The Effect Of Internet On Nigerian Students (A Case Study Of Federal University Of Technology, Owerri)

Project and Seminar Material for Mass Communication

The Effect Of Internet On Nigerian Students (A Case Study Of Federal University Of Technology, Owerri)


Abstract


The internet is a modern day technology that has change the way the world goes about doing things. It is one more point in a long continues of invention that is set to revolutionize life style.

Nations, organizations and individuals tend to seek holistic developments in areas of cultural believe, social live, religion, educations, politics and economics well being.

This research project seeks to analyze the use of the internet in student’s lives and the effects which this exposure has had on the users especially the FUTO students. At any given point, students are online and this interaction especially in the developing world who are the receivers of information has effected some indisputable modifications in different areas of students live.


Table Of Contents


Preliminary Page(s)

  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Abstract
  • Table of Content

Chapter One:

General Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of Study
  • 1.2 Statement of Problem
  • 1.3 Purpose of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Scope of the Study
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Delimitation and Limitation
  • 1.8 Methodology
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms

Chapter Two:

Literature Review

  • 2.1 Introduction
  • 2.2 The Internet
  • 2.3 The Internet and it’s Usage
  • 2.4 Social Networking
  • 2.5 Web Search Engine
  • 2.6 How Internet Changes Media Participation Among Students

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Research Design
  • 3.3 Population of Study
  • 3.4 Research Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instruments and Administration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Internet User Relationship
  • 4.3 Internet Use
  • 4.4 Effects of Exposure
  • 4.5 Users Recommendation

Chapter Five:

Findings, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Findings
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • Questionnaire
  • Reference

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background Of The Study:

The internet is a global network of computers linked together over a large distance, Stains and Reynolds 1998 quoted in Agba (2001 p.55). It was created by the American military as a means of communication and has been in existence since the 1950s until the mid to late 1980s when commercial organizations and educational institution started using the internet.

The internet serves as the vehicle for the transportation of hottest and a wide display of technological innovation, sharing of information and social networking (Wenger 1998).

The internet communication has turned the world into a global community where different countries and races are beginning to think and act alike. Before now, communication flow was one sided, from the sender to the receiver. The receivers were vulnerable and passive absences in the society but the internet has changed that, the internet has also introduced interactivity in media community.

Today, even the system of education has benefited from the internet. Internet users have been exposed to a wide range of information, both educational and entertaining (Macham 2010). In different locations of the world, information is made available to students with just one click of the computer connected to the internet.

With the perceived growth in the use of the internet by students, more people are conforming to the message associated with this medium. This new electronic dimension where time and space has almost no meaning has global implication which is staggering. It differs completely from the traditional media in terms of immediacy, ambiguity and uniformity of message delivery.

In spite of arguments that the originators of the internet (U.S.A) are the controllers of the internet, it has become a permissible mode of communication that gives every user a right to control and this exposure influences the behaviour of the student all over the world.


1.2 Statement Of Problem:

The problem with this medium is not its development, but the effects of its development, that is, how societies respond to its message. In this regard the issues that requires clarification are in:

  1. Whether the internet account for the perceived students behaviors.
  2. Whether internet management lack effective control on students.
  3. Whether internet improves the standard of education in Nigeria and
  4. whether the internet exposes the students to new norms thereby contributing to enculturation.

1.3 Purpose Of The Study:

This study is therefore designed:

  1. To determine if the internet accounts for students behaviour positively.
  2. To know if the controlling bodies of the internet lack effective control on students and to what extent.
  3. To know if the internet exposes the students to new norms and how this civilizes the society.
  4. To know if the internet improves and develops the standard of education and to what extent the students benefit from it.

1.4 Research Questions:

  1. To what extent does internet affect students’ behaviour?
  2. How can the internet controlling bodies affect internet among students?
  3. What cultural heritage does internet expose the students to and how does it affect the society?
  4. How does the internet affect the standard of education?

1.5 Scope Of The Study:

This study is restricted to students only in the Federal University of Technology, Owerri. The behaviour of youths are almost identical in any society, therefore use of internet to FUTO students will serve as a benchmark for measuring the whole students population in Nigeria.

Even though the content of the internet also known as the new media is similar in many respects to the content of other conventional media, the central focus of this work is on the internet.

Again, while investigating the effects of the internet on students, the researchers shall limit themselves to the moral, social, educational and psychological aspects of the students’ lives.


1.6 Significance Of The Study:

The usefulness of this study can never be overstressed. The significance of the study is on the behavior of students in Nigerian tertiary institution as a result of internet use and exposure. It is to identify its benefits and challenges to societal growth and development especially in this twenty first century of educational and youth advancement the present generation knowledge oriented.

It is an indicator to how well students have adopted to the internet messages they expose themselves to.
This study is significant for the preservation of cultural heritage. It exposes the Nigerian students to active information flow around the world rather than local passive observers.

It is beneficial to the youths as the future leaders and avails them the opportunities to have a holistic view of an ideal society.

This would reduce to its barest minimum student’s delinquency. A Nigerian student who is not well informed would constitute societal blunder but a well informed student is a plus to societal development. This research remains for further research. Another significance is that it can serve as an academic source to fill knowledge gap.


