The Effect Of Parental Influence On The Choice Of Careers And Roles Played In Academic Performance Of Student
The main purpose of this study is the attempt to find out the effect of parental influence on the choice of career among students in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State. The study adopted a survey research design accompanied with data collated from both primary and secondary sources. With the aid of convenient sampling technique selected one hundred and fifty (150) participant who are student, teachers and administrator from the five selected secondary school in for the study. Self- structure questionnaire was issued to the respondent of which one hundred forty-one (141) was retrieved and validated for the study. Data was analyzed using simple percentage, presented in frequencies and tables. The study therefore concludes that The role played by parents is very significant in the academic pursuit of their children.More so, other extrinsic factors such as peer pressure, income, prestige, job availability and job satisfaction influenced the students’ choice of career but dominantly parent socio economic status, level of education and family environment affects student choice of career and to a large extent their academic performance.The study therefore recommends that The government should ensure that parenting education programme such as family-centered curriculum and instruction is enshrined in the school programme. This will make parents to be better parents and teachers to their children. More so, tt may be necessary therefore for principals or heads of school to organize seminars on parenting styles and its influences and encourage parents to attend so as to adjust to the parenting style that is positive and not only encourage good behaviour of the students but also enhance academic achievement.
1.1 Background of Study
Career play a very fundamental and significant role in the life of the individual not only because they determine the pattern of income but also because they affect the individual personality and concepts in life, career therefore is a choose pursuit, life work or success in one’s profession occupied by a person throughout his/her lifetime. In a nutshell, career is the totality of work one does in his life time and is person centred it is of utmost importance to every individual as he or she prepares for the future.
Career choice is something very hard to decide, especially as his life will depend on it. Her (2003) indicated that, career is the totality of experience through which one learns about and prepares to engage in work as part of his way of living ‘ Splete (12001) Stress career is an enjoying process that occurs over the life span and includes homes, schools and community. Every human being needs to do one job or the other to help contribute his quote to the development of the country.
Ipaye (2000) refers to the need for one to discuss with one’s peer school counsellors, parents and teachers on the need to choose a life span work as “career convention” or “career conference”. However, career convention according to him is an instrument of career information.
This occurs for a number of reasons, which includes:
- To stimulate career thinking and widen occupational horizon.
- To focus attention on particular jobs in order to help an individual crystallizes his preference.
- To create a situation in which parents can on one hand meet employers and discuss the opportunities they offer and on the other hand meet the career teachers or career officers with whom they can exchange views.
Work experience during industrial training or those experiences acquired during vocational education also aids the students in choice of career. This is a techniques in which students do job under realistic conditions without payment this may help them choose a career to that effect.
James (2004) Observes that the influence home has on the child’s learning is the fundamental concepts of life. This cause and most of the habits and basic adjustment were established during pre-school years. The highlights the fact that home and parents occupy the most important position in the child’s education. It should be stressed that work experience is not an attempt to find job for the students but an attempt to widen the horizons of students and ease the ultimate transition from school to work. This is usually based on the information given to the school by the parents, such guidance and information are necessary because most school children are adolescents and are controlled by double standards, hypocrisy, truancy, materialism, dishonesty etc. .
The factor that may influence choice of career includes.
- Socio-economic factors
- Personal or family factors
- Cultural factors, which include schools, peer group, age and work experience. The effect of parental influence on choice of career is both negative and positive this is due to: security factors
- No usual hazards to health
- Assured steady income
- Certainty of continued employment
- Career or occupational satisfaction
- Social rewards.
To increase students interest and ability to use his hands and brains, the parents, must be involved to give desired assistance/guidance to the students.
1.2 Statement of Problem
This research is based on the effect of parental influences on the choice of career among secondary school students in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State. The parents may desire what they think is good or best for their ward.
This may affect the child positively if the child can cope with it but negatively when such a child has other things in mind, which he/she wishes to do. The result of this is that the child may not concentrate on the parents needs and so may not adjust positively towards the career. This sometimes leads to students waywardness, secrete cult involvement, armed robbery and so on. The child may not cope with the parents continual force against his/her will.
The world is marking such drastic demand upon the coming workers every truthful man and woman every teaches and reflecting parents is planning way to fit the students for the life and needs of this new century. This statement which is still relevant today was written by Mejer Bloomfield in his book ‘finding ones place in life in (2007) since the early 2000 career development or vocational guidance at it was then known has increasingly gained more and more attention and respect in essence career counselling is a specialty within the profession of counselling one that fosters vocationally development and work adjustment of individual abilities interest and goals with the work roles structured by the community and occupation organised by companies and assist a developing and deciding individual to make suitable and viable choice why examine the factors affecting career choice on senior secondary school students, in the past and even now for many. It was assumed that on individual going through late adolescent would be developing their independence and slowly eliminating his or her family’s constraints as he or she formed his or her own identity into the larger word in effect the person would make career decision based on his or her own interest research and occupational goals with limited influence from others. Infact even when young adult move away from home, their family will likely still have a strong influence upon them on two significant life events marriage and their career.
1.3 Purpose of Study
The main purpose of this study is the attempt to find out the effect of parental influence on the choice of career among students in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State.
