The Effect Of Waste Management Practice On Waste Disposal In Nigeria (A Case Study Of Cuda)

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The Effect Of Waste Management Practice On Waste Disposal In Nigeria (A Case Study Of Cuda)


Abstract


The research provides a conceptual and theoretical study on the effect of waste management practice on waste disposal in Nigeria. It analyzes the concept of waste and waste management. It projects the challenges and profers strategies for effective waste management in Nigeria. with a case study of (CUDA.)


Introduction


The American Public Liquid Association in 1975 defined solid waste as unwanted and useless material with insufficient liquid content to be free flowing, because of its sticky nature, solid waste has the ability to accumulating and physically insulting and degrading the environment if not well managed. And is more conspicuous in the urban than rural areas and has been linked to such problems like demographic inconsistency and in continuity in sanitation policy and data availability. The increase in population as a result of industrial revolution in major towns and cities of the world have necessitated rapid growth or high rate of urbanization and development for instance; Nigeria cities in recent time have witnessed rapid population growth resulting from influx of migrants from rural area to the cities.

This brings about the concentration of industrial, commercial, infrastructural, administration and government activities in urban centers. Thus, as the population of cities grows, the rate of waste generation also increases leading to increase burning of refuse (in the developing countries) and high rate of air pollution ,which increased concentration of green house gases that causes global warming and eventually Climate change. The volume of waste generated in any city is often reflection of the intensity of human activities such as population urbanization and social development, resources exploitation and unchecked technological advances. All these activities generated one form of waste or the other. And the volume of waste generated has also increased tremendously .the implication of this is that we have more waste to cope with.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Increased greenhouse gases in the atmosphere have caused the temperature of the earth to rise by 0.6Cover the last 100 years. The ten (10) warmest years of the 20th century all occurred in the last 15 years of the century and 1998 was the warmest year on record (www.defra.gov.uk). Thermal expansion and glacier melting are causing sea level to rise, rises in sea level can increase the salinity of freshwater throughout the world ,and cause coastal lands to be washed under ocean exposing populations to increased risk of flooding, .patterns of precipitation are changing, with greater like hood of extreme events and more areas subject to water stress warmer water and increased humidity may encourage tropical cyclone, and changing wave patterns could produce more tidal waves and strong beach erosion on the coast. With consequences for agricultural production

These changes to the environment will most likely. These changes to the environment will most likely cause negative impacts on society, such as, flooding, lower health and decreasing in socioeconomic development.

Developing countries like Nigeria are particularly at risk, because of her bad waste management system and unhealthy disposal practices. Global temperature will continue to increase causing further disruption to climate patterns. Ultimately, all this can only be brought under control by engaging in sustainable waste management practices, and stabilizing greenhouse gases concentrations in the atmosphere. Therefore the research intends to investigate the effect of management practice on waste disposal in Nigeria


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The problem confronting this research is to appraise the effect of waste management practice in Nigeria. The increase in population, industrial, commercial, technological and economic activities has resulted in the growth of volume of waste and its effect in our environment, therefore the formulation and implementation of effective strategy is imperative for the management of waste disposal in Nigeria (A case study of CUDA).


1.3 Research Questions

  1. What constitute solid waste?
  2. What is the effect of solid waste in the environment?
  3. What constitute the strategy for effective waste management practice?
  4. What constitute the management practice of CUDA for effective waste management practice?

1.4 Objective of the Study

  1. To appraise the nature of solid waste in the environment
  2. To determine the effect of solid waste on the environment
  3. To appraise the strategy for effective waste management practice
  4. To determine the management practice of CUDA for effective waste management

1.5 Significance of the Study

  1. The study shall provide a structural study on solid waste
  2. It shall investigate the effect of solid waste on the environment
  3. The study shall analyze strategies for effective waste management practice
  4. It shall provide a reference source of information for environmental experts.

1.6 Statement of Hypothesis

  1. H0 The volume of solid waste in the environment is low
    H1 The volume of solid waste in the environment is high
  2. H0 The effect of solid waste on the environment is low
    H1 The effect of solid waste on the environment is high
  3. H0 The impact of CUDA waste management practice on solid waste management is lo
    H1 The impact of CUDA waste management practice on solid waste management is high

1.7 Scope of the Study

The study is focused on the effect of waste management practice on waste disposal in Nigeria, with a case study of CUDA


1.8 Definition of Terms

Solid Waste Defined.

The American Public Liquid Association in 1975 defined solid waste as unwanted and useless material with insufficient liquid content to be free flowing, because of its sticky nature, solid waste has the ability to accumulating and physically insulting and degrading the environment if not well managed.

Management

Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a not-for-profit organization, or government body. Management includes the activities of setting the strategy of an organization and coordinating the efforts of its employees or volunteers to accomplish its objectives through the application of available resources, such as financial, natural, technological, and human resources. The term “management” may also refer to the people who manage an organization.

Waste

Waste and wastes are unwanted or unusable materials. Waste is any substance which is discarded after primary use, or it is worthless, defective and of no use. Examples include municipal solid waste (household trash/refuse), hazardous waste, wastewater (such as sewage, which contains bodily wastes (feces and urine) and surface runoff), radioactive waste, and others


Chapter Five


Summary Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was the effect of waste management practice on the environment.

In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges waste management practice in the country.
5.2 Summary
In solid waste management there is no ‘away’. When ‘throwing away’ waste, system complexities and the integrated nature of materials and pollution are quickly apparent. For example, waste incineration is expensive and poses challenges of air pollution and ash disposal. Incineration requires waste placed outside for collection to be containerized to stay dry, and much of the waste stream is not combustible. Landfills require land availability, and siting is often opposed by potential neighboring residents. Solving one problem often introduces a new one, and if not well executed, the new problem is often of greater cost and complexity.


5.3 Conclusion

Waste management plays an integral role in human activity. The overall view of solid waste management is to collect, treat and dispose solid waste by urban dwellers in an environmentally and socially satisfactory manner. Until recently, Nigerians have not been particularly concerned about proper waste management, open dumping and open burning in unapproved locations has been the norms. The constraints to effective solid waste management are not limited to lack of policy or laws, but poor infrastructure, education, social awareness of problems and solutions, and lack of institution promoting sustainable environmental actions.


5.4 Recommendation

Haven successfully completed the study, the following recommendations were made: Strategic environmental planning of waste management practices in the study area. There is need to ensure strict adherence to guidance and cost analysis of solid waste options in the area. Community participation in collection, selection of sites and design of facilities is inherently essential for sustainability. There is need to strengthen the work force, by recruiting more personnel in the Waste Management Authority. Government should provide adequate funds for waste management personnel for the purchase of more evacuating vehicles and waste disposal containers. There is need for environmental and public health education on the danger of indiscriminate waste disposal in the study area.


The Effect Of Waste Management Practice On Waste Disposal In Nigeria (A Case Study Of Cuda)


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