The Effect Of Proper Planning On The Organizational Objectives In Public Service In Nigeria

Project and Seminar material for Public Administration

Project and Seminar material for Public Administration


This research work is necessitated by the desire to discover the position and role of proper planning on the organizational objectives in the public service in Nigeria. The research is concerned with the determination on how important planning is in management of organization.

The benefit and costs of planning. Comparing certain activities in public and private organizations using federal polytechnic Nekede, Owerri as a case study does them. Questionnaire and interview were use to gather data for the analysis and statisyical analytical method such as tables, rations, percentage and pie charts were use in examining the findings the analytical method helped to identifying the necessity of planning the these organization.

They also help to identify such factor that militate against planning such as planning costs, lacks of planning experts time frame lack of information and cost of execution of such plans recommendations that suggest s that business organization should always be reviewed up to data and for them to serve instrument of management and that variations from planned action should quick be corrected. d

Table Of Content

Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title Page
  • Approval Page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of content

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

  • 1.1 Background
  • 1.2 Statement of problem
  • 1.3 Objectives of the study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Significance of the study
  • 1.6 Scope of the study
  • 1.7 Limitation of the study
  • 1.8 Definition of terms

Chapter Two

2.0 Literature Review

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • (Other function of the topic)

Chapter Three

3.0 Research Design and Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research design
  • 3.3 Sources / method of data collection
  • 3.4 Population and sample size
  • 3.5 Sample techniques
  • 3.6 Validity and reliability of measuring instrument.
  • 3.7 Method of data analysis

Chapter Four

4.0 Presentation and Analysis of Data

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Presentation of data
  • 4.3 Analysis of data
  • 4.4 Interpretation of result

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Introduction
  • 5.2 Summary of findings
  • 5.3 Conclusion
  • 5.4 Recommendations
  • References
  • Appendix

Chapter One

1.0 Introduction

In the commercial activities of the earliest time, little attention was given to planning as a management function and the early business unit paid dearly for it. Ottih (1992). Many managers do not see the need for planning and some of those that plan do that as an annual exercise that is never implemented. On that premise plans only were made just because it has become customary to do that and not a step- by- step implementation of the plan was made. It is on this introduction that this research is to be conducted.

1.1 Background Of The Study

Planning is deciding in advance what to do, how to do it, when to do it and how result can be evaluated (knootz, etal 1950). According to O Donnell (1992). Planning is selecting objective and strategies policies, programme and procedure for achieving them either for the entire enterprise or for any organized part thereof for an organization to remain a float or progress there is always that need for planning.

This is why planning is futuristic because it sets target and strategies to actualize. This involves identification of the problems to be solved, searching for financial and material resource, methods and strategies to be used and careful systematization of the activities and inputs or means to achieve the desire purpose (Ogunna 1999). This is a difficult understand which embodies creativity. Intuitive and imaginative ability and analytical initiative planning is an intellectually demanding of process it requires the conscious determination of courses of action and basing of decision on purpose.

Knowledge and considered estimates in designing a milieu for effective performance of people working collectively in group the most important task is to see that purpose objectives and method of attaining them clearly understood if group effort is to be effective people must know what they are expected to accomplish. This is the function of planning.

It entails selecting of course of action from among course of actions for the organization as a whole and for every department or sections within it. Importantly also it involves selecting of organization objectives and departmental goals and determining ways of achieving them.

Therefore planning involves rational approach to pre-selected objectives (Okoye 1997) this following will lay emphasis on how federal polytechnic come about federal polytechnic Nekede, Owerri was established by edict No. 16 of 1976. it opened for classes on 15th December 1978 at a temporary site in the premises of government trade centre along Egbu road, Owerri with initial of 275 students.

In 1980 the college of education as was it name them was moved to it permanent site in Nekede Owerri the name of Nekede Owerri. In 1987 by the edict No 6 of 1987 was further renamed federal polytechnic nekede Owerri by federal amendment of decree 1993 of 1st January 1993. its motto knowledge and skill for service which has been deriving principles of the polytechnic has been demonstrated by the quality of graduates and professionals that the school has produced over the years the polytechnic offers full and part-time National Diploma (ND), Higher National Diploma (HND) and certificate programme. Their website is www.

1.2 Statement Of Problems

In the course of this research a lot of problem emerged. It therefore set out to address the following problems

Lack Of School Hostels:

Lacks of school hostels has made most of the student to fall into a victim, especially the female in the sense that some bad boys attack them in their house where they are living inside the village.

Lack Of Lecturer Rooms:

In this lack of lecturer rooms has made most of the student are not copping up with their studies because of the in conveniences.

