The Effect Of The Internet On The Reading Habit Of Students (A Case Study Of Federal Polytechnic, Nekede, Owerri)

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The Effect Of The Internet On The Reading Habit Of Students (A Case Study Of Federal Polytechnic, Nekede, Owerri)


Abstract


This study was on the Effect of Internet on the Reading Habit of Federal Polytechnic Student Owerri. A sample size of 120 respondents was randomly selected from all the Department of Federal Polytechnic Nekede Owerri (Mass Communication, Public Administration and others) the outcome of the research show that truly, the internet is affecting the reading habit of student positively and negatively and negatively and for this to be avoid, the Polytechnic should often conduct seminars/orientation programmes to educate students on the negative effect of the internet.


Table Of Contents


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title page
  • Approval page
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of contents

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the study
  • 1.2 Statement of the problem
  • 1.3 Objectives of the study
  • 1.4 Research questions
  • 1.5 Significance of the study
  • 1.6 Scope of the study
  • 1.7 Limitations to the study
  • 1.8 Definition of terms

Chapter Two:

Literature Review

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 The internet
  • 2.3 The internet and it usage
  • 2.4 Negative effect of internet by students
  • 2.5 Social networking
  • 2.6 The internet a blessing or a curse to students

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research design
  • 3.2 Population of the study
  • 3.3 Sample size
  • 3.4 Sampling techniques
  • 3.5 Sources of data
  • 3.6. Instrument for data collection
  • 3.7 Validity of measuring instrument
  • 3.8 Administration of instrument
  • 3.9 Method of data analysis

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation, Analysis And Interpretation

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Data presentation
  • 4.3 Discussion of findings

Chapter Five:

Summary Of Findings, Conclusion And Recommendations

  • 5.1 Summary of findings
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendations
  • References
  • Appendix

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study

Reading is one of oldest habits of human civilization. It has been the passion of the greatest personalities of all times. One of the first documentary sources for reading was manuscript, however, accessible only to the elite class of society. Later, the arrival of the Gutenberg printing press ended such discrimination by making the printed word available to all. The emergence of the internet has created an extraordinary change in the reading culture of students. This research will elaborate on the effect of the internet on the reading habit of federal Polytechnic Nekede Student.

The internets have created a societal revolution with a great reach for a better and more convenient life. This explains the fact that the internet has added meaning to it users, and the society at large. It has transformed lives, individually. it also gives hope to the students with learning disabilities and has facilitated learning in so many ways for example: Research works, sales, entertainment, communications purchases, education and many more.

With the production of sophisticated equipment in this 21st century and the introduction of the internet have made the reading habits of students especially Federal Polytechnic Nekede Student to pushed reading to the extreme. Internet as one of the aspects of changes of today’s modern electronic mass media contents. Indeed these cults for great attention on the reading habits of youths and students of Federal Polytechnic Nekede.

What then is reading habits? Good readers adopt good reading techniques like: Concentration, Motivation, Visual reading, having good chunk of words of words at a time and flexibility in his reading techniques for there to be a success in reading, the reader should be able to increase his eye span. That means his ability to recognize in large chunk of words in just a fixation.

To achieve success in this aforementioned point, one needs to read constantly. (Rudiments of Functional English Grammar by Basilia Igbokwe PhD), 2006 first published; page 158 Chp. 8). Reading to learn is an essential tool for life-long learning. Promoting a reading culture among students of FPN is therefore one of the key tasks in the curriculum reform with aim to strengthening students learning capabilities.

To understand the current situation of the reading culture of students , we conducted a survey in February 2011 via questionnaire method of data collection the objective is to investigate the effect of new technologies development on the reading habits of student relating to books, newspapers their interest in reading as well as reading condition at home and school were also curved, the new technologies internet not only influence students learning and studying in the classrooms, but also affect there reading behaviours at home the results of the study revealed that students read online information more often than offline information mean while he time student spent in certain repeat, especially in reading emails and online information surpass reading those paper – based materials.

The first large-scale automatic digital computer in the Harvard University around 1940. This computer was 8ft high, 50ft long, 2ft wide and weighed stones HUGE programmed using Punch Cards. In 1940 the ENIAC was the first high-speed, digital computer capable of being reprogrammed to solve a full range of computing problems. The global explosion of the internet use in higher institution by students. The internets have affected the academic level positively and otherwise so many scholars have augured. This research work will reveal whether the students reading habit is been affected by the internet in a negative or in a positive way, also to know whether the negative effects are higher than the positive.


1.2 Statement Of The Problem

Change is the only thing that is constant in this world. Everything is subject to change, whether it’s small or huge. And these changes have its complementary effects, either good or bad. Technology especially, information and communication technologies are one area that has caused a global charge in the habits of students at every cadre.

A prefix-logia: this is a scientific progression and modification of tools, machines, techniques, systems and methods of organization has helped in solving of students reading habit as well as have been the reason for the decline in students visits to the libraries as well as their attitude to reading printed matter.

Technological advancements as well as its disadvantages in students reading habit with its distractions. Student become more dependent to electronics around them because they believe in the power of the internet and relies on them. As a result of this, students do not do things on there own without the help of the internet.

