The Effect Of Parental Influence Of The Choice Of Career Among Secondary School Students

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The Effect Of Parental Influence Of The Choice Of Career Among Secondary School Students


Abstract


The study was carried out to identify the effects of parental influence has on the child’s learning and his future life, endeavour of student in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State. A student population of 50 student drawn from five Secondary School in Egor Local Government Area randomly selected was used for the study to each student questionnaire was administered and answer offered were collated and analysed. The result obtained from the study show that, illiterate parents have little or no time to their children’s education children from educated home background show more interest in education lack of motivation and parents forcing them to do their will. It was also found out that only few students are interested in their parent’s occupation. Discoveries from the study reveals that illiterate parents have no interest in their children academic growth, parents are not a factor influencing the choice of career among their children. Furthermore, there is no significant different between children from educated home towards Education of given the necessary motivation. This is due to the fact that a consideration number of children live without parental support, as in orphans, children living in the streets, displaced and refused children who on account of the poverty of their parents are subjected to inhuman and sadistic ordeals. This reduces their desire to learn as it happens frequently in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State.


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of Study

Career play a very fundamental and significant role in the life of the individual not only because they determine the pattern of income but also because they affect the individual personality and concepts in life, career therefore is a choose pursuit, life work or success in one’s profession occupied by a person throughout his/her lifetime. In a nutshell, career is the totality of work one does in his life time and is person centred it is of utmost importance to every individual as he or she prepares for the future.

Career choice is something very hard to decide, especially as his life will depend on it. Her (2003) indicated that, career is the totality of experience through which one learns about and prepares to engage in work as part of his way of living ‘ Splete (12001) Stress career is an enjoying process that occurs over the life span and includes homes, schools and community. Every human being needs to do one job or the other to help contribute his quote to the development of the country.

Ipaye (2000) refers to the need for one to discuss with one’s peer school counsellors, parents and teachers on the need to choose a life span work as “career convention” or “career conference”. However, career convention according to him is an instrument of career information. This occurs for a number of reasons, which includes:

  1. To stimulate career thinking and widen occupational horizon.
  2. To focus attention on particular jobs in order to help an individual crystallizes his preference.
  3. To create a situation in which parents can on one hand meet employers and discuss the opportunities they offer and on the other hand meet the career teachers or career officers with whom they can exchange views.

Work experience during industrial training or those experiences acquired during vocational education also aids the students in choice of career. This is a techniques in which students do job under realistic conditions without payment this may help them choose a career to that effect.

James (2004) Observes that the influence home has on the child’s learning is the fundamental concepts of life. This cause and most of the habits and basic adjustment were established during pre-school years. The highlights the fact that home and parents occupy the most important position in the child’s education. It should be stressed that work experience is not an attempt to find job for the students but an attempt to widen the horizons of students and ease the ultimate transition from school to work. This is usually based on the information given to the school by the parents, such guidance and information are necessary because most school children are adolescents and are controlled by double standards, hypocrisy, truancy, materialism, dishonesty etc. .

The factor that may influence choice of career includes.

  • Socio-economic factors
  • Personal or family factors
  • Cultural factors, which include schools, peer group, age and work experience. The effect of parental influence on choice of career is both negative and positive this is due to: security factors
  • No usual hazards to health
  • Assured steady income
  • Certainty of continued employment
  • Career or occupational satisfaction
  • Prestige
  • Social rewards.

To increase students interest and ability to use his hands and brains, the parents, must be involved to give desired assistance/guidance to the students.


1.2 Statement of Problem

This research is based on the effect of parental influences on the choice of career among secondary school students in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State. The parents may desire what they think is good or best for their ward.

This may affect the child positively if the child can cope with it but negatively when such a child has other things in mind, which he/she wishes to do. The result of this is that the child may not concentrate on the parents needs and so may not adjust positively towards the career. This sometimes leads to students waywardness, secrete cult involvement, armed robbery and so on. The child may not cope with the parents continual force against his/her will.

