Effect Of Truancy On The Academic Performance Of Adolescent Students

Project and Seminar Material for English Language

Effect Of Truancy On The Academic Performance Of Adolescent Students


Abstract


This research work investigated the effect of Truancy on the performance of adolescent students; a case study of secondary in Alimosho Local Government Area of Lagos State.

The subject of this research comprised one hundred (100) students randomly selected from five secondary schools in Alimosho Local Government Area of Lagos State.

Data Analysis was carried out by the use of Chi-square with the independent samples used to test the significance between grouped means of the hypothesis statistics.

Based on these findings, some recommendations which could be of immense benefit to students, teachers, parents and the community at large.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background to the Study

No one, not even a nation has ever argued the fact that education is a veritable instrument for liberating people from the shackles of ignorance, poverty, illiteracy and the likes. Longe (1999) opines that “there is over-whelming evidence that education is a weapon in the fight against poverty, there can be little doubt that educating the children improves their changes of escaping poverty”. In the same vein, education is also useful to fight for one’s right, itself being a basic natural human right.

The role of education toward the development of individuals in the society and the nation as a whole cannot be over-emphasize, hence, there is the need to give proper, adequate and equal education to everybody regardless of sex, race or tribe.

Yolah (2001) asserts that “education is a harbinger expanding opportunities for the development of human potentials so essential for full productive life”.

Moreover, Anuforo (2007) says “education is a process, product and a discipline. In order to transmit norms and values of a given people” .

Okafor (1987) opines further that “education embraces all experiences through which and individual acquires knowledge or ideas, develops his intellect and strengthens his will”.

However, upon the great importance of education to every individual, some students even with free opportunity to education still run away from schools which made them to be known as truant students. This issue of truancy has being a major concern of all and sundry especially government and parents in our society.

Truancy is that abnormal acts in which the rules and regulations of the school authority are violated by students. Truancy can be described as an act where by secondary students especially adolescents from school activities without permission and without genuine reasons. Truancy, according to the US Department of Education, is the first sign of trouble; students start giving up, skip school and find life outside the school environment lively more than the school environment.

Research data tells us that students who become truant and eventually drop out of school put themselves at a long term problem in becoming productive citizens. Truancy has great implication in that it has a broad effect in the general norms and value of the entire school and the entire society, therefore it is important to note that the phenomenon exist from the inception of generation.

Moreover, the subjection has been a great concern for many Nigerians especially the teachers and the school administrators. The effort of the government on education has been found difficult to be ascertained because of truancy among students which has caused a lot problem to the educational system. This has brought about backwardness among the students, the educational policy makes and educational evaluators as it affects their studies and also affects the policy of the government.

Truant students especially the adolescents would leave their homes in the morning, but instead of going to school, they enjoy visiting cyber cafes, going to boy or girl friends houses, loiter on the streets either with school uniforms or may have changed into mufti in a hidden corner. Truancy has led many children to commit crimes such as armed robbery, rapes, and secret cults and pick pocketing. It is very obvious that among the criminals paraded on Television by Police everyday include students who have supposed to be in school. Many unwanted pregnancies resulted into abortions are the results of truancy. Akinloye etal (1997) reveals that truants will seek solace in drugs he or she becomes a tout, addict, smuggler, area boy, armed robber, such a child then becomes a burden and a threat to the society. This study is therefore geared into investing the effects of truancy among adolescent students.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

The importance of this work is to investigate the effect of truancy on the academic performance of adolescent students in Alimosho Local Government Area of Lagos State.

Ife Abodunrin (2011) quoted from Erikson’s Theory of psychosocial development described an adolescent as a student of 12-18 years of age.

This project work is particular about adolescent students in the secondary schools in Alimosho Local Government. Truancy has brought about career degeneration and backwardness in secondary schools in Alimosho Local Government Area of Lagos State, because of their irregular attendance and presence in schools. Truancy also brings about poor academic performance in many schools.

In Alimosho Local Government, students seek academic work as a threat because of many factors within and outside the school. It has become the order of the day, seeing students roam on the streets when they are supposed to be at school. Many Alimosho Local Government adolescent students have been arrested by the Surveillance of the State Governor of Lagos State and have been taken to Welfare Centre for rehabilitation. These adolescents falls between J.S.S 3 – SSS3 respectively.

They are the future of this great nation, in so much that this problem has to be looked into for proper correction. Furthermore, due to the adolescent students irregular attendance in school and the general breaking down of law and order of schools, stealing, thuggery and all sorts of delinquent behaviours have become a common phenomenon, which is a result of student low interest in academic work among others. It is therefore not going to be out of place to investigate the effect of this social problem on the performance of such students.


1.3 Purpose of the Study

This study will seek to examine the factors responsible for truancy in secondary schools and the effects such factors have on the academic performance of the students. Hence the purpose of the study will seek to assess the effects of truancy on the academic performance of secondary students in an urban environment


1.4 Research Objectives

The primary objective of this study is to examine the effects of truancy on academic performances secondary school in Alimosho Local Government Area. Other objective is to:

  1. Determine whether the acts of truancy exist among adolescent students.
  2. Examine the causes/Factors responsible for truancy among adolescent students.
  3. Determine whether peer group influence contribute to the act of truancy secondary schools.

