The Impact Of Labour Relation On The Productivity Of An Organization

Project and Seminar Material for Industrial Relations and Personnel Management

The Impact Of Labour Relation On The Productivity Of An Organization


Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of the Study

The impact of labour relation in the productivity of an organization. The concept evolves from historical circumstances that accomplished the management revolution in Britain in the 18th and 19th centuries.
The management revolution was accompanied by formalization of work relationship in form of the employment contract that is supposedly entered into the equal of free individuals and those individuals are the workers and the employers.

It is important to note that the two partners involves in this contract are anything unequal. In this circumstances of equality workers is confronted with the fear of unemployment while the employer is interested in profit maximization and because of the possibilities of the life chance of the workers at least in relation to mean of production i.e. their position in the work place, workers find it necessary to organization into trade union to extract and demand their term and condition of work from the employer.

The relationship become formalized with the evolution of trade union which signifies employees concerns as a group about those aspects of work that directly affect them. Recognition of this interest on the part of employer not only ensures relative management peace but also shows that both labour and management are committed to the survival of the enterprise.

This despite the generally adversely characteristic of labour management relationship, the two sides are of necessity expected to co-operate with each other, if for no other reason then the achievement of individual goal, the workers needs the job from which he earns his living and support his family, while management official must ensure a reasonable return or investment to the owner.

The desire to achieve these private goals inevitably induces the two sides to seek the survival of the enterprise.
Quite apart from the participative argument for industrial decision making the worker spends a considerable proportion of his or her day in the work place. In Nigeria, a worker is required to put in a minimum of 8hours a day at work. By this single evidence his interaction at work with co-workers, supervisors and managers is .a crucial importance. This is all the more so since the effects of these interactions go far beyond what happens at the work place. The modern industrial sector worker has therefore come to see the impact of labour relation as the instrument of effective means of achieving improvement in his or her condition of work. The process through which this is achieved is the collective bargaining machinery which gives the workers a right to be heard in industry.


1.2 Statement of Problems

In every organization setup, whether charitable, economics, social or otherwise two indispensable groups are easily discernable.

These groups labour and management constitute the pivot or which the activities of the organization revolved. This project will study the impact of labour relation and productivity in Kwara State Polytechnic Ilorin. It is well known fact that the more related management and labour is the more the level of production.

The peculiar problems may be asked:

  1. Does the type of leadership practice by management also affect productivity?
  2. Does the extent of employee relationship with top management in Kwara State Polytechnic Ilorin affect are productivity?
  3. To what extent can various types of motivation required by labour in Kwara State Polytechnic Ilorin be provided?

1.3 Purpose of Study

The study aims at conducting a research to find out how the impact of the labour relation and productivity in Kwara State Polytechnic Ilorin could be improved. So as to ensure the attainment of a high level of productivity. It is also concern with findings how management style affect the behaviour and output of employee at work. Finally to know the historical background of Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin.


1.4 Significance of Study

The significant of the study of impact of labour relation and productivity is for the management to know how to promote understanding and peaceful relation at work even though peaceful relation ensure the widest co-operation and mutual trust among all those who are involved in the production. It will find solution to problem affecting the employment condition or workers as well as industrial efficiency.


1.5 Limitations of the Study

Like every other human endeavours this has up and down. The limitation we faced is this constraint in carryout the project.

The other one’s the level of bureaucracy that exists in the institutions. Also our limited exposure to project research process affects us, despite all these limitations we hope to conduct and present a reliable project.


1.6 Scope of the Study

In this write up the area that is being focused is the impact of labour relationship that exists between labour and management which affects productivity in Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin. This study is critically with the aim to find out its level at present and the impact it has on output; including way of improving on it’s, for a better output in the future. We are just limiting ourselves to organization and hope to make the findings general for all business organization. Both the junior and senior will be involved in the project.


1.7 Definition pf Terms

Labour:

It can be defined as any human efforts of body and mind which are directed towards achieving goals. It could be skilled and unskilled and scientific artistic

Productivity:

A means of overall production efficiency, effectiveness and performances of the individual organization.

Organization:

Is the process where by people come together to achieve goal or specific idea.


Chapter Five


5.0 Summary of Findings, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary of Findings

In stating the summary of findings, we will try as much as possible not to generalize beyond the simple used. The summary is based on the hypothesis. The researcher in the first hypothesis discovered that there is a direct relationship between a manager’s style of leadership and the employees’ productivity.

The relationship shows that the employees whose managers or boss adopt democratic style of management record increased productivity. Thus, the higher the degree of involvement employee experience, the harder and happier. They work, consequently the higher the productivity. The study also shows that the employees whose bosses adopt autocratic management produce at levels just enough to keep them in the organization.

Majority of the employees orally interviewed have the opinion that high degree of employee’s involvement in decision making will yield high productivity. This finding conforms to the result of an experiment carried out by Bawela with the experiment carried out with serving machine operators. There was remarkable improvement in the operator’s productivity after they had been involved in the setting of their own performance standard.

It was also learned that majority of the managers have the opinion that employees participation to damages, it was not a coincidence that most of the manager with this opinion came from the same department with the employees who assessed the bosses as democratic. It thus shows that democratic managers believe and also practice allowing their employees to participative indecision.


5.2 Conclusions

The result of the research finding allow the conclusion that maintenance the impact of labour relation would result in a genuine advantages to management as well as improve the organization in general. Other researchers in the area have it that one conventional strategy for ensuring high performance as well as loyalty of employees, in organizations focuses in good labour management.

From the research studies, employees who are allowed a high degree of participation in decision making are more productive and tend to have high or job satisfaction.

In addition, democratic management gives the work a chance to be creative, to feel a sense of accomplishment to show leadership and even to satisfy his ego needs by ensuring that working conditions are good employment policies are fair, salary structure adequate and above all, by encouraging an employee groups to perceive the organizational goals as identical with their productivity is increased and continuity of effective operational ensured.
Furthermore, in an organization where employees interest are integrated into that of the organization, the employees display a greater degree of identification with the company and its goals, thereby creating a climatic conclusive to organization growth. Educational institutions, like the one under study have greater role to play in the area of eradicating of illiterates especially in developing economics like Nigeria and this can best be ensured by the maintenance of cordial relations between the workers and the management of such an institution.


5.3 Recommendations

The recommendation is based on the research findings from the research findings we discovered that productivity is increased by increased employee participation in decision making. We recommend that manager of the institution of Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin adopt democratic style of management. They should try as much as possible to involve employees in decision making. This is because the more employees a like, that the generally acceptable basis for employee promotion is hardwork. We recommend that the management of the institution under study and those of other companies adopt this majority of workers are the best ways to motivate them. Management of this institution is advice to improve on the regularity of salary disbursement. The few misunderstanding experienced by the institution between the employees and the management seem to have emanated from late payment of salaries of the employees, considering the role educational institution play in the development of a country, the researchers are of the view that the government should give them special encouragement. This, government can do through the regular provision of the institutions grant for its day to day running activities. The government has a role of making sure that the learning environment is conducive enough by building in it infrastructure needed on the other institution of higher learning are advised to make proper use of the money they are given by the government.


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