The Effect Of Internet On Nigerian Students (A Case Study Of Federal University Of Technology, Owerri)


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Project and Seminar Material for Mass Communication

Project and Seminar Material for Mass Communication


Dedication


This project is dedicated to God Almighty who made this work a huge success and for His grace which is sufficient for us.


Acknowledgement


I give God Almighty all glory for making this project work possible.

Any project of this magnitude requires the assistance of many people. My supervisor and my H.O.D. were particularly helpful with their keen eyes and questioning attitude that sharpened each chapter of this work. My supervisor’s invaluable sound academic guidance gave a clear direction that made this project writing most rewarding.

I am most grateful to my beloved parents, for their prayers, encouragement, love, finance to ensure our educational success. I can’t find enough words to express my appreciation. God bless you all.


Abstract


The internet is a modern day technology that has change the way the world goes about doing things. It is one more point in a long continues of invention that is set to revolutionize life style.

Nations, organizations and individuals tend to seek holistic developments in areas of cultural believe, social live, religion, educations, politics and economics well being.

This research project seeks to analyze the use of the internet in student’s lives and the effects which this exposure has had on the users especially the FUTO students. At any given point, students are online and this interaction especially in the developing world who are the receivers of information has effected some indisputable modifications in different areas of students live.


Table Of Contents


  • Title Page i
  • Certification ii
  • Dedication iii
  • Acknowledgement iv
  • Abstract  v
  • Table of Content  vi

Chapter One:General Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of Study 1
  • 1.2 Statement of Problem  3
  • 1.3 Purpose of the Study 3
  • 1.4 Research Questions  4
  • 1.5 Scope of the Study  4
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study  5
  • 1.7 Delimitation and Limitation 6
  • 1.8 Methodology 8
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms 9

Chapter Two:Literature Review

  • 2.1 Introduction 11
  • 2.2 The Internet 11
  • 2.3 The Internet and it’s Usage  13
  • 2.4 Social Networking 15
  • 2.5 Web Search Engine 17
  • 2.6 How Internet Changes Media Participation Among Students  20

Chapter Three:Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Introduction  24
  • 3.2 Research Design 24
  • 3.3 Population of Study  26
  • 3.4 Research Procedure  26
  • 3.5 Research Instruments and Administration  27

Chapter Four:Data Presentation And Analysis

  • 4.1 Introduction  28
  • 4.2 Internet User Relationship  28
  • 4.3 Internet Use  34
  • 4.4 Effects of Exposure  41
  • 4.5 Users Recommendation 52

Chapter Five:Findings, Conclusion And Recommendation

  • 5.1 Findings 60
  • 5.2 Conclusion  62
  • 5.3 Recommendation  63
  • Questionnaire  65
  • Reference 71

Chapter One


1.1 Introduction (Background Of The Study):

The internet is a global network of computers linked together over a large distance, Stains and Reynolds 1998 quoted in Agba (2001 p.55). It was created by the American military as a means of communication and has been in existence since the 1950s until the mid to late 1980s when commercial organizations and educational institution started using the internet.

The internet serves as the vehicle for the transportation of hottest and a wide display of technological innovation, sharing of information and social networking (Wenger 1998).

The internet communication has turned the world into a global community where different countries and races are beginning to think and act alike. Before now, communication flow was one sided, from the sender to the receiver. The receivers were vulnerable and passive absences in the society but the internet has changed that, the internet has also introduced interactivity in media community.

Today, even the system of education has benefited from the internet. Internet users have been exposed to a wide range of information, both educational and entertaining (Macham 2010). In different locations of the world, information is made available to students with just one click of the computer connected to the internet.

With the perceived growth in the use of the internet by students, more people are conforming to the message associated with this medium. This new electronic dimension where time and space has almost no meaning has global implication which is staggering. It differs completely from the traditional media in terms of immediacy, ambiguity and uniformity of message delivery.

In spite of arguments that the originators of the internet (U.S.A) are the controllers of the internet, it has become a permissible mode of communication that gives every user a right to control and this exposure influences the behaviour of the student all over the world.


1.2 Statement Of Problem:

The problem with this medium is not its development, but the effects of its development, that is, how societies respond to its message. In this regard the issues that requires clarification are in:

  1. Whether the internet account for the perceived students behaviors.
  2. Whether internet management lack effective control on students.
  3. Whether internet improves the standard of education in Nigeria and
  4. whether the internet exposes the students to new norms thereby contributing to enculturation.