The world is marking such drastic demand upon the coming workers every truthful man and woman every teaches and reflecting parents is planning way to fit the students for the life and needs of this new century. This statement which is still relevant today was written by Mejer Bloomfield in his book ‘finding ones place in life in (2007) since the early 2000 career development or vocational guidance at it was then known has increasingly gained more and more attention and respect in essence career counselling is a specialty within the profession of counselling one that fosters vocationally development and work adjustment of individual abilities interest and goals with the work roles structured by the community and occupation organised by companies and assist a developing and deciding individual to make suitable and viable choice why examine the factors affecting career choice on senior secondary school students, in the past and even now for many. It was assumed that on individual going through late adolescent would be developing their independence and slowly eliminating his or her family’s constraints as he or she formed his or her own identity into the larger word in effect the person would make career decision based on his or her own interest research and occupational goals with limited influence from others. Infact even when young adult move away from home, their family will likely still have a strong influence upon them on two significant life events marriage and their career.


1.3 Purpose of Study

The main purpose of this study is the attempt to find out the effect of parental influence on the choice of career among students in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State.

It will as much as possible, try to find out to what extent, the influence of the parent will play on the students choice of career, and whether the influence will always aid the students positively or negatively.

It will also focus on how processing techniques. Learned from family system can lead to effective career counselling research concerning the impact of a family social economic status has ultimately divided this lack of consensus is partially during 60 the limited research in this particular are as it is rarely the main focus of the students. (Brown, 2001) but also because of the lack of detail given by the researcher about their participants.


1.4 Research Question

The research question which the study attempt to verify are as follows:

  1. Do you always desire most things your friends do?
  2. Is student’s choice of career influenced by their peer group?
  3. Does career choice affect the academic performance of students?
  4. Is your choice of career based on your interest and value towards that career?
  5. Illiterate parents have no influence on their children’s choice of career?

1.5 Significance of Study

The importance of this researcher work is to find to what extent the influences of the parent will affect the student choice of career and the attendance performance of students on the subject that would heard them successfully toward this occupation or job as a life span endeavour.

  1. It will enable the research give recommendations to the parents about their children’s response to the advice five to them.
  2. It will enable the researcher make concrete recommendations to the government about the choice of career among students especially now that the rate of unemployment is high.
  3. It will enable the researcher to make recommendation to school administrators.
  4. The findings will also enable the researcher made recommendations for further research on the issue of career prospects.
  5. It will enable the peer and the students community to have an impact on the youth adult expectation and perception of vocation.

1.6 Scope of Study

The research study is limited to the effect of parental influence on the choice of career among student’s in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State. This research work will cover five randomly selected secondary schools in Egor Local Government Area. Three public and two private secondary school, the schools are:

  • Useh secondary School, Useh.
  • Egor Secondary School, Egor
  • St. Paul Memorial School, Useh.
  • Uwelu Secondary School, Uwelu.
  • Lenrnwell Groups of School, Useh.

Furthermore, for the survey to be properly conducted questionnaire will be employed. Students’ questionnaires, teacher’s questionnaires and parents questionnaires will be given to men and women in the community to know their degree of involvement in their children’s education and choice of career.


1.7 Definition of Terms

Career

A chosen pursuit or course of business activity or enterprise, especially one’s professional life or employment that offers advancement and honour.

Influence

The power of acts by which parents or a person has to control the desire of another.

Choice:

An act of choosing between two or more possibility. The right to choose or the possibility of choosing.

Factors:

One of several thing that cause or influence something or somebody to include as particular fact or situation when you are thinking about or planning something.

Effective:

Producing strong feeling of sadness and sympathy.

Counselling:

This is the process where a troubled or a confused person is helped by a professional to solve his problem and to make better adjustment to his society.

Guidance:

This is the process of helping the student to understanding himself and his environment in other to develop self defectiveness.


