The Effect Of Supervision In Cooperative Organisation (A Case Study Of Federal Polytechnic Cooperative Thrift And Loan Society Ltd Nekede)

Project and Seminar Material for Cooperative Economics and Management CEM

The Effect Of Supervision In Cooperative Organisation (A Case Study Of Federal Polytechnic Cooperative Thrift And Loan Society Ltd Nekede)


Abstract


This study was focused on the effect of supervise strategy on organizational performance, with particular study of cooperative thrift and loan society Nekede.

It would be necessary, however to note that owing to the present economic crunch it was difficult to appraise supervisor strategy as to its contribution to the dwindling performance of most business organizations, cooperative thrift and loan society in particular.

In all, the research has tried to view the review the relationship between the supervision at cooperative thrift and loan society on one land and their sub ordinary on the other hand. The outcome of this relationship was anglicized. It is believed that at the end of the successful conduct of this research, the effect of supervisory strategy on organizational performance would have been found; the influence of organization environment on supervisory strategy would have been unveiled.

That the supervisor can positively influence workers attitude to enhance organizational performance besides, it would be able to give suggestions that will boast the subordinate’s moral and as well enhance organizational performance. At the end of this study, the purpose of showing the effect of supervision strategy on organizational performance among would have been achieved.

The research through its findings and recommendations will no doubt contribute immensely towards creating a better working environment for both supervisors with leadership appropriate to ensuring subordinate compliance and higher organizational performance The study will also raise the consciousness of both supervisors and subordinates in their various rational roles towards each other and enhancement of greater performance.


Table Of Content:


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Approval page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of contents

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study/general overview
  • 1.2 Statement of the problem
  • 1.3 Research question
  • 1.4 Delineation of the study
  • 1.5 Purpose of the study
  • 1.6 Significance of the study
  • 1.7 Organization of the work
  • 1.8 Definition of terms

Chapter Two

2.0 Review of Related Literature

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 The position and role of the supervisor in cooperative
  • 2.3 supervisory pattern and cooperative organizational performance
  • 2.4 supervisory style and organizational effectiveness
  • 2.5 Decision centralization, Participation and subordinate satisfaction

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 source of data Collection
  • 3.3 Data collection Instrument
  • 3.4 Text of validity and Reliability or data collection
  • 3.5 limitations
  • 3.6 summary

Chapter Four

4.0 Data Analysis and Research Presentation

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Analysis or data

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary of Findings
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • Bibliography
  • Appendix
  • Questionnaire

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction:

In the recent times, Treasure on cooperative organization to achieve their set goals and policies or face the ugly consequences of being liquidated by its owners has become an increasing necessity. Hence they strive to adopt a sound and workable supervisory strategy that will enhance a greater organizational performance.

Today, the corporation is currently witnessing articulated moves form to management to the top floor worker in a bid to translate strategic cooperation objective to specific orientated action that will eventually leads to goal attainment.

Beside, the key to the realization of cooperative strategy has in the ability of management to effectively transform strategic objectives to result oriented goals. Obviously this is where the missing links. Hence, the Primary measure of supervising success is the productivity of the supervisor work unit.


1.1 Background Of The Study

Supervisors who would act as middlemen are responding for transmitting management plans, Programmes, policies and objective which becomes an indispensable tool for bringing the gap between supervision strategy and organizational performance. According to Gormlare (1972), managers cannot markets alone he needs assistance to fully meet the requirements for his current position and even assistance if he is going to rise to senior position within the organization. The importance of supervising leadership on organizational performance cannot be over emphasized.

This is because the character substance and style the supervisory leadership lead to high productivity and defer. It’s part of growth in an organization while inferior supervisory strategy is deterrent to output. Menses (1978:8) Hence is a consensus that regardless of method or system the example of practices of trained supervisors, leaders know how to evoke positive employee’s response to the attainment of their goals who have leaned how to gain and retain employee respect and support, have a worth beyond price to their organization, there are less than numerous agreement that has the boss and subordinate, there are less than numerous agreement that as the boss and subordinate are concerned authority and obedience is on longer than the name of the game. Yet there are still bosses and subordinates inside the organization, customer and citizen on outsides.

