizations in Nigeria, it is impossible to use all these organizations for this study. Therefore, the scope of this study would be limited to Nigeria Breweries Plc.


1.7 Organisation of the Study

This study is organized into five chapters. Chapter one deals with introduction as already shown, chapter two reviews the literature on effective human resources management and a tool for organizational success. Chapter three present the methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four shall comprise data presentation, empirical analysis and the results thereof. Finally in chapter five, we shall present the summary of our findings, the conclusion drawn and the necessary recommendations.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

In this study, our focus waseffective human resources management as a tool for organizational success using Nigeria breweries Lagos as a case study.The study specifically was aimed at highlightingthe problems involved in the delivery of effective human resources management in an organization. The study also ascertain the general effectiveness of human resource management success in the organization. The study further discover the organizational approach to human resources management. More so the study find out the human resource management practices that lead to organizational success. Lastly, the study ascertain the importance of human resource management in organization. A total of 30 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are drawn from staff of Nigeria breweries.


5.2 Conclusion

Based on the finding of this study, the following conclusions were made:

  1. Leadership development is one of the problems in the delivery of human resource of an organization
  2. Organizational effectiveness is another problem in human resource effectiveness
  3. Change management is a major factor in human resource effectiveness
  4. H.R effectiveness measurement is a problem in the human resource of an organization.

5.3 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. That organizations should employ qualified human resource personnel so as to drive organizational success
  2. Personnel in charge of human resource management should be professional in discharging his or her duties in other for the success of the organization.
  3. Human resource personnel should undergo periodic training so as to be able to manage the affairs of the organization

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