The Effect Of Time Management Practice On The Study Of Physics Among Senior Secondary School Students In Ikere Local Government Of Ekiti State

Physics Education Project Material

The Effect Of Time Management Practice On The Study Of Physics Among Senior Secondary School Students In Ikere Local Government Of Ekiti State


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine the effect of time management practice on the study of physics among senior secondary school students in Ikere Local Government Of Ekiti State.The study was set tofind out students awareness of the relevance of time management practices in pursuit of academic excellence in physics, ascertain whether physics students adopt time management skills for effective studying of physics subject, find the extent students plan their study period to effectively study physics subject, ascertain the extent students prioritize the studying of physics subject in secondary schools, and ascertain whether the effective time management practices enhances students academic engagement, achievement in physics subject. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprise of physics students of some selected senior secondary school in Ikere Local Government Of Ekiti State. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 200 respondents and 150 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables. While the hypotheses were tested using Pearson correlation statistical tool, SPSS v23.The result of the findings reveals that students are aware of the relevance of time management practices in pursuit of academic excellence in physic. Furthermore, the result of the findings reveals that time management practices enhances students academic engagement, achievement in physics subject. Therefore, it is recommended that there is a need to hold seminars for students to help them on how to distribute the right time for subjects in order to obtain higher levels of academic achievement. To mention but a few.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses
  • 4.5 Discussion of Findings

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Time is a priceless resource and continues to pass by without coming back. The secret to achieve success in life is effectively managing this resource that everyone possesses equally and paying sufficient emphasis to plan Macan T H, Shahani C, Dipboye R L and Phillips. The high performance required by competitive conditions forces organizations and directors to use time effectively and stipulates the search to control time Alay S and Koçak S 2003. The rival environment nowadays encourages people to plan and manage time effectively as early as to start from their elementary education. The term “time management” became familiar in the 1950’s and 1960’s as referring to a tool to help managers make better use of available time.

The concept of time management comes from Frederick Winslow Taylor for early analysis of motion and time studies of workers with purpose to reduce unproductive work tasks and time wasting. Mercanlioglu C 2010 defined time management as self-management with an explicit focus on time in deciding what to do; on how much time to allocate to activities; on how activities can be done more efficiently and on when the time is right for particular activities. In the same vein, Mercanlioglu C 2010. Claessens B J, Van Eerde W, Rutte C G and Roe R A 2007 defined time management as “behaviours” that aim to achieve an effective use of time while performing certain goal-directed activities. There are basically three surfaces of time management behaviours which are short range planning, long range planning and time attitudes. Laurie A and Hellsten M 2002 Short-range planning appears to encompass a variety of items that require planning in the short run, either within the day or within the week. Time attitudes is more attitudinal in nature. Long range planning competence is to handle everyday jobs over a longer time perspective by keeping follow of significant dates and setting objectives by putting adjournment. Each of these behaviours of time management appears to have obvious and straightforward meaning for effective performance. Kiggundu H 2009 argued that academic performance is theme assured ability and achievement level of a learner in a school, subject or particular skills. Similarly, Tanriogen A and Iscan S 2009 determined the time management attitude and skill levels of secondary school students and the effects of these skills on their academic achievement.

The findings showed that a majority of secondary school students possess moderate level time management skills and only a significantly small portion have high level time management skills. Also, according to the findings, the prediction level of time management skills for academic performance is 7.9 percent. On the other hand, Swart A J, Lombard K and Jager H 2010 explored the relationship between time management skills and the academic achievement of African engineering students. The results of this study were applied to various tests, which indicated no statistically significant relationship between time management skills and the academic achievement of African engineering students. Students often complaint they do not have enough time to complete all the tasks assigned to them. In trying to read all the books and chapters assigned, meet paper deadlines, and participate in extracurricular activities, university students may become overwhelmed with feelings that there is not enough time to complete all their work adequately. Besides that, a university environment’s flexibility and freedom can derail students who have not mastered time management skills.

Time management has a significant impact on the lives of the students especially for those who are studying in the secondary schools where learners are self-responsible of their academics as they just seek guidance from their teachers, but take decisions as well as manage all activities themselves.

This study is relied on pickle jar theory, which is the modern and relevant theory of time management (Sharma & Would, 2004). This theory shows that human beings should construct balance among activities and things while integrating time management techniques effectively. The success of students is determined through effective utilization of time at each phase in distance learning institutions and regular system. Therefore, the study is conducted mainly to examine the effect of time management practice on the study of physics among senior secondary school students in ikere local government of Ekiti State.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

In this era of globalization and technological revolution, education is considered as a first step for every human activity. It plays a vital role in the development of human capital and is linked with an individual’s well-being and opportunities for better living (Battle & Lewis, 2002). It ensures the acquisition of knowledge and skills that enable individuals to increase their productivity and improve their quality of life. This increase in productivity also leads towards new sources of earning which enhances the economic growth of a country (Saxton, 2000). Time management plays a vital role in improving student’s academic performance and achievements.