1.3 Purpose Of The Study:

This study is therefore designed:

  1. To determine if the internet accounts for students behaviour positively.
  2. To know if the controlling bodies of the internet lack effective control on students and to what extent.
  3. To know if the internet exposes the students to new norms and how this civilizes the society.
  4. To know if the internet improves and develops the standard of education and to what extent the students benefit from it.

1.4 Research Questions:

  1. To what extent does internet affect students’ behaviour?
  2. How can the internet controlling bodies affect internet among students?
  3. What cultural heritage does internet expose the students to and how does it affect the society?
  4. How does the internet affect the standard of education?

1.5 Scope Of The Study:

This study is restricted to students only in the Federal University of Technology, Owerri. The behaviour of youths are almost identical in any society, therefore use of internet to FUTO students will serve as a benchmark for measuring the whole students population in Nigeria.

Even though the content of the internet also known as the new media is similar in many respects to the content of other conventional media, the central focus of this work is on the internet.

Again, while investigating the effects of the internet on students, the researchers shall limit themselves to the moral, social, educational and psychological aspects of the students’ lives.


1.6 Significance Of The Study:

The usefulness of this study can never be overstressed. The significance of the study is on the behavior of students in Nigerian tertiary institution as a result of internet use and exposure. It is to identify its benefits and challenges to societal growth and development especially in this twenty first century of educational and youth advancement the present generation knowledge oriented.

It is an indicator to how well students have adopted to the internet messages they expose themselves to.
This study is significant for the preservation of cultural heritage. It exposes the Nigerian students to active information flow around the world rather than local passive observers.

It is beneficial to the youths as the future leaders and avails them the opportunities to have a holistic view of an ideal society.

This would reduce to its barest minimum student’s delinquency. A Nigerian student who is not well informed would constitute societal blunder but a well informed student is a plus to societal development. This research remains for further research. Another significance is that it can serve as an academic source to fill knowledge gap.


1.7 Delimitation And Limitation:

Delimitation:

The research is to examine the performance of students in Nigeria in terms of the effect of internet on Nigerian youths.

The researchers have decided to choose federal university of technology, Owerri (FUTO) as a case study. The decision is justified by the fact that the Nigerian students are identical in almost all respects. Since the researchers cannot lay hold on all the students using internet in Nigerian students in their closest environment from a ready population for data gathering.

The focus will be on the educational impact the internet has on the lives of students. This means that the impact on their social, political, religious and other aspects of their lives will be downplayed on.

Limitation:

A research carried out by human beings is bound to have limitations. This research deals principally on the effects of internet on Nigerian students.

The study is limited by many factors among them are:

  1. Limitation of researchers both in financial and time resources:This research work is not funded by government research agencies or academic bodies but is strictly funded through the financial strength of the researchers who are full time students with no source of income except the merger allowances from their parents and guidance. This financial constraint has affected the researchers in no small measure as any good research is based on fund and time which the researchers were not lucky to have.
  2. Another limitation was the lack of co-operation from the youths in the process of administering the questionnaire and conducting interviews.
  3. Secrecy:Although these factors exist, determination and effort will be made for relevance of the study.

1.8 Definition Of Terms:

Internet:

This is a computer network consisting of a worldwide network of computers that uses the TCP/IP network protocols to facilitate data transmission (worldnetweb.princeton.edu/per/web
we) conventional definition.
Internet is a global network of computers linked together over a large distance, Stains and Reynolds (1998) quoted in Agba (2001.p55).

Effect:

Is that which is produced by an agent or cause, the event which follows immediately from an antecedent, called the cause, result, consequence, outcome, as to speak with effect.

Nigerian:

Is a republic in West Africa on Gulf of Guinea gained. It gained its independence from the Britain in 1960; most populous African country (www.thefreedictionary.com/Nigeria).

Students:

A person engaged in study, one who is devoted to learning, a learner, a pupil, a scholar especially one who attends a school, or who seeks knowledge from professional teachers or from books as the students of an academy, a college, or a university (www.answer.com/topic/student).

It could also mean a learner who is enrolled in an educational institution (By Nkeiru Harry 2010).