1.5 Research Questions

  1. What are the effects of truancy on the academic performance of students in secondary schools?
  2. Does Peer group influence contribute to the act of truancy in secondary schools?
  3. What factors are responsible for truancy in secondary Schools?

1.6 Research Hypothesis

  1. There are no significant effects of truancy on the academic performance secondary school in Alimosho Local Government Area.
  2. Peer group does not significantly contribute to the act of truancy among adolescent students.

1.7 Significance of the Study

The study will help to make necessary correction by which the educational system in Alimosho Local Government can be restructure. It will help solve the problem of truancy and as well as reshape the lives they would be useful for themselves, their parents and the society at large.

The finding of the study will help to encourage the teachers to cultivate the habit of delivery their lessons in a manner that would motivate students’ interest. The finding and recommendation will also help educational policy makes and planners in their planning strategies.

Furthermore, the outcome will enable the parents to understand truants and know them. The study hopefully will also act as a model or reference for subsequent research work by individuals who may want to research this area. Teachers would be exposed to various juvenile acts, the students which they might likely be involve in as a result of their irregular attendance in school.


1.8 Scope of the Study

This study was carried out to find the effect of truancy on the academic performance of adolescent students in Alimosho Local Government Area of Lagos State.


1.9 Limitation of the Study

This research study is limited to selected secondary schools in Alimosho Local Government Schools in Lagos State, due to financial constraints, time factor, attitude of the respondents and inadequate literature.


1.10 Operational Definition of the Terms

Effect:

It is a change that somebody or something causes in somebody or something else. It is also a result or an outcome of something.

Truancy:

It is described as a way whereby a school pupil stays away from school without permission or reasons. It is also a habitual absenteeism.

Academic:

It is related with education, especially studying in schools and universities. An act of reading and studying books.

Performance:

An act of how well or badly you do something, how well or badly something works

Adolescents:

A child who is developing from a child into an adult, which falls between the ages of 13 and 18 and the problems they face for example, boys and girls with their experiences.

Abortion:

This is the act of deliberate ending of a pregnancy at an early stage, Tough a medical operation.

Juvenile:

This is related to young people who are not yet adults. A young person either a girl or a boy.

Discipline:

This is an act of training people so that they will obey orders and control their own feelings and behavior. It is also the method of training one’s mind or body to control behavior; punishment follows if they do not comply or obey those rules.

Delinquency:

This is bad or criminal behaviour usually of young people. It is an anti-social act or deviate, stealing, bullying, rioting etc are delinquencies.

Development:

The latest in a number of real or imaginary events. Gradual growth or somebody or something, so that it becomes more advanced, stronger etc. it is also the process of producing or creating something new or more advanced e.g a new product.

Truant:

A child who stays away from school without a good reason. A child who absent from school without a permission.

Education:

It is an act of teaching and learning. Way of acquiring knowledge. Ability b develop skills. Method of imparting new experiences into somebody. It is also an agent of socialization.

Environment:

The conditions in which you live and work, that affect your life. The world that we live in. It is also the conditions that affect the behavior and development of somebody or something.

Society:

Group of people who live together with shared ideas. People with a common interest. People in general, living together in communities. The group of people who share the same customs, laws, etc.

Thuggery:

An act of being violent. A violent behaviour usually a criminal acts or behaviour. Brutal and hard.

Delinquent:

Young people with their behaviour showing a tendency to commit crimes, especially “JUVENILE DELINQUENT SOCIAL PROBLEM”. All the problems associated with the society.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1 Summary

The aim of this study was to find out if there is any form of relationship between truancy and academic performance of students. The hypothesis was tested, and related literatures were reviewed. The instrument used in collecting data was questionnaire and the data collected was analyzed in the previous chapter.


5.2 Conclusion

The study concluded that truancy hinders effective learning and could lead to poor academic performance of truants. Constant absence from school has serious negative consequences both for truant students/youth themselves and for communities, which suffer both short and long‐term threats to public safety.


5.3 Recommendations

The following recommendation based on the findings has been made:

  1. Parents should put more effort to ensure that their children are adequately provided for and morally groomed.
  2. The increasing student enrolment at all levels of education should be matched with corresponding professionally qualified teachers.
  3. There should be enlightenment campaigns by government agencies, and non-government organizations for parents and children on the dangers inherent in truancy.
  4. Teachers and counsellors should invite parents of truants for conference with a view to reducing the incidence of truancy in schools.
  5. The current practice of appointing career masters to perform the role of professional counsellors should stop, so that functional guidance services could be provided for students.
  6. The school authority and teachers should ensure conducive school physical environment for good working relationship between teachers and students.
  7. School administrators should supervise adequately the keeping and utilization of attendance registers for effective control of student for higher academic performance. This is possible because, attendance records will help parent, ministry of education officials and researchers identify other factors affecting students’ academic performance and discipline in schools.

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