The Effect Of Supervision In Cooperative Organisation (A Case Study Of Federal Polytechnic Cooperative Thrift And Loan Society Ltd Nekede)


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Project and Seminar Material for Cooperative Economics and Management CEM

Project and Seminar Material for Cooperative Economics and Management CEM


Dedication


I dedicate the work to the Ancient of Days, my only source of strength, wisdom, and inspiration, my families, Friends, and my course mates for their inestimable support.


Acknowledgement


The writing and event completion of this research project work is as a result of the input made by persons too numerous to mention. I must, however mention some groups and individuals for their unique roles in the completion of this project.

I wish to acknowledge with immense thanks the contribution of my immediate family, Rev & Mrs. Samuel .N. Ajare my parents, Faith, Joy, Daniel, Benjamin and Sharon my siblings whose prayers and financial support has made it possible for me to complete this project or research work.

I also sincerely wish to acknowledge with great thanks and gratitude the contribution of the family of late Mr. Evans Ubarieke, MRS Loveth David, Mr. ulonna Ubas Aka Chief Agunneochemba, Mr. Periwinkle to mention but few.
I am greatly indebted to my grand mother who ignited the zeal to opt for higher Education and live a better life i.e. God fearing life. The entire Ajare family.

My sincere gratitude goes to my extreme lecturer especially those in the department of corporative particularly Mr. Tettee,

I am also greatly indebted to my fellow students at federal polytechnic Nekede, Owerri (FPNO) especially my course mates who has been a source of inspiration and courage to me while undertaking this research work. People like, Kinsley, Darlington, Ambrose my roommates, also Emma, Stanley, Chinazam, Glory, and Hilda just to mention but a few.

Above all, I am thankful to the highest God for his goodness and mercies, his strength and health, he bestowed on me during this period and thereafter

Ajare Noble O


Abstract


This study was focused on the effect of supervise strategy on organizational performance, with particular study of cooperative thrift and loan society Nekede.

It would be necessary, however to note that owing to the present economic crunch it was difficult to appraise supervisor strategy as to its contribution to the dwindling performance of most business organizations, cooperative thrift and loan society in particular.

In all, the research has tried to view the review the relationship between the supervision at cooperative thrift and loan society on one land and their sub ordinary on the other hand. The outcome of this relationship was anglicized. It is believed that at the end of the successful conduct of this research, the effect of supervisory strategy on organizational performance would have been found; the influence of organization environment on supervisory strategy would have been unveiled.

That the supervisor can positively influence workers attitude to enhance organizational performance besides, it would be able to give suggestions that will boast the subordinate’s moral and as well enhance organizational performance. At the end of this study, the purpose of showing the effect of supervision strategy on organizational performance among would have been achieved.

The research through its findings and recommendations will no doubt contribute immensely towards creating a better working environment for both supervisors with leadership appropriate to ensuring subordinate compliance and higher organizational performance The study will also raise the consciousness of both supervisors and subordinates in their various rational roles towards each other and enhancement of greater performance.


Table Of Content:


  • Title page
  • Approval page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of contents

Chapter One

  • 1.0 Introduction
  • 1.1 Background of the study/general overview
  • 1.2 Statement of the problem
  • 1.3 Research question
  • 1.4 Delineation of the study
  • 1.5 Purpose of the study
  • 1.6 Significance of the study
  • 1.7 Organization of the work
  • 1.8 Definition of terms

Chapter Two

  • 2.0 Review of Related Literature
  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 The position and role of the supervisor in cooperative
  • 2.3 supervisory pattern and cooperative organizational performance
  • 2.4 supervisory style and organizational effectiveness
  • 2.5 Decision centralization, Participation and subordinate satisfaction

Chapter Three

  • 3.0 Research methodology
  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 source of data Collection
  • 3.3 Data collection Instrument
  • 3.4 Text of validity and Reliability or data collection
  • 3.5 limitations
  • 3.6 summary

Chapter Four

  • 4.0 Data Analysis and Research Presentation
  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Analysis or data

Chapter Five

  • 5.0 Summary conclusion and Recommendation
  • 5.1 Summary of Findings
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • Bibliography
  • Appendix
  • Questionnaire

Chapter One


1.0 Introduction:

In the recent times, Treasure on cooperative organization to achieve their set goals and policies or face the ugly consequences of being liquidated by its owners has become an increasing necessity. Hence they strive to adopt a sound and workable supervisory strategy that will enhance a greater organizational performance.

