The Effect Of Teaching And Learning Environment On The Academic Performance Of The Pupils In Selected Primary School

Primary Education Project and Semina Material

The Effect Of Teaching And Learning Environment On The Academic Performance Of The Pupils In Selected Primary School


Abstract


This research project is based on “The Effect of Teaching and Learning environment on the academic performance on the pupils in selected primary school of Odeda Local Government” The word academic environment constitutes the total surrounding of the pupils where they find themselves. In view of this, the research tries to identity the best and acceptable environment that constitute effective teaching and learning toward the achievement of the academic performance of primary school pupils in Odeda Local Government. To achieve this, the research based his study in find out the teaching and learning environment that can have effect on the academic performance on the pupils, such as the home of the pupils, school, religion institution, peer group, community, social clubs and the surrounding of the pupils.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Pupils teaching and learning environment constitute the home, school, church mosque, social clubs, peer group surrounding and the society at large.

Pupils learn better where and when the teaching and learning environment is accepting supporting, challenging and enjoyable.

Teaching and learning environment provides necessary condition for both physical intellectual and personality great ad development, of the pupils.

In view of this study, some selected primary school in Odeda Local government is used as a case study which has a signification effect on the academic performance of the pupils of Osiele townships. The quality of education depends on the parent attitude teacher as reflected in the performance of their duties. Over time pupils academic performance in both internal and external examination had been used and determine excellence in teacher and teaching.

Ajao (2001). Teacher have been shown to have an important influence on pupils academic performance and they also play a social role in education attainment because the teacher is ultimately responsible for translating policy into action and principles based on practice during interaction with the pupils.

Afe (2001) Both teaching and learning environment depends on teachers.

No wonder an effective teacher has been conceptualized on who produces desired result in the course of his duty as a teacher Uchefuna (2001).

For the students to achieve high academic Laurels, they need to believe that they can learn and what they are learning is useful, relevant and meaningful for them and for the society at large.

The learning environment must therefore be conducive for students to be able to achieve this goal. The learning environment is twofold, home and school. the parents or guardians of these pupils are responsible for providing the right home environment that will facilitate effective learning. For their wards. So are the school authorities this however might not continue as most pupils are unable to pass their exams with distinction.

The poor academic performance of pupils has sparked off series of research to find out the learning environmental factors that might trigger this situation in order to develop strategies. Many of those studies have considered the learning factors from the perspective either of the home environment or of the school environment.

Hence the major concern of the study is to develop into the effect of teaching and learning environment n the academic performance in selected primary school in Odeda local government area of Ogun State.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Hardly will you get any primary school in the rural area and found a normal setting and atmosphere conducive for proper learning and teaching process to take place.

This study set out to determine, and explain the extent to which academic performance of primary school pupils have been affected by various teaching and learning environment.


1.3 Purpose of the Study

The primary aim of caring out this project research is to find out the effect teaching and learning environment on the academic performance of the pupils in a selected primary school of Odeda Local Government area of Ogun State.

  1. To examine the effect of teaching and learning environment on the academic performance of the pupils in Odeda Local Government before and after its teaching have started in various schools in Odeda Local Government.
  2. To investigate on how the people of Odeda Local Government have gained immensely from the teaching and learning environment in their area.

1.4 Research Questions

In order to achieve good objective for this study, the following questions are formulated.

  1. What are the effect of teacher attitude on pupils academic performance
  2. What are the effect of parent attitude on pupils academic performance
  3. What are the influence of conducive teaching and learning environment have effect on pupils academic performance
  4. What are the differences in the mean performance of students taught by highly effective teachers and those taught by ineffective teachers

1.5 Delimitation of the Study

The researcher limits its study to only five school in Odeda Local Government. This is because it is the believe of the researcher whatever that is operating here is also in one way or the other operating in other state government especially in Ogun State.

During the course of the research work, several obstacles were counted by the researcher. Among such obstacles are time factors, financial setback and unwilling cooperation of the despondence with the researcher


1.6 Definition of Terms

Certain term need to be defined as they are related to the study. These terms include:

  1. Environment
  2. Teachers
  3. Pupils
  4. Teaching
  5. Learning
  6. Academics
  7. School
  8. Performance
1. Environment:

This is the totality of the surrounding of the pupils. Such as home, school, church and the community.

2. Teacher:

Teachers are the instructor which impacts knowledge to a learners or pupils

3. Pupils:

These are the learner at primary school level.

4. Teaching:

It is the process of impacting knowledge, skills and attitude to individual or learner

5. Learning:

This is a relatively permanent change in behaviour resulting from experience

6. Academics:

Is the Act of knowledge acquisition in literature, Art, science or some other discipline or field of knowledge

7. School:

This is a place where teaching and learning is taking place

8. Performance:

Is the total outcome of pupils in their academic study.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

In this study, our focus was on the effect of teaching and learning environment on the academic performance of the pupils in selected primary school using Odeda Local government, Ogun state as a case study. The study specifically was aimed at highlighting the effect of teaching and learning environment on the academic performance of the pupils in Odeda Local government before and after its teaching have started in various schools in Odeda Local government and investigate on how the people of Odeda Local Government have gained immensely from the teaching and learning environment in their area. A total of 77 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are drawn from teachers and students of the selected schools in Odeda local government.


5.2 Conclusion

Based on the finding of this study, the following conclusions were made:

  1. The effect of teacher attitude on pupils academic performance is that it impair academic achievement, increase students’ psychological disorders, physical symptoms of stress Increase students personality development and Increases low self esteem among student.
  2. The effect of parent attitude on pupils academic performance is that it improves children’s self-esteem, Improve school retention, Improve pupils attendance level and Improves pupils academic performance.
  3. The influence of conducive teaching and learning environment have effect on pupils academic performance is that it helps improve attention, reduce anxiety, supports emotional and behavioural , regulation of students and higher motivation that leads to wonderful learning outcomes.
  4. There is a mean differences in the mean performance of students taught by highly effective teachers and those taught by ineffective teachers.

5.3 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. Government and other education stakeholders should make concerted efforts to provide adequate classroom building and renovate the existing dilapidated structures in public secondary schools. This would help to reduce the problem of school overcrowding and it would go a long way to create enabling teaching and learning environment.
  2. Education stakeholders should endeavour to provide adequate class furniture (chairs and lockers or desk) in public secondary schools and students should be oriented on how to maintain these facilities because most a time‟s students destroy these facilities by themselves.
  3. Small class population should be maintained in public secondary schools and the population of students admitted into public schools should depend on the available space and facilities. Because, there is need to make the number of students to be taught in the class to be moderate, so that the teacher would be able to manage the class effectively and give individual attention to students where necessary.

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