However, one thing that seem to emerge from all these debates is that effectiveness of supervision mercies (1978:10) holed that an effective supervisor should be able to do the following:

  1. Spend his time as a supervisor in scheduling planning and training.
  2. (Should not try to do the work of his subordinates.
  3. Respect them, stand up for them, give subordinates recognition, keep his subordinates informed and should be fair to them. It must therefore bear in mind that set objectives cannot be realized under an atmosphere devoid of competent and effective leadership and supervision.

Summarily, this constitutes the bulk of the entire study as the only effective means of ensuring organizational performance towards goals attainment.


1.2 Statement Of The Problem

In effective supervisory strategy in the practice of the organization, that is by looking at what people do at the functional level. Obviously, most cooperative organizations acknowledge the importance o effective supervision to efficient and effective management of their organization. This is so when viewed from the standard points that factor in determining their group output.

Despite the importance of effective supervisory strategy to the attainment of organizational objective. in some organizations, it is clear manifestation of low task that are assigned to and performed by subordinates. And those tasks so performed cannot be separated from the pattern of supervision strategy, existing in the organization. Therefore, strategy must serve the organization while the organization serve the strategy, i.e. effective supervisory strategies work, while ineffective supervisory strategies do not. So the nature and extent of directives given the subordinate and their bearing on the organization performance is where the research revolves.


1.3 Research Question:

What is the relationship between effective supervision and cooperate performance/productivity?


1.4 Delineation Of Study:

The research is based on cooperative thrift and loan society, Nekede and is concerned with the effect of supervisory strategy on organizational performances. This study is focused on how sound supervision could impact meaningful on high organizational performance which importantly enhances greater productivity in organization.


1.5 Purpose Of The Study:

It is believed that at the end of the successful conduct of this research, the effect of supervisory strategy on organizational performance would have been found; the influence of organization environment on supervisory strategy would have been unveiled. That the supervisor can positively influence workers attitude to enhance organizational performance besides, it would be able to give suggestions that will boast the subordinate’s moral and as well enhance organizational performance. At the end of this study, the purpose of showing the effect of supervision strategy on organizational performance among would have been achieved.


1.6 Significance Of The Study:

The research through its findings and recommendations will no doubt contribute immensely towards creating a better working environment for both supervisors with leadership appropriate to ensuring subordinate compliance and higher organizational performance.

The study will also raise the consciousness of both supervisors and subordinates in their various rational roles towards each other and enhancement of greater performance.

Furthermore, the research would create greater awareness among the supervisor’s of industry and commerce, regarding supervisory strategy in cooperative organization. In addition the study helps to discover and disclose why despite all emphasis and efforts, enhancement of supervisory strategy is still face on. The works will similarly analysis the effect of supervisory strategy and organizational performance in our ever infant cooperative organization.

Finally, the study will contribute to the stock of existing knowledge and stimulate further research into the subject matter.


1.7 Organizational Performance

This refers to the ability of the organization to achieve a stated standard efficiently. The best way to measure performance is to set specific objective to serve as standard for measuring performance.(Ref 1973)


1.8 Definition Of Terms:

These are dependent and independent variable that will appear in this study. An understanding of those concepts is important. They are as follows:

Supervision:

This is the act of watching and directing the work of others instructing and assuring of others to subordinates to perform their enforcement of discipline and development of team spirit or accomplishing stated goals.

Supervisor:

A supervisor in any organization is that individuals who directs and controls the work of the operative employees. In other words, he is a technical specialist occupying the lower rang of management team, who overseas, inspects and directs the work of non-managerial employees to achieve the desire result.


Chapter Five


5.0 Summary Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

This study as noted earlier was focused on the effect of supervise strategy on organizational performance, with particular study of cooperative thrift and loan society Nekede.

