The Effect Of Use Of Instructional Materials On The Academic Achievement Of Secondary Schools Students In Ekwusigo Local Govt Area Of Anambra State

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The Effect Of Use Of Instructional Materials On The Academic Achievement Of Secondary Schools Students In Ekwusigo Local Govt Area Of Anambra State


Abstract


This study was on the effect of use of instructional materials on the academic achievement of secondary schools students in Ekwusigo local government area of Anambra state, A case study of Ekwusigo local govt area of Anambra state. Four research questions were answered and the population of this study is fourteen (14) schools in Ekwusigo L. G.A and nine (9) school were selected. Data were presented in table and were analyzed using the mean. The sampling technique used for this study is random sampling and total sample size is fourteen (14). It was found out by the researchers that the significance of this study serves several parties and this includes: the teachers, the society, the students, the curriculum planners etc. It was concluded among others that there are no adequate instructional materials in teaching and learning of technical education. The researchers recommended among others, that local government and state government should encourage teachers and provide sufficient instructional materials for junior secondary school in Ekwusigo.


Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objective of the Study
  • 1.4 Research Questions
  • 1.5 Research Hypothesis
  • 1.6 Significance of the Study
  • 1.7 Scope of the Study
  • 1.8 Limitation of the Study
  • 1.9 Definition of Terms
  • 1.10 Organisations of the Study

Chapter Two:

Review of Literature

  • 2.1 Conceptual Framework
  • 2.2 Theoretical Framework
  • 2.3 Empirical Review

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Population of the Study
  • 3.3 Sample Size Determination
  • 3.4 Sample Size Selection Technique and Procedure
  • 3.5 Research Instrument and Administration
  • 3.6 Method of Data Collection
  • 3.7 Method of Data Analysis
  • 3.8 Validity of the Study
  • 3.9 Reliability of the Study
  • 3.10 Ethical Consideration

Chapter Four:

Data Presentation and Analysis

  • 4.1 Data Presentation
  • 4.2 Analysis of Data
  • 4.3 Answering Research Questions
  • 4.4 Test of Hypotheses

Chapter Five:

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

  • 5.1 Summary
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Recommendation
  • References
  • APPENDIX
  • QUESTIONNAIRE

Chapter One


Introduction

1.1 Background of Study

The educational sector in Nigeria is in continuous change with the advancement in the level of technology and introduction of teaching aids. The effectiveness of the use of instructional materials for the teaching and learning of technical education can only be seen in the level of academic performance of students in technical education. Instructional materials play a very important role in the teaching and learning process. It enhances the memory level of the students. According to (NIC hulls, 2003; Raw 2006) state that at this time that education has spread wide and entirely, oral teaching cannot be the key to successful pedagogy; therefore the teacher has to use instructional materials to make teaching and learning process interesting.

According to Abdullahhi (2010), stated that instructional materials are tools locally made or imported that help to facilitate the teaching/learning process. In that same vein according to Obanga (2005) view them as materials things which are use to composed ported that could make tremendous enhancement of intellectual use impact the instructional materials. The use of instructional materials can enhance the learning achievement. Cronbach (2009) states the important elements of behaviour that provides the base for learning theory situation which consists of all the objects, persons and symbols in the learning environment. According to Umoh-Mac Nkume (2000) many researches on the availability of available resource carried out in Nigeria, in schools offering Business Education programme often revealed the presence of inadequate training facilities in the schools. They further stressed that even the few available ones are not being maintained. There are poor storage facilities for them and so they become non-functional. Obi and Akume (2001) warned that any school that any school that desire to offer modern Business Education programme must include in its programme, a thorough training in the use of thee appliances. Also to give such training the school must be equipped with appliances with which it intends to give instructions. To take the point further, they stated that for the teaching process to effectively taken place generally, both human and materials resources need to be provided adequately. It is to this regard that the study wishes to examine the effect of use of instructional materials on the academic achievement of secondary schools students in Ekwusigo local government area of Anambra state