However, in developing countries such as Nigeria, students have a lot of issues during academic journey. These issues militate against the effective management of time.The most significant of these appears to be lack of students interest towards learning, especially physics subjesct. Distraction is another issues faced by secondary school students towards time management. Phone calls, unscheduled visits, and being distracted by minor issues are the top interruptions they encounter.Procrastination, lack of priority etc are the challenges encountered by secondary school students. (Charles 2010). Therefore, the ultimate goal of this research is to examine the effect of time management practice on the study of physics among senior secondary school students in ikere local government of Ekiti State.


1.3 Objective of the Study

This study aim at analyzing and examining the effect of time management practice on the study of physics among senior secondary school students. In order to achieve the aim, the following objectives shall be adopted.

  1. Find out students awareness of the relevance of time management practices in pursuit of academic excellence in physics.
  2. Ascertain whether physics students adopt time management skills for effective studying of physics subject.
  3. Find the extent students plan their study period to effectively study physics subject.
  4. Ascertain the extent students prioritize the studying of physics subject in secondary schools.
  5. Ascertain whether the effective time management practices enhances students academic engagement, achievement in physics subject.

1.4 Research Questions

The study will be guided by the following questions;

  1. Are the students aware of the relevance of time management practices in pursuit of academic excellence in physics?
  2. Does the physics students adopt time management skills for effective studying of physics subject?
  3. What extent does students plan their study period to effectively study physics subject?
  4. To what extent does students prioritize the studying of physics subject in secondary schools?
  5. Does effective time management practices enhance students academic engagement, achievement in physics subject?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

  • Ho: There is no significant relationship between time management and students academic achievement in physics.
  • Ha: There is a significant relationship between time management and students academic achievement in physics.

1.6 Significance of the Study

Since majority of students lack the knowledge and skills required for time management, this study will basically be useful to secondary school students as it will enlighten on the essence of time management, and how it can help improve their academics.


1.7 Scope of the Study

The scope of this work shall cover the effect of time management practice on the study of physics among senior secondary school students in Ikere Local Government Of Ekiti State. This study will be carried out in carried out in some selected secondary schools in Ikere Local Government Of Ekiti State.


1.8 Limitation to the Study

Like in every human endeavour, the researchers encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. The significant constraint was the scanty literature on the subject owing to the nature of the discourse thus the researcher incurred more financial expenses and much time was required in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size. Additionally, the researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. More so, the choice of the sample size was limited as few respondent were selected to answer the research instrument hence cannot be generalize to other secondary schools. However, despite the constraint encountered during the research, all factors were downplayed in other to give the best and make the research successful.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Time Management:

It is the science of ideal exploitation to time where the priorities go to the tasks according to their importance; it basically depends on concepts of planning, coordination, stimulation, directing, pursue and contact. It is a quantities and qualitative process that trends toward the future (Alian, 2005, p. 28).

Academic Achievement:

It is a certain level of achievement in school courses measured by the teachers or by the assigned tests as these will provide a degree scale to all subject materials and upon this scale the student caliber in these courses would be measured and rated (Issawi, Aljismani and Zabalawi, 2006, p. 13).


1.10 Organization of the Study

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, abnd selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the effect of time management practice on the study of physics among senior secondary school students in Ikere Local Government Of Ekiti State. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was on the effect of time management practice on the study of physics among senior secondary school students in Ikere Local Government Of Ekiti State. The study was specifically carried out to find out students awareness of the relevance of time management practices in pursuit of academic excellence in physics, ascertain whether physics students adopt time management skills for effective studying of physics subject, find the extent students plan their study period to effectively study physics subject, ascertain the extent students prioritize the studying of physics subject in secondary schools, and ascertain whether the effective time management practices enhances students academic engagement, achievement in physics subject.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 150 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent were physics students of some selected senior secondary school in Ikere Local Government Of Ekiti State.


5.3 Conclusions

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that;

  1. Students are aware of the relevance of time management practices in pursuit of academic excellence in physic.
  2. Physics students do not adopt time management skills for effective studying of physics subject.
  3. The extent students plan their study period to effectively study physics subject is low
  4. The extent students prioritize the studying of physics subject in secondary schools is low.
  5. Time management practices enhances students academic engagement, achievement in physics subject.

5.4 Recommendations

Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations are proffered.

  1. There is a need to hold seminars for students to help them on how to distribute the right time for subjects in order to obtain higher levels of academic achievement.
  2. Procrastination is the bane of every student‘s existence. Creating a timeline or schedule to complete academic tasks.
  3. It is important for students to rid themselves of potential distractions (Facebook, Instagram or snapchat) before they begin studying. Shutting the phones all the way while studying will help reduce distractions.

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