Need For Effective Health And Safety Practice In Stores Operations

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Need For Effective Health And Safety Practice In Stores Operations


Abstract


Significant proportion of Nigerians working in stores and other retail firms do not enjoy the desirable level of wellbeing when it comes to safety and health. Safety management practices of industries have implications for employees’ wellbeing and productivity. This study investigates the need for effective health and safety practices in store operation. The study utilizes the survey strategy to collect the data. Two hundred (200) employees were drawn using the simple random sampling technique from three stors across the country. A self-report questionnaire was employed in collecting the data. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and chi-square analysis at 0.05 level of significance.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Overview / Background of the Study

Industrial accident can be said to be an accident which occur in an industrial environment (factor or store) unexpectedly which causes permanent injuries and in same cases may result to death of an employee and human being in general. Any mishap and sudden occurrence in an industrial site causing lost and hurt to materials, equipment and man is an example of industrial accident in the store and it result to cost of production.
Safety working practice aimed at improving productivity and as well as preventing accident at work in an industrials environment and stores. As a result of various accidents incidents in our industrials firms and factories, safety practices and rules in the stores are paramount and take the priority attention of the operational management of firms.

To ensure adequate safety and protection of machines, materials, and employees in stores of various industries today, training expositions seminars and symposium have been organized to inform and educate workers and operators to alert them on the use of tools, equipment etc. to always put on protection wears like overall, safety books helmet, gloves which will drastically reduce the level of industrial accident in stores and industries.
Nigeria bottling company plc is one of the bottling company that have its beginning in Nigeria form a small family owned operation at inception. It is one of the multinational organizations.

It was the predominant bottler of alcohol free beverage in Nigeria responsible for the manufacture and sales of 33 different coca-cola products (brands). The Nigeria bottling company was incorporated in November 1951 as a subsidiary of AG leventiies group with the franchise to bottle and sale coca-cola product in Nigerian in march 1953 at a bottling facility in ebuta Lagos state. It is wothy to mention the fact that the Nigeria bottling company (NBC) employee over 7000 Nigerian in all the field of operations. It was one of the worlds leading soft drinks producers.

Some of their products are coca-cola fanta orange, schweppes, five alive, fanta ginger, fanta tonic, fanta soda, fanta lemon, crest, bitter lemon etc.

Nigeria bottling company is also the largest manufacturer of carbonate soft drinks (co2) and Eva water NBC had the largest private owned fleet of delivery trucks, pick up and cars in Nigeria that deliver to many dealers in all parts of the country.

Over the years, production capacity has grown as it has many bottling facilities and over 80 distributions warehouses located across the country and over 200,000 sales out let nation wide.

To maintain standard and safety Nigeria, bottling company has a training school at ikeja lagos state with the head quarter located at iddo Lagos state which helps educate the staff and management Nigeria bottling company owerri plant is located at KM 7 Owerri Onitsha Industrial layout. They started operation in the year 1982 with a single production line, producing only fantas and letter added many different products.


1.2 Statement of Problems

Though industrials accident is preventable and there are safety measures in working place, but the following are discovered to be the banes or problems of the subject matter.

  1. There are recruitment of quack staff and operators in the industries which promotes industrial accident in the company.
  2. Inability of the management to identify the possible cause of accident and make provision to prevent them and also identify the types.
  3. Management negligent in the discharge of their duties and provide safety facilities to workers and materials.
  4. Inability of the workers to yield to the safety instruction and practice provided.
  5. Little time are allocated to the verification of causes of industrial accident as a result of lack of funds to carry out detail inquiries.

1.3 Objective of the Study

The major objectives of this project research is to

  1. To examine firms and types of industrials accident s in various stores.
  2. To examine the causes of industrial accident in various stores
  3. To examine and investigation the measures taken or put up to prevent industrial accident that occurs in stores.
  4. To know the extent to which staff and management yield to the code safety practice.
  5. To examine the various laws and legislation put on accidents in store.
  6. To suggest on new feasible ways to maintain an accident free industrial base.

1.4 Significant of the Study

This research will benefit the following group of people

1. The Researcher:

The research part from researching for her fulfillment of conditions necessary for reviewing the Higher National Diploma award. It will serve as an eye opener to her on matter concerning safety regulations in any industry she found herself.