1.2 Statement of Problem

Inspire of the federal government emphasis on self-reliance through acquired, still suffers some defects such as inadequate supply or provision of resource materials, poor maintenance and storage of existing ones. Oren (1998) observed that, being a skill-oriented subject, technical Education requires the use of machine and other equipment for effective teaching to take place. It is therefore, exceptive teaching to take place. It is therefore expected that the federal government through the ministries of education federal, state and local government will see to the provision or availability of theses necessary resources for teaching and learning of these requirement skills. According to Oyedele (2000) citied in Atakps (2001) Nigeria children and youths are being educated more in accordance with yesterday’s world rather than in preparation for tomorrow’s living. This is in agreement with what Umoh-Mac and Nkume (2000) said about the obsolete equipment found in Nigeria schools. Emphasizing the need for the provision of instructional materials in schools, Obi and Akume opine that, technical Education subject being a skilled area of study cannot be learnt by the student sitting and folding their arms and nodding their heads. To give this training, the schools must be equipped with the necessary materials on which it intends to give, but rather it appears that most school that offer technical Education subject are not adequately equipped for the instructions. Resource materials are means of making teaching and learning process easy, more meaningful and understandable, Uzoegwu (2001).


1.3 Objectives of Study

The main aim of the research work is to examine The Effect Of Use Of Instructional Materials On The Academic Achievement Of Secondary Schools Students In Ekwusigo Local Govt Area Of Anambra State. Other specific objectives of the study include:

  1. To examine the effect of the use of instructional materials in teaching on the academic achievement in technical education
  2. To determine the factors affecting the performance of student in technical education
  3. To determine the relationship between the use of instructional materials in teaching and Students academic performance in technical education
  4. To discuss on the characteristics of teaching and learning of instructional materials for technical education

1.4 Research Questions

The study came up with research questions so as to be able to ascertain the above stated objectives. The specific research questions for the study are stated below as follows:

  1. What are the effect of the use of instructional materials in teaching on the academic achievement in technical education in most junior secondary schools
  2. What are the factors affecting the performance of student in technical education?
  3. What are use of instructional materials in teaching and learning of technical education?
  4. What are the characteristics of teaching and learning of technical education??

1.5 Research Hypothesis

  • Ho: there is no significance effect of instructional materials on the academic performance of secondary school students
  • Hi: there is significance effect of instructional materials on the academic performance of secondary school students

1.6 Significance of Study

The study on the use of instructional materials for effective teaching and learning of business education in junior secondary schools will be of immense benefit to the entire River state and other researchers that wishes to carryout similar research on the research topic as it will discuss the effect of the use of instructional materials in teaching and learning of business education in junior secondary schools. The study will also discuss the factors affecting the availability of instructional materials in most junior secondary schools in Oyigbo LGA. River state.


1.7 Scope of Study

The study on the use of instructional materials for effective teaching and learning business education in Ekwusigo local government will cover the effect of instructional materials and students academic achievement in technical education in junior secondary schools.


1.8 Limitation of Study

Financial Constraint

Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time Constraint

The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work


1.9 Definition of Terms

Technical Education:

Involves teaching students the fundamentals, theories, and processes of business

Instructional Materials:

Refer to the human and non-human materials and facilities that can be used to ease, encourage, improved and promote teaching and learning activities


1.10 Organization of the Study

This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows.

  • Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study.
  • Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature.
  • Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study.
  • Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding.
  • Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.

Chapter Five


Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1 Summary

In this study, our focus was to examine the effect of use of instructional materials on the academic achievement of secondary schools students in Ekwusigo local government area of anambra state, Using selected schools as a case study.

The study specifically was aimed at highlighting the effect of the use of instructional materials in teaching on the academic achievement in technical education. the factors affecting the performance of student in technical education. the relationship between the use of instructional materials in teaching and students academic performance in technical education. the effect of management decision on the availability of instructional materials for teaching and learning technical education

The study adopted the survey research design and randomly enrolled participants in the study. A total of 120 responses were validated from the enrolled participants where all respondent are drawn from teachers and students of the selected schools.


5.2 Conclusion

Based on the finding of this study, the following conclusions were made:

  1. Instructional material is used for easy understanding
  2. Instructional material is used to create interest for the subject
  3. Instructional material is used for navigating difficult equipments.
  4. Non availability of interest in the subject affects learning of technical education
  5. Non availability of technical education equipment affects learning of technical education
  6. Non availability of qualified teachers affects learning of technical education

5.3 Recommendation

Based on the responses obtained, the researcher proffers the following recommendations:

  1. Adequate resources should be allocated to technical and vocational education. Inadequate funds affect the provision of essentials such as well equipped laboratories and workshops, relevant textbooks and training manuals.
  2. Vocational and technical education requires skilled and proficient teachers. Teachers preparation should be given a priority attention. There is the need for regular in service training for teachers of technology to upgrade their skills.
  3. Periodical industrial training for teacher is a sine-qua-non in other 3,to keep them abreast with the technological changes in the industry

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