The Effect Of Physical Education Programmes On The Wellbeing Of Secondary School Students In Nigeria
The study was conducted basically to find out the effect of physical education programmes on the well-being of secondary school students in Otta Local Government Area of Ogun State. The population for this study consisted of male and female students in three selected secondary schools in Otta Local Government Area of Ogun State. Two hundred secondary school students were served with questionnaire forms to elicit responses on information about influence of physical exercise and well-being, influence of tourism and well-being, influence of engaging in sports and well-being, influence of recreation and well-being, and influence of gymnastic activities and well-being. Data obtained were analysed using frequency counts, percentage scores and chi-square (x2) method of data analysis. The findings revealed that physical exercises contribute to the well-being of every secondary school students. It also revealed that engaging in sporting activities will improve the well-being of secondary school students. It is recommended that physical education programmes should be intensive enough to have effects on secondary school students. Also, teachers or physical educators should educate students on the effect of physical education programmes and the effects it has on their health.
1.1 Background of the Study
Physical Education is a systematic instruction in sports, training, practice, gymnastics, exercises, and hygiene given as part of a school or college program. Physical Education is the study, practice, and appreciation of the art and science of human movement (Hardman, 2002b). Physical Education is course in the curricula that utilizes the learning in the cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains in a play or movement exploration setting (Kirui, 2007). In this study, it refers to an instructional program built around basic motor activities, which help achieve the goal of physical, emotional and mental wellbeing for every pupil, student and student-teachers. It includes education in health, hygiene, first aid, personal safety, and the teaching of manipulative skills. It is an integral part of the schooling process. In schools Physical Education is usually referred to by the abbreviation P.H.E.
The teacher is considered to be the major and first instrument in education. School relies upon teacher in preparing generations of students and in facing problems that hinder their ability to perform duties represented in student progress and leveraging their level. There is no doubt that Physical Education course carries a primary significance among the entire student body with all their differences, status and experience. Thus, teacher is the corner stone in learning and teaching, and the most important factor in education process. This requires the availability of an effective teacher who seeks to be competent and influential. His desire stems from professional commitment to provide the best education possible to his student in one hand, and to his need in facing regulatory process and situations of management in learning environment, on the other hand. Tal, et al (1993) and Kurdi (1986) cited by Abedalbasit, (2013) points out that revealing the importance magnitude of Physical Education is the school’s responsibility. This can be achieved through providing sufficient opportunities to sports practicing, achieving physical fitness, adopt health information and habits, and safe attitudes in order to enable a Physical Education program that helps in stabilizing their emotions and assure themselves through several activities.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
With the increase of sedentary activities such as watching television, playing videogames, increased computer technology, automation and reduction of high school Physical Education schedules, young people are most likely to become overweight, and less fit. Based on previous review of literature, it is very understandable that there is a lack of research in Nigeria regarding Physical Education as an important subject in public schools for junior classes especially in Abuja. Lack of good health among Nigeria students in public schools is noticeable because of many reasons such as obesity, lack of self awareness of health fitness and health related issues.
1.3 Objectives of the Study
This study was undertaken majorly to determine the effect of physical education programmes on the well being of secondary school students in Nigeria. Specifically, the study intends to:
- To examine whether physical education programme enhances the well being of secondary school students.
- To find out whether physical exercises contribute to the well-being of secondary school students
- To examine other benefits of physical activities
1.5 Research Hypotheses
- H01: physical education programme does not enhance the well being of secondary school students.
- H02: physical exercises does no contribute to the well-being of secondary school students.
- H03: Engaging in physical activities will not improve the well-being of secondary school students.
1.6 Significance of the Study
This study will be of immense benefit to other researchers who intend to know more on this topic or related topics and can also be used by non-researchers to build more on their work.
1.7 Scope / Limitations of the Study
This study on the problems of teaching Physical Education in Junior Secondary Schools will focus on selected schools in Otta.
1.8 Limitations of Study
1. Financial constraint
Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).
2. Time constraint
The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.
1.9 Definition of Terms
Also called physical training (PT) or gym in less progressive settings, is a course in the curriculum which utilizes learning in the cognitive, affective and psycho motor domains in a play or movement exploration setting. It is the instruction in physical exercise and games, especially in schools.
Is any combination of learning experiences designed to help individuals and communities improve their health, by increasing their knowledge or influencing their attitudes.
A teacher (also called a school teacher) is a person who provides education for students
A student or pupil is a learner, or someone who attends an educational institution.
Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:
This chapter summarizes the findings on the effect of physical education programmes on the well-being of secondary school students in Nigeria using secondary school students in Otta Local Government Area of Ogun State as case study. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.
5.2 Summary of the Study
In this study, our focus was to examine the effect of physical education programmes on the wellbeing of secondary school students in Nigeria using secondary school students in Otta Local Government Area of Ogun State as case study.
The study is was specifically focused on examining whether physical education programme enhances the well being of secondary school students, finding out whether physical exercises contribute to the well-being of secondary school students and examining other benefits of physical activities.
The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 141 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are students of selected secondary schools in Otta Local Government Area of Ogun State.
With regard to the findings of the study, the following conclusions emerged.
- Physical education programme does enhance the well being of secondary school students.
- Physical exercises does contribute to the well-being of secondary school students.
- Engaging in physical activities will improve the well-being of secondary school students.
Based on the findings the researcher recommends that;
- Adequate and standard facilities and equipment for physical education/physical activities should be provided for all public schools (primary and secondary schools) in each of the states.
- Trained physical education teachers and sports coaches should be employed to all the primary and secondary schools in Nigeria to ensure adequate physical activities in schools.
- Maintenance culture should be established by the physical education administrator, with proper repairs of physical education facilities and equipment.
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