Today, the corporation is currently witnessing articulated moves form to management to the top floor worker in a bid to translate strategic cooperation objective to specific orientated action that will eventually leads to goal attainment.

Beside, the key to the realization of cooperative strategy has in the ability of management to effectively transform strategic objectives to result oriented goals. Obviously this is where the missing links. Hence, the Primary measure of supervising success is the productivity of the supervisor work unit.


1.1 Background Of The Study

Supervisors who would act as middlemen are responding for transmitting management plans, Programmes, policies and objective which becomes an indispensable tool for bringing the gap between supervision strategy and organizational performance. According to Gormlare (1972), managers cannot markets alone he needs assistance to fully meet the requirements for his current position and even assistance if he is going to rise to senior position within the organization. The importance of supervising leadership on organizational performance cannot be over emphasized.

This is because the character substance and style the supervisory leadership lead to high productivity and defer. It’s part of growth in an organization while inferior supervisory strategy is deterrent to output. Menses (1978:8) Hence is a consensus that regardless of method or system the example of practices of trained supervisors, leaders know how to evoke positive employee’s response to the attainment of their goals who have leaned how to gain and retain employee respect and support, have a worth beyond price to their organization, there are less than numerous agreement that has the boss and subordinate, there are less than numerous agreement that as the boss and subordinate are concerned authority and obedience is on longer than the name of the game. Yet there are still bosses and subordinates inside the organization, customer and citizen on outsides.

However, one thing that seem to emerge from all these debates is that effectiveness of supervision mercies (1978:10) holed that an effective supervisor should be able to do the following:

  1. Spend his time as a supervisor in scheduling planning and training.
  2. (Should not try to do the work of his subordinates.
  3. Respect them, stand up for them, give subordinates recognition, keep his subordinates informed and should be fair to them. It must therefore bear in mind that set objectives cannot be realized under an atmosphere devoid of competent and effective leadership and supervision.

Summarily, this constitutes the bulk of the entire study as the only effective means of ensuring organizational performance towards goals attainment.


1.2 Statement Of Th Problem

In effective supervisory strategy in the practice of the organization, that is by looking at what people do at the functional level. Obviously, most cooperative organizations acknowledge the importance o effective supervision to efficient and effective management of their organization. This is so when viewed from the standard points that factor in determining their group output.

Despite the importance of effective supervisory strategy to the attainment of organizational objective. in some organizations, it is clear manifestation of low task that are assigned to and performed by subordinates. And those tasks so performed cannot be separated from the pattern of supervision strategy, existing in the organization. Therefore, strategy must serve the organization while the organization serve the strategy, i.e. effective supervisory strategies work, while ineffective supervisory strategies do not. So the nature and extent of directives given the subordinate and their bearing on the organization performance is where the research revolves.


1.3 Research Question:

What is the relationship between effective supervision and cooperate performance/productivity?


1.4 Delineation Of Study:

The research is based on cooperative thrift and loan society, Nekede and is concerned with the effect of supervisory strategy on organizational performances. This study is focused on how sound supervision could impact meaningful on high organizational performance which importantly enhances greater productivity in organization.


1.5 Purpose Of The Study:

It is believed that at the end of the successful conduct of this research, the effect of supervisory strategy on organizational performance would have been found; the influence of organization environment on supervisory strategy would have been unveiled. That the supervisor can positively influence workers attitude to enhance organizational performance besides, it would be able to give suggestions that will boast the subordinate’s moral and as well enhance organizational performance. At the end of this study, the purpose of showing the effect of supervision strategy on organizational performance among would have been achieved.


1.6 Significance Of The Study:

The research through its findings and recommendations will no doubt contribute immensely towards creating a better working environment for both supervisors with leadership appropriate to ensuring subordinate compliance and higher organizational performance.

The study will also raise the consciousness of both supervisors and subordinates in their various rational roles towards each other and enhancement of greater performance.

Furthermore, the research would create greater awareness among the supervisor’s of industry and commerce, regarding supervisory strategy in cooperative organization. In addition the study helps to discover and disclose why despite all emphasis and efforts, enhancement of supervisory strategy is still face on. The works will similarly analysis the effect of supervisory strategy and organizational performance in our ever infant cooperative organization.

Finally, the study will contribute to the stock of existing knowledge and stimulate further research into the subject matter.


1.7 Organizational Performance

This refers to the ability of the organization to achieve a stated standard efficiently. The best way to measure performance is to set specific objective to serve as standard for measuring performance.(Ref 1973)


1.8 Definition Of Terms:

These are dependent and independent variable that will appear in this study. An understanding of those concepts is important. They are as follows:

Supervision:

This is the act of watching and directing the work of others instructing and assuring of others to subordinates to perform their enforcement of discipline and development of team spirit or accomplishing stated goals.