Chapter Five


Summary, Recommendation and Conclusion

The study is aimed at finding the effect of parental influence on the choice of career among secondary school students in Egor Local Government Area of Edo State. In the course of study five operational research were postulated and tested. The instrument used were the student’s questionnaire (SQ) the statement provided in the questionnaire were such that require the respondents to take a stand on two point option of Yes and No.
The respondents were randomly chosen to which 50 students from both junior and senior secondary school responded. Also responded to the question were 20 parents from the area chosen for the work. They were mainly illiterate, thus the researcher has to administer the questionnaire orally in from of interview.
The respondents were sub-grouped as junior and senior secondary school the mean score of the result collected were used. The percentage was taken from both sub-group for comparison and easy verification.


5.1 Conclusion

From the findings it can be concluded that the effects of the parental influence on the child are both negative and positive. This include lack of proper counselling, unwillingness to reason with the child, students uncooperative stand, illiteracy etc. the researcher has verified the various findings and come to a conclusion that if the problem mentioned above are solved the students will have a sustaining interest towards a better life span career.


5.2 Recommendation

As stated earlier, the effect of the parental influence on the choice of career are either positive or negative to the degree of the guidance and counselling attitude and ability of the parent toward their children the effect may have psychological socio-economic and culture effect on the child.


5.3 Recommendation of the Student

Most of us have at time made unwise decision simply because were neglect to listen to advice of others. Some decision will have significant consequences. Therefore try to determine ahead of time what these will be beware of letting the appeal of short team benefit blind you to possibly undesirable long-time consequences. ( Awake October 15th 2003—4)

Let not the undaunted effort of being the sole proponent of a self will take over you, as the bible book of proverb would say. ‘ A wise child makes the father glad’ (Proverbs 10:1) many students development apathy towards science subject due to negative report from senior students most parents may desire their children to venture into science-based career. This results is mass failure. Students should their listen to their parents and give them there strong side as well as their weak side.


5.4 Recommendation to the Parent

To the parent, there is my recommendation the issue of choice is not an easy task so much thinking, much homework, home tutorial etc should be done in order to lead the student on the right path the first thing parents should do is arouse the students interest towards a better choice of career. Since no two situations are exactly alike, two people may not always make an identical decision when facing similar problems. Still it is helpful to hear how others. Ask them how they evaluate their decision and what they think will be the benefit of their choice (Awake October 15 2003) The parent should be appreciative for some good though of their children by giving words of encouragement of some better achievement were attain as well as not condemning them, bear with them when they do something wrong especially as it involves future plan.

The students should be allowed to contribute to the subject as it involves the choice of career, this will give the students opportunities of discovering for themselves new truth, new methods of tracking problems etc. (Eborieme 1980) as it appears always in the present economic realities slide them to short term or quick money spinning career.


5.5 Recommendation of the School Administration

On investigation it was found out that there were no school counsellor in the school visited to guide the students on the choice of career as well as how or what subject the students should read for a specified choice of career.
The national policy on Education (FGN), Lagos 1998) envisage the appointment of at least a guidance and counsellor in all trial of our Education system (primary, secondary and higher institutions) The school administration should organise an occasional excursion tour of some private and public co-operation for the students. Organise regular meeting for the parent teacher association to discuss the issue of lack of infrastructures for training the students.

Our educational institution are in a state of crisis and total collapse as a result of incessant strike action by teachers due to non payment of salaries and fringe benefits, non availability of instructional facilities etc which affect the students always thereby affecting directly or indirectly the change of a better choice of career (Eduwen 2003).

The school administration should see to it that teachers are employed to man the core subjects and other subject.
Teaching aid should be made available and at a lower rate so that the student should be able to afford them.


5.6 Recommendations to Further Researchers

Solving the problems of the choice of career among students is a continuous process especially now that the rate of unemployment is increasing the need for students to have plausible attitude towards better and life span career require a careful and continuous study.

Thus the researcher suggests that seminars work should be carried out in other local government area on:

  1. The factors affecting the choice of career among students.
  2. The importance of career choice in personal development.
  3. The Problem and prospect of parental influence on the choice of career among secondary school students.

The work should be done in a wide scale to help solve the parental problem of wrong choice of career among school children.


The Effect Of Parental Influence Of The Choice Of Career Among Secondary School Students


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