1.7 Delimitation And Limitation:

Delimitation:

The research is to examine the performance of students in Nigeria in terms of the effect of internet on Nigerian youths.

The researchers have decided to choose federal university of technology, Owerri (FUTO) as a case study. The decision is justified by the fact that the Nigerian students are identical in almost all respects. Since the researchers cannot lay hold on all the students using internet in Nigerian students in their closest environment from a ready population for data gathering.

The focus will be on the educational impact the internet has on the lives of students. This means that the impact on their social, political, religious and other aspects of their lives will be downplayed on.

Limitation:

A research carried out by human beings is bound to have limitations. This research deals principally on the effects of internet on Nigerian students.

The study is limited by many factors among them are:

  1. Limitation of researchers both in financial and time resources: This research work is not funded by government research agencies or academic bodies but is strictly funded through the financial strength of the researchers who are full time students with no source of income except the merger allowances from their parents and guidance. This financial constraint has affected the researchers in no small measure as any good research is based on fund and time which the researchers were not lucky to have.
  2. Another limitation was the lack of co-operation from the youths in the process of administering the questionnaire and conducting interviews.
  3. Secrecy: Although these factors exist, determination and effort will be made for relevance of the study.

1.8 Definition Of Terms:

Internet:

This is a computer network consisting of a worldwide network of computers that uses the TCP/IP network protocols to facilitate data transmission conventional definition.

Internet is a global network of computers linked together over a large distance, Stains and Reynolds (1998) quoted in Agba (2001.p55).

Effect:

Is that which is produced by an agent or cause, the event which follows immediately from an antecedent, called the cause, result, consequence, outcome, as to speak with effect.

Nigerian:

Is a republic in West Africa on Gulf of Guinea gained. It gained its independence from the Britain in 1960; most populous African country (www.thefreedictionary.com/Nigeria).

Students:

A person engaged in study, one who is devoted to learning, a learner, a pupil, a scholar especially one who attends a school, or who seeks knowledge from professional teachers or from books as the students of an academy, a college, or a university (www.answer.com/topic/student).

It could also mean a learner who is enrolled in an educational institution (By Nkeiru Harry 2010).


Chapter Five


Findings, Conclusions And Recommendations

5.1 Findings:

A lot of students use the cybercafes and a saturated exposure results in little or no impact as the technology has become a part of the user.

The more the use, the more efficient the user becomes. Every student of the society has an idea of internet use. Its application to education cannot be over emphasized.

The application of the internet to students’ lives has a constant growth rate and this need is well met by the developments in the technology and the user’s efficiency.

Although there are obscured inconveniences at an early stage of the exposure, more people are satisfied with the medium than not. Internet use might not affect dressing and speaking to a large extent, but student’s relationship enlightenment, skills and interconnectedness which widens opportunity for self attainment are enhanced.
When students are exposed to the internet, skills essential to succeed in modern society are improved upon.
There is an agreement to the fact that our native culture and believe systems have been eroded while we are introduced to alternative ways of living.

Internet effects are more external than internal as spiritual and psychological changes are low compared to changes in social contact, e.g. letters to e-mails, town crying to television, etc. Believes on the internet win more converts.
Proficiency and efficiency in science and technology has made for better production of goods and services leading to higher income and this has been made possible because of an exposure to the internet.

With the web like connection of believes and information, the world has become a global village and would in time become a global kitchen, where everything will be done irrespective of race, religion, distance etc.


5.2 Conclusions:

The potential of the information super-highway to inform, educate, entertain and conduct business in a worldwide scale has caught the imagination of millions. As a multimedia form of communication which combines, text, audio, graphics etc to transform content at a relatively cheaper rate. It has provided lots of countries, groups, disciplines, religions etc the opportunity to disseminate their publications. For dedicated enthusiasts, the internet exists within a virtual world of unregulated computer networks where the right to free speech is unlimited and no restrictive rules apply. In the real world of course, nations such as Nigeria have long standing traditions and laws which they should inevitably seek to uphold.

This research project analyzed the development of the internet and its application to human socio-cultural needs. It has done a study on the influence of internet use on students and how their behaviour is modified. Although the internet emerged from America, it has become inevitable in the lives of today’s youth. The positive effects of internet use far outweigh its negative aspects.

Nevertheless, these cannot be ignored; the research concludes that because of the ubiquitous nature, it appeals to young people, and the imbalanced direction of information flow, there is need to formulate an internet policy.


5.3 Recommendations:

It is important to respect the right of freedom of speech. This right is not unconditional even in democratic societies and would not extend to the promotion of criminal acts, sexual and racist discrimination contrary to the public good.

The internet should not be regarded differently from other forms of publishing and disseminating. The same laws and control which apply to other communication means, whether electronic or print should apply to the internet.
Those responsible for providing internet access in the home and schools should not rely on voluntary codes of practice to prevent objectionable material but have self-censored software designed to block out undesired sites.

Parents cannot forever restrict the young internet users but they can ensure that the children’s use of the internet is safe. Children’s use of the internet should be monitored and students should not consider themselves too old for regulations.


The Effect Of Internet On Nigerian Students (A Case Study Of Federal University Of Technology, Owerri)


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