The Effect Of Personnel Training And Development On Crime Prevention And Control

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The Effect Of Personnel Training And Development On Crime Prevention And Control


This research work is poised to look into the Effect of Personnel Training and Development on Crime Prevention and Control in Kogi State ’’(A case study of Kogi State Police Command). The research work is divided into five chapters with each chapter linking each other. The objective of the research work is to examine the nature and causes of crime in the country. Two methods of data collection were used i.e. the primary and secondary sources of data and the data was analyzed using simple percentage method for easy understanding. The findings revealed that political instability is one of the ways through which crime and anti-social behaviour emerged in our society. At the end of the research work, it was recommended that every citizen or electorate in Nigeria should learn from past errors so as to elect honest and committed leaders to manage the rate of crime in Nigeria and that government should make good policies and programmes so as to boost security level.

Chapter One


1.1 Background To The Study

The Effect of Personnel Training and Development on Crime Prevention in Nigeria is an essential tool in the enhancement of human resources capacity of any organization. Niger ia gained independence in 1960 that is about fifty four (54) years ago, but the country is still struggling to make both ends meet.

Nigeria is a county that is blessed with abundant natural resources and human beings. Yet, the country lacks the required strategies to ensure its efficiency and effectiveness in order to provide employment for its citizens that will have reduced high rate of crime in the country.

Personnel training as a concept is a process of orienting and educating employees (workers) in the work place. In many cases, this form of training is closely associated with entry-level education that helps to prepare need of employees on the work they will do.

Alternatively, personnel training involves continuing or remedial education opportunities for long-term employees. In many cases, staff that is devoted to the task of personnel management and training usually develops the training policies and procedures.

The issue of personnel training is aimed at reducing the high rate of crime in the country by inculcating good values to them. This has translated into a state of perpetual poverty, threat, a condition, which characterized a greater percentage of the Nigerian population today, has increased immensely, and this has grossly affected the socio-economic development and advancement of the country.

Crime is prevented among the un-educated or semi-illiterate and even the educated but over the years millions of Nigerians who are highly educated including university graduates now roam about the street without job.

The rate of crime in Nigeria can be attributed to the lack of personnel training and development among the youth, who now seek unconstitutional means of meeting their daily needs and wants. This and other social implication of personnel training on crime prevention in the society are the main focus of this project work.

1.2 Statement Of The Problem

There has been shocking headings in our national daily newspapers on the activities of men of underworld. For instance, a graphic newspaper on May 2nd, 2014 reported the killing of Dr. Ibrahim Shehu, the former chaplain of Niger State Polytechnic.

The problem that promotes this project work emanates from the fact that, Kulah (2001) said ‘’an idle mind is the devil’s workshop’’. Therefore, when people are not well informed about the effect of crime, it will definitely affect the well-being of such persons. According to kulah (2001) the effect of crime on nation building, several youth in Nigeria who should have contribute to the Gross National Product and Gross Domestic Product of our economy, instead, they indulge in the killing of top business operators. All these losses led to crime and other social vices that are unquantifiable. It is on this basis that research becomes very necessary at this present time.

1.3 Objectives Of The Study

This research work is done with the aim of achieving the solution to the problem of crime and these are under listed below:

  1. To establish personnel training and development as a solution to the problem of crime
  2. To examine the nature and the causes of crime in the country.
  3. To ascertain the socio-economic problems in Nigeria
  4. To strategize plans on how the problem of crime can be solved.

1.4 Significance Of The Study

Crime is a major concern of every body in Nigeria, because there is no community where problem does not exist. In line with the above statement, this research work is not just an academic purpose but it is designed to be of good benefit to the following categories of people in the society.

To future researchers:

Students from universities and polytechnics that may have related research topics can use this research work as reference material. The research work can also be used for assignment and general knowledge on the consequences of crimes.

Top policy maker:

Our policy makers in Federal, State and Local Governments need the recommendations that will come up at the end of this research work which will enable them to make good policies that will ensure the reduction of the present high rate of crime in the country

Reformation of offenders:

Reformation recommendations would stress the fact that our prisons should be properly managed to serve as a real reformation centre, but not a place to bring criminal.

This research work will also be beneficial to Nigerians in Diaspora who flew away due to the high rate of crime in the country but when crime rate is totally reduce through personnel training and development, it will reduce brain drain in Nigeria.

1.5 Scope/Limitations Of The Study

Research of this nature covers a specific area and period of time. The main focus of this research is on the Effect of Personnel Training and Development on Crime Prevention and Control in Kogi State. The justification of choosing Kogi State as a case study is because no attention has been given to a topic like this by the past researchers. Though, there might be other related topic but not absolutely this particular topic. This project work is meant to cover a period of four (4) years that is period between (2014-2018).


Limitations/constraints are inevitable in carrying out a research work of this nature. However, in the course of this research, the following constraints were encountered thus:

Non-availability of enough resources (finance):

A work of this nature is very tasking financially, money had to be spent at various stages of the research such resources which may aid proper carrying out of the study were not adequately available.

Secret attitude of respondents:

Since the research topic dwells on the Effect of Personnel Training and Development on Crime Prevention and Control in Kogi State. The police officers were so confidential in releasing vital information that would have boost the comprehensiveness of this work.

Time factor:

The time used in carrying out the research work is relatively not enough to bring the best information out of it. However, I hope that the little that is contained in this study will go a long way in solving many greater problems.

1.6 Research Questions

The research assumed that the effect of personnel training and development on crime prevention and control in Kogi State fall with many problems.

  1. What are the factors that contribute to the effect of personnel training and development on crime prevention and control in Kogi State?
  2. What are the roles of government to crime situation in Kogi State?
  3. What are the possible solutions to the causes of crime in Kogi State?

1.7 Definition Of Terms

Personnel Training:

It is defined as the programme that is designed to support an individual in integrating and developing both materially and otherwise.


A normative definition views crime as deviant behaviour that violates prevailing norms-cultural standards prescribing how human ought to behave normally.


Can be defined as a process whereby positive advancement are recorded. It can also be defined as the holistic transformation of every sector of the entire economy.

Crime Prevention:

These are attempts made to find solution to crime and how it can be avoided.

Crime Control:

This is an attempt aimed to reduce the spread of crime activities, it also means the measure that are taken to reduce crime by security agents like the police, soldiers etc.

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