I bet you, the complete material is fully loaded. This is just an excerpt. The Material is in MS-Word Format which you can easily edit and is comprehensive for a complete research work for this topic


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How to nail it on the head during your project defence


You are through with writing that project. Now what?

You have found yourself at that point where you have to defend what you have written. Of course you have to stand in front of your supervisor and other literary personalities to prove that you know what you wrote in your project paper. Unfortunately, the more you think about it, the more it looks like you are about to face a legion. It is not a war. But the emotion of dread welling up inside of you makes it look like one. So now you are asking yourself questions.

  • How am I going to start?
  • I hope I will do well enough to get an A.

You really want to nail it, but you need to come to terms with exactly how to get everything in perfect control. Especially your emotions of fear that seem to make a wreck of you every time you think about public speaking.
So here is the deal. I want to help you avoid that feeling that would ruin your precious moment if you dare to let it. And we are going to do it together.

I am going to highlight some very important tips to help you get in control for you to be comfortable enough to move from that feeling of DREAD to CONFIDENT; and making an awesome Impression for that great rating your supervisors should be giving to you so freely.

Consider these tips as you prepare for your defence. We will be taking them one after the other so here we go.


Watch Your Body Language And Keep It Confident:

Can you tell that a person is falling apart if they look confident? … If I can second guess you rightly, am sure you answered no to that question. Remind yourself that you need to come out that way. Now this might seem like a huge big deal when you are dealing with the foreboding. Maintaining a poise of confidence is very important. So find your most comfortable position, sitting or standing and draw up your body. You must exude confidence. It is something you need to do for yourself. People can only see what you allow your body language to show. So you must endeavour to put that out. Remember the story of David and Goliath? … At the end of your defence day, you want to be David.


Dress In Your Most Comfortable And Impressive:

Am sure this one is a no brainer. However I must highlight that you choose comfortable pieces. You don’t want to look so good and yet look like you were forced to wear something that does not belong to you. It’s great to ensure that as impressive as your clothes are on you, that they are also very comfortable.


Speak With Authority:

Going hand to hand with that aura of confidence is your most powerful asset:your words. If you look that confident, your words must not come out like whimpers. To be able to pull this off, you definitely need to speak as deliberately as possible in expressing yourself. Let them also hear what they see.


Use, Your Gestures:

I have often found this to come to my rescue in dealing with shyness and conveying my confidence. Usually it gives you an edge to also drive home your point. You must, however, ensure that you do not over use it. It doesn’t mean that your hands should be flying all over the place. That would be absolutely unnecessary. If you do this well, after a while you will realize that you are not as self-conscious as you used to be at the very start. For most situations, it would have completely disappeared altogether; leaving a really confident you talking.


Have A Good Opening And Closing Line:

Make sure you have perfected a good opening line. You should also be armed with a good closing line too. Try and rehearse it to a friend. If for the first time you presented it, your friend does not say “wow, that’s beautiful” or something like that; just know you need to keep refining it until you get the perfect line. Both opening and closing lines will go a long way in how impressed your panel gets to rate you high.


Make Sure You Know Your Work:

Certainly you should understand how important it is to know your own work from start to finish. Not having in-depth knowledge of your own work is tantamount to a suicide mission. Why should you kill yourself?
When all is said and done, this is what you came to defend in the first place. You should know your work from A to Z.


Prepare For The Questions:

Now this part is truly essential. You must be sure you do not floor all the good work you did on your presentation by not answering correctly. You must pay attention to the questions you are asked to be sure you will give the right answer. Many people get it wrong at this stage and spoil their good presentation. When you do not understand any question do endeavour to ask the person to expatiate what they mean before you answer.


These tips are by no means exhaustive, but applying these tips will give you some necessary advantage you need for a great outcome. Of course that outcome would mean that you eventually earn all your points on this project.


The structure of a good project work


Undergraduate projects in Nigeria is a prerequisite for graduation amongst Nigerian tertiary students who will which to obtain bachelors degree in their respective courses of study such as accounting, banking and finance, business administration and a host of others. Writing an undergraduate project in Nigeria for final year students entails a lot both financially and otherwise. Being able to develop any final year project depends on getting a researchable topic whether it is Accounting Undergraduate project topics, Banking and Finance research topics or banking and finance project topics and materials and it all requires diligent hard work of students who are willing to develop best undergraduate projects in Nigeria and graduate in flying colors.