Massive Admission:

This particular problem has done more harm than good to federal Polytechnic Nekede because both the lecturers and the student doesn’t have breathing spaces when having lectures especially during the dry seasons.


Most of the students are being intimidated by their follow student, in the sense that most of the lecturers pick them to supervise during the semester exams or marking of scripts.

1.3 Objective Of The Study

  1. To fashion out a better means of proper planning in federal polytechnic Nekede Owerri.
  2. To maintain the rules and regulation in federal polytechnic Nekede.
  3. To provide infrastructures and social amenities in federal polytechnic Nekede.
  4. To provide adequate security for the lecturers and the students as well.

1.4 Research Questions

Since planning has been claimed to be necessary for good management, serves as a guide to good organization management and effective achievement of result. The following questions can be asked thus:

  1. Is planning an instrument for actualization of objectives in federal polytechnic nekede.
  2. Does there exist planning unit in federal polytechnic nekede
  3. What is the importance of public organizational service in Nigeria.
  4. How far had federal polytechnic Nekede been able to revamp planning .

1.5 The Significance Of The Study

This project work will be of great alert to management of our institution on ways to prevent or reduces this problems because it has been a draw back in the institution in the sense that 75 percent of the students that graduated from federal polytechnic nekede does not paint the institution in a feint colour outside there by their character and educational behavior.

1.6 Scope Of The Study

The study was limited to academic division and personnel division in federal polytechnic Nekede Owerri and its finding and also apply to all the public service and private organization in Nigeria as the case may be.

1.7 Limitation Of The Study

The limitation of this study is due to constraints encouraged while carrying out the work and they are as follows.

  1. Lack of finance to carry out the research.
  2. Lack of adequate time frame to carry out this research due to other academic activities.
  3. Problem of traveling for long distance to get information coupled with high cost of transportation.
  4. Non- responsive attitude of the respondents.

1.8 Definition Of Terms


To spread gradually to effect all pastry of a place, level or thing.


The things that need to be done and the way to do it to accomplish organizational goal.


A company or business venture with turnover.


As a group of persons referring to those who are in the help of affairs in any organization.

Chapter Five

5.0 Summary, Conclusion And Recommendation

5.1 Introduction

The purpose of the research was to present critical analysis on how various organizations and other institutions that are involved plan effectively and achieve a specific goal. More especially during the formulation of federal polytechnic Nekede it was a good plan that made it what it is today. In this chapter we will summarize, conclude and make appropriate recommendation in our work especially for future research.

5.2 Summary

This project commenced with the proper planning of an organization and five research question were developed to guide the major activities of the organization in order to identify existing theories in this field and bring them into focus. A detailed literature review was conduct and presented in chapter two, while chapter three discussed the major research design and methodology issues of this project the data for the analysis of study were obtained from the investigation, interview and questionnaire was distributed to the staff of management to fill. Chapter four was used to present data analysis major findings. It was discovered that proper planning plays an indispensable role in business organization.

5.3 Conclusion

The topic effectiveness of proper planning on the organizational objectives on the public service in nigria (a case study of federal polytechnic Nekede). Tried to explain how planning plays a major role in an organization in Nigeria. Basically on all the available results of this research. The researcher wishes to conclude that all business organizations whether public or private should fully embrace planning as their management tool we also discovered that no meaningful achievement could be recorded in the absence of planning.

Effective management planning brings about a desirable output results whereas inadequate planning or total neglect of planning as a workable management tools brings about decreases output, inefficiency and ineffectiveness in the general management output.

5.4 Recommendations

On the basis of the empirical analysis and trading concerning planning in business organizations. The researcher hereby makes the following suggestions to business organization to use planning as a tool of management.

  1. Management of business organization should always plan their activities to enable such organization tap the numerous benefits that accrue from the “act of planning ahead of time”.
  2. Business organization should always send their managerial staff on training course to acquaint them with the gains they stand to make by using the tools of planning in their managerial functions.
  3. Business organization management should always reviews plan to identify weak sport and rectify them. Plan should always be updated for its maximum contribution to the achievement of organization goals.
  4. The management team should always ensure relative accuracy. If private organizational employ planning experts, it will go along way to reduce the difficulties they encounter which eventually discourages them in there bid to set plans ahead of time.
  5. Since plans do not execute themselves, the management of any business organization should develop the will to put plans into operations. plans not implemented are as good as not marking any plans at all. And any plan made but not implemented only increase the cost of administration without the organization devising the academic benefit that accompanies plans.

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