It will as much as possible, try to find out to what extent, the influence of the parent will play on the students choice of career, and whether the influence will always aid the students positively or negatively.
It will also focus on how processing techniques. Learned from family system can lead to effective career counselling research concerning the impact of a family social economic status has ultimately divided this lack of consensus is partially during 60 the limited research in this particular are as it is rarely the main focus of the students. (Brown, 2001) but also because of the lack of detail given by the researcher about their participants.
1.4 Research Question
The research question which the study attempt to verify are as follows:
- Do you always desire most things your friends do?
- Is student’s choice of career influenced by their peer group?
- Does career choice affect the academic performance of students?
- Is your choice of career based on your interest and value towards that career?
- Illiterate parents have no influence on their children’s choice of career?
1.5 Significance of Study
The importance of this researcher work is to find to what extent the influences of the parent will affect the student choice of career and the attendance performance of students on the subject that would heard them successfully toward this occupation or job as a life span endeavour. It will enable the research give recommendations to the parents about their children’s response to the advice five to them. It will enable the researcher make concrete recommendations to the government about the choice of career among students especially now that the rate of unemployment is high. It will enable the researcher to make recommendation to school administrators. The findings will also enable the researcher made recommendations for further research on the issue of career prospects. It will enable the peer and the students community to have an impact on the youth adult expectation and perception of vocation.
1.6 Scope of Study
The research study is limited to the effect of parental influence on the choice of career among student’s in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State. This research work will cover five randomly selected secondary schools in Egor Local Government Area. Three public and two private secondary school, the schools are:
- Useh secondary School, Useh.
- Egor Secondary School, Egor
- Paul Memorial School, Useh.
- Uwelu Secondary School, Uwelu.
- Lenrnwell Groups of School, Useh.
Furthermore, for the survey to be properly conducted questionnaire will be employed. Students’ questionnaires, teacher’s questionnaires and parents questionnaires will be given to men and women in the community to know their degree of involvement in their children’s education and choice of career.
1.7 Definition of Terms
A chosen pursuit or course of business activity or enterprise, especially one’s professional life or employment that offers advancement and honour.
The power of acts by which parents or a person has to control the desire of another.
An act of choosing between two or more possibility. The right to choose or the possibility of choosing. Parental influence
One of several thing that cause or influence something or somebody to include as particular fact or situation when you are thinking about or planning something. Parental influence
Producing strong feeling of sadness and sympathy. Parental influence
This is the process where a troubled or a confused person is helped by a professional to solve his problem and to make better adjustment to his society. Parental influence
This is the process of helping the student to understanding himself and his environment in other to develop self defectiveness
Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
The main purpose of this study is the attempt to find out the effect of parental influence on the choice of career among students in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State.It found out to what extent, the influence of the parent will play on the students choice of career, and whether the influence will always aid the students positively or negatively.
The study adopted a survey research design accompanied with data collated from both primary and secondary sources. With the aid of convenient sampling technique selected one hundred and fifty (150) participant who are student, teachers and administrator from the five selected secondary school in for the study. Self- structure questionnaire was issued to the respondent of which one hundred forty-one (141) was retrieved and validated for the study. Data was analyzed using simple percentage, presented in frequencies and tables.
Career selection is one of the main important choices a student will have to take in his life. This choice of decision will have impact on them throughout their lives. Career plays a very fundamental and significant role in the life of the individual because it determines the pattern of his or her income, affects the individual‟s personality and concept of life. Therefore, career is a life time pursuit for success.The role played by parents is very significant in the academic pursuit of their children. If the community/society will meaningfully realize the objectives for which the schools are set up, the contribution of the home will go a long way. Charity they say begins at home. Teachers only build on the foundation laid by parents. Also, if the home climate does not compliment teachers’ efforts there is the tendency for children’s poorachievement orientation and academic achievement irrespective of gender.
From the analysis of the study, it can be concluded that:
- Peer group has some influence on the choice of career of students as some of them choose a career because their friend choose same.
- The social economic group of parents can affect their child education.
- Other intrinsic factors such as interest, similar subjects related to the vocation and use of special abilities influenced student choice of career.
- Other extrinsic factors such as peer pressure, income, prestige, job availability and job satisfaction influenced the students’ choice of vocation while interpersonal factors such as parents have a strong influence on the students’ choice of vocation.
In regards to the findings of the study and its implications, the following recommendations were offered:
- The government should ensure that parenting education programme such as family-centered curriculum and instruction is enshrined in the school programme. This will make parents to be better parents and teachers to their children.
- Since interest attracts individual to certain occupation. Counsellors should enhance counselling services by using vocational interest inventories to find out where students interest lies in choice of vocation and guide students towards such vocation.
- Counselors should organize counselling services that will involve parents forum where parents will be sensitized not to impose/ choose vocation for their children.
- The school authority should make fund available to counsellors to organize career programmes inviting professionals who are in the fields to speak to the students directly rather than using the teachers as witnessed during career days in some schools.
- Career Education and Guidance should be introduced in the primary school to enable children to explore the world of work as young people need to make a smooth transition from primary school to the initial years of senior high school and the Ministry of Education should allocate fund for a Guidance and Counselling activities in all basic and second cycle schools. This will enable the guidance coordinators to function effectively at their various levels of work.
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