2. Other Industries:

It will help other industries that may come across the project to know the forms of accident and the necessity of safety practice in stores.

3. The Study Firm:

NBC owerri will find this research useful as it will highlight their areas of deficiency and help them in carrying out further research on curbing accidents in their stores

4. Students Researchers:

Future student in this field or who wants to make research on this topic will find it useful and it will serve as a guide to develop their research work.


1.5 Research Question

  1. Are there fatal accident in store?
  2. Is industrial accident controllable or uncontrollable?
  3. Is there any loss arising from industrial accident which affect the profitability of the firm.
  4. Are there safety measures put in place to prevent industrials accident in stores?
  5. Is there any legislation quarantine the safety of workers in working place .

1.6 Research Hypothesis

  1. Ho: loss arising from industrial accident does not affect the profitability of the firm
    HI: loss arising from the industrial accident affects the profitability of the firm
  2. HO: there are no health and safety measures to prevent industrials accident in stores NBC
    HI: there are health and safety measures to prevent industrials accident in stores in NBC.

1.7 Scope of the Study

This study on the need for an effectives health and safety practices in stores operation covers the industrials accidents and safety measures and policy in stores operations.

It studies the Nigeria bottling company (NBC) Owerri and not the Nigeria Company nation wide.

The geographical coverage or area of the study is Owerri municipal council (Owerri plant of NBC Nigeria PLC), the result of this study will be used to draw conclusion on industrial accidents and health and safety measures in stores nations wide.


1.8 Limitation of the Study

During the period of this research there are some factors that affect its success which influences its result. They are

1. Financial Constraints:

The researchers of this work are a student and don’t have enough money to embark on intensive research of literature work on the subject matter at this point in time. Transportation fares typing of the work are very expensive.

2. Tine Constraint:

The time allocated to this project work is limited compare to the vastness of the subject matter.
Class work activities are demanding and this time given to do the research is limited and it affect the success of the result.

3. Lack Of Adequate Information:

The attitudes of the staff and management of the Nigeria Bottling company Owerri affects the work in no small measures. Some of the staff refuses to open up to questions by not filling the appropriate needed information as a result of fear. The top management is so busy that they keep scheduling appointment which never holds.

In some cases their information and data ate not accessible in the net/computer which is one of the reliable sources of information in research work.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was to ascertain the need for effective health and safety practice in store operation.

In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of health and safety practice in store operation.


5.2 Summary

Safety in every human endeavor is first, and must come first both in the business organizations and in our individual lives, to enable us perform efficiently and effectively. Safety on the other hand, provide the condition whereby the probability of accident is minimum, and it contributes to the elimination of unsafe conditions and unsafe acts.


5.3 Conclusion

This study investigated the influence of safety management on employees’ wellbeing. Results revealed that workers training and design of equipment design did not correlate with wellbeing. Routine maintenance was associated with sound psychological wellness. Based on these, it is imperative that workers training and equipment design have to be inculcated in the safety management practices of the manufacturing companies. Sound health and healthy work conditions are important prerequisite for employees’ wellbeing. Industrial firms should encourage and support the participation of workers in effective health and safety/health promotion committees and programmes, and in collective bargaining processes that enhance health and well-being. The study is limited to employees in some selected production companies in Oluyole industrial estate in Ibadan as all the companies in the industrial zone could not be visited due to time constraints and limited financial resources. Based on the enumerated limitations of the study, further studies should be carried out and the sample size increased to include all production companies in the industrial zones within and outside Ibadan. This is such that actual prevalent level of industrial safety could be ascertained and a meaningful comparison among the different zones on the variables of interest could be carried out.


5.4 Recommendation

Based on the findings of this study, the following recommendations were made:

  1. Safety policies and procedures should be reviewed whenever there are changes in operating conditions to make them more relevant.
  2. Management should recruit professionally competent as well motivated safety officers as opposed to quacks and touts.
  3. The Federal Government should enacts and enforces laws that provide for stiffer penalties for employers of labour that do not implement safe work practices or records accidents in their operations.
  4. Management should adopt a proactive safety policy and management system that focuses more on the latent causes of accidents as opposed to the immediate causes.

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