It would be necessary, however to note that owing to the present economic crunch it was difficult to appraise supervisor strategy as to its contribution to the dwindling performance of most business organizations, cooperative thrift and loan society in particular.

In all, the research has tried to view the review the relationship between the supervision at cooperative thrift and loan society on one land and their sub ordinary on the other hand. The outcome of this relationship was anglicized.
Chapter one, obviously, took a comprehensive look at the study of the effect supervisory strategy on organizational performance.

Other wise referred to as over view of the entire study. It is the introductory aspect of the study; hence it constitutes the backbone of the study.

Chapter two is all about the literature review all the areas that pertain to the study were revered that is the concepts of the researched supervision. It is evolution and development, organization performance, productivity etc are adequately via view of related literature

Also in chapter two is the critical frame work here a lot of management theories and postulations were revisited and adequately reviewed in attempt to discover and streamline supervisory strategy that would effectively impact positively to organizational performance in cooperative thrift and loan society in particular.

Besides, articles and journal publications were hand full and the extensive review of the related literature for the research work study.

Chapter three is obviously the road map of the study otherwise referred to as design and methodology this explained in details the method of data collection, data source and instrumentation, the means of gathering information for research work/study (eg) Questionnaires, interview schedule. It also includes sampling procedure, data analysis, and method of sample percentage and spearmen’s rank order correlation coefficient, as well as research assumption, purpose of the study. This laid the foundation of the statistical techniques and method that would be used in data analysis and hypothesis testing in chapter four.

Chapter four obviously dwelled extensively on the analysis of data gathered through questionnaires and interviews schedule. It is here that the actual application of the various statistical application of the various techniques explained in chapter three above were used in hypotheses testing. Consequently, decision is made based on the result of the test as result. Conclusion is arrived at.


5.2 Conclusion

It has been an interesting outing trying to find out and analyze the effects of supervision strategy on the organizational performance in Nigeria and that of cooperative thrift and loan in particular

The research is not in any way laying claim of being exhaustive and does not claim having offered conclusive place for some of the discovered problems.

How ever, it is a means of eliciting reactions and further research studies in various elements that have correction with cooperative.

The research can conclude form analyze and findings that organizational performance of the cooperative thrift and loan play significant role in the productivity of the company, that supervisors in the company, need to be subordinate oriented so as to influence the operative employees performance in the positive direction

Also that work environment created by management in the present economic stock is conducive for effective performance in all, that supervision is the corner stone of employee morale and high performance in Nigeria cooperative organization in general and cooperative thrift and loan society in particular. Supervision strategy has to reaching influence on the performance of the company.


5.3 Recommendations

High performance has been the concern of cooperative organization. In this regard effective supervision strategy is not only desirable, but obviously necessary. The research in his view for effective supervision in his view for effective supervision strategy and increased performance recommended as follows:

In order that the objective of participative management is archived, better educated subordinates should be employed and regular training embarked upon.

To develop subordinates tasks, still skilled and human (people) oriented supervisors should be employed to work closely with them.

Favoritism and impartial behaviour should be discouraged. It is enormously gainful and loss little to observe only a change of attitude form and sundry is required to effect it.

The present standard method of measuring performance should be encouraged but it would have been better of, if a more effective method is evolved.

Furthermore, to achieve organizational performance and satisfaction among employees, the work environment must be excellently humanized, thereby promoting communication and interactions within and among social group at work.

Finally, to ensure the development of this all important aspect of the organization supervision strategy in the company and indeed cooperative organization in Nigeria, standard, inform level of qualification should be set according to nation and size of the industries.


The Effect Of Supervision In Cooperative Organisation (A Case Study Of Federal Polytechnic Cooperative Thrift And Loan Society Ltd Nekede)


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The Effect Of Supervision In Cooperative Organisation (A Case Study Of Federal Polytechnic Cooperative Thrift And Loan Society Ltd Nekede)


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