A typical Undergraduate project in Nigerian tertiary institutions can be said to be divided into five or six chapters depending on the format of the school and course of study which are


1. Introduction

The introduction of an undergraduate project states the main research problem and research argument. What precisely the study is all about and why it is important. It looks at the originality of the research work and how it will fill the gap in other studies. Justification for a research undergraduate topic should not be lengthy before it has been explicitly stated.

Below are the contents in chapter one of an undergraduate research project which includes;

  • Background of the study,
  • Statement of the problem,
  • Objectives or aims of the study,
  • The research questions,
  • Research hypothesis,
  • Significance of the study,
  • Scope of the study,
  • Limitations of the study and
  • Operational definition of terms.

2. Literature review

Literature review of any undergraduate research work, be it business administration project topics or Economics project topics just to mention a few is very critical to securing a high grade in one’s project work. The literature review of a research process uncovers what other writers have written about the student’s topic. A student’s undergraduate research work should include a discussion or review of what is known about the subject and how that knowledge was acquired. The review could conclude with a brief summary of the literature and its implications. The contents of the literature review are the theoretical review, conceptual framework, empirical review and summary of literature review.

3. Research Methodology

This section includes a description of the research methods used in the undergraduate research work such as the sample size, data collection methods, measurement instruments, research data analysis procedures and the population from which the sample was selected.  This section also describes the method used in selecting the sample or samples, validation and reliability of the instruments used in the research work. There are different research statistical techniques used in undergraduate research work such as SPSS, e-views etc.


4. Results & Discussion

This section presents and discusses the data analysis results used in an undergraduate research work, the results of each analysis is being summarized, tabulated, and then discussed for each research question.  Then for each research hypothesis, the statistical test of significance selected and applied to the data is briefly described, followed by a statement indicating whether the hypothesis was supported or not supported.  In presenting the result analyses/summary in an undergraduate project tables and figures and or graph are used to add clarity to the presentation.


5. Summary, Conclusions And Recommendations

This section summarizes the findings of the study in an easy to understand manner.  It also explains the practical implications of those findings, and points to recommended directions for future research in that area.


References:

This is where every source cited in the undergraduate research work is being included. Every undergraduate research work must be properly referenced for its authenticity.


Choosing A Good Project / Research Topic


Students in Nigerian universities these days wish to choose a very simple project topic/material. There is no issue choosing a simple project topic; the only problem is your ability to choose a good project or research topic that your supervisor will easily approve for you.

Most project supervisors really want to see how good his or her project student understands his or her surrounding through the kind of topic he or she chooses for their project work.

There are some project topic that are not reject-able; for instance in Nigeria of today; what do you think is the major issue on ground now?

If a project student can choose or craft a topic on the effect of dollar increment on the economy of Nigeria. Such project topic will be very interesting to write on.

Now what are the qualities of a good project topic?

  1. The materials for the project topic must be easily assessable.
  2. The project topic itself must be meaningful.
  3. The variables must be able to give a clear aim of the project topic.

What do I mean by variable?

Well I am deriving my point from the area of project writing; the variables here are those main words in the project topic.

Like the above project topic; the effect of dollar increment on the economy of Nigeria. You can see the main variables that really define this project topic are:dollar, increment and economy.

Before you present your topic to your project supervisor, first of all understand your project topic, and then secondly try to do some research for your topic to see if at least you can get up to 60% of what you need to write the complete project.

I said that above because you might have a very nice topic that the materials are not available online and there are no books as regard the topic; in this case the project topic becomes difficult for you even though the topic is catchy.

What do I mean by your topic being assessable?

Well what I mean is very simple and easy to understand. Simply pick your project topic, type it on google and see if you will have at least a good background for the topic you are writing on.

If you can have a good background for your project topic and you can understand the problem associated with the project topic, then I believe the aim of the project is not far-fetched.

SAMPHINA ACADEMY

SAMPHINA ACADEMY

Samuel Obiora Blessed is the CEO and founder of Samphina Academy (samphina.com.ng) a.k.a Nigeria Students Media, the youngest engineering graduate of Federal Polytechnic Nekede in 2017 and the engine brain behind this great platform. He is the man behind the scene, filled with many potentials, a musician as well as a pro developer with the interest of Nigerian students at heart.

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