Effect Of Violent Television Programme On Nigerian Children
This study is on effect of violent television programme on Nigeria children. The total population for the study is 200 staff of selected secondary schools in Ikpoba okha local government of Edo state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made principals, vice principals administration, senior staff and junior staff were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies
1.1 Background of the Study
The mass media system is a device for delivering thought, information, knowledge, ideas and attitudes to a diversified audience. It has grown from the primitive signals and verbal communication to the present complex facilities. The mass media include printed words and pictures which can appeal to the sense of sight, radio which use sound to transmit messages and television which uses both sound and pictures to communicate massages.In our present complex society there is great dependence on the mass media for the transaction of business. However, the potential influence of television program is shaping individual attitudes and behavior has become a subject of debate. Nevertheless, it is an irresponsible fact that television program massage influence attitude shift both for good and bad depending on the content of the message.In the same way, it has been established that the image used by television program in communicating information to a mass audience, depending of course on the rate of exposure to a particular message.Mass media are part of our environment therefore, their influence on the society have multiplied effect on the audience, depending of course on the rate of exposure to a particular massage. From childhood to adult life, television program from part of our activities. Until a child enters school, electronic media, especially radio dominates and where television is available, a child makes use of it, perhaps for his entertainment, which dominates his childhood activities and in his process, creates a situation in which the child would start to cop or display the content of the message in a real life situation. As the child develops into a young adult, what he has been watching or viewing from the childhood would crystallize into a deviant behavior which will be very difficult to erase from the consciousness of the youth. Indeed, whatever program the television package for public consumption especially those on how members of the public consumption, especially those on how members of the society thinks, acts or talk. It is therefore, defensible that a violence oriented film shown on the screen is likely to influence someone to act the way the message was communicated, particularly when people see that some people get reward in a special way for acting according to the message. It has been established that likely violence oriented films or television has escalated campus violence among the youths, drug trafficking, armed robbery, prostitution, broken marriage among other similar society malaise.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
The problem of the study is that viewing violence oriented films on television seems to affect the behavior of children in Nigeria. Films have a dramatic effect on the perception of viewers whether the person is conscious or unconscious of this fact for the process of any society. It is good to be peaceful, eschewing violence and settling issues with dialogue and non violence means. Repeated exposure to violence tends to create stereo type in people minds and soon they unconsciously start to re-enact the same scenes they see in films. This type of situation creates problems for the society and if not properly handled may become a big problem for the society to grapple with. Controlling the influence of television films on our children becomes the objective of the researchers work.
1.3 Objective of the Study
The objectives of the study are;
- To ascertain the extent of television program violence on the behavior pattern of Nigerian children.
- To finding out why some children have the tendency for violence.
- To ascertain whether exposure to violence originated from television program
- To ascertain the relationship between violent television program and children behavior
1.4 Research Hypotheses
For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;
- H0: there is no extent of television program violence on the behavior pattern of Nigerian children.
H1: there is extent of television program violence on the behavior pattern of Nigerian children.
- H02: there is no relationship between violent television program and children behavior
H2: there is relationship between violent television program and children behavior
1.5 Significance of the Study
The result of this study will expose the dangers of children indulgence in violent television program watching the violence oriented background which can influence them to follow the last lane of crime and criminal tendencies. Also, the study will help the authorities in Nigeria to devise effective ways so curb crimes in the country as well as check the flooding of Nigeria market with violence oriented films which have no relevance to our culture. Above all, the study is intended to further equip media practitioners, communication experts and government about the need to censor property, the content of programmes, which television station in Nigeria air as most of the programs are capable of helping create behavioral deviance among the youths.
1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study
The scope of the study covers effect of violent television program on Nigeria children. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;
a) Availability of Research Material:
The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study
The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.
c) Organizational Privacy:
Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities.
1.7 Definition of Terms
Change in attitude and behavior in individual, as a result of expert to persuasive message carried by the mass media.
A young human being from the time of birth to the completion of body development.
A television programme (American spelling: program) is something that people watch on television. Several different kinds are made: A series of fictional programs with the same title and characters (a television series).
Violence is defined by the World Health Organization as “the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, etc
1.8 Organization of the Study
This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows
- Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
- Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
- Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
- Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
- Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
It is important to ascertain that the objective of this study was the effect of violent television programme on Nigeria children. In the preceding chapter, the relevant data collected for this study were presented, critically analyzed and appropriate interpretation given. In this chapter, certain recommendations made which in the opinion of the researcher will be of benefits in addressing the challenges of violent television programme on Nigeria children
This study was on effect of violent television programme on Nigeria children. Four objectives were raised which included: To ascertain the extent of television program violence on the behavior pattern of Nigerian children, to finding out why some children have the tendency for violence, to ascertain whether exposure to violence originated from television program, to ascertain the relationship between violent television program and children behavior. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 staff of selected secondary schools in Ikpoba okha local government of Edo state. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made principals,vice principals administration, senior staff and junior staff were used for the study. The data collected were presented in tables and analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies
There is a clear cut effect resulting from viewing of televised violent contents in the media on sexual and aggressive behaviour of children. Influences abound from varying angles, and they are more impactful on children. If in today’s time, the main influence is the media, then serious attention should be given to this. The morals of the Nigerian society generally frown at violence. With the pervasiveness of the Nigerian media and the new media which is gradually finding its way to be accessible to every child in the country, more aggressive measures need to be taken to address these. The changing media and nature of today’s family and advancement in technology, all encompass to increase the pervasiveness of the media and consequently the relay of violence inclined messages to children. Modern living for children of today involves the media of present time that includes the internet and satellite television. These influence the decisions, attitude and behaviours of children. These young ones learn of violence from the media and in the manner the media presents it to them raw without any sense of control or censorship. In conclusion, media violence has many unhealthy effects on children. Even though violence has been and will continue to be a staple of our media environment, it is appropriate to speak out when especially problematic presentations are aired in contexts in which children are likely to see them and when inappropriate programming is actively marketed to vulnerable young people
Based on the findings of this study, the following recommendations are made:
- That school administrators, government, parents, educational psychologists, teachers and even religious organization should organize symposiums, seminars and conferences for the students regularly to create awareness on the influence of violent films on our youths or children.
- Teachers/Lecturers should try to reduce the viewing time of the students by mapping out and giving them assignments regularly.
- The National Broadcasting Commission (NBC) should set up guidelines that will limit the amount of television violence aired to the audience, which the youths constitute a great number.
- Programmes and producers of video films should produce special interest TV/Programmes for the children to cater for their special needs and interests such as talents. This will help them to go a long way to develop their talents.
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