Effect Of Parental Educational Attainment On Pupils Learning Achievement In Public Primary Schools

Primary Education Project and Semina Material

Effect Of Parental Educational Attainment On Pupils Learning Achievement In Public Primary Schools


Abstract


This study was carried out to examine the effect of parental educational attainment on pupils learning achievement in public primary schools using Calabar South Local Government Area in Cross River State. The study was specifically set to ascertain whether parent educational attainment have influence on the assistance provided during pupil’s assignment and term project, examine whether parental educational attainment determines the level of academic support they offer their children, investigate whether parental educational attainment gear up the interests of students towards academic performance, and determine if there is any significant difference in the academic performance of student raised by educated and uneducated parent. The survey design was adopted and the simple random sampling techniques were employed in this study. The population size comprise of teachers of some selected primary schools in Calabar South Local Government Area in Cross River State. In determining the sample size, the researcher conveniently selected 57 respondents and 50 were validated. Self-constructed and validated questionnaire was used for data collection. The collected and validated questionnaires were analyzed using frequency tables. While the hypotheses were tested using Pearson correlation statistical tool, SPSS v23. The result of the findings reveals that parental educational attainments determine the level of academic support they offer their Children. Furthermore the result of the findings reveals that parental educational attainment gear up the interests of students towards academic performance. Therefore, it is recommended that parents and guardians are encouraged to utilize their high educational level by directly involving, participating and assisting in their children’s homework, education and activities both at school and at home. To mention but a few.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

Education has a pivotal role in nation as well as individual character building. It is a life line for any society and nation. Education of a child needs multidimensional efforts. Students, teachers, institute and parents all have their importance in their process of learning. More education must start with the family. The family, as an institution, has a lot of influence on the child’s progress at school as well as his academic performance. The family also provides him with basic training and discipline when he goes to school and has a powerful influence on the child throughout his school life. According to reports, the family provides ideas assist students with homework and other curriculum-related activities, decisions, and planning. Families can get information on the skills required for students in all subjects, as well as homework policies and how to monitor and discuss schoolwork at home.

Importantly, Parents education is such a motivating force for a child which paves the way for his/her future. Since ancient times, the family has been a major source from which children copy ways of behavior.However, these days, the majority of schoolchildren spend little or no time with their parents. Working-class families are rushing to educate and train their children. What types of education or lessons could children learn from their parents if both parents leave for work in the morning and return home very late at night? There isn’t time to go over what the kids did at school or work on their homework.Uche (1980)k summarizes it by stating that the parent level of education attainment is the foundation of all children’s learning. This is due to the fact that children are guided by their parents’ aspirations, which bring their desired standard or goals to this extent, one can say that teacher does his teaching but high or low academic achievement is actually the parent’s socioeconomic background to their child. Furthermore, Smith, Fagan, and Vivund (2002) claimed that parental level of education position was a strong predictor of intellectual success at the age of eight years. Therefore it will not be out of context to opine that, Students’ socioeconomic situation, as well as a variety of other characteristics linked to their home environment, such as their parents’ educational backgrounds, health status, parental employment, and family size, may have an impact on their academic success.


1.2 Statement of the Problem

Parental education is considered the most stable (permanent) aspect of socio-economic status. This is because a characteristic that may affect the value of parental involvement in students academic achievement is parental educational level. According to Jacqulynm, (2005).it is an admitted fact that the children of educated parents are more confident, resourceful and experienced than the children whose parents lack education. And Thompson et al (1988) says mother’s level of education influences adolescents educational outcomes expectancy beliefs. A study by (Campbell, et al., 1999) using NAEP data indicated that students who reported higher parental education levels tended to have higher average score. Karshen (2003) says that students whose parents are well educated get higher positions than those whose parents are not educated. Educated parents help their children in school work activities. Dave and Dave (1971) found that high achievers belong to homes with parents higher education level. The failed students belong to those who have lower parents education level.

Several studies has been carried out on this particular phenomenon of parental socio-economic status and its effects on pupils academic performance in different regions of the world. There seem to be little consideration precisely on parent level of education and pupil learning achievement. Therefore is against this backdrop that this study seeks to examine the effect of parental educational attainment on pupils learning achievement in public primary schools.


1.3 Objectives of the Study

The broad objective of this study is to examine the effect of parental educational attainment on pupils learning achievement in public primary schools using Calabar South Local Government Area in Cross River State. Specifically, this research set out to:

  1. Ascertain whether parent educational attainment have influence on the assistance provided during pupil’s assignment and term project.
  2. Examine whether parental educational attainment determines the level of academic support they offer their Children.
  3. Investigate whether parental educational attainment gear up the interests of students towards academic performance
  4. Determine if there is any significant difference in the academic performance of student raised by educated and uneducated parent.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. Does parent educational attainment have influence on the assistance provided during pupil’s assignment and term project?
  2. Does parental educational attainment determine the level of academic support they offer their Children?
  3. Does parental educational attainment gear up the interests of students towards academic performance?
  4. Is there any significant difference in the academic performance of student raised by educated and uneducated parent?

1.5 Research Hypotheses

  • Ho: There is no significant relationship between parental educational attainment and pupils learning achievement.
  • Ha: There is a significant relationship between parental educational attainment and pupils learning achievement.

1.6 Significance of the Study

This study will make us to realize that the student academic performance of study is majorly determined by the parental influence. It also assists us in the future to know how we can take care of our children. The findings in this research work will help the parents to fine-tune their strategies in developing a high socio-economic status so that it will help in developing their pupils academically and to help in discovering their traits of leadership qualities and to fully realized their potentials and also help in promoting effective learning of their pupils. This study will also help the government to know the problems that the socio-economic status of parents can pose on the academic achievement of their pupils so as to improve the standard of living of the society. This study will also enable us to realize that home background is very important in ones life. This research work will enlighten the parents, government, teacher, society, society and student about crucial role through home background on the academic performance of pupils in the school. It will also serve as a reference material to scholars and student who wishes to conduct further studies in related field


1.7 Scope of the Study

The scope of this study boarders on the impact of parental level of education on student academics performance in primar school. The study further discuss if parental educational attainment determine the level of academic support they offer their Children, whether parental educational attainment gear up the interests of students towards academic performance and determine there is any significant difference in the academic performance of student raised by educated and uneducated parent. The study is however delimited to Calabar South Local Government Area in Cross River State


1.8 Limitation of the Study

Like in every human endeavour, the researchers encountered slight constraints while carrying out the study. The significant constraint was the scanty literature on the subject owing that it is a new discourse thus the researcher incurred more financial expenses and much time was required in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature, or information and in the process of data collection, which is why the researcher resorted to a limited choice of sample size covering only public primary school in Calabar South Local Government Area in Cross River State. Thus findings of this study cannot be used for generalization for other primary schools in other states within Nigeria. Additionally, the researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work will impede maximum devotion to the research. Howbeit, despite the constraint encountered during the research, all factors were downplayed in other to give the best and make the research successful.


1.9 Definition of Terms

Education:

Is the systematic training and instruction (especially of young) it can be in the school or at home.

Academic Performance:

This has to do with education, it is to pursue knowledge (especially studying in school and university).

Parent:

Direct father or mother

Student:

A person who is being taught especially a child in a school.


1.10 Organization of the Study

The study is categorized into five chapters. The first chapter presents the background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study, research questions and hypothesis, the significance of the study, scope/limitations of the study, and definition of terms. The chapter two covers the review of literature with emphasis on conceptual framework, theoretical framework, and empirical review. Likewise, the chapter three which is the research methodology, specifically covers the research design, population of the study, sample size determination, sample size, abnd selection technique and procedure, research instrument and administration, method of data collection, method of data analysis, validity and reliability of the study, and ethical consideration. The second to last chapter being the chapter four presents the data presentation and analysis, while the last chapter(chapter five) contains the summary, conclusion and recommendation.


Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations:

5.1 Introduction

This chapter summarizes the findings on the effect of parental educational attainment on pupils learning achievement in public primary schools using Calabar South Local Government Area in Cross River State. The chapter consists of summary of the study, conclusions, and recommendations.


5.2 Summary of the Study

In this study, our focus was to examine the effect of parental educational attainment on pupils learning achievement in public primary schools using Calabar South Local Government Area in Cross River State.

The study is was specifically carried out to ascertain whether parent educational attainment have influence on the assistance provided during pupil’s assignment and term project, examine whether parental educational attainment determines the level of academic support they offer their children, investigate whether parental educational attainment gear up the interests of students towards academic performance, and determine if there is any significant difference in the academic performance of student raised by educated and uneducated parent.

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 50 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent areteachers of some selected primary schools in Calabar South Local Government Area in Cross River State.


5.3 Conclusion

Based on the findings of this study, the researcher concluded that;

  1. Parent educational attainment have influence on the assistance provided during pupil’s assignment and term project
  2. Parental educational attainments determine the level of academic support they offer their Children.
  3. Parental educational attainment gear up the interests of students towards academic performance.
  4. There is a significant difference in the academic performance of student raised by educated and uneducated parent.

5.4 Recommendations

Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations are proffered.

  1. Parents and guardians are encouraged to utilize their high educational level by directly involving, participating and assisting in their children’s homework, education and activities both at school and at home.
  2. Parents of low educational status should as much as possible integrate their relatives, friends and neighbors (privileged to be educated) into the academic upbringing of their children at home.
  3. Teachers and administrators should provide feedback to parents concerning the progress of their children.

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Frequently Asked Questions


How does the educational level of a parent affect children’s academic success?

The educational level of a parent is a powerful factor influencing children‟s academic success. It has been established that generally, the educational level of parents is greatly connected to the educational attainment of their children (Sarigiani, 1990).

What factors affect the academic performance of pupils?

The findings revealed that socio-economic status, parental level of education, family size, family type and parental involvement affect the academic performance of pupils.

Do parental factors affect academic performance of grade six students in Kisumu?

This study examined parental factors affecting academic performance of grade six students in Kisumu city by exploring the following factors: parental involvement, parental socioeconomic, parent‟s level of education, family type and size. Kisumu City faces several challenges as it endeavors to achieve educational Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

What are the best predictors of pupil’s academic performance?

The best predictors of pupils‟ academic performance are parental involvement, father‟s educational level, and socio-economic status. It is recommended that parents improve on their educational levels through adult education programs. 

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