Students spend less time studying rather they invest more time in using the internet because they believe that doing researches and assignment can be easily done with the help of the internet. The study seeks to find the effects of the internet on students, particularly in their studying habits.


1.3 Objectives Of The Study

There is no research in the universe without objectives it tends to achieve. The major objectives which triggered off the study are to find:

  1. To determine the extent of internet use by students of Federal Polytechnic Nekede.
  2. To determine if the internet affects students reading habit.
  3. To find out the negative affects of the internet on student reading habit.
  4. To give out other factors that is affecting students reading habit.

1.4 Research Questions

  1. To what extent are students using the internet?
  2. Is the internet affecting the reading habit of Federal Polytechnic Nekede student?
  3. What are the negative implications of using the internet by students?
  4. What other factors affect students reading habit?

1.5 Significance Of The Study

According to Nwodu (2006), a significance of the study “establishes the rationale for the study. The statement here clearly states the importance of the study and who should or likely to benefit from the outcome of the study”.

Therefore, the study will be significant as it will expose. For students, the negative effect of the internet on their reading and how they can balance the use of the internet with other tradition methods.

For parents, to control their children in making such decision in excessively using their internet.

To teachers, they study will help teachers to understand the students better, by this study the will come up on how to manage such student.


1.6 Scope Of The Study

This work on the effects of the internet in Federal Polytechnic Nekede, other areas that affect students reading habit will be looked at.


1.7 Limitations To The Study

The researcher encountered some limitations in the course of carrying out this research work. The unavailability of literary works, unwillingness of the respondents to complete copies of the questionnaire administered and the small time to gather and analysis and present the data were sure constraint of the study.


1.8 Definition Of Terms

The following terms are used in the context of the study thereby defined in order to foster understanding of the study:

Reading:

Reading is a developmental process that requires being mastered. It needs self-disciplines being flexible and concentration. Reading is the process of looking at, having the ability to comprehend a printed or written work. Success in school is dependent on one’s reading ability that is why reading represents the major part of a students studying time. Students are therefore expected to make good effort to improve their reading capacity or power.

Habits:

An action done on a regular basis.

Internet:

International networks global communication network.

Students:

A person who studies at school College or University [Tertiary Institution].

Federal Polytechnic Nekede:

A polytechnic institution, which is situated at Owerri the capital city of Imo State for education purposes. Nekede; A sub-urban town in Owerri where the Federal Polytechnic is situated, it has a lot of amenities, which is seen in every urban city such as electricity, tertiary. Institutions, good road network etc.

Effect:

Result consequence outcome repercussion. a change that something causes in something or somebody.

Result:

A thing that is caused or produced by something else.

Consequence:

A result of something that has happened especially a bad result. Outcome the result of an action or process.


Chapter Five


Summary Of Findings, Conclusion And Recommendations

5.1 Summary Of Findings

In summary, the researcher deduced that, the internet has tremendously affected the reading habit of Federal Polytechnic Nekede student and has massively influenced and affected the orals of these students negatively. This study also found out that Polytechnic management have not done enough in the control of the bad effect of the internet on the reading habit of students.


5.2 Conclusion

Exposure to social sites on the internet by students of our tertiary institutions is of concern as there is evidence that such exposure is related to greater effect on the internet on the reading habit of Federal Polytechnic Nekede Owerri student.

Today, it can be seen that websites which showcase social networking make up more them 70% of the internet. Lack of reading test books not making use of the library has increased. Children at their young ages, get exposed to things which the should not.

One can have multiple email addresses. People make fake addresses and misuse this independence. Children keep on chatting with anonymous peoples the whole night. Their eyes are badly affected. Medicine has now recognized addiction to internet as a disease.

Literatures have shown that the nature and purpose of reading seems to deviate from the traditional reading methods, which are brief, linear and less strutted. This day’s students are less engaged in the extensive reading and lack the ability to read deeply in the hypertext environment. Nevertheless consistent findings have believes that the younger generation growing up in the digital environment lacks the ability to read deeply and to sustain a prolonged engagement in reading. The literature does indicate also that the internet content has blinking graphics, vivid colour and lots of eye-catching phrases that can guide a distrait from the reading additionally, research suggests that students who use internet especially those found on the internet, have lower degrees of social integration, higher levels of delinquent behaviour, higher incidents of depressive symptoms and decreased emotional bounding with caregivers.


5.3 Recommendations

Based on the findings of the research, the researcher makes the following recommendations:

  1. That the Polytechnic should monitor and control the use of internet especially social sites by student of the institution, this can be done by partnering with the service providers to deny access to some negative sites on campus.
  2. That the Polytechnic should often conduct seminars/orientation programmes to educate students on the negative effects of the internet.
  3. That the government through the Nigeria communication commission should develop regulations/guidelines for internet service providers to restrict user’s access to negative sites.
  4. That parents and the clergy should counsel youths on the uses and dangers of internet tools.

The Effect Of The Internet On The Reading Habit Of Students (A Case Study Of Federal Polytechnic, Nekede, Owerri)


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