Supervisor:

A supervisor in any organization is that individuals who directs and controls the work of the operative employees. In other words, he is a technical specialist occupying the lower rang of management team, who overseas, inspects and directs the work of non-managerial employees to achieve the desire result.


I bet you, the complete material is fully loaded. This is just an excerpt. The Material is in MS-Word Format which you can easily edit and is comprehensive for a complete research work for this topic


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How to nail it on the head during your project defence


You are through with writing that project. Now what?

You have found yourself at that point where you have to defend what you have written. Of course you have to stand in front of your supervisor and other literary personalities to prove that you know what you wrote in your project paper. Unfortunately, the more you think about it, the more it looks like you are about to face a legion. It is not a war. But the emotion of dread welling up inside of you makes it look like one. So now you are asking yourself questions.

  • How am I going to start?
  • I hope I will do well enough to get an A.

You really want to nail it, but you need to come to terms with exactly how to get everything in perfect control. Especially your emotions of fear that seem to make a wreck of you every time you think about public speaking.
So here is the deal. I want to help you avoid that feeling that would ruin your precious moment if you dare to let it. And we are going to do it together.

I am going to highlight some very important tips to help you get in control for you to be comfortable enough to move from that feeling of DREAD to CONFIDENT; and making an awesome Impression for that great rating your supervisors should be giving to you so freely.

Consider these tips as you prepare for your defence. We will be taking them one after the other so here we go.


Watch Your Body Language And Keep It Confident:

Can you tell that a person is falling apart if they look confident? … If I can second guess you rightly, am sure you answered no to that question. Remind yourself that you need to come out that way. Now this might seem like a huge big deal when you are dealing with the foreboding. Maintaining a poise of confidence is very important. So find your most comfortable position, sitting or standing and draw up your body. You must exude confidence. It is something you need to do for yourself. People can only see what you allow your body language to show. So you must endeavour to put that out. Remember the story of David and Goliath? … At the end of your defence day, you want to be David.


Dress In Your Most Comfortable And Impressive:

Am sure this one is a no brainer. However I must highlight that you choose comfortable pieces. You don’t want to look so good and yet look like you were forced to wear something that does not belong to you. It’s great to ensure that as impressive as your clothes are on you, that they are also very comfortable.


Speak With Authority:

Going hand to hand with that aura of confidence is your most powerful asset:your words. If you look that confident, your words must not come out like whimpers. To be able to pull this off, you definitely need to speak as deliberately as possible in expressing yourself. Let them also hear what they see.


Use, Your Gestures:

I have often found this to come to my rescue in dealing with shyness and conveying my confidence. Usually it gives you an edge to also drive home your point. You must, however, ensure that you do not over use it. It doesn’t mean that your hands should be flying all over the place. That would be absolutely unnecessary. If you do this well, after a while you will realize that you are not as self-conscious as you used to be at the very start. For most situations, it would have completely disappeared altogether; leaving a really confident you talking.


Have A Good Opening And Closing Line:

Make sure you have perfected a good opening line. You should also be armed with a good closing line too. Try and rehearse it to a friend. If for the first time you presented it, your friend does not say “wow, that’s beautiful” or something like that; just know you need to keep refining it until you get the perfect line. Both opening and closing lines will go a long way in how impressed your panel gets to rate you high.


Make Sure You Know Your Work:

Certainly you should understand how important it is to know your own work from start to finish. Not having in-depth knowledge of your own work is tantamount to a suicide mission. Why should you kill yourself?
When all is said and done, this is what you came to defend in the first place. You should know your work from A to Z.


Prepare For The Questions:

Now this part is truly essential. You must be sure you do not floor all the good work you did on your presentation by not answering correctly. You must pay attention to the questions you are asked to be sure you will give the right answer. Many people get it wrong at this stage and spoil their good presentation. When you do not understand any question do endeavour to ask the person to expatiate what they mean before you answer.


These tips are by no means exhaustive, but applying these tips will give you some necessary advantage you need for a great outcome. Of course that outcome would mean that you eventually earn all your points on this project.


The structure of a good project work


Undergraduate projects in Nigeria is a prerequisite for graduation amongst Nigerian tertiary students who will which to obtain bachelors degree in their respective courses of study such as accounting, banking and finance, business administration and a host of others. Writing an undergraduate project in Nigeria for final year students entails a lot both financially and otherwise. Being able to develop any final year project depends on getting a researchable topic whether it is Accounting Undergraduate project topics, Banking and Finance research topics or banking and finance project topics and materials and it all requires diligent hard work of students who are willing to develop best undergraduate projects in Nigeria and graduate in flying colors.

A typical Undergraduate project in Nigerian tertiary institutions can be said to be divided into five or six chapters depending on the format of the school and course of study which are


1. Introduction

The introduction of an undergraduate project states the main research problem and research argument. What precisely the study is all about and why it is important. It looks at the originality of the research work and how it will fill the gap in other studies. Justification for a research undergraduate topic should not be lengthy before it has been explicitly stated.

Below are the contents in chapter one of an undergraduate research project which includes;

  • Background of the study,
  • Statement of the problem,
  • Objectives or aims of the study,
  • The research questions,
  • Research hypothesis,
  • Significance of the study,
  • Scope of the study,
  • Limitations of the study and
  • Operational definition of terms.

2. Literature review

Literature review of any undergraduate research work, be it business administration project topics or Economics project topics just to mention a few is very critical to securing a high grade in one’s project work. The literature review of a research process uncovers what other writers have written about the student’s topic. A student’s undergraduate research work should include a discussion or review of what is known about the subject and how that knowledge was acquired. The review could conclude with a brief summary of the literature and its implications. The contents of the literature review are the theoretical review, conceptual framework, empirical review and summary of literature review.

3. Research Methodology

This section includes a description of the research methods used in the undergraduate research work such as the sample size, data collection methods, measurement instruments, research data analysis procedures and the population from which the sample was selected.  This section also describes the method used in selecting the sample or samples, validation and reliability of the instruments used in the research work. There are different research statistical techniques used in undergraduate research work such as SPSS, e-views etc.


4. Results & Discussion

This section presents and discusses the data analysis results used in an undergraduate research work, the results of each analysis is being summarized, tabulated, and then discussed for each research question.  Then for each research hypothesis, the statistical test of significance selected and applied to the data is briefly described, followed by a statement indicating whether the hypothesis was supported or not supported.  In presenting the result analyses/summary in an undergraduate project tables and figures and or graph are used to add clarity to the presentation.


5. Summary, Conclusions And Recommendations

This section summarizes the findings of the study in an easy to understand manner.  It also explains the practical implications of those findings, and points to recommended directions for future research in that area.


References:

This is where every source cited in the undergraduate research work is being included. Every undergraduate research work must be properly referenced for its authenticity.


Choosing A Good Project / Research Topic


Students in Nigerian universities these days wish to choose a very simple project topic/material. There is no issue choosing a simple project topic; the only problem is your ability to choose a good project or research topic that your supervisor will easily approve for you.

Most project supervisors really want to see how good his or her project student understands his or her surrounding through the kind of topic he or she chooses for their project work.

There are some project topic that are not reject-able; for instance in Nigeria of today; what do you think is the major issue on ground now?

If a project student can choose or craft a topic on the effect of dollar increment on the economy of Nigeria. Such project topic will be very interesting to write on.

Now what are the qualities of a good project topic?

  1. The materials for the project topic must be easily assessable.
  2. The project topic itself must be meaningful.
  3. The variables must be able to give a clear aim of the project topic.

What do I mean by variable?

Well I am deriving my point from the area of project writing; the variables here are those main words in the project topic.

Like the above project topic; the effect of dollar increment on the economy of Nigeria. You can see the main variables that really define this project topic are:dollar, increment and economy.

Before you present your topic to your project supervisor, first of all understand your project topic, and then secondly try to do some research for your topic to see if at least you can get up to 60% of what you need to write the complete project.

I said that above because you might have a very nice topic that the materials are not available online and there are no books as regard the topic; in this case the project topic becomes difficult for you even though the topic is catchy.

What do I mean by your topic being assessable?

Well what I mean is very simple and easy to understand. Simply pick your project topic, type it on google and see if you will have at least a good background for the topic you are writing on.

If you can have a good background for your project topic and you can understand the problem associated with the project topic, then I believe the aim of the project is not far-fetched.

SAMPHINA ACADEMY

SAMPHINA ACADEMY

Samuel Obiora Blessed is the CEO and founder of Samphina Academy (samphina.com.ng) a.k.a Nigeria Students Media, the youngest engineering graduate of Federal Polytechnic Nekede in 2017 and the engine brain behind this great platform. He is the man behind the scene, filled with many potentials, a musician as well as a pro developer with the interest of Nigerian students at heart.

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