The Effect Of Ethanol Extract Of Chromonela Odorata In The Liver Enzymes Of Albino Rat

Project and Seminar Material for Pharmaceutical Science

The Effect Of Ethanol Extract Of Chromonela Odorata In The Liver Enzymes Of Albino Rat (Yakubu)


Objectives of the Study


  1. To determine the baseline levels of liver enzymes in the experimental group of albino rats.

  2. To administer the ethanol extract of Chromonela Odorata to the experimental group of albino rats.

  3. To monitor and analyze changes in liver enzyme levels following the administration of the ethanol extract.

  4. To compare the changes in liver enzyme levels between the experimental group (administered with the ethanol extract) and the control group (not administered with the extract).

  5. To evaluate any potential toxicity or adverse effects associated with the ethanol extract of Chromonela Odorata.

Table of Content


  • Title Page
  • Certification
  • Dedication
  • Acknowledgement
  • Table of Content
  • List of Tables
  • Abstract

Chapter One:

Introduction

  • 1.1 Background of the Study
  • 1.2 Statement of the Problem
  • 1.3 Objectives of the Study
  • 1.4 Significance of the Study
  • 1.5 Scope of the Study
  • 1.6 Limitations of the Study
  • 1.7 Definition of Terms

Chapter Two:

Literature Review

  • 2.1 Introduction to Chromonela Odorata
  • 2.2 Chemical Composition of Chromolaena odorata
  • 2.3 Traditional and Medicinal Uses of Chromolaena odorata
  • 2.4 Previous Studies on the Effects of Chromolaena odorata
  • 2.5 Biochemical and Histological Effects of Chromolaena odorata Extract on Liver Health
  • 2.6 Mechanisms of Action Underlying the Hepatoprotective Properties of Chromolaena odorata
  • 2.7 Comparative Analysis with Existing Literature on Chromolaena odorata’s Role in Liver Disease Management
  • 2.7 Gaps in Literature

Chapter Three:

Research Methodology

  • 3.1 Research Design
  • 3.2 Study Area
  • 3.3 Study Population
  • 3.4 Sampling Technique
  • 3.5 Data Collection Instruments
  • 3.6 Ethical Considerations
  • 3.7 Data Analysis Techniques

Chapter Four:

Data Analysis and Results

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Descriptive Statistics
  • 4.3 Analysis of Liver Enzyme Levels Before and After Ethanol Extract of Chromonela Odorata Administration
  • 4.4 Discussion of Findings

Chapter Five:

Discussion, Conclusion, and Recommendations

  • 5.1 Discussion of Results
  • 5.2 Conclusion
  • 5.3 Implications of the Study
  • 5.4 Recommendations for Further Research
  • 5.5 Conclusion
  • REFERENCES
  • APPENDIX

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