Effect Of Manpower Training And Development On Workers Performance
This study seeks to examine how training and development programme have affected workers performance in the Kaduna State Civil Service Commission (KSCSC). Manpower training and development is meant to improve workers performance in an organisation, but despite the efforts put forward by KSCSC to train and develop it staff, their performance is still low. The aim of this study is to find out why there is low performance despite the training programme, and also to find out how poor funding could affect the training programme. It was hypothesized that; “there is no significant relationship between manpower training and development and workers performance in KSCSC”, that, “there is no significant relationship between the procedures used in selecting staff for training and the effectiveness of the training programmes”, and “there is no significant relationship between insufficient funding and poor manpower training and development programme in the KSCSC”. Related literatures were reviewed and an empirical study was also carried out.
The Donald Kirkpatrick’s four level of learning model was adopted for this study. The questionnaires administered on the members of staff of the KSCSC were analysed using the chi-square statistical tool of analysis. Based on the analysis, the three null hypothesis formulated were rejected while the alternate hypotheses were accepted. The major findings include: training has a positive impact on worker’s performance, the procedures used in selecting staff for training affected the result of the training programme and insufficient funding led to poor manpower training programmes. The researcher recommends that, the procedures used in selecting staff for training be based on the commission’s need and the commission should source for funds through investment to augment government’s allocation.
1.1 Background to the study
The human resource available to any nation constitutes the most important assets to that nation. All other resources namely money, machines, information, time, technology et cetera, are inanimate and therefore need to be activated by human resources. Manpower is the basic resource that is used in converting other resources to benefit a nation. So how well a nation develops it human resources is fundamental in deciding how much it could accomplish as a nation. Even in the developed world where the uses of machines are at an advanced stage, manpower is still very vital. The Nigerian government cognizant of this fact, has overtly encouraged the establishment of many institutions for the training and development of manpower.
In other words, the quality of human resource in an organization is very important as its determines whether or not the organization will be successful. As observed by Likert (1961), the activities of many enterprise are initiated and determined by the persons who make up that institutional plants, offices, computers, automated equipment and all else that a modern firm uses except for human effort and direction of all the tasks of management, managing the human components is the central and most important task, because, all else depends on how well